CHI3L1 polymorphisms, cord blood YKL-40 levels and later asthma development
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in chitinase 3-like 1 (CHI3L1), the gene encoding YKL-40, and increased serum YKL-40 levels are associated with severe forms of asthma. It has never been addressed whether S... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 18, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jakob Usemann, Urs Frey, Ines Mack, Anne Schmidt, Olga Gorlanova, Martin Röösli, Dominik Hartl and Philipp Latzin Source Type: research

Case report: a patient with pulmonary arterial hypertension transitioning from a PDE-5 inhibitor to Riociguat
We present here the case of a patient with pulmonary arterial hypertension and NYHA Class II symptoms who transitioned from PDE-5i therapy to riociguat. No protocol currently exists for transitioning between t... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 18, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: David S. Poch Source Type: research

Effectiveness of initiating extrafine-particle versus fine-particle inhaled corticosteroids as asthma therapy in the Netherlands
Most randomised clinical trials typically exclude a significant proportion of asthma patients, including those at higher risk of adverse events, with comorbidities, obesity, poor inhaler technique and adherenc... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Thys van der Molen, Dirkje S. Postma, Richard J. Martin, Ron M. C. Herings, Jetty A. Overbeek, Victoria Thomas, Cristiana Miglio, Richard Dekhuijzen, Nicolas Roche, Theresa Guilbert, Elliot Israel, Wim van Aalderen, Elizabeth V. Hillyer, Simon van Rysewyk Source Type: research

Impact of a bronchial genomic classifier on clinical decision making in patients undergoing diagnostic evaluation for lung cancer
Bronchoscopy is frequently used for the evaluation of suspicious pulmonary lesions found on computed tomography, but its sensitivity for detecting lung cancer is limited. Recently, a bronchial genomic classifi... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: J. Scott Ferguson, Ryan Van Wert, Yoonha Choi, Michael J. Rosenbluth, Kate Porta Smith, Jing Huang and Avrum Spira Source Type: research

The significance of oral streptococci in patients with pneumonia with risk factors for aspiration: the bacterial floral analysis of 16S ribosomal RNA gene using bronchoalveolar lavage fluid
Aspiration pneumonia has been a growing interest in an aging population. Anaerobes are important pathogens, however, the etiology of aspiration pneumonia is not fully understood. In addition, the relationship ... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 11, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kentaro Akata, Kazuhiro Yatera, Kei Yamasaki, Toshinori Kawanami, Keisuke Naito, Shingo Noguchi, Kazumasa Fukuda, Hiroshi Ishimoto, Hatsumi Taniguchi and Hiroshi Mukae Source Type: research

A systematic review of the burden of vaccine preventable pneumococcal disease in UK adults
Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) and pneumococcal pneumonia are common and carry a significant morbidity and mortality. Current strategies to prevent pneumococcal disease are under review in the United King... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 11, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: James D. Chalmers, James Campling, Alison Dicker, Mark Woodhead and Harish Madhava Source Type: research

Radial endobronchial ultrasound with a guide sheath for diagnosis of peripheral cavitary lung lesions: a retrospective study
Radial endobronchial ultrasound with a guide sheath (EBUS-GS) has improved the diagnostic outcomes of peripheral lung lesions. However, to our knowledge, reports on the use of EBUS-GS for diagnosis of cavitary... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 11, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Manabu Hayama, Norio Okamoto, Hidekazu Suzuki, Motohiro Tamiya, Takayuki Shiroyama, Ayako Tanaka, Takuji Nishida, Takashi Nishihara, Nobuko Uehara, Naoko Morishita, Kunimitsu Kawahara and Tomonori Hirashima Source Type: research

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acquisition in healthcare workers with cystic fibrosis: a retrospective cross-sectional study
People with cystic fibrosis (CF) may work in healthcare settings risking nosocomial pathogen acquisition. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 11, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Michelle E. Wood, Laura J. Sherrard, Kay A. Ramsay, Stephanie T. Yerkovich, David W. Reid, Timothy J. Kidd and Scott C. Bell Source Type: research

The temporal relationship between poor lung function and the risk of diabetes
The association between impaired lung function and diabetes risk has been established in the past, however the temporal and causal relationships between the two remain unclear. We assessed the relationship bet... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 10, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Suneela Zaigham, Peter M. Nilsson, Per Wollmer and Gunnar Engström Source Type: research

Assessing health-related quality of life in COPD: comparing generic and disease-specific instruments with focus on comorbidities
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) influences different aspects of patient’s health-related quality of life (HRQL). While disease-specific HRQL instruments focus on symptoms and functional impairment... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 10, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Margarethe E. Wacker, Rudolf A. Jörres, Annika Karch, Sarah Wilke, Joachim Heinrich, Stefan Karrasch, Armin Koch, Holger Schulz, Henrik Watz, Reiner Leidl, Claus Vogelmeier and Rolf Holle Source Type: research

Phenotyping of difficult asthma using longitudinal physiological and biomarker measurements reveals significant differences in stability between clusters
Although the heterogeneous nature of asthma has prompted asthma phenotyping with physiological or biomarker data, these studies have been mostly cross-sectional. Longitudinal studies that assess the stability ... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 10, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: T. Zaihra, C. J. Walsh, S. Ahmed, C. Fugère, Q. A. Hamid, R. Olivenstein, J. G. Martin and A. Benedetti Source Type: research

Vitamin D deficiency associates with susceptibility to tuberculosis in Pakistan, but polymorphisms in VDR, DBP and CYP2R1 do not
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the genes encoding the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and the vitamin D binding protein (DBP) have been reported to modify the influence of vitamin D deficiency on susceptibili... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 10, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kashaf Junaid, Abdul Rehman, David A. Jolliffe, Tahir Saeed, Kristie Wood and Adrian R. Martineau Source Type: research

Pulmonary arterial hypertension in adult onset Still’s disease: a case report of a severe complication
Adult onset of Still’s disease (AOSD) is a rare systemic inflammatory disease. Cardiorespiratory complications are mainly represented by pleural and pericardial disorders and are less frequent than cutaneous a... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 10, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: L. Guilleminault, S. Laurent, A. Foucher, P. Poubeau and F. Paganin Source Type: research

A case of Meigs’ syndrome with preceding pericardial effusion in advance of pleural effusion
Meigs’ syndrome is defined as the presence of a benign ovarian tumor with pleural effusion and ascites that resolve after removal of the tumor. The pathogenesis of the production of ascites and pleural effusio... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 10, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kenichi Okuda, Satoshi Noguchi, Osamu Narumoto, Masako Ikemura, Yasuhiro Yamauchi, Goh Tanaka, Daiya Takai, Masashi Fukayama and Takahide Nagase Source Type: research

Exposure to high endotoxin concentration increases wheezing prevalence among laboratory animal workers: a cross-sectional study
Endotoxin from Gram-negative bacteria are found in different concentrations in dust and on the ground of laboratories dealing with small animals and animal houses. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 6, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Amanda Souza Freitas, Christian Silva Simoneti, Erica Ferraz, Ericson Bagatin, Izaira Tincani Brandão, Celio Lopes Silva, Marcos Carvalho Borges and Elcio Oliveira Vianna Source Type: research

Efficacy and safety of ipratropium bromide/albuterol compared with albuterol in patients with moderate-to-severe asthma: a randomized controlled trial
Many patients with asthma require frequent rescue medication for acute symptoms despite appropriate controller therapies. Thus, determining the most effective relief regimen is important in the management of m... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 30, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: James F. Donohue, Robert Wise, William W. Busse, Sandra Garfinkel, Valentina B. Zubek, Mo Ghafouri, Raymond C. Manuel, Rozsa Schlenker-Herceg and Eugene R. Bleecker Source Type: research

A retrospective analysis to identify predictors of COPD-related rehospitalization
This study aimed to identify factors related to COPD rehospitalization. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 30, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Melissa H. Roberts, Emmanuelle Clerisme-Beaty, Chris M. Kozma, Andrew Paris, Terra Slaton and Douglas W. Mapel Source Type: research

Periostin levels and eosinophilic inflammation in poorly-controlled asthma
This study sought to determine the relationship between serum and sputum periostin, airway inf... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 30, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jodie L. Simpson, Ian A. Yang, John W. Upham, Paul N. Reynolds, Sandra Hodge, Alan L. James, Christine Jenkins, Matthew J. Peters, Guiquan Jia, Cecile T. J. Holweg and Peter G. Gibson Source Type: research

The relationship between exercise induced bronchial obstruction and health related quality of life in female and male adolescents from a general population
Previous studies have observed that exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is more common and more strongly related to exercise related breathing problems in female adolescents than male adolescents. Howev... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 27, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Henrik Johansson, Katarina Norlander, Christer Janson, Andrei Malinovschi, Leif Nordang and Margareta Emtner Source Type: research

Ultrathin bronchoscopy for solitary pulmonary lesions in a region endemic for tuberculosis: a randomised pilot trial
The evaluation of solitary pulmonary lesions (SPL) requires a balance between procedure-related morbidity and diagnostic yield, particularly in areas where tuberculosis (TB) is endemic. Data on ultrathin bronc... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 27, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Daniel Franzen, Andreas H. Diacon, Lutz Freitag, Pawel T. Schubert, Colleen A. Wright and Macé M. Schuurmans Source Type: research

Practice and knowledge about diagnosis and treatment of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency in Spain and Portugal
Determining physicians’ awareness about alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency (AATD) may help to explain the discrepancy between the observed and expected number of patients diagnosed with this disease. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 27, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Cristina Esquinas, Miriam Barrecheguren, Maria Sucena, Esther Rodriguez, Sandra Fernandez and Marc Miravitlles Source Type: research

Effects of acute hemorrhage on intrapulmonary shunt in a pig model of acute respiratory distress-like syndrome
In acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), gas exchange and respiratory system mechanics (compliance) are severely impaired. Besides ventilatory parameters, the degree of respiratory abnormality can be inf... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Nils Siegenthaler, Raphael Giraud, Delphine S. Courvoisier, Claes U. Wiklund and Karim Bendjelid Source Type: research

Design of a prospective, multicenter, global, cohort study of electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy
Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB) procedures allow physicians to access peripheral lung lesions beyond the reach of conventional bronchoscopy. However, published research is primarily limited to sm... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Erik E. Folch, Mark R. Bowling, Thomas R. Gildea, Kristin L. Hood, Septimiu D. Murgu, Eric M. Toloza, Momen M. Wahidi, Terence Williams and Sandeep J. Khandhar Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the Polish program for the treatment of severe allergic asthma with omalizumab: a single-center experience
A national program for the treatment of severe allergic (IgE-dependent) asthma with omalizumab (OMA) was implemented in Poland in 2013. This observational study evaluated the effectiveness of the Polish OMA pr... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Izabela Kupryś-Lipińska, Paweł Majak, Joanna Molinska and Piotr Kuna Source Type: research

Lung functions among patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Dar es Salaam – a cross-sectional study
Approximately 40–60 % of patients remain sufferers of sequela of obstructive, restrictive or mixed patterns of lung disease despite treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). The prevalence of these abnormali... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 23, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mohamed Manji, Grace Shayo, Simon Mamuya, Rose Mpembeni, Ahmed Jusabani and Ferdinand Mugusi Source Type: research

The first reported case of Burkholderia contaminans in patients with cystic fibrosis in Ireland: from the Sargasso Sea to Irish Children
Burkholderia contaminans is an emerging pathogen in the cystic fibrosis (CF) setting. Included in the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc), B. contaminans is a Gram negative, motile, obl... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Rachel F. Power, Barry Linnane, Ruth Martin, Noelle Power, Peig Harnett, Brian Casserly, Nuala H. O’Connell and Colum P. Dunne Source Type: research

Effects of a 12-month multi-faceted mentoring intervention on knowledge, quality, and usage of spirometry in primary care: a before-and-after study
Asthma is among the most common chronic diseases in adults. International guidelines have emphasized the importance of regular spirometry for asthma control evaluation. However, spirometry use in primary care ... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Samir Gupta, Dilshad Moosa, Ana MacPherson, Christopher Allen and Itamar E. Tamari Source Type: research

Mean pulmonary arterial pressure as a prognostic indicator in connective tissue disease associated with interstitial lung disease: a retrospective cohort study
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) can develop in connective tissue disease associated interstitial lung disease (CTD-ILD), and contributes to increased morbidity and mortality. However, except for systemic sclerosis... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kota Takahashi, Hiroyuki Taniguchi, Masahiko Ando, Koji Sakamoto, Yasuhiro Kondoh, Naohiro Watanabe, Tomoki Kimura, Kensuke Kataoka, Atsushi Suzuki, Satoru Ito and Yoshinori Hasegawa Source Type: research

Age of asthma onset and vulnerability to ambient air pollution: an observational population-based study of adults from Southern Taiwan
Late-onset asthma (onset > 12 years) is pathologically distinct from early-onset asthma. The mechanism of air pollution is not a classic allergic inflammation and could have differential effect on late-onset a... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tsung-Ju Wu, Chang-Fu Wu, Bing-Yu Chen, Yungling Leo Lee and Yue Leon Guo Source Type: research

Role of CD248 as a potential severity marker in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
CD248 or Endosialin is a transmembrane molecule expressed in stromal cells binding to extracellular matrix (ECM) components. It has been previously implicated in kidney fibrosis, rheumatoid arthritis as well a... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 14, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Domokos Bartis, Louise E. Crowley, Vijay K. D’Souza, Lee Borthwick, Andrew J. Fisher, Adam P. Croft, Judit E. Pongrácz, Richard Thompson, Gerald Langman, Christopher D. Buckley and David R. Thickett Source Type: research

Extra corporeal membrane oxygenation to facilitate lung protective ventilation and prevent ventilator-induced lung injury in severe Pneumocystis pneumonia with pneumomediastinum: a case report and short literature review
Pulmonary infections caused by Pneumocystis jirovecii in immunocompromised host can be associated with cysts, pneumatoceles and air leaks that can progress to pneumomediastinum and pneumothoraxes. In such case... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 14, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Husain Shabbir Ali, Ibrahim Fawzy Hassan and Saibu George Source Type: research

Treatment of multiple-level tracheobronchial stenosis secondary to endobronchial tuberculosis using bronchoscopic balloon dilatation with topical mitomycin-C
Tracheobronchial stenosis is a known complication of endobronchial tuberculosis. Despite antituberculous and steroid therapy, the development of bronchial stenosis is usually irreversible and requires airway p... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 14, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mohamed Faisal, Hafaruzi Harun, Tidi M. Hassan, Andrea Y. L. Ban, Sanjay H. Chotirmall and Jamalul Azizi Abdul Rahaman Source Type: research

Extracellular microRNA-21 and microRNA-26a increase in body fluids from rats with antigen induced pulmonary inflammation and children with recurrent wheezing
This study aims to find out whether extracellular miRNAs is implicated in recurrent childhood wheezing with asthmatic risk. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 14, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Congshan Jiang, Hongchuan Yu, Qingzhu Sun, Wenhua Zhu, Jing Xu, Ning Gao, Rui Zhang, Li Liu, Xiaoying Wu, Xudong Yang, Liesu Meng and Shemin Lu Source Type: research

Ectopic expression of a small cell lung cancer transcription factor, INSM1 impairs alveologenesis in lung development
Insulinoma associated-1 (INSM1) gene is expressed exclusively in early embryonic neuroendocrine tissues, but has been found highly re-activated in most of the neuroendocrine tumors including small cell lung carci... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 12, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Chiachen Chen, Mary B. Breslin and Michael S. Lan Source Type: research

The estimated prevalence of exposure to asthmagens in the Australian workforce, 2014
There is very little information available on a national level as to the number of people exposed to specific asthmagens in workplaces. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 9, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lin Fritschi, Julie Crewe, Ellie Darcey, Alison Reid, Deborah C. Glass, Geza P. Benke, Tim Driscoll, Susan Peters, Si Si, Michael J. Abramson and Renee N. Carey Source Type: research

Prevalence of thoracic pain in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and relationship with patient characteristics: a cross-sectional observational study
Objectives of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of thoracic pain in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its relationship with Forced Expiratory Volume in the first second (FEV1 (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 6, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: D. J. A. Janssen, E. F. M. Wouters, Y. Lozano Parra, K. Stakenborg and F. M. E. Franssen Source Type: research

Detailed analysis of sputum and systemic inflammation in asthma phenotypes: are paucigranulocytic asthmatics really non-inflammatory?
The technique of induced sputum has allowed to subdivide asthma patients into inflammatory phenotypes according to their level of granulocyte airway infiltration. There are very few studies which looked at det... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 5, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sophie Demarche, Florence Schleich, Monique Henket, Virginie Paulus, Thierry Van Hees and Renaud Louis Source Type: research

Early mortality in lung cancer: French prospective multicentre observational study
The objective of t... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Michel Grivaux, Didier Debieuvre, Dominique Herman, Christine Lemonnier, Jean-Michel Marcos, Jacky Crequit, Sylvie Vuillermoz-Blas, Patricia Barre, Marie Saillour and Francis Martin Source Type: research

Infection biomarkers in primary care patients with acute respiratory tract infections–comparison of Procalcitonin and C-reactive protein
There is a lack of studies comparing the utility of C-reactive protein (CRP) with Procalcitonin (PCT) for the management of patients with acute respiratory tract infections (ARI) in primary care. Our aim was t... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - March 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Marc Meili, Alexander Kutz, Matthias Briel, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Heiner C. Bucher, Beat Mueller and Philipp Schuetz Source Type: research

Erratum to: Knowledge and perceptions of asthma in Zambia: a cross-sectional survey
(Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - March 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Emilia Jumbe Marsden, Somwe Wa Somwe, Chishala Chabala, Joan B. Soriano, Cesar Picado Vallès and Julio Ancochea Source Type: research

A randomized, double-blinded, double-dummy efficacy and safety study of budesonide–formoterol Spiromax® compared to budesonide–formoterol Turbuhaler® in adults and adolescents with persistent asthma
Budesonide and formoterol (BF) Spiromax® is a dry powder inhaler designed to deliver BF with maximum ease of use for patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - March 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: J. Christian Virchow, Roberto Rodriguez-Roisin, Alberto Papi, Tushar P. Shah and Gokul Gopalan Source Type: research

Safety of indwelling pleural catheter use in patients undergoing chemotherapy: a five-year retrospective evaluation
Indwelling pleural catheters (IPC) are increasingly becoming a first-line treatment in the management of malignant pleural effusions. Ambulatory management using IPC are increasingly used in this patient group... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - March 11, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Charleen Chan Wah Hak, Parthipan Sivakumar and Liju Ahmed Source Type: research

A mortality prediction rule for non-elderly patients with community-acquired pneumonia
No mortality prediction rule is suited for non-elderly patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Therefore, we tried to create a mortality prediction rule that is simple and suitable for non-elderly patients... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - March 8, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Masato Tashiro, Kiyohide Fushimi, Takahiro Takazono, Shintaro Kurihara, Taiga Miyazaki, Misuzu Tsukamoto, Katsunori Yanagihara, Hiroshi Mukae, Takayoshi Tashiro, Shigeru Kohno and Koichi Izumikawa Source Type: research

The use of inhaled antibiotic therapy in the treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia and tracheobronchitis: a systematic review
Ventilator-associated respiratory infections (tracheobronchitis, pneumonia) contribute significant morbidity and mortality to adults receiving care in intensive care units (ICU). Administration of broad-spectr... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - March 8, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Christopher J. Russell, Mark S. Shiroishi, Elizabeth Siantz, Brian W. Wu and Cecilia M. Patino Source Type: research

Administration of nintedanib after discontinuation for acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: a case report
Nintedanib is a multi-target receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor. In two recent randomized phase 3 trials (INPULSIS™-1 and -2), it has been shown to slow the disease progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - March 3, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Satoshi Ikeda, Akimasa Sekine, Tomohisa Baba, Hideaki Yamakawa, Masato Morita, Hideya Kitamura and Takashi Ogura Source Type: research

Applicability of visceral adiposity index in predicting metabolic syndrome in adults with obstructive sleep apnea: a cross-sectional study
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is severely affected by visceral adiposity (VA) that correlates to another disorder—metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, little is known concerning the relation of visceral adiposi... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - March 1, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Gong-Ping Chen, Jia-Chao Qi, Bi-Ying Wang, Xin Lin, Xiao-Bin Zhang, Jian-Ming Zhao, Xiao Fang Chen, Ting Lin, Dong-Dong Chen and Qi-Chang Lin Source Type: research

BMC Pulmonary Medicine reviewer acknowledgement 2015
The editors of BMC Pulmonary Medicine would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 15 (2015). (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - February 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Dirk Krüger Source Type: research

Study protocol for an evaluation of the effectiveness of ‘care bundles’ as a means of improving hospital care and reducing hospital readmission for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is one of the commonest respiratory diseases in the United Kingdom, accounting for 10 % of unplanned hospital admissions each year. Nearly a third of these admitted patien... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - February 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: M. J. E. Chalder, C. L. Wright, K. J. P. Morton, P. Dixon, A. R. Daykin, S. Jenkins, J. Benger, J. Calvert, A. Shaw, C. Metcalfe, W. Hollingworth and S. Purdy Source Type: research

The relationship between serum fatty-acid binding protein 4 level and lung function in Korean subjects with normal ventilatory function
The aim of this study was to assess the association of lung function with serum fatty-acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) in apparently healthy Korean adults. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - February 18, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hye-Jeong Park, Se Eun Park, Cheol-Young Park, Seong Yong Lim, Won-Young Lee, Ki-Won Oh, Sung-Woo Park and Eun-Jung Rhee Source Type: research

Analysis of mitochondrial DNA alteration in new phenotype ACOS
Mitochondria contain their own DNA (MtDNA) that is very sensitive to oxidative stress and as a consequence could be damaged in quantity. Oxidative stress is largely recognized to play a key role in the pathoge... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - February 12, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: G. E. Carpagnano, D. Lacedonia, M. Malerba, G. A. Palmiotti, G. Cotugno, M. Carone and M. P. Foschino-Barbaro Source Type: research