Predictors of outcome of noninvasive ventilation in severe COPD exacerbation
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) reduces the rate of endotracheal intubation (ETI) and overall mortality in severe acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) with acute respiratory failure and is increasingly applied in... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 18, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Alexandru T. Steriade, Shirin Johari, Nicoleta Sargarovschi, Daniela Necula, Cornelia E. Tudose, Diana Ionita, Miron A. Bogdan and Dragos Bumbacea Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Multiplex PCR of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in children enhances the rate of pathogen detection
Culturing of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid is a commonly used method for pathogen detection in pneumonia. However, the sensitivity is low, especially in patients pre-treated with anti-infective agents. Th... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 18, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Eva Tschiedel, Arkadius Goralski, J örg Steinmann, Peter-Michael Rath, Margarete Olivier, Uwe Mellies, Tanja Kottmann and Florian Stehling Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics of patients with familial idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (f-IPF)
The aim of this study was to analyze the relative frequency, clinical characteristics, disease onset and progression in f-IPF vs. sporadic IPF (s-IPF). (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 18, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ekaterina Krauss, Godja Gehrken, Fotios Drakopanagiotakis, Silke Tello, Ruth C. Dartsch, Olga Maurer, Anita Windhorst, Daniel von der Beck, Matthias Griese, Werner Seeger and Andreas Guenther Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Application of structured statistical analyses to identify a biomarker predictive of enhanced tralokinumab efficacy in phase III clinical trials for severe, uncontrolled asthma
Tralokinumab is an anti –interleukin (IL)-13 monoclonal antibody investigated for the treatment of severe, uncontrolled asthma in two Phase III clinical trials, STRATOS 1 and 2. The STRATOS 1 biomarker analysis... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 17, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mattis Gottlow, David J. Svensson, Ilya Lipkovich, Monika Huhn, Karin Bowen, Peter Wessman and Gene Colice Tags: Technical advance Source Type: research

Side lying during nebulisation can significantly improve apical deposition in healthy adults and adults with mild cystic fibrosis lung disease: a randomised crossover trial
In people with and without Cystic Fibrosis (CF), does side lying during nebulisation change: the proportion of the dose loaded in the nebuliser that is deposited in the lungs; the uniformity of deposition thro... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 16, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ruth L. Dentice, Mark R. Elkins, Jordan Verschuer, Stefan Eberl, Genevieve Dwyer and Peter T. P. Bye Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Randomized controlled trials of pharmacological treatments to prevent COPD exacerbations: applicability to real-life patients
In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, all efforts should be made to prevent exacerbations because each event modifies the trajectory of the disease. Treatment recommendations are mostly built... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 12, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Laurie Pahus, Pierre-R égis Burgel, Nicolas Roche, Jean-Louis Paillasseur and Pascal Chanez Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Effects of low-dose computed tomography on lung cancer screening: a systematic review, meta-analysis, and trial sequential analysis
The Nelson mortality results were presented in September 2018. Four other randomized control trials (RCTs) were also reported the latest mortality outcomes in 2018 and 2019. We therefore conducted a meta-analy... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 11, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kai-Lin Huang, Shih-Yuan Wang, Wan-Chen Lu, Ya-Hui Chang, Jian Su and Yen-Ta Lu Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Frequency and patterns of second-line resistance conferring mutations among MDR-TB isolates resistant to a second-line drug from eSwatini, Somalia and Uganda (2014 –2016)
Pulmonary tuberculosis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Drug resistance, a huge problem in this contagious disease, is driven by point mutations in the Mycobacterium tubercul... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 10, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: David Patrick Kateete, Rogers Kamulegeya, Edgar Kigozi, Fred Ashaba Katabazi, Deus Lukoye, Sindani Ireneaus Sebit, Hergeye Abdi, Peter Arube, George William Kasule, Kenneth Musisi, Myalo Glen Dlamini, Derrick Khumalo and Moses L. Joloba Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Safety and complications of medical thoracoscopy in the management of pleural diseases
Medical thoracoscopy is considered an overall safe procedure, whereas numbers of studies focus on complications of diagnostic thoracoscopy and talc poudrage pleurodesis. We conduct this study to evaluate the s... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 10, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Yun-Yan Wan, Cong-Cong Zhai, Xin-Shan Lin, Zhou-Hong Yao, Qing-Hua Liu, Ling Zhu, De-Zhi Li, Xi-Li Li, Ning Wang and Dian-Jie Lin Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Asthma severity in four countries of Latin America
This study aimed to compare the demographic, socio, clinical characteristics, treatment, and use o... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 9, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hugo Neffen, Felipe Moraes, Karynna Viana, Valentina Di Boscio, Gur Levy, Claudia Vieira, Gabriela Abreu and Claudia Soares Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Is incentive spirometry beneficial for patients with lung cancer receiving video-assisted thoracic surgery?
The effectiveness of Incentive spirometry (IS) in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) remains lacking. We conducted a population-based study to investigate the effectiveness of IS on pat... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 8, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Chin-Jung Liu, Wen-Chen Tsai, Chia-Chen Chu, Chih-Hsin Muo and Wei-Sheng Chung Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Case report of a 28-year-old man with aortic dissection and pulmonary shadow due to granulomatosis with polyangiitis
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is characterised by the main violation of the upper and lower respiratory tract and kidney. GPA is considered a systemic vasculitis of medium-sized and small blood vessel... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 8, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lei Pan, Jun-Hong Yan, Fu-Quan Gao, Hong Li, Sha-Sha Han, Guo-Hong Cao, Chang-Jun Lv and Xiao-Zhi Wang Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features show better survival and less exacerbations compared to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) who show features related to autoimmunity without meeting criteria for a defined connective tissue disease are categorized as interstitial pneumonia with autoimmun... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 4, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jeong Uk Lim, Bo Mi Gil, Hye Seon Kang, Jongyeol Oh, Yong Hyun Kim and Soon Seog Kwon Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Case report of severe bronchial web-like stenoses after ‘surviving the unsurvivable’
There are few cases of multiple bronchial stenoses reported in the literature and none of the severity described here. The case is relevant due to its rareness, the pathophysiological insights derived, the suc... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 2, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Thomas Crowhurst, Joshua Lightfoot, Aeneas Yeo, Benjamin Reddi, Phan Nguyen, Helen Whitford and Chien-Li Holmes-Liew Tags: Case report Source Type: research

The effect of respiratory viral assay panel on antibiotic prescription patterns at discharge in adults admitted with mild to moderate acute exacerbation of COPD: a retrospective before- after study
Despite well-defined criteria for use of antibiotics in patients presenting with mild to moderate Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (AECOPD), their overuse is widespread. We hypothesi... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 1, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mayanka Tickoo, Robin Ruthazer, Amit Bardia, Shira Doron, Gabriela M. Andujar-Vazquez, Bradley J. Gardiner, David R. Snydman and Sebastian G. Kurz Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Hemoptysis requiring bronchial artery embolization in patients with nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease
This study investigated the characteristics ... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - June 27, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Su Hwan Lee, Jin Hwa Lee, Jung Hyun Chang, Soo Jung Kim, Hee-Young Yoon, Sung Shine Shim, Min Uk Kim, Sun Young Choi and Yon Ju Ryu Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Application of the community health worker model in adult asthma and COPD in the U.S.: a systematic review
With rising medical costs, stakeholders and healthcare professionals are exploring community-based solutions to relieve the burden of chronic diseases and reduce health care spending. The community health work... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - June 26, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Trisha M. Parekh, Carla R. Copeland, Mark T. Dransfield and Andrea Cherrington Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Acute exacerbation of chronic fibrosing interstitial pneumonia in patients receiving antifibrotic agents: incidence and risk factors from real-world experience
Here, we present real-world data on the incidence and risk factors of acute exacerbation (AE) in patients with chronic fibrotic interstitial pneumonia (CFIP) treated with antifibrotic agents, which has been pr... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - June 25, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kodai Kawamura, Kazuya Ichikado, Hidenori Ichiyasu, Keisuke Anan, Yuko Yasuda, Moritaka Suga and Takuro Sakagami Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Diagnostic role of interleukin -33 in the differentiation of pleural effusions especially tuberculous and malignant effusions
Tuberculous pleurisy and malignancy are two of the most common causes of pleural effusion. IL-33 is expressed in the epithelial lining and endothelial cells and is released after cell damage; it is proposed to... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - June 25, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Abdel-sadek Hamed Al-aarag, Mohammad Hussein Kamel, Eman Ramadan Abdelgawad, Shaimaa Magdy Abo-Youssef, Hany Hussein Moussa, Marwa Elsayed Elnaggar, Rasha Mohammad Hendy and Koot Ahmad Diab Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Diagnostic and prognostic values of serum activin-a levels in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome
We aimed to evaluate whether serum activin-A levels are elevated and have any value in predicting severity and prognosis in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - June 25, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jee-min Kim, Jung-Kyu Lee, Sun Mi Choi, Jinwoo Lee, Young Sik Park, Chang-Hoon Lee, Jae-Joon Yim, Chul-Gyu Yoo, Young Whan Kim, Sung Koo Han and Sang-Min Lee Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Relationship between the respiratory microbiome and the severity of airflow limitation, history of exacerbations and circulating eosinophils in COPD patients
The respiratory microbiome is altered in COPD patients but its relationship with core components of the disease, such as the severity of airflow limitation, the frequency of exacerbations or the circulating le... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - June 24, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Laura Millares, Sergi Pascual, Concepci ón Montón, Marian García-Núñez, Cristina Lalmolda, Rosa Faner, Carme Casadevall, Laia Setó, Silvia Capilla, Amàlia Moreno, Ady Angélica Castro-Acosta, Carlos José Alvarez-Martinez, Oriol Sibila, Germán Pec Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Validation of the Multi-INdependence Dimensions (MIND) questionnaire for prolonged mechanically ventilated subjects
Evaluating severity of illness of patients with prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) is important to adopt the best appropriate care management for each individual. Yet, no severity-of-illness scoring system... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - June 20, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Joao C. Winck, H élène Gilet, Peter Kalin, Javier Murcia, Fabian Plano, Antoine Regnault, Michael Dreher, Michele Vitacca and Nicolino Ambrosino Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Increased extracellular vesicle miRNA-466 family in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid as a precipitating factor of ARDS
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening disease; however, its treatment has not yet been fully established. The progression of ARDS is considered to be mediated by altered intercellula... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - June 20, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sotaro Shikano, Yasuhiro Gon, Shuichiro Maruoka, Tetsuo Shimizu, Yutaka Kozu, Yuko Iida, Mari Hikichi, Mai Takahashi, Shinichi Okamoto, Kota Tsuya, Asami Fukuda, Kenji Mizumura and Shu Hashimoto Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy of a velcro sound detector (VECTOR) for interstitial lung disease in rheumatoid arthritis patients: the InSPIRAtE validation study (INterStitial pneumonia in rheumatoid ArThritis with an electronic device)
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a severe systemic manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) represents the gold standard for the diagnosis of ILD, but its routin... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - June 20, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: A. Manfredi, G. Cassone, S. Cerri, V. Venerito, A. L. Fedele, M. Trevisani, F. Furini, O. Addimanda, F. Pancaldi, G. Della Casa, R. D ’Amico, R. Vicini, G. Sandri, P. Torricelli, I. Celentano, A. Bortoluzzi & hellip; Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Combined serum biomarkers in the noninvasive diagnosis of complicated parapneumonic effusions and empyema
We previously demonstrated that the pleural levels of proteins (neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin/NGAL, calprotectin, bactericidal permeability-increasing/BPI, azurocidin 1/AZU-1) were valuable marker... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - June 18, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kuo-An Wu, Chih-Ching Wu, Yu-Ching Liu, Pei-Chun Hsueh, Chia-Yin Chin, Chih-Liang Wang, Chi-Ming Chu, Li-Jane Shih and Chia-Yu Yang Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Lumacaftor/ Ivacaftor improves exercise tolerance in patients with Cystic Fibrosis and severe airflow obstruction
Treatment of patients with Cystic Fibrosis homozygous for the Phe508del gene, with Lumacaftor /Ivacaftor (LUM/IVA) improves outcomes in patients with FEV1  > 40% predicted. We set out to observe the most sensitive... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - June 17, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Peter A. B. Wark, Kim Cookson, Theeba Thiruchelvam, John Brannan and Douglas J. Dorahy Tags: Research article Source Type: research

“Characteristics of patients admitted to emergency department for asthma attack: a real-LIFE study”
Asthma is a chronic disease affecting 30 million people in Europe under 45y. Poor control of Asthma is the main cause of emergency-department (ED) access, becoming the strongest determinant of the economic bur... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - June 17, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Laura Losappio, Enrico Heffler, Rossella Carpentiere, Monica Fornero, Cosimo Damiano Cannito, Francesco Guerrera, Francesca Puggioni, Riccardo Monti, Stefania Nicola, Giovanni Rolla and Luisa Brussino Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Patients with overlapping diagnoses of asthma and COPD: is livestock exposure a risk factor for comorbidity and coexisting symptoms and infections?
Epidemiological research on health effects of livestock exposure in population subgroups with compromised respiratory health is still limited. The present study explored the association between livestock expos... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - June 10, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Christos Baliatsas, Lidwien A. M. Smit, Michel L. A. D ückers, Christel E. van Dijk, Dick Heederik and C. Joris Yzermans Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Ursolic acid alleviates airway-vessel remodeling and muscle consumption in cigarette smoke-induced emphysema rats
This study assessed the effects of ursolic acid (UA) on airway-vessel remodeling and muscle atrophy in cigarette smoke (CS)-induced emphysema rats and investigated potential underlying mechanisms. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - June 6, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Li Lin, Gang Hou, Dan Han, Yan Yin, Jian Kang and Qiuyue Wang Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Bronchial Dieulafoy ’s disease: a retrospective analysis of 73 cases
Bronchial Dieulafoy ’s disease (BDD) is a rare disease that is known to be a cause of hemorrhage. The characteristics of this disease are still unknown. The present study describes the disorder based on a revie... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - June 6, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Xin Qian, Qiong Du, Na Wei, Meifang Wang, Hansheng Wang and Yijun Tang Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Anhui Province, China: a population-based survey
The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Anhui Province of eastern China remain uncertain. The present study provides the first estimate of the prevalence and risk factors of COPD in A... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 29, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Zhenqiu Zha, Ruixue Leng, Wei Xu, Heling Bao, Yeji Chen, Liwen Fang, Zhirong Liu and Dongqing Ye Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Protocol for the Wessex AsThma CoHort of difficult asthma (WATCH): a pragmatic real-life longitudinal study of difficult asthma in the clinic
Asthma is now widely recognised to be a heterogeneous disease. The last two decades have seen the identification of a number of biological targets and development of various novel therapies. Despite this, asth... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 24, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Adnan Azim, Heena Mistry, Anna Freeman, Clair Barber, Colin Newell, Kerry Gove, Yvette Thirlwall, Matt Harvey, Kimberley Bentley, Deborah Knight, Karen Long, Frances Mitchell, Yueqing Cheng, Judit Varkonyi-Sepp, Wolfgang Grabau, Paddy Dennison & hellip; Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

Mycobacterium abscessus ssp. abscessus infection progressing to empyema from vertebral osteomyelitis in an immunocompetent patient without pulmonary disease: a case report
Pleural involvement by non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in patients without distinct pulmonary disease is extremely rare. Vertebral osteomyelitis (VO) with or without pulmonary disease is also a rare clinica... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 24, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Naoki Kadota, Tsutomu Shinohara, Hiroyuki Hino, Yuichiro Goda, Yoshiro Murase, Satoshi Mitarai and Fumitaka Ogushi Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Factors affecting survival in patients with endobronchial malignant mass after flexible Bronchoscopic cryotherapy: a cohort study
Malignant endobronchial mass (MEM) has poor prognosis, cryotherapy is reportedly to diagnose MEM, however, the therapeutic role of cryotherapy impacts on survival has not be well addressed. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 24, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Fu-Tsai Chung, Chun-Liang Chou, Yu-Lun Lo, Chih-Hsi Kuo, Tsai-Yu Wang, Chun-Hwa Wang, Hung-Yu Huang, Horng-Chyuan Lin, Chih-Hao Chang, Chung-Shu Lee, Hao-Cheng Chen and Shu-Min Lin Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Outcomes of stereotactic body radiotherapy versus lobectomy for stage I non-small cell lung cancer: a propensity score matching analysis
Lobectomy is the standard treatment for patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recent studies have shown promising results of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in these patients. We... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 22, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Qingren Lin, Xiaojiang Sun, Ning Zhou, Zhun Wang, Yaping Xu and Yuezhen Wang Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Omega-3 fatty acid intake and prevalent respiratory symptoms among U.S. adults with COPD
Omega-3 fatty acids, including alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and derivatives, play a key role in the resolution of inflammation. Higher intake has been lin... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 21, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Chantal M. Lemoine S, Emily P. Brigham, Han Woo, Corrine K. Hanson, Meredith C. McCormack, Abigail Koch, Nirupama Putcha and Nadia N. Hansel Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Correction to: Health coaching to improve self-management and quality of life for low income patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): protocol for a randomized controlled trial
In the original article [1], the authors reference their intention to use the ‘Morisky Medication Adherence Scale’. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 21, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Beatrice Huang, Rachel Willard-Grace, Denise De Vore, Jessica Wolf, Chris Chirinos, Stephanie Tsao, Danielle Hessler, George Su and David H. Thom Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Predictors and reproducibility of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in cold air
Physical activity is an important part of life, and hence exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) can reduce the quality of life. A standardized test is needed to diagnose EIB. The American Thoracic Society... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 16, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Melanie Dre ßler, Theresa Friedrich, Natali Lasowski, Eva Herrmann, Stefan Zielen and Johannes Schulze Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Prevalence and management of chronic breathlessness in COPD in a tertiary care center
Breathlessness is the prominent symptom of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Despite optimal therapeutic management including pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions, many COPD patien... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 16, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: H. Carette, M. Zysman, C. Morelot-Panzini, J. Perrin, E. Gomez, A. Guillaumot, P. R. Burgel, G. Deslee, P. Surpas, O. Le Rouzic, T. Perez, A. Chaouat, N. Roche and F. Chabot Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction using an endobronchial valve to treat a huge emphysematous bullae: a case report
In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) techniques using unidirectional endobronchial valves improve lung function and increase exercise tolera... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 14, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Eung gu Lee and Chin Kook Rhee Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Circulating microRNAs as biomarkers for Sepsis secondary to pneumonia diagnosed via Sepsis 3.0
This study aims to investigate the diagnostic and progno... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 14, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Wenping Zhang, Jianchao Jia, Zi Liu, Dan Si, Lijun Ma and Guojun Zhang Tags: Research article Source Type: research

A four-year trend in pulmonary bacteriologically confirmed tuberculosis case detection in Kampala-Uganda
The management and control of pulmonary bacteriologically confirmed (PBC) tuberculosis (TB) also known as infectious TB is important not only to monitor for resistance but also to check for severity, treatment... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 10, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Nicholas Sebuliba Kirirabwa, Derrick Kimuli, Carol Nanziri, Denis Sama, Syrus Ntudhu, Daniel Ayen Okello, Raymond Byaruhanga, Deus Lukoye and Samuel Kasozi Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Anticholinergics aggravate the imbalance of the autonomic nervous system in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Inhaled anticholinergics, recommended as first-line maintenance treatment for patients with moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), has been demonstrated to be associated with an incre... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 9, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Wei Yuan, Shan Nie, Haoyan Wang, Qiufen Xu and Nan Jia Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Robotic assisted-bronchoscopy: technical tips and lessons learned from the initial experience with sampling peripheral lung lesions
Peripheral pulmonary nodules are increasingly detected in patients screened for lung cancer or during disease progression of thoracic or extrathoracic malignancies. Sampling these lesions requires surgery, com... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 9, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Septimiu Dan Murgu Tags: Technical advance Source Type: research

Annual decline in forced expiratory volume and airway inflammatory cells and mediators in a general population-based sample
This study investigated whether indices of airway inflamma... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 9, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Natalia Kononova, Liv Ingunn Bjoner Sikkeland, Faiza Mahmood, Maria Vistnes, Johny Kongerud, Gunnar Einvik and Vidar S øyseth Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Social determinants of pulmonary tuberculosis in Brazil: an ecological study
Social determinants may influence the incidence and control of tuberculosis (TB). The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between social determinants and pulmonary TB (PTB) incidence and treatmen... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 8, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Alessandra Isabel Zille, Guilherme Loureiro Werneck, Ronir Raggio Luiz and Marcus Barreto Conde Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Pulmonary rehabilitation after exacerbation of bronchiectasis: a pilot randomized controlled trial
Pulmonary rehabilitation improves exercise capacity and reduces risk of future exacerbation in COPD when performed after an exacerbation. There have been no previous studies of post-exacerbation rehabilitation... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 6, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: James D. Chalmers, Megan L. Crichton, Gill Brady, Simon Finch, Mike Lonergan and Thomas C. Fardon Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Correction to: The long-term rate of change in lung function in urban professional firefighters: a systematic review
Following publication of the original article [1], the authors flagged an error in Table 2; specifically, within the row beginning ‘Aldrich et al. 2013’ on page 11 of the article PDF. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 6, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Flynn Slattery, Kylie Johnston, Catherine Paquet, Hunter Bennett and Alan Crockett Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Thyroid Rosai-Dorfman disease with infiltration of IgG4-bearing plasma cells associated with multiple small pulmonary cysts
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare histiocytosis which involves principally lymph nodes. Thyroid involvement in RDD is a very rare situation, and lung involvement is even rarer. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 3, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Pietro Gianella, Nicolas Dulguerov, Gr égoire Arnoux, Marc Pusztaszeri and Jörg D. Seebach Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Gastroesophageal reflux and antacid therapy in IPF: analysis from the Australia IPF Registry
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is highly prevalent in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and may play a role in its pathogenesis. Recent IPF treatment guidelines suggest that all patients with IPF be ... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 3, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Helen E. Jo, Tamera J. Corte, Ian Glaspole, Christopher Grainge, Peter M. A. Hopkins, Yuben Moodley, Paul N. Reynolds, Sally Chapman, E. Haydn Walters, Christopher Zappala, Heather Allan, Gregory J. Keir, Wendy A. Cooper, Annabelle M. Mahar, Samantha Elli Tags: Research article Source Type: research