Subscapular Botulinum Injection for Treatment of Spasticity: Ultrasound Guide or Not? A Lesson From Cadaver Laboratory
No abstract available (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Visual Vignettes Source Type: research

Utilization of Diagnostic Ultrasound in Early Detection of Heterotopic Ossification Causing Ulnar Nerve Compression
No abstract available (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Visual Vignettes Source Type: research

Lipemic Platelet-Rich Plasma: The Importance of Expanding Screening Criteria Before Platelet-Rich Plasma Procedures
No abstract available (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Fibularis Intersection Syndrome: A Rare Cause of Lateral Foot Pain in Runners
Running is a common cause of foot and ankle injuries. Accurate diagnosis is important for appropriate management to resolve the issue. For clarity of diagnoses, the physician should be able to perform a thorough physical examination in conjunction with point-of-care ultrasound. The authors report a case study of a young male runner with lateral ankle pain. Based on clinical assessment and point-of-care ultrasound, a diagnosis of fibularis intersection syndrome was proposed. This type of injury can be treated with graded eccentric loading of fibularis tendons and proprioceptive exercises. This case report highlights the imp...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Two Years of Progressive Right Wrist Pain and Hand Weakness in a 68-Year-Old Male Patient
No abstract available (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: RFS – Teaching Images Source Type: research

Retraction: Sato et al. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2002;81:452–7.
No abstract available (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Retraction Source Type: research

Knee Extensor and Flexor Torque Variability During Maximal Strength Testing and Change in Knee Pain and Physical Function at 60-Mo Follow-Up: The Multicenter Osteoarthritis Study (MOST)
In this study, associations between variability in peak knee flexor and extensor torque at baseline and worsening of pain and physical function over the subsequent 60 mos were assessed in a cohort of 2680 participants. The highest quartile of baseline knee flexor torque variability was found to be associated longitudinally with worsening pain (fourth quartile ß estimate, mean ± SE, 0.49 ± 0.19; P = 0.0115; with R2 = 0.28 and P for trend across quartiles = 0.0370) and physical function scores (fourth quartile ß estimate, mean ± SE, 1.39 ± 0.64; P = 0.0296; with R2 = 0.25 and P for tre...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Postconcussion Syndrome: A Diagnosis of Past Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
After concussion, a subset of patients have persistent symptoms that are functionally limiting and may be difficult to treat. These symptoms were previously captured in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) under the diagnosis of “Post-Concussion Syndrome.” However, in the recently published fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, postconcussion syndrome has been eliminated. The elimination of “Post-Concussion Syndrome” moves the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders further away from congruence with the...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Subspecialty Training: Hospice and Palliative Medicine
Physiatrists care for patients and families with complex medical needs, and primary palliative care is an important part of the comprehensive rehabilitation care plan. Palliative care improves patient and family quality of life and reduces healthcare costs. Clinical care guidelines for several physiatry patient populations now include the provision of palliative care. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Education & Administration Source Type: research

The Essentials of Brain Anatomy for Physiatrists: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings
In this study, we conducted a review of essential parts of human brain anatomy based on magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. Using T2-weighted brain magnetic resonance imaging, we explained how to recognize several structures in each brain lobe (the frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes). We depicted the boundary of each structure on brain magnetic resonance imaging and described their functions. The limbic system controls various functions such as emotion, motivation, behavior, memory, and olfaction. Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas and arcuate fasciculus are important structures for human language ...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Literature Review Source Type: research

Injury and Illness Surveillance in Elite Para Athletes: An Urgent Need for Suitable Illness Prevention Strategies
Background Longitudinal monitoring data of Para athletes are sparse. Objective The aim of the study was to describe the weekly prevalence and incidence of injuries and illnesses among German athletes preparing for the 2016 Rio de Janeiro Paralympic Games. Methods Athletes were invited to weekly report on medical problems, their severity/burden and training load, using the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center Questionnaire on Health Problems. In case of any health problem, athletes were contacted and medical support offered. Data were analyzed with regard to impairment type. The acceptance of the monitoring ...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Para Sport & Paralympic Sport Section Source Type: research

Comparison of Ultrasound-Guided Local Ozone (O2-O3) Injection Versus Corticosteroid Injection in Patients With Mild to Moderate Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
This study was performed to compare ultrasound-guided corticosteroid versus ozone injections in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome. Design Forty patients with mild to moderate carpal tunnel syndrome were enrolled and randomly placed in one of the two groups of receiving a corticosteroid or ozone injection under ultrasound guidance. To determine the effectiveness of both injection techniques and compare their outcomes, visual analog scale and scores of Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire, as well as ultrasound and electrodiagnostic criteria, were followed at 0, 6, and 12 wks after the injection. Results Bo...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

Influence of Pulse Waveform and Frequency on Evoked Torque, Stimulation Efficiency, and Discomfort in Healthy Subjects
Conclusions The higher stimulation efficiency of symmetrical pulses suggests that this waveform would be preferred to asymmetrical pulses in clinical practice. Stimulation frequencies between 60 and 100 Hz can be used interchangeably because of similar efficiency and discomfort. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

Factors Influencing Paretic Upper Limb Use During First 4 Weeks After Stroke: A Cross-Sectional Accelerometry Study
This study aimed to investigate factors related to paretic upper limb use within the first 4 wks after stroke. Design Sixty inpatients within 4 wks of first-time stroke were stratified by severity defined by Fugl-Meyer Upper Limb scores: severe = 0–22, moderate = 23–50, and mild = 51–66. All wore a wrist accelerometer on the paretic upper limb (24 hrs). Factors investigated were the following measures: upper limb motor impairment; mobility; balance; functional independence; sensory impairment; cognitive function; social factors; environmental restriction; and knowledge. Individual and multivariate ...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

Sonographic Evaluation of the Optimal Needle Insertion Site in the Biceps Femoris Short Head
Conclusions The common fibular nerve is located just below the medial border of the biceps femoris long head tendon at a near-vertical degree from the skin. It is strongly recommended that the needle should be inserted on the lateral side of the biceps femoris long head tendon during needle electromyographic examination of the biceps femoris short head muscle. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

Effects of High-Frequency Neuronavigated Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Fibromyalgia Syndrome: A Double-Blinded, Randomized Controlled Study
Conclusions High-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex did not show any significant beneficial effect on pain, stiffness, fatigue, quality of life, mood, and cognitive state over sham stimulation. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

Assessment of a Nine-Item Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Upper Extremity Instrument Among Individuals With Upper Limb Amputation
Conclusions The customized nine-item Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Upper Extremity met the minimum criteria, according to the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System plan, for psychometric validity supporting its use within the population of individuals with upper extremity amputation. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

The Effect of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy on Pain Intensity and Neck Disability for Patients With Myofascial Pain Syndrome in the Neck and Shoulder: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Conclusions Extracorporeal shock wave therapy is superior to other treatments in terms of alleviating the pain intensity and pressure pain threshold of patients with myofascial pain syndrome in the neck and shoulder at postintervention. In particular, focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy shows significant improvement in pain relief. However, radical extracorporeal shock wave therapy for myofascial pain syndrome treatment still remains unclear. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

Exploring Cancer Treatment Experiences for Patients With Preexisting Mobility Disability
Conclusions People with preexisting mobility disability experience barriers to cancer treatment, compromising quality of care and potentially outcomes. Further training and proactive planning for accommodating disability during cancer treatment and rehabilitation are warranted. To Claim CME Credits Complete the self-assessment activity and evaluation online at http://www.physiatry.org/JournalCME CME Objectives Upon completion of the article, the reader should be able to: (1) Recognize inadequate accommodations that compromise the diagnosis and treatment of a new cancer in patients with preexisting disabil...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: CME Article . 2021 Series . Number 2 Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 May Not Cause Unilateral Hypoglossal Nerve Palsy After a Fortnight of Intubation
No abstract available (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: SPECIAL SECTION on COVID-19 and PM&R Source Type: research

Importance for Our Field of the Newly Published Cochrane Special Collection on “Coronavirus (COVID-19): Evidence Relevant to Clinical Rehabilitation”
No abstract available (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: SPECIAL SECTION on COVID-19 and PM&R Source Type: research

Muscle Strength and Physical Performance in Patients Without Previous Disabilities Recovering From COVID-19 Pneumonia
In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated skeletal muscle strength and physical performance (1-min sit-to-stand and short physical performance battery tests), dyspnea, fatigue, and single-breath counting at discharge from a postacute COVID department, in patients recovering from COVID-19 pneumonia who had no locomotor disability before the infection. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: SPECIAL SECTION on COVID-19 and PM&R Source Type: research

Transient Osteoporosis of the Hip: A Rare but Important Cause of Severe Hip Pain
No abstract available (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Visual Vignettes Source Type: research

Use of Postexercise Facilitation to Assess Carpal Tunnel Syndrome With Concurrent Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome
No abstract available (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Visual Vignettes Source Type: research

Thalamic Dementia in Acute Inpatient Rehabilitation—Role for Amantadine?
In this report, we present a case of bilateral thalamic infarcts resulting in thalamic dementia with severe behavioral manifestations in a 64-yr-old man with no preexisting neuropsychiatric comorbidities. A trial of amantadine, a dopamine-promoting agent, in the acute rehabilitation unit in an attempt to manage his agitation led to multiple weeks of dramatic behavioral improvement and increased participation in therapies. Dopamine receptors are believed to be present at increased densities in thalamic nuclei with mesolimbic projections, suggesting that they are able to modulate limbic functions such as arousal, emotion, an...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Compensation of Ipsilateral Motor and Sensory Functions by Contralateral Uncrossed Pathway in a Stroke Patient With Half Brain
This study reports a case of motor and sensory function recovery after massive left cerebral infarction in a young man, along with preserved function of the injured hemisphere. He received early rehabilitation therapy in a nerval care unit within 1 wk of surgery, and the rehabilitation lasted for more than 3 yrs. When he gradually recovered from coma, his motor, sensory, and speech functions improved significantly. Two years later, he was able to live independently and returned to work. The findings of functional magnetic resonance imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, somatosensory evoked potential, and motor evoked potentia...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Spinal Accessory and Suprascapular Nerve Injury After Human Bite
This is a unique clinical case of spinal accessory and suprascapular nerve injury related to a human bite not yet described elsewhere. The case emphasizes the importance of considering local trauma of the posterior triangle of the neck in case of shoulder weakness with electrophysiologic evidence of combined spinal accessory and suprascapular nerve injury. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: RFS – Clinical Vignette Source Type: research

Rehabilitation Utilization by Cancer Patients with Pathology-Confirmed Leptomeningeal Disease Receiving Intrathecal Chemotherapy
In this study, impairments and rehabilitation utilization by cytology-proven LMD patients receiving intrathecal chemotherapy at a cancer center are described. A total of 109 consecutive patients with pathology-confirmed LMD who received an intrathecal chemotherapy infusion from January 1, 2017, through October 31, 2017, were retrospectively reviewed. Of the 109 patients, 103 (95%) had impairments described in their medical record that could impact physical function, including 74 of 109 (68%) who had deconditioning or fatigue. Kaplan-Meier median survival from initial LMD diagnosis was 13.1 mos. The median number of hospita...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Technology Utilization in Fall Prevention
Falls, defined as unplanned descents to the floor with or without injury to an individual, remain to be one of the most challenging health conditions. Fall rate is a key quality metric of acute care hospitals, rehabilitation settings, and long-term care facilities. Fall prevention policies with proper implementation have been the focus of surveys by regulatory bodies, including The Joint Commission and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, for all healthcare settings. Since October 2008, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has stopped reimbursing hospitals for the costs related to patient falls, shifti...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Literature Review Source Type: research

Differences in Cytotoxicity of Lidocaine, Ropivacaine, and Bupivacaine on the Viability and Metabolic Activity of Human Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Purpose We evaluated biological effects of distinct local anesthetics on human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells when applied to reduce periprocedural pain during mesenchymal stem cell injections. Methods and Materials Metabolic activity (MTS assay), viability (Live/Dead stain), and gene expression (quantitative real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction) were measured in mesenchymal stem cells incubated with various concentrations of lidocaine, ropivacaine, or bupivacaine during a 12-hr time course. Results Cell viability and metabolic activity decreased in a dose, time, and substance...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

The Impact of Anxiety and Upper Limb Disability on Participation Levels in People With Dystonia: An Observational Cross-Sectional Case-Control Study
This study sought to evaluate the level of anxiety in people with dystonia and to examine a possible relationship between the level of participation, anxiety, and functional limitations. Design This is an observational, cross-sectional, case-control study with 12 cases of focal dystonia and 12 healthy controls aged between 18 and 75 yrs. The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, the QuickDASH scale, and the Measure of Participation and Activities were used. Differences in scores and effect size were analyzed through the Student t test and Cohen d test. A multiple regression model was performed to determine the relationship...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

Hip Abductor Strength and Lower Limb Load on Nonoperating Predict Functional Mobility in Women Patients With Total Hip Arthroplasty
Conclusions This study revealed that patients with preoperative hip abductor strength of greater than 0.66 Nm/kg and lower limb load of greater than 8.97 N/kg on the nonoperative side could achieve better functional mobility at 6 mos postoperatively than healthy women of the same age group. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

The Use of Upper-Body Intermittent Sequential Pneumatic Compression Arm Sleeves on Recovery From Exercise in Wheelchair Athletes
Conclusions Intermittent sequential pneumatic compression may provide some benefit for perceptual recovery measures immediately after and 24 hrs after a high-intensity wheelchair activity with negligible effects on performance recovery. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

Peripheral Neuropathy in the Lower Limbs of Individuals With Spinal Cord Injury or Disease: A Retrospective Study
Conclusions Diseases of the peripheral nervous system were similarly found among patients undergoing rehabilitation for either spinal cord injury or spinal cord disease. A length-dependent polyneuropathy was diagnosed in 0.77% of all admissions. Timely diagnosis and proper treatment of the cause of peripheral neuropathies in the lower limbs in these patients may potentially influence rehabilitation protocols and improve patient outcomes. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

Association of Protein and Genetic Biomarkers With Response to Lumbar Epidural Steroid Injections in Subjects With Axial Low Back Pain
Conclusions These data identify candidates who may have utility for patient selection for spinal procedures and provide support for exploration in prospective studies to assess and validate their predictive ability. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

Clostridium difficile Infection Reservoirs Within an Acute Rehabilitation Environment
Conclusions Nonsporicidal disinfectant was not effective on hospital floors. Sporicidal disinfection of the floor is important when rates of C difficile infection are increased. Wheelchairs are complex devices and difficult to properly clean. The hospital purchased an ultraviolent device for wheelchair cleaning with a subsequent reduction in spores on repeat cultures. To Claim CME Credits Complete the self-assessment activity and evaluation online at http://www.physiatry.org/JournalCME CME Objectives Upon completion of this article, the reader should be able to: (1) Recognize the impact of Clostridium dif...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

Covert Subclinical Neurocognitive Sequelae During the Rehabilitation Course of Severe Coronavirus Disease 2019
This report highlights the need for an increased awareness of covert subclinical neurocognitive sequelae, the role of comprehensive rehabilitation, and value of routine cognitive screening therein and describes the neurocognitive features in severe COVID-19. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: SPECIAL SECTION on COVID-19 and PM&R Source Type: research

Predictors of Functional Dependence After COVID-19: A Retrospective Examination Among Veterans
Conclusion and Relevance New diagnosis of thrombosis during COVID-19 hospitalization, a measure of COVID-19 disease severity, was the factor most associated with dependence in activities of daily living at discharge. Interestingly, preexisting conditions including hypertension, severe obesity, lung disease, and diabetes did not correlate with dependent functional status at discharge. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: SPECIAL SECTION on COVID-19 and PM&R Source Type: research

The Structure of Research Questions in Randomized Controlled Trials in the Rehabilitation Field: A Methodological Study
Conclusion The findings of this study suggest that a specific item about the “research question” and the rationale that drove the proposed design following the form suggested by Cochrane should be included in the RCT Rehabilitation Checklist. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: SPECIAL SECTION on RCTRACK Clinical Research Source Type: research

Criteria to Evaluate the Quality of Outcome Reporting in Randomized Controlled Trials of Rehabilitation Interventions
This study includes four phases to identify, synthesize, and make recommendations for potential attributes of reporting criteria of outcome measures in rehabilitation randomized controlled trials. First, we surveyed the author instructions for rehabilitation journals to determine how journals require authors to report outcomes. Second, we reviewed all consolidated standards of reporting trials extensions to determine how other speciality groups require reporting of outcomes in randomized controlled trials. Third, we conducted a focused scoping review to examine the nature and variations of criteria used to evaluate the qua...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: SPECIAL SECTION on RCTRACK Clinical Research Source Type: research

Recommendations for Reporting on Rehabilitation Interventions
This article reports the recommendations of a working group on improved reporting on rehabilitation treatments. These recommendations are intended to be combined with the efforts of other working groups, through a consensus process, to arrive at a reporting guideline for randomized controlled trials in physical medicine and rehabilitation (Randomized Controlled Trials Rehabilitation Checklist). The work group conducted a scoping review of 156 diverse guidelines for randomized controlled trial reporting, to identify themes that might be usefully applied to the field of rehabilitation. Themes were developed by identifying co...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: SPECIAL SECTION on RCTRACK Clinical Research Source Type: research

Current Evidence From the Randomized Controlled Trials Rehabilitation Checklist (RCTRACK) Reporting Guideline Project
No abstract available (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Celebrating the 100th Volume of the American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
No abstract available (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

A Rare Case of Quadriceps Muscle Herniation Diagnosed by Dynamic Ultrasound
No abstract available (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 22, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Visual Vignettes Source Type: research

Subcoracoid Impingement in a Dragon Boat Racer
No abstract available (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 22, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Visual Vignettes Source Type: research

Ultrasound-Guided Lavage and Aspiration for Calcific Rotator Cuff Tendinosis
No abstract available (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 22, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Visual Vignettes Source Type: research

Glucocorticoid-Associated Demise of a Patient With Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
We describe the clinical deterioration of a 26-yr-old man with Duchenne muscular dystrophy on oral daily high-dose deflazacort. Although this daily regimen was targeted to benefit ambulation and respiration, it resulted in premature death with lethal sequelae from liver failure, decubiti, diabetes mellitus, and morbid obesity. This case illustrates the need for further research weighing risk versus benefit of daily glucocorticoid therapy, specifically deflazacort, in Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients. Thus, curtailment of daily dosing to eliminate dire sequelae in patients living longer into adulthood than ever before i...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 22, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Induction of HLA-B27–Associated Reactive Arthritis After a Wharton’s Jelly “Stem Cell” Injection
Orthobiologic injections are an emerging treatment option for musculoskeletal conditions. Allogenic gestational tissue–derived products, including umbilical cord–derived Wharton’s jelly, are among the available options. These tissues are currently being harvested and sold by companies as an off-the-shelf “stem cell” injection for conditions such as back pain and osteoarthritis. Despite documented infections from similar umbilical cord derivatives, “stem cell clinics” continue to use them. Here, we report the first documented case of HLA-B27–associated reactive arthritis induc...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 22, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Oxygen Consumption While Walking With Multijoint Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation After Stroke
This case study evaluated the effect of implanted multijoint neuromuscular electrical stimulation gait assistance on oxygen consumption relative to walking without neuromuscular electrical stimulation after stroke. The participant walked slowly with an asymmetric gait pattern after stroke. He completed repeated 6-min walk tests at a self-selected walking speed with and without hip, knee, and ankle stimulation assistance. His walking speed with neuromuscular electrical stimulation more than doubled from 0.28 ± 0.01 m/sec to 0.58 ± 0.04 m/sec, whereas average step length and cadence increased by 0.12 m and 24 s...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 22, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Ultrasonographic Imaging of Entrapment of the Palmar Cutaneous Branch of the Ulnar Nerve Due to Accessory Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle
No abstract available (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 22, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Video Gallery Source Type: research