Similar sentences, similar crimes? Using deep sample analysis to examine the comparability of homicides and punishments by victim-offender relationship - Dawson M, Sutton D.
Perspectives in sociology of law and criminology provide theoretical justification for expecting victim-offender relationship to affect sentencing. Screening devices used by court actors may consider factors not directly related to the crime, but grounded ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news
What is the evidence? Preventing psychological violence in the workplace - Schindeler E, Reynald DM.
Although criminology has actively engaged with psychological violence in the context of domestic violence and child abuse, it has been slower coming to the fore when it comes to such violence in the workplace. This is despite the well-documented human, org... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news
Assessing the validity of the law of crime concentration across different temporal scales - Haberman CP, Sorg ET, Ratcliffe JH.
OBJECTIVEsThe present study examined if Weisburd's (Criminology 53(2):133-157, 2015) law of crime concentration held across different theoretically relevant temporal scales.METHODSThe cumulative percentages of Philadelphia, PA USA street blocks and... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news
Why we should think some more. A response to 'When you're boxing you don't think so much': pugilism, transitional masculinities and criminal desistance among young Danish gang members - Jump D.
This paper forms part of a discussion with scholars working in the field of criminology and youth crime, in particular those who are interested in sport, gender, and desistance from violence. Furthermore, this paper challenges previous work into the sport ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
A cautionary note about the use of estimated homicide data for cross-national research - Kanis S, Messner SF, Eisner MP, Heitmeyer W.
A major development in criminology in recent years has been the efforts by the World Health Organization (WHO) to provide reasonably reliable estimates of homicide rates for a large number of nations. In some instances, these estimates entail adjustments o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news
Strong performance in Journal Citation Reports reaffirms Wiley as leading society publishing partner
Wiley’s performance in the 2017 release of Clarivate Analytics’ Journal Citation Reports (JCR) remains strong, maintaining its position as #3 in terms of the number of titles indexed, articles published and citations received. Overall, 1,214 Wiley journals were included in the reports (+9 from last year), of which 57% were society publications – strengthening Wiley’s position as the world’s leading society publishing partner. Wiley journals were ranked #1 in 26 subject categories, and achieved 363 top-10 category rankings. Particular success stories include the continued high performance of CA-A Cancer Journal fo...
Source: News from STM - July 17, 2017 Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: STM Publishing News Tags: Editorial Featured Source Type: news
The High Cost of Ageing
Veena S. Kulkarni is Associate Professor, Department of Criminology, Sociology, & Geography, Arkansas State University, U.S.; Vani S. Kulkarni is Lecturer, Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania, U.S.; and Raghav Gaiha is (Hon.) Professorial Fellow, Global Development Institute, University of Manchester, EnglandBy Veena S. Kulkarni, Vani S. Kulkarni and Raghav GaihaNEW DELHI, Jun 23 2017 (IPS)Evidence shows that health systems must be recast to accommodate the needs of chronic disease prevention. Disability is the umbrella term for impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions. (Representati...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Veena Kulkarni Vani Kulkarni Tags: Aid Asia-Pacific Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news
Nearly 1,300 Children Die From Gunshot Wounds In U.S. Each Year, Report Shows
Firearms kill almost 1,300 American youngsters each year, and boys and black children are most often the victims, a U.S. study finds. During the 13-year study, more than half of the gun-related deaths were homicides, while 38 percent were suicides and 6 percent were fatalities from accidental gun injuries, researchers report in Pediatrics. Each year, guns seriously wounded about 5,800 additional kids under 18. “Firearm injuries are a leading cause of death among U.S. children aged 1 to 17 years and contribute substantially each year to premature death, illness and disability of children,” said lead study author...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - June 19, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Adverse childhood experiences, paraphilias, and serious criminal violence among federal sex offenders - Drury A, Heinrichs T, Elbert M, Tahja K, DeLisi M, Caropreso D.
PURPOSE Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are a broad conceptual framework in the social sciences that have only recently been studied within criminology. The purpose of this paper is to utilize this framework by applying it to one of the most potent... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 19, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Personality patterns predict the risk of antisocial behavior in Spanish-speaking adolescents - Alc ázar-Córcoles MA, Verdejo-García A, Bouso-Sáiz JC, Revuelta-Menéndez J, Ramírez-Lira E.
INTRODUCTION: There is a renewed interest in incorporating personality variables in criminology theories in order to build models able to integrate personality variables and biological factors with psychosocial and sociocultural factors. The aim of this ar... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 15, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Penn study links heart rate to gender gap in criminal offending
(University of Pennsylvania) A new study from the University of Pennsylvania published in the journal Criminology, addresses the incomplete understanding of why males are more criminal than females by examining gender differences in biological functioning and behavior. It is the first study to demonstrate that men's lower resting heart rate partly explains the higher rate of criminal offending. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - May 31, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
How well do the adolescent risk factors predict re-arrest frequency across race/ethnicity among serious adolescent offenders? - Piquero AR, Cardwell SM, Piquero NL, Jennings WG, Gonzalez JMR.
The field of criminology has devoted considerable time and attention to assessing the main risk factors associated with delinquency and criminal behavior. This line of research consistently documents that certain individual, familial, and situational risk ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 9, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Drug-crime relationship among Turkish prisoners: findings from the Socioeconomic Correlates of Crime in Turkey Study - Dolu O.
Drug-crime relationship is one of the hot topics in criminology literature. Particularly, possibility of a causal link between drug use and criminal behavior has been investigated by many researchers with large scale surveys on general public and with stud... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 9, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Strength based approaches and protective factors from a criminological perspective - Kewley S.
This paper provides a review of the current criminological landscape in relation to positive criminology and strengths based responses to crime. It does this by drawing on four forms of 'offender' rehabilitation as detailed in Fergus McNeill's (2012) semin... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Commentary Source Type: news
Prevalence of life-course-persistent, adolescence-limited, and late-onset offenders: a systematic review of prospective longitudinal studies - Jolliffe D, Farrington DP, Piquero AR, MacLeod JF, van de Weijer S.
Little is known about the prevalence, frequency, onset, and criminal career duration of life-course-persistent offenders (LCP), compared to adolescence-limited (AL) and late-onset offenders (LO), despite the importance of these categories in criminology. T... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 19, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news