Engagement of occupational therapy organizations with public policy: A qualitative analysis.
This study used interpretive description methodology. Participants were recruited from Canadian occupational therapy professional organizations. Participants shared their experiences and perspectives on policy engagement through semi-structured interviews. Data was analyzed inductively. FINDINGS.: Engagement with policy involved reaching out (building relationships, educating practitioners about policy and occupational therapy contributions, and developing statements), and reaching in (consulting with occupational therapists and generating data informing policy). IMPLICATIONS.: Occupational therapy organizations ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - October 6, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Osman A, Webber C, Oliel S, Couture-Lavoie K, Lencucha R, Shikako-Thomas K Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Mettre l ’occupation au cœur de nos actions.
Mettre l’occupation au cœur de nos actions. Can J Occup Ther. 2020 Oct;87(4):233-239 Authors: Vallée C PMID: 32945203 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - September 20, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Vallée C Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Perceived occupational performance in youth with eating disorders: Treatment-related changes.
This study examined changes in performance and satisfaction with self-identified occupational performance goals during a specialized day treatment admission in children and adolescents with eating disorders. Weight-related outcomes for underweight youth were also examined. METHODS.: A total of 63 youth participated in the study, with admission and discharge data on ratings of self-identified occupational performance goals (measured with the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure) available for 42 participants. FINDINGS.: Significant improvements were found in ratings of satisfaction and performance with self-i...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - September 9, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Coelho JS, Fernandes A, Suen J, Keidar A, Cairns J Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Daily life physical activity and concussion symptoms in adolescents.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Concussion is a common injury in an adolescent population with up to 30% experiencing persistent symptoms. Rehabilitation programs that include aerobic exercises can reduce persistent postconcussion symptoms. However, it is unclear if daily life physical activities can also reduce symptoms. PURPOSE.: To investigate whether the level of daily life physical activity reduces postconcussion symptoms in the adolescent population. METHODS.: Ten adolescents aged 11-18 years with a concussion self-reported their postconcussion symptoms and level of physical activity during the first, third,...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - September 2, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Boisgontier MP, Cheval B, Schmidt J Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Front Desk Duty Multitasking Test after Mild Stroke: Preliminary Reliability and Validity.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Performance-based multitasking assessments may be more sensitive than cognitive screens to detect executive dysfunction after a mild stroke. PURPOSE.: This cross-sectional study examined inter-rater reliability and preliminary convergent and discriminant validity of the Front Desk Duty Test (FDDT). METHOD.: Adults with mild stroke (n = 35) and community controls (n = 33) were administered the FDDT and other measures of executive functions. FINDINGS.: Inter-rater reliability of the FDDT subscores were high (ICC 0.971-0.999). There were weak but statistically significant correlat...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 31, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Carroll GL, Radomski M, Halsten J, Meyers A, Rabusch S, Takimoto R, Kreiger R Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

CO-OP for children with DCD: Goals addressed and strategies used.
CONCLUSIONS.: Results confirm the types of goals that are commonly selected by children with DCD and highlight commonly used strategies used to meet these goals. Findings will help guide occupational therapists in selecting appropriate strategies to meet children's goals. PMID: 32815387 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 19, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Schwartz SP, Northrup SRK, Izadi-Najafabadi S, Zwicker JG Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

A Collaborative and Cognitive-based Intervention for Young People with Cerebral Palsy.
tilde;es LC Abstract BACKGROUND.: Evidence-based approaches to improve function in individuals with cerebral palsy are needed. PURPOSE.: To investigate the effectiveness of the Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance approach™ (CO-OP) to improve performance on self-chosen, functional goals as compared to traditional occupational therapy for cerebral palsy. METHOD.: Crossover design with 12 participants, aged 6-15 years, randomly assigned to CO-OP and traditional intervention groups, followed by crossover and a 3-month follow-up. The participants identified three occupation-based goa...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 16, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Sousa LK, Brandão MB, Curtin CM, Magalhães LC Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Work-related Transitions Following Hand Injury: Occupational Therapy Scoping Review.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Occupational therapists who facilitate work-related transitions after hand injury require robust evidence to inform practice. PURPOSE.: To identify the occupational therapist's contribution to facilitate work-related transitions for persons with hand injuries and identify gaps in existing knowledge. METHOD.: A systematic search was conducted from 2008 to 2018 to identify articles and doctoral theses published across 14 databases. Data was analysed descriptively. FINDINGS.: In total, 15 studies from 16 countries (14 high and 2 upper-middle income) were identified. Four strategie...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 6, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Uys ME, Van Niekerk L, Buchanan H Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Stakeholder perspectives on IPS for employment: A scoping review.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Individual Placement and Support (IPS) has demonstrated effectiveness in achieving competitive employment for people with severe mental illness. Yet limited efforts have been made to synthesize the literature pertaining to the experiences and perspectives of key stakeholders regarding IPS, which could be helpful for occupational therapists, given their role in vocational rehabilitation. PURPOSE.: To synthesize qualitative literature to understand how stakeholders (including occupational therapists) experience and perceive IPS and consider the implications for future occupational therapy ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 6, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Chen N, Lal S Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Meaningful Activity and Boredom in the Transition from Homelessness: Two Narratives.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Few studies have examined boredom and meaningful activity during the transition from homeless to housed, and those that exist are retrospective. PURPOSE.: To prospectively examine how meaningful activities and boredom are experienced during the process of leaving homelessness. METHOD.: Using a mixed-methods case study design, we interviewed 13 homeless participants at baseline using a 92-item quantitative interview, followed by a semi-structured qualitative interview. Two participants were located six months later and were interviewed again using the same protocol. Quantitative data...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - July 23, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Marshall CA, Keogh-Lim D, Koop M, Barbic S, Gewurtz R Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Goal setting among experienced and novice occupational therapists in a rehabilitation center.
This study followed a focused ethnography approach. Four beginners and four experienced occupational therapists were interviewed about their experiences with goal setting. We also observed them during a goal setting session. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. FINDINGS.: The four main themes that emerged from the analysis showed both similarities and differences between novice and experienced therapists, especially in the areas of communication, guidance, and flexibility, as well as dilemmas they were facing. IMPLICATIONS.: Our findings challenge the client-centeredness of the participants and the relevan...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - July 21, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Šuc L, Švajger A, Bratun U Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

A qualitative study of stroke survivors' experience of sensory changes.
This study utilized a qualitative description method. Researchers used semi-structured interviews with probing questions. Inductive content analysis approach was used to analyze the data. Researchers recruited 13 stroke survivors ≤75 years old who participated in a community-based stroke program. FINDINGS.: Emerging themes included daily life impact of sensory function changes, and experience and timing of sensory changes. Participants experienced changes in various sensory systems including touch and proprioception, visual, auditory, and taste. Survivors also reported sensitivity to environmental stimuli. Sensory ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - July 21, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Alwawi DA, Dean E, Heldstab A, Lawson LM, Peltzer J, Dunn W Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Prenatal predictors of maternal-infant attachment.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Increasingly, occupational therapists are working with women in the perinatal period, including supporting the developing mother-child relationship. PURPOSE.: To examine prenatal predictors of maternal-infant attachment (maternal-fetal attachment, sensory patterns, adult attachment, perinatal loss, and mental health) that may provide possible avenues for assessment and intervention by occupational therapists. METHOD.: Women (N = 60) were assessed during pregnancy and within one year postpartum in a cohort study. Independent t-tests, correlations, and multivariate regressio...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - July 19, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Branjerdporn G, Meredith P, Wilson T, Strong J Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

[Lifestyle Redesign ® (Remodeler sa vie): First Pilot Study Among Older French-Canadians].
CONCLUSION.: Remodeler sa vie is a culturally promising program to promote health among older French-Canadians. PMID: 32580571 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 24, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Lévesque MH, Trépanier J, Tardif MÈ, Lalanne K, Boudriau M, Ainsley S, Boislard C, Levasseur M Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Occupational Therapy Roles in an Indigenous Context: An Integrative Review.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Indigenous peoples experience health inequities linked in part to lack of access to culturally-relevant health care. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) calls on all health professionals, including occupational therapists, to reduce health inequities through improved work with Indigenous communities. PURPOSE.: This integrative review of the literature explores how occupational therapists can improve their work with Indigenous peoples. KEY ISSUES.: Communication and building relationships are central to effective work with Indigenous communities, along with recipr...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 31, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: White T, Beagan BL Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Adaptive Eating Device: Performance and Satisfaction of a Person with Parkinson's Disease.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) can experience motor impairments related to their hand-use that restrict participation in daily activities. Feeding is one activity impacted by this health condition. The use of adapted utensils can improve performance and independence in this activity. PURPOSE.: To investigate if a locally designed and made eating-adaptive device helps a person with PD to improve their feeding performance. METHOD.: Single-case ABC-type experimental design. Performance and satisfaction of a 60-year-old man with PD were assessed during feeding tasks in 70 seq...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 14, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Cavalcanti A, Amaral MF, Silva E Dutra FC, Santos AV, Licursi LA, Silveira ZC Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Title in English: Exploring Older Adults' Experiences and Perceptions With a Peer-Led Wheelchair Training Program.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Manual wheelchair (MWC) training is important, but less than 50% of new wheelchair users receive any training. The Wheelchair training Self-efficacy Enhanced for Use (WheelSeeU), a community-based peer-led MWC training program, is feasible and effective for improving wheelchair skills. However, implementing effective programs requires an understanding of stakeholders' experiences. PURPOSE.: Explore older adults' perceptions about their participation in the WheelSeeU program. METHOD.: Qualitative interviews were conducted with participants who completed the WheelSeeU program. Themati...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 4, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Pellichero A, Best KL, Routhier F, Miller WC Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Occupational therapists must declare the climate emergency.
PMID: 32336123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - April 26, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Turcotteerg PL, Droleterg MJ Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Referral Prioritization in Home Care Occupational Therapy: A Matter of Perspective.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Prioritizing referrals for home care occupational therapy is somewhat subjective, and public and patient perspectives on waiting list priorities are unknown. PURPOSE.: To explore the views of home care occupational therapists (OTs), older persons (OPs) and adults with disabilities on waiting list priorities, as well as issues and challenges underlying these priorities. METHOD.: We conducted in-depth interviews with 11 OTs, 10 OPs and 9 adults with disabilities. Participants were asked to prioritize referral scenarios while explaining their choices. Directed and conventional content ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - April 14, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Raymond MH, Feldman DE, Demers L Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Not just mortality and morbidity, but also functioning: Opportunities and challenges for Occupational Therapy in the World Health Organization's Rehabilitation 2030.
e;e C PMID: 32180442 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - March 18, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Richards LG, Vallée C Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Rehabilitation is a global health priority.
e;e C PMID: 32180443 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - March 18, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Heinemann AW, Feuerstein M, Frontera WR, Gard SA, Kaminsky LA, Negrini S, Richards LG, Vallée C Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Experiences of occupational performance in survivors of stroke attending peer support groups.
This study explores the experiences of occupational performance in survivors of stroke attending an outpatient peer support group. METHOD.: An interpretive qualitative study using semi-structured interviews was conducted with seven survivors of stroke attending an outpatient peer support group. Data was thematically analyzed. FINDINGS.: Four themes related to the experience of peer support on occupational performance emerged: finding hope to return to meaningful occupation, a place for belonging, problem-solving occupational concerns, and finding purpose beyond oneself. IMPLICATIONS.: This research adds to t...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - February 29, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Wijekoon S, Wilson W, Gowan N, Ferreira L, Phadke C, Udler E, Bontempo T Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: PMID: 32107939 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - February 27, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

The engaged child in occupational therapy.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Achieving optimal outcomes for children in occupational therapy settings is influenced, in part, by their engagement. The nature of child engagement from the occupational therapy perspective remains relatively unexplored. METHOD.: A qualitative research methodology was adopted, using an interpretive description approach. Thirty-two occupational therapists participated in five focus groups and six individual interviews that were thematically analyzed. FINDINGS.: Four themes emerged from the data: (i) signs of child engagement and disengagement; (ii) it's about the child feeling safe;...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - February 26, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: D'Arrigo RG, Copley JA, Poulsen AA, Ziviani J Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Intention to Return to Work after Stroke Following Rehabilitation in Ontario.
This study examined the prevalence of intention to return to work after discharge among stroke rehabilitation inpatients. METHODS.: We performed secondary analysis of National Rehabilitation Reporting System data for all stroke rehabilitation inpatients across Ontario (2012-2017). Intention to return to work was examined by gender, age, and level of disability. FINDINGS.: Among 25,691 stroke rehabilitation inpatients, 4,668 (18.2%) were employed pre-stroke and 2,039 (43.7%) of them intended to return to work. Intention to return to work was somewhat higher among younger and middle-aged stroke survivors and those ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - February 12, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Duong PK, Egan MY, Meyer MJ, Morrison TL Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Child Development Outcomes of DIR/Floortime TM-based Programs: A Systematic Review.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Occupational therapy is often part of the multi-disciplinary approach within the Developmental, Individual-differences, Relationship-based (DIR) FloortimeTM Model. The model addresses the emotional development of children, which is considered to be critical for the other child developmental areas. PURPOSE.: This review serves to inform practitioner decision-making about the use of this model, as no systematic reviews exist on child development outcomes. METHODS.: The systematic search included Medline, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Scopus...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - February 3, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Boshoff K, Bowen H, Paton H, Cameron-Smith S, Graetz S, Young A, Lane K Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Doing Occupational Justice: A Central Dimension of Everyday Occupational Therapy Practice.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: The Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists (CAOT) and the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) state that occupational justice is part of the domain of occupational therapy and that occupational justice is "an aspect of contexts and environments and an outcome of intervention" (AOTA, 2014, p. S9). KEY ISSUES.: Despite the increasing focus on justice in the occupational therapy and the occupational science literature, many practitioners in traditional settings do not see its relevance to their everyday practice (Galvin, Wilding, & Whiteford, 2011) or hav...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 21, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Bailliard AL, Dallman AR, Carroll A, Lee BD, Szendrey S Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Interventions Addressing Vision, Visual-perceptual Impairments Following Acquired Brain Injury: A Cross-sectional Survey.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: The existing literature on the effectiveness of interventions targeting vision, visual-perceptual impairments following acquired brain injury (ABI) is scarce and unlinked to occupational performance. PURPOSE.: To explore current occupational therapy practice in vision-rehabilitation among adults with ABI in Canada, and to determine the evidence-practice gaps. METHODS.: An online survey was made available through the Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists (CAOT) website, and disseminated to seven public healthcare institutions in Quebec. The survey collected respondent demog...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 2, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Yoo PY, Scott K, Myszak F, Mamann S, Labelle A, Holmes M, Guindon A, Bussieres AE Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Occupational Therapists as Street-Level Bureaucrats: Leveraging the Political Nature of Everyday Practice.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: As front-line service providers who often work in systems regulated by governmental bodies, occupational therapists can be conceptualized as "street-level bureaucrats" (Lipsky, 1980/2010) who effect and are affected by policy. PURPOSE.: Drawing on understandings from a study of long-term unemployment, this article proposes that occupational therapists, as street-level bureaucrats, respond to inter-related policies and systems in ways that can perpetuate, resist, or transform opportunities for doing and being. KEY ISSUES.: By highlighting practitioners' everyday negotiation...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - December 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Aldrich RM, Rudman DL Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Supporting Independence at Home of People with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Literature Review.
ot É Abstract BACKGROUND.: The integration of a life environment enabling people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to fully exercise their independence must be well prepared. PURPOSE.: Review and describe interventions intended to develop the independence at home of people with ASD. METHOD.: The PRISMA method was used to perform a systematic review based on 19 keywords, grouped under three concepts: (a) population age (adolescents and adults), (b) diagnosis (ASD), and (c) independence. FINDINGS.: Seven effective interventions were identified in the 20 selected articles: (a) video self-model...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - December 11, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Marcotte J, Grandisson M, Piquemal C, Boucher A, Rheault MÈ, Milot É Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Quality of life: A universal or a disability specific concept?
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Quality of life (QoL) is an important outcome of occupational therapy practice. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that impacts the individual throughout their lifespan and may substantially affect QoL. Measuring QoL of people with ASD presents a challenge and a debate whether to use general versus disability-specific adapted measures. PURPOSE.: This paper aims to (a) revisit the construct of QoL and discuss specific dilemmas pertaining to its measurement, and (b) discuss implications to the assessment of QoL in individuals with ASD while highlighting the pot...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - December 3, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Erez AB, Gal E Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Thank You! ∼ Merci!
Thank You! ∼ Merci! Can J Occup Ther. 2019 Dec;86(5):344 Authors: PMID: 31769317 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - November 28, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

"I'm not alone": women's experiences of recovery oriented occupational therapy groups following depression.
"I'm not alone": women's experiences of recovery oriented occupational therapy groups following depression. Can J Occup Ther. 2019 Oct 09;:8417419878916 Authors: Woolley H, Levy E, Spector S, Geneau N, Castro A, Rouleau S, Roy L Abstract BACKGROUND.: Occupational therapy groups have been carried out as interventions in mental health settings across a variety of populations. Limited research explores the lived experience of individuals with depression following participation in recovery oriented occupational therapy groups. PURPOSE.: To better understand how recovery oriented occupationa...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - October 8, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Woolley H, Levy E, Spector S, Geneau N, Castro A, Rouleau S, Roy L Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: PMID: 31465240 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 28, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Advancing reconciliation in scholarship of occupational therapy and Indigenous Peoples' health.
PMID: 31460779 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Restall G, Phenix A, Valavaara K Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Professional identity and emerging occupational therapy practice: An autoethnography.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Research about occupational therapy practice in the community with people who have been imprisoned remains limited and may be considered an emerging area of practice. PURPOSE.: This paper provides a critical, first-person account about emerging occupational therapy practice with men transitioning to the community post-imprisonment. The practice context is described and reflected on from the lens of a new graduate. METHODS.: Autoethnography draws meaning from reciprocal interactions between an individual and a culture. Data was collected by the primary author through reflective journ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Zubriski S, Norman M, Shimmell L, Gewurtz R, Letts L Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Autism spectrum disorder: How can occupational therapists support schools?
ute;, Desmarais C Abstract BACKGROUND.: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) face multiple occupational challenges in their school, and school staff need additional support to increase their participation. PURPOSE.: The aim of this study is to identify how Response to Intervention (RTI) could be used by occupational therapists to support school personnel who work with children with ASD. METHOD.: In a descriptive qualitative study, three discussion groups were undertaken with occupational therapists and school staff members in Quebec, Canada, to identify the main concerns regarding the participati...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 10, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Grandisson M, Rajotte É, Godin J, Chrétien-Vincent M, Milot É, Desmarais C Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Addressing clients' sexual health in occupational therapy practice.
This study aims to describe occupational therapists' perspectives regarding clients' sexual health. METHOD.: This exploratory study surveyed Canadian occupational therapists using an online questionnaire that collected information on beliefs, knowledge, comfort, barriers, and facilitators with regard to addressing sexuality. Descriptive analysis was conducted on questionnaire data, and content analysis was used to organize respondents' comments. FINDINGS.: While most respondents believed that addressing sexuality was within their scope, few actually did so in practice. Participants reported comfort with sexuality...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Young K, Dodington A, Smith C, Heck CS Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

[Overview of the assessment practices of occupational therapists working in Quebec].
Levasseur M Abstract BACKGROUND.: In occupational therapy practice, client assessments are essential for establishing treatment priorities and determining the effectiveness of interventions. However, occupational therapists' assessment practices are not well documented. PURPOSE.: This work aimed to provide an overview of the assessment practices of Quebec occupational therapists based on the person-environment-occupation components and clienteles. METHOD.: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using an online survey that was sent to occupational therapists in Quebec. FINDINGS.: In paediatrics, occu...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 11, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Gobeil J, Larivière N, Carrier A, Bier N, Bottari C, Veillette N, Rouleau S, Gélinas I, Provencher V, Couture M, Levasseur M Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Does training in a top-down approach influence recorded goals and treatment plans?
This study aimed to examine the characteristics of goals and treatment plans in occupational therapy before and after CO-OP KT. METHOD.: A descriptive secondary analysis of medical record data was employed. FINDINGS.: Post intervention, there was a change in goal specificity ( p = .04) and therapist-client goal alignment ( p = .05). Occupation-based goals were often paired with a bottom-up, impairment-based treatment. Top-down treatments, when present, lacked the same detail given to bottom-up plans. IMPLICATIONS.: CO-OP KT seemed to lead to more specific goals, but matching top-down treatment plans were not...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - June 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Jutzi KSR, Linkewich E, Hunt AW, McEwen S Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Everyday technologies and public space participation among people with and without dementia.
ky C Abstract BACKGROUND.: Occupational therapists support everyday technology use; however, it is necessary to consider the challenges that people with dementia encounter with everyday technologies when participating in various places within public space. PURPOSE.: The purpose of the study was to explore stability and change in participation in places visited within public space in relation to the relevance of everyday technologies used within public space. METHOD.: People with dementia ( n = 35) and people with no known cognitive impairment ( n = 34) were interviewed using the Participation in Activiti...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 28, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Gaber SN, Nygård L, Brorsson A, Kottorp A, Malinowsky C Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Financial Management Activity Process: Qualitative inquiry of adults with acquired brain injury.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Little is known about the financial management occupations of people living with brain injury, despite the importance of these to adult autonomy. PURPOSE.: This work aims to develop a conceptual framework for financial management after adulthood acquired brain injury. METHOD.: This qualitative study used grounded theory methods. Data included semistructured interviews of 10 adults living with brain injury and two close others who assist with financial management occupations. Analysis included initial and focused coding, memo writing, constant comparison, theoretical sampling of ques...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 18, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Engel LL, Beaton DE, Green RE, Dawson DR Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Meaningful occupations of young adults with muscular dystrophy and other neuromuscular disorders.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Youth with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and other neuromuscular disorders are living well into adulthood and often need help engaging in meaningful occupations. PURPOSE.: Our purpose was to explore enablers and barriers to engaging in meaningful occupations, from the perspectives of youth, parents, and practitioners. METHOD.: This qualitative study involved 26 participants (11 parents, eight youth ages 19 to 28 [mean = 22.3 years], seven practitioners). Data were obtained from semistructured interviews and analyzed using an interpretive descriptive approach. FINDINGS.: You...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 15, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Lindsay S, Cagliostro E, McAdam L Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Continuing competency in ethical decision making: An interpretive description of occupational therapists' perspectives.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Competency in ethical decision making is a criterion for ethical practice, and it is expected to advance with ongoing professional development. However, research exploring continuing competency needs of occupational therapists regarding ethical decision making is limited. PURPOSE.: The purpose of this study was to explore potential gaps and directions for development related to continuing competency in ethical decision making from the perspective of practicing occupational therapists. METHOD.: Interpretive description informed secondary data analysis of professional narratives from ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 14, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: VanderKaay S, Jung B, Letts L, Moll SE Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Occupational performance and multisensory stimulation during post-traumatic amnesia: An observational and randomized controlled trial protocol.
This study aims to describe a study protocol to (a) track person factors of OP throughout PTA and (b) assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) protocol comparing an occupation-based multisensory stimulation and environmental enrichment intervention with usual care during PTA. METHOD.: A prospective observational study will be conducted with an embedded Phase II RCT with 30 participants in PTA. Participants will be randomly assigned to group and regularly assessed on PTA and OP measures. Feasibility aspects will be recorded in a logbook. All measures will be repeated at PTA resolution and 1 month l...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Walsh H, Fleming J, Silvestre Edo C, Bernabeu Guitart M, Murillo N Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Investigating the provision of occupational therapy services: A case study.
This study aimed to uncover what is known about the case of occupational therapy in the context of mental health services in Saskatchewan. METHOD.: An instrumental case study design was employed, applying a critical interpretive approach and thematic analysis to examine 40 publicly available documents. FINDINGS.: Three main themes (with subthemes) were identified: access (representation, funding, rural communities), awareness (comprehension, value, collaboration), and advocacy (leadership, education). IMPLICATIONS.: This study illuminates how restricted access to, limited awareness of, and ineffective advoca...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 12, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Carey A, Cockburn L, Langlois S Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

A description of teachers' approach to handwriting instruction in primary schools.
This study aimed to describe elementary school teachers' current instructional approach to handwriting throughout the school year. METHOD.: A descriptive study design utilizing a survey approach to data collection was selected for this study. The survey was completed by 399 teachers. Survey responses were collated and descriptive statistics were used for analysis. FINDINGS.: The heterogeneity of responses illustrates that many teachers are unaware of the best practices to implement to promote students' acquisition of handwriting. IMPLICATIONS.: As occupational therapists, knowing that the school environment ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 12, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Cantin N, Hubert J Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Neuro-occupation: A self-organizing approach to conflate the brain, context, and occupation.
This article traces the self-organization approach, an assumption of complex systems, to understand how the concepts can be conflated. METHOD.: Deductive category application, a qualitative descriptive method for tracing theoretical assumptions, was drawn from the lived experiences of 11 Iranian participants with cerebrovascular accidents. Matrix construction aided collection of data for analysis. FINDINGS.: The self-organization approach, underpinning neuro-occupation, was shown to be traceable, explaining how occupational participation may be influenced by the brain circular causality and perturbations provided...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 7, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Derakhshanrad SA, Piven E Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Adaptations to support occupational engagement with age-related vision loss: A metasynthesis study.
Abstract BACKGROUND.: Age-related vision loss (ARVL) is a progressive process that adversely affects older adults' occupational engagement. As such, older adults often employ a variety of psychological adaptation strategies. PURPOSE.: The purpose of this study was to identify those psychological adaptation strategies employed by older adults aging with ARVL. METHOD.: This metasynthesis searched and identified 21 qualitative articles that described a link between psychological adaptation strategies and occupational engagement. FINDINGS.: The psychological strategies identified were categorized into f...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: McGrath CE, Corrado AM Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Assessment priorities in cerebral palsy using ICF core set by Iranian occupational therapists.
This study defines assessment priorities in children with cerebral palsy (
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - May 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Raji P, Mehraban AH, Ahmadi M, Schiariti V Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research