Weisburd studying police stops, crime prevention, and community reaction
(George Mason University) David Weisburd, Distinguished Professor/Executive Director, Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy, Criminology, Law and Society, and co-Principal Investigator Robert Davis, Chief Social Scientist with the National Police Foundation, are working on a project titled: 'Police Stops, Crime Prevention, and Community Reaction: A Randomized Field Experiment at Violent Crime Hot Spots.' (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Gill receives funding for rainier beach: A beautiful safe place for youth evaluation
(George Mason University) Charlotte Gill, Associate Professor/Deputy Director, Criminology, Law and Society, is serving as Principal Investigator on an ongoing evaluation of " Rainier Beach: A Beautiful Safe Place for Youth (ABSPY), " a community-led, place-based youth crime prevention project in crime hot spots in the Rainier Beach neighborhood of Seattle, Washington. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Beyond Goodfellas and The Godfather: the Cosa Nostra families' rise and fall
(University of Chicago Press Journals) Since 1979 the Crime and Justice series has presented a review of the latest international research, providing expertise to enhance the work of sociologists, psychologists, criminal lawyers, justice scholars, and political scientists. The series explores a full range of issues concerning crime, its causes, and its cures. In both the review and the thematic volumes, Crime and Justice offers an interdisciplinary approach to address core issues in criminology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

What they don't know says a lot: residents' knowledge of neighborhood crime in contemporary China - Shen Y, Messner SF, Liu J, Sampson RJ.
OBJECTIVES: Our study questions the common assumption of random DK responses in criminology survey data and emphasizes the importance of understanding and handling DK for gaining substantive criminological knowledge. It examines the individual-level and ne... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Lum & Koper studying investigation, clearance rates, victim restoration in robbery cases
(George Mason University) Cynthia Lum, Professor, Criminology, Law and Society, and Director, Evidence-Based Crime Policy, and Christopher Koper, Associate Professor, Criminology, Law and Society, are conducting a multi-site randomized experiment with the Rochester (NY) and Seattle (WA) police departments to develop and test a structured and cost-effective investigation protocol for robbery -- one of the most common, yet least-solved violent crimes. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - January 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Going spatial: applying egohoods to fear of crime research - Glas I, Engbersen G, Snel E.
A central theme in criminology is how fear of crime is influenced by the residential context. Most researchers rely on administrative neighbourhoods to define context. These administrative units do not necessarily align with how inhabitants experience thei... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Understanding the differential effects of land uses on crime: an examination across Philadelphia neighbourhoods - Wo JC.
Although criminology presumes that the physical structural qualities of neighbourhoods have important consequences for crime, there is a dearth of research to test the effects of different land uses on crime rates. Using data on a sample of Philadelphia ce... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Sexual victimization against transgender women in prison: consent and coercion in context - Jenness V, Sexton L, Sumner J.
In this article, we conjoin two long-standing lines of inquiry in criminology--the study of prison life and the study of sexual assault--by using original qualitative and quantitative data from 315 transgender women incarcerated in 27 California men's pris... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Short-term association between ambient temperature and homicide in South Africa: a case-crossover study - Gates A, Klein M, Acquaotta F, Garland RM, Scovronick N.
BACKGROUND: Criminology research has traditionally investigated sociodemographic predictors of crime, such as sex, race, age, and socioeconomic status. However, evidence suggests that short-term fluctuations in crime often vary more than long-term trends, ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

What is CPTED? Reconnecting theory with application in the words of users and abusers - Armitage R, Monchuk L.
Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) represents a multifaceted approach to crime reduction that draws upon theories from environmental criminology, architecture and urban design and requires the commitment of agencies as diverse as police,... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Measurement bias in self-reports of offending: a systematic review of experiments - Gomes HS, Farrington DP, Maia, Krohn MD.
OBJECTIVEsSelf-reported offending is one of the primary measurement methods in criminology. In this article, we aimed to systematically review the experimental evidence regarding measurement bias in self-reports of offending.METHODSWe carried out a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Advancing knowledge about replication in criminology - Farrington DP, L ösel F, Boruch RF, Gottfredson DC, Mazerolle L, Sherman LW, Weisburd D.
This article summarizes key points made in a session at the American Society of Criminology meeting in Philadelphia in November 2017, entitled "The replication issue in science and its relevance for criminology", organized by Friedrich L ösel and Robert F.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Making a difference - or not: an evaluation of the effects of failing to evaluate (editorial) - Krohn MD.
I am two months short of the 45th anniversary of attending my first professional criminology conference.. I recall being at the American Society of Criminology meeting in 1973 in an auditorium at John Jay College listening to a presentation that made sever... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Winning the ‘No Food Loss’ Battle: The Case of Japan
Veena S. Kulkarni, PhD is Associate Professor, Department of Criminology, Sociology and Geography, Arkansas State University, USABy Veena S. KulkarniARKANSAS, Nov 20 2019 (IPS) Humankind since almost the time that there is recorded history has grappled with the question of ‘how many is too many?’ The response is expectedly complex as it varies across time and space. The pace of population growth was slow till about approximately 250 years or so. It is only since the middle of the eighteenth century that there has been a palpable acceleration in population growth. Veena S. KulkarniThe intervals in which we have...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - November 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Veena Kulkarni Tags: Aid Economy & Trade Education Environment Food & Agriculture Food Sustainability Global Headlines Health Natural Resources Population Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Trade & Investment Barilla Center for Food and Nutrit Source Type: news

Urban park crime: neighborhood context and park features - Taylor RB, Haberman CP, Groff ER.
This work examined the determinants of park crime, drawing together into one conceptual frame three threads from community criminology - community demographic structural crime determinants; community cultural crime determinants, focusing specifically on so... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Community-Based Prevention Source Type: news

Are impulsive adolescents differentially vulnerable to normative or situational peer influences? A partial replication study - De Buck A, Pauwels LJR.
Ample research in criminology investigates the role of deviant peers in the development of adolescent offending. Different theoretical explanations account for distinct peer influences. The socialization perspective argues that deviant peers influence beha... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Mental health diagnoses of youth commercial sex exploitation victims: an analysis within an adjudicated delinquent sample - Chapple CL, Crawford BL.
Existing criminology and victimization research suggests that youth victims of commercial sex often have mental health issues stemming from their sex victimization and/or emerging out of their long histories of family abuse, neglect and family conflict. Ho... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

How does print media describe gang members? Analysis of newspaper reports and policy implications - Hu X, Dittmann L.
Gang-related research is one of the hottest topics in criminology and criminal justice. However, neither official institutions nor mass media pay much attention to information gathered from academic research. The current study uses qualitative methods to e... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

How 'gangsters' become jihadists: Bourdieu, criminology and the crime-terrorism nexus - Ilan J, Sandberg S.
A background in 'ordinary' crime, violence and drug use seems to characterize many European individuals recently involved in ISIS-related jihadi violence. With its long tradition of studying marginalized populations and street culture, criminology offers n... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Youth violence in Germany: examining the victim-offender overlap during the transition from adolescence to early adulthood - Erdmann A, Reinecke J.
The victim-offender overlap is currently under discussion in criminology. However, the connection between victimization and offending over the life course still requires further investigation. The present study examines whether the victim-offender overlap ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Fieldwork protocol as a safety inventory tool in public places - Ceccato V.
This study reports on experiences using fieldwork protocols (FPs) in guiding the inventory of safety conditions in public places. Relying on theories of environmental criminology, situational crime prevention, and crime prevention through environmental des... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Stories of injustice: towards a narrative victimology - Pemberton A, Mulder E, Aarten PGM.
Narrative has become a popular approach in a number of disciplines, including, recently, that of criminology. In this paper, we contend that the study of crime and harm would benefit from a complementary yet distinct perspective of narrative victimology. W... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Victim age and capital sentencing outcomes in North Carolina (1977-2009) - Marier CJ, Cochran JK, Smith MD, Fogel SJ, Bjerregaard B.
Age is prominent among theories of criminology and victimology. It is less conspicuous in punishment theory, despite its emphasis in retributive theory and lawmaking. The present study evaluated competing 'years of life lost' and 'vulnerable victim' hypoth... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Systemic error: measuring gender in criminological research - Valcore JL, Pfeffer R.
This study examines how sex and gender are measured and operationalized in studies on criminology and criminal justice (CCJ) through content analysis of peer-reviewed journals. Despite that they are distinct and not always parallel, the terms sex and gende... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Understanding the motives behind male filicides to better intervene - Leveillee S, Doyon L.
Introduction The present study focuses on gaining an understanding of the motives of men who commit a filicide. Motivation is a concept at the crossroads of psychology and criminology that allows for a better understanding of filicide. Objective On one... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Associations between violence, criminality, and cognitive control deficits among young men living in low resource communities in South Africa - Bantjes J, Rabie S, Almirol E, Gordon S, Stewart J, Goldbeck C, Weiss R, Tomlinson M, Rotheram-Borus MJ.
Despite empirical support for "Self-control theory" in criminology, there is controversy about how self-control should be operationalized. Working within the framework of "self-control theory," we investigated if violence and criminal behaviors are associa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news

Disrupting terrorist assassinations through situational crime prevention - Mandala M, Freilich JD.
This article uses environmental criminology and situational crime prevention (SCP) to devise a series of hypotheses to determine the factors that distinguish successful from unsuccessful assassination incidents. We analyzed a random sample of 100 successfu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

‘Salty’ Concern: Tackling High Salt Consumption in China
Veena S. Kulkarni, Associate Professor, Department of Criminology, Sociology and Geography, Arkansas State University, USA; and Raghav Gaiha, (Hon.) Professorial Research Fellow, Global Development Institute, University of Manchester, England.By Veena S. Kulkarni and Raghav GaihaNEW DELHI, India and JONESBORO, US, Oct 7 2019 (IPS) China’s almost meteoric transition from a being a low income to a middle income country within a span of four decades is often perceived as a miracle analogous to the post Second World War Japanese economic development experience. China’s GDP rose from $200 current United States dolla...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - October 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Veena Kulkarni and Raghav Gaiha Tags: Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Economy & Trade Food & Agriculture Food Sustainability Globalisation Headlines Health Labour TerraViva United Nations Barilla Center for Food and Nutrition Foundation (BCFN) Source Type: news

Peer influence and delinquency - McGloin JM, Thomas KJ.
Peer influence occupies an intriguing place in criminology. On the one hand, there is a long line of theorizing and empirical work highlighting it as a key causal process for delinquency. On the other, there is a group of theoretical skeptics who view it a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Experiencing violence in a cross-media environment: an interdisciplinary focus group study - Haara P, Reunanen E, Kivivuori J, N äsi M.
Due to drastic changes in the contemporary media environment, criminology needs to examine how the experience of violence is shaped by the emerging cross-media context. We conducted a qualitative focus group study (N = 24) to explore conversations about me... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

Weapon-carrying and the reduction of violent harm - Brennan IR.
Criminology has much to offer activities to reduce the harm of violent incidents--particularly by reducing weapon-carrying and use--but the discipline's engagement with the harm reduction agenda has been limited. In addressing this, the article identifies ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The past is prologue: criminal specialization continuity in the delinquent career - DeLisi M, Bunga R, Heirigs MH, Erickson JH, Hochstetler A.
The versatility/specialization debate in criminology has important theoretical, research, and juvenile/criminal justice ramifications. Although offenders are mostly versatile, there is important evidence of specialization, but much of this evidence is deri... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The Firearm Safety Among Children and Teens (FACTS) Consortium: defining the current state of the science on pediatric firearm injury prevention - Cunningham RM, Carter PM, Zimmerman M.
Five teams of FACTS researchers conducted a series of rigorous scoping reviews of the existing published scientific literature from the fields of medicine, public health, psychology, behavioral health, and criminology from January of 1985 through April of ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Self-control, emerging adulthood, and desistance from crime: a partial test of Pratt's integrated self-control/life-course theory of offending - Crank BR, Brezina T.
PURPOSE Although self-control and life-course perspectives are often viewed as competing, if not incompatible, theoretical traditions, Pratt (European Journal of Criminology, 13, 129-146, 2016) argues that the two perspectives are in many ways complementar... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

FSU researcher finds hate crimes committed by groups hurt the most
(Florida State University) Brendan Lantz, an assistant professor in the FSU College of Criminology and Criminal Justice, found that co-offending, or committing a crime with others, was significantly related to increased chances of serious injury regardless of the motivation behind the crime. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

FSU researcher finds adolescent views of law enforcement can improve over time
(Florida State University) A research team, led by Assistant Professor of Criminology Kyle McLean, found that teens' attitudes toward law enforcement tend to improve as they reach adulthood. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The generalizability of police legitimacy: procedural justice, legitimacy, and speeding intention of South Korean drivers - Kim YS, Ra KH, McLean K.
Empirical support for procedural justice theory in criminology is robust in the developed Western countries, whereas the results are mixed for non-Western or less-developed countries. Some scholars (e.g., Reisig et al. Journal of Criminal Justice and Secur... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Who are the most-cited scholars in Asian Criminology compared with Australia, New Zealand, North America, and Europe? - Farrington DP, Cohn EG, Iratzoqui A.
Asian criminology is a fast-growing area of criminological research, but its influence on the international criminological landscape is largely unknown. The current article examines scholarly influence by studying citations in four international criminolog... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

The role of "problematic" and "improved" indicators of risky lifestyles in the self-control/lifestyle framework of victimization among Filipino adolescents - Barrera DJ.
Pratt and Turanovic (European Journal of Criminology, 13(1):129-146, 2016) argue that previous studies operationalizing risky lifestyles as mere "going out" (problematic indicators of risky lifestyles) were misspecified and that "improved" indicators of ri... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Hegemonic masculinity, violence, and gender equality: using latent class analysis to investigate the origins and correlates of differences between men - Jewkes R, Morrell R.
Messerschmidt and colleagues have pioneered work in criminology using masculinities theory, yet many researchers in the field have not engaged with the possibility that the different patterning of correlated violent, sexually risky, and antisocial behavior... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Self-control and deviance: a test of the general theory of crime in Argentina - Bobbio A, Arbach K, Vazsonyi AT.
Gottfredson and Hirschi's General Theory of Crime (GTC) has been one of the most cited and tested theories in criminology. It posits to be in effect transcultural in its application and relevant for any norm-violating behaviors. As most empirical work has ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The influence of forensic advisors on the use of forensic science in the Belgian criminal justice system - Bitzer S.
Forensic Advisors, at the Belgian National Institute for Criminalistics and Criminology, occupy a centralising role in regards to analytical information and forensic questions in the judicial cases. Magistrates can request their advice but remain formally ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The unified crime theory and the social correlates of crime and violence: problems and solutions - Kavish N, Boutwell B.
PURPOSE Criminology has produced more than a century of informative research on the social correlates of criminal behavior. Recently, a growing body of theoretical and empirical work has begun to apply evolutionary principles, particularly from life... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The state of peer review in criminology: literary theory, perceptions, and the catch-22 metaphor of peer review - Higgins EM.
Considerable theoretical and empirical attention has been devoted to the practice of peer review across various disciplines in the previous couple decades. Recently, Raymond Paternoster and Robert Brame indicated that it is necessary for criminology to fol... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Working with misspecified regression models - Berk R, Brown L, Buja A, George E, Zhao L.
OBJECTIVES Conventional statistical modeling in criminology assumes proper model specification. Very strong and unrebutted criticisms have existed for decades. Some respond that although the criticisms are correct, there is for observational data no altern... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Parental influences on youth delinquency - Cicerali LK, Cicerali EE.
PURPOSE The purpose of this paper is to inform the reader about the currently employed theories, research, and interventions in developmental criminology, with a particular emphasis on parental influences. Design/methodology/approach ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Just mercy through cultural and convict criminology - King A.
The purpose of this paper is to explore Bryan Stevenson's (2014, 2015) call to action from within two emergent schools of thought in criminology, "cultural criminology," and "convict criminology", which share a special concern with the contributions that c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Measuring journal prestige in criminal justice and criminology - Dejong C, St. George S.
Recent years have seen an increased reliance on the Thomson Reuters Journal Impact Factor (JIF) as a method of evaluating the prestige of academic journals. While the JIF has existed for many years, the increased use of technology to track publications and... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Do criminology classes make a difference? Changes in perceptions of punishment over time - Kuehn S, Ridener RJ, Scott PW.
Much research has centered on exploring the effect that education has on students' attitudes, and, specifically, their thoughts regarding punitiveness toward offenders. Due to the use of cross-sectional data, the ability to adequately assess the effect tha... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

UMass Lowell professor receives national award
(University of Massachusetts Lowell) UMass Lowell's Jill Portnoy recently received a national award recognizing her groundbreaking research in the field of criminology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - December 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news