Pharmacists in advanced clinical practice roles in emergency departments (PARED)
Conclusions Pharmacists can successfully train as ACP-p in this setting over a two-year period. This career transition needs careful management and clear structures. Training ACP-p is a useful way of enhancing skills and supporting clinical services to large numbers of patients. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - May 10, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Value of skin tests for managing allergic hypersensitivity reactions to platinum compounds
Conclusion ST helped physicians identify patients most susceptible to platinum derivative allergies and resume platinum-based therapy in many patients for whom no suitable therapeutic alternative was clinically acceptable. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - May 2, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Abstracts 12th PCNE working conference ‘Partnering for better patient outcomes: challenges and opportunities 3–6 February 2021, University of Basel, Switzerland (was held online)
(Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - April 30, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Association between reported medication adherence and health-related quality of life in adult patients with haemophilia
Conclusion We found that reported medication adherence can contribute to better health-related quality of life in patients with haemophilia. Since life with a chronic condition is demanding, it is an important finding that medication adherence to replacement therapy can improve life conditions for patients with haemophilia. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - April 29, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Vancomycin dosing and therapeutic drug monitoring practices: guidelines versus real-life
Conclusion Target attainment for vancomycin with current dosing regimens and TDM is poor in all age groups. Besides, human factors should not be ignored when aiming for optimal treatment. This study reflects an ongoing challenge in clinical practice and highlights the need for optimization of vancomycin dosing strategies and improvement of awareness of all health care professionals involved. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - April 28, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Pharmaceutical care program for ischemic stroke patients: a randomized controlled trial
Conclusion Pharmaceutical care programs can improve risk factor control for the secondary prevention of stroke recurrence in ischemic stroke patients. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - April 28, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Enhancing medication therapy in Parkinson's disease by establishing an interprofessional network including pharmacists
Conclusion A regional interprofessional PD network with pharmacists was established and new standards were established. Future research needs to measure the effects on patient outcomes. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - April 23, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Assessing the impact of virtual medication history technicians on medication reconciliation discrepancies
AbstractBackground To overcome resource limitations, Ascension hospitals have implemented a virtual pharmacy technician program to facilitate the completion of medication histories in select emergency departments.Objective This multicenter retrospective study aimed to assess the impact of taking a medication history virtually by pharmacy technicians on medication reconciliation accuracy in comparison to other clinicians.Setting Ascension Seton hospitals in Austin, Texas, United States.Method A retrospective chart review including patients above the age of 18, who were directly admitted from the emergency department between...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - April 19, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Multidisciplinary telephone conferences about medication therapy after discharge of older inpatients: a feasibility study
Conclusion Telephone conferences were only possible for half of the patients. The participating general practitioners, pharmacists and geriatricians expressed varied benefit and agreed that telephone conferences were mainly relevant for complex patients. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - April 13, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

The integral role of the clinical pharmacist in drug-assisted intubation at a newly established children ’s major trauma center
We describe the implementation of this process in a new hospital, which was to become the designated children ’s trauma center for an entire country. Although the literature documents the use of pharmacists in emergency intubation, ours was a unique set of circumstances, where empowering the pharmacist in frontline clinical care provided additional quality assurance for rapid sequence induction and intuba tion in trauma. Medical simulation was a core part of socializing the advanced clinical practice role of pharmacy within the trauma team. It was our experience that the pharmacist helps to promote confidence and dec...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - April 13, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Burnout and the challenges facing pharmacists during COVID-19: results of a national survey
Conclusion Pharmacists are experiencing burnout, with work and psychosocial factors affecting them during COVID-19. Knowledge of this and that males experience more depersonalisation is valuable to inform advocacy and interventions to support pharmacists. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - April 13, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Psychotropic medicine beliefs, side effects and adherence in schizophrenia: a patient –caregiver dyad perspective
Conclusions This study highlights the need for patient-caregiver collaborations in decision-making relating to medication adherence in schizophrenia. Thus, in clinical practice, there is the need to recognize that caregivers are essential partners, and patient-caregiver views about psychotropic medications are critical in enhancing adherence for positive mental health outcomes. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - April 9, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Opioid prescribing and risk of drug-opioid interactions in older discharged patients with polypharmacy in Australia
AbstractBackground Opioids are commonly prescribed to managing chronic pain in older persons. However, these patients are often at risk of drug-opioid interactions due to polypharmacy.Objectives To identify the prevalence of opioid prescribing and drug-opioid interactions in poly-medicated older patients and factors associated with opioid prescribing.Setting Patients were included if they were admitted to the Royal Adelaide Hospital between September 2015 and August 2016, aged  ≥ 75 years and took ≥ 5 medications at discharge.Methods After ethics approval, data of were retrospectively...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - April 1, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Current status of opioid epidemic in the United Kingdom and strategies for treatment optimisation in chronic pain
AbstractThe increase in opioid prescriptions in the United States has been accompanied by an increase in misuse as well as overdose and toxicity related morbidity and mortality. However, the extent of the increased opioid use, including misuse in the United Kingdom, currently remains less debated. Recent studies in the United Kingdom have shown a rise in opioid use and attributed deaths, particularly in areas with higher deprivation. There are also large variations amongst the devolved nations; Scotland has the highest drug-related deaths and year-on-year increase within Europe. Better clinical guidelines that can enable p...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - April 1, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Opioids prescribing trend between 2013 and 2017 in the Lisbon and Tagus Valley region, Portugal
Conclusion The prescription of opioid drugs has increased approximately 1.5-fold over a 4  year period in the ambulatory care of one of the main health administrative regions in Portugal. This trend warrants monitoring and suggests the need for highlighting good practices for opioids prescribing. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - April 1, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Overview of this issue: “Pain management in an opioid crisis”
(Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - April 1, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Superior outcomes with Argatroban for heparin-induced thrombocytopenia: a Bayesian network meta-analysis
Conclusion Argatroban performed better overall for selected patients with HIT. Argatroban demonstrated the shortest hospitalization, and lowest rate of haemorrhages, thromboembolisms, and mortality compared to bivalirudin, lepirudin, desirudin, and danaparoid. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - March 28, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Risk of major adverse cardiovascular events for concomitant use of clopidogrel and proton pump inhibitors in patients inheriting CYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles: meta-analysis
AbstractBackground Efficacy of clopidogrel may be diminished due to either co-administration of proton pump inhibitors or carryingCYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles. However, patients may be at greater risk of major adverse cardiovascular events if taking clopidogrel together with proton pump inhibitors and also inherited theCYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles which may cause further reduction of clopidogrel efficacy. This is due to the cumulative effects of drug-drug interactions and drug-gene interactions collectively referred to as multifactorial drug-gene interactions.Aim of the review The aim of this analysis was to estima...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - March 28, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Hospital admissions to geriatric ward related to adverse drug events: a cross-sectional study from the Czech Republic
Conclusion The contribution of ADEs to hospital admission to the geriatric ward was not negligible. Our results also suggest that 53.5% of identified ADE-related admissions could be potentially prevented. This finding demonstrates just how important the research on the preventability of medication-related hospitalisations is. Further studies and implementations are still needed aiming to minimize the risk of medication-related harm. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - March 24, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Treatment related problems in Jordanian hemodialysis patients
Conclusion In the Jordanian hemodialysis population, treatment related problems affect virtually all patients. Most patients suffered adverse drug events and/or had drug indication problems. The number of treatment related problems correlated positively with age and the number of medications taken by the patient. Those with more treatment related problems also had higher hospital admissions and longer admission periods. Serious measures should be made in order to reduce the number of treatment related problems affecting this vulnerable population. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - March 21, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Knowledge of prescribed drugs among primary care patients: findings from Prover Project
Conclusion Counselling and monitoring practices should be tailored to patients with less schooling, that are initiating treatment and with low disease burden. Equally important is the need to implement strategies to increase the patient ’s level of social capital to improve treatment knowledge. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - March 12, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

A multifaceted clinical decision support intervention to improve adherence to thromboprophylaxis guidelines
Conclusions Our multifaceted intervention significantly increased thromboprophylaxis guideline adherence. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - March 11, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors in COVID-19: meeting at the crossroads between heart, diabetes and infectious diseases
AbstractSodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) are a new class of glucose-lowering agents which have changed the landscape of diabetes therapy, due to their remarkable cardiorenal protective properties. The attack of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 on the heart and kidneys shares similarities with diabetes; therefore, the notion that SGLT2i might have a role in the future management of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is based on a solid pathophysiological hypothesis. SGLT2i have been proved to decrease the expression of proinflammatory cytokines, ameliorate oxidative stress and reduce sympa...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - March 9, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Appropriateness of antimicrobial prescribing in the high-burden emergency department of a tertiary hospital in Malaysia
This study was conducted in the inpatient ED of a tertiary hospital in Malaysia.Method We conducted a 6-month retrospective antimicrobial prescriptions analysis among ED patients who received intravenous antimicrobial. Antimicrobial prescriptions of conveniently selected adult patients were evaluated with the medication appropriateness index.  Main outcome measure Appropriateness of antimicrobial prescribing was the primary outcome measure.Results We analysed 310 patients with 326 antimicrobial prescriptions. Ceftriaxone (41.1%, n  = 134) and amoxicillin–clavulanate (36.5%, n = 119) w...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - March 7, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Short and long term impact of combining restrictive and enabling interventions to reduce aztreonam consumption in a community hospital
Conclusion Combining restrictive and enabling interventions had immediate and sustained impact on aztreonam consumption withP. aeruginosa susceptibility improvement. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - March 7, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Factors associated with the frequency of antihypertensive drug adjustments in chronic kidney disease patients: a multicentre, 2-year retrospective study
ConclusionThis work highlights the importance of close monitoring of patients requiring initial adjustments to antihypertensive drugs. Antihypertensive drug adjustments may indicate events that could contribute to poorer outcomes in the future. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - March 6, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

The effect of acculturation and harm beliefs on medication adherence on Middle Eastern hypertensive refugees and migrants in Australia
Conclusion Beliefs about medications and natural remedies, and acculturation in refugees and migrants need to be better understood to enhance medication adherence and potentially overall health outcomes. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - March 3, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Impact of severe oral mucositis in pediatric cancer patients on resource utilization and cancer treatment plans
Conclusion: Severe oral mucositis is associated with significant resource utilization and modification of the treatment protocols. Further studies are needed to identify strategies to reduce the impact of mucositis in this patient population. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - March 3, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Causality and avoidability of adverse drug reactions of antibiotics in hospitalized children: a cohort study
Conclusion:Causality and severity assessment indicated that most adverse drug reactions were probable and moderate. Possibly avoidable reactions occurred due to inappropriate prescribing when preventive measures were not implemented. Monitoring the use of antibiotics in children is essential to ensure the safety of these patients. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - March 3, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Quantity and quality profiles of antibiotics pre, on, and post surgery in a hospital setting
Conclusion Ceftriaxone was the first-choice prophylactic antibiotic administered in this Indonesian hospital. The data indicate a considerable non-compliance with local and international guidelines. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - March 2, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

The current and potential role of community pharmacy in asset-based approaches to health and wellbeing: a qualitative study
Conclusions The study provides valuable insights into the potential for community pharmacy, a previously unconsidered sector, to further adopt and contribute to asset-based approaches and play a more central role in the improvement of public health and reduction of health inequalities. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - February 26, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Evaluation of pharmacists ’ interventions on drug-related problems and drug costs in patients with cancer pain
ConclusionOur study suggests that pharmacy service in patients with cancer pain can resolve drug-related problems and reduce drug costs. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - February 24, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Reducing corticosteroid phobia in pharmacy staff and parents of children with atopic dermatitis
AbstractBackground Besides physicians, pharmacy staff has an important role to inform patients on appropriate medication use. However, they might also experience corticophobia themselves, affecting patient counseling and subsequently patient ’s disease management.Objective Implementation of an intervention for pharmacy staff to improve knowledge and stimulate positive perceptions towards TCS use, in order to reduce corticophobia in pharmacy staff and parents of young AD patients.Setting Nine community pharmacies in the Netherlands.Method We developed an intervention consisting of education of pharmacy staff followed ...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - February 13, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Uptake of biosimilars for TNF- α inhibitors adalimumab and etanercept following the best-value biological medicine initiative in Ireland
Conclusion Against the background of a finite healthcare budget, this study shows that increasing use of biosimilars can create the financial savings and space to invest in new innovative therapies for the benefit of many patients. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - February 9, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Utilization of neurosurgical perioperative antimicrobial prophylaxis in a Chinese teaching hospital
Conclusions Effective antimicrobial stewardship is urgently needed to promote the appropriateness of neurosurgical perioperative antimicrobial prophylaxis in China. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - February 8, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Abstracts of the 24th annual meeting of ESPACOMP, the International Society for Medication Adherence, 10 –20 November 2020
(Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - February 5, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Potentially inappropriate prescriptions and therapeutic complexity in older HIV patients with comorbidities
Conclusion: The elderly people living with HIV present numerous comorbidities and met the criteria for polypharmacy. Their pharmacotherapy complexity is mainly determined by the concomitant treatments. There is a high prevalence of meeting deprescription criteria in people living with HIV over the age of 65 and a clear relationship between polypharmacy and deprescription. The optimization of pharmacotherapy is necessary in this population. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - February 4, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Thank You Reviewers
(Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - February 4, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Impact of clinical pharmacist services on quality adjusted life years in head and neck cancer patients
Conclusion The incorporation of clinical pharmacist services has helped us in identifying and understanding the various types of medication-related problems and their potential causes in patients suffering from head and neck cancer. Moreover, it helped to improve the quality adjusted life-years and decrease adverse drug reactions, reflecting positive impact on patient care. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - February 2, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Correction to: Abstracts of 48th ESCP symposium on clinical pharmacy 23 –25 October 2019, Ljubljana (Slovenia)
In the original publication of this article, the Abstract “CP-CE002 An online approach to enhance awareness on pharmacogenetics among pharmacists and physicians” has been missing. The missing abstract is given below. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - February 1, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Evaluation of the quality of ‘do not use’ medication abbreviation audits: a key enabler to successful implementation of audit and feedback
Conclusion Pharmacy staff audits under-reported ‘do not use’ abbreviation rates, however this was consistent over time. The quality of pharmacy audits should be assessed and disseminated to end-users prior to implementing feedback. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - January 30, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding antibiotic use and resistance among community pharmacists: a cross sectional study in Jordan
Conclusion It is crucial to improve the curriculum in schools of pharmacy, emphasizing on interprofessional education and developing customized interventions. Regulations on dispensing antibiotics without prescription should be enforced. Policy makers need to implement antimicrobial stewardship and encourage the use of public educational interventions in community pharmacy. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - January 29, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Prevalence of non-adherence to antihypertensive medication in Asia: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusion The prevalence of non-adherence to antihypertensive medication is high in Asia. This may partly explain poor treatment outcomes and incidence of higher mortality rate in Asia frequently reported in the literature. There is a need to implement appropriate policies and clinical practices to improve medication adherence. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - January 29, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Shared decision making for psychiatric medication management: a summary of its uptake, barriers and facilitators
AbstractThe model of shared decision making with mental health patients and clinicians (doctors and pharmacists) harnesses the benefits of patients becoming partners in their own recovery through improved communication and greater self-advocacy. Shared decision making in mental health services is an emerging model of care which has not been well investigated, however it is seen as the way forward to achieving improved health outcomes for non-pharmacological and pharmacological therapy. Successful implementation of this model requires supporting the process through provision of information and training, use of decision aids...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - January 29, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Perceptions of community pharmacists to implementing technologies in the workplace: an exploratory study
Conclusion Community pharmacists made use of several types of technologies to promote medication management, including robotics. While mostly accepting of new technologies to streamline tasks and reduce error, pharmacists highlighted the importance of addressing barriers to technology implementation prior to workplace implementation. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - January 29, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Awareness of osteoporosis risk assessment tools and screening recommendations among community pharmacists in Malaysia
Conclusion There is some awareness of osteoporosis risk assessment tools but use in practice remains low among community pharmacists in Malaysia. There is potential to increase the use of these tools and knowledge of recommendations for osteoporosis screening and referral among community pharmacists. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - January 28, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Qualitative study of medication review in Flanders, Belgium among community pharmacists and general practitioners
Conclusion Both pharmacists and general practitioners were enthusiastic about medication reviews. The implementation improved the interprofessional collaboration. However, important barriers remain, such as the considerable investment of time and the difficulty in gathering all the necessary information. The sustainable implementation of type 3 medication review in Belgium requires adequate reimbursement and additional training. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - January 23, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Medication reconciliation in the geriatric unit: impact on the maintenance of post-hospitalization prescriptions
This study was conducted in a geriatric unit in a University Hospital Centre in France.Method This was a retrospective study. For 6  months, all patients over 65 years who underwent the process of medication reconciliation performed by a clinical hospital pharmacist and a physician at admission and discharge, were included. A comparison between drug prescriptions at hospital discharge and the first prescription made outside th e hospital was made to identify any differences.Main outcome measure The main outcome measures were the provision of the results of the medication reconciliation performed in the hospital t...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - January 19, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Duloxetine for the reduction of opioid use in elective orthopedic surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractBackground Duloxetine is currently approved for chronic pain management; however, despite some evidence, its utility in acute, postoperative pain remains unclearAim of the review This systematic review and meta-analysis is to determine if duloxetine 60  mg given perioperatively, is safe and effective at reducing postoperative opioid consumption and reported pain following elective orthopedic surgery.Method CINAHL, Medline, Cochrane Central Registry for Clinical Trials, Google Scholar, and Clinicaltrials.gov were searched using a predetermined search strategy from inception to January 15, 2019. Covidence.org wa...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - January 18, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Community pharmacist ’s professional adaptation amid Covid-19 emergency: a national survey on Italian pharmacists
Conclusion Community pharmacists adapted to lockdown measures by implementing a number of measures. There was an overall increase in pharmacists ’ personal protective equipment in Red Zones possibly linked to increased risk perception. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - January 15, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research