Three Truths to Address Sexual Exploitation, Abuse & Harassment in the UN
The UN Secretariat building in New York City. Credit: UN Photo/Manuel ElíasBy Peter A GalloNEW YORK, Nov 15 2022 (IPS) The U.S. Government has recently published ‘Engagement Principles’ on Protection from Sexual Exploitation Abuse & Sexual Harassment within International Organizations’, and while any involvement from Member States is to be encouraged, these principles do not address the fundamental need for either deterrence or for accountability. The concept of a “survivor-centred approach” – sadly – is an irrelevant sound bite to appease a political lobby. Post-incident care and s...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - November 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Peter A Gallo Tags: Civil Society Featured Gender Gender Violence Global Headlines Health Human Rights TerraViva United Nations IPS UN Bureau Source Type: news

Media representations of crimes in close relationships: qualitative analysis of narratives in a television broadcast - de Gregorio E, Mongai C, Tiberio L.
Recent years have seen increased media attention paid to crimes committed against women by partners or former partners has grown. Crime, especially violent crime, dominates the news and the mass media. In this sense, criminology" impacts publicly the colle... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 2, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

Sexual violence on the move: an assessment of youth's victimization in public transportation - Ceccato V, N äsman P, Langefors L.
Informed by principles of environmental criminology, this study assesses patterns of sexual victimization among young riders of rail-bound public transportation using a sample of 1,122 university students in Stockholm, Sweden. Exploratory data analysis and... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 20, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Exploring how gender and sex are measured in criminology and victimology: are we measuring what we say we are measuring? - Crittenden CA, Gateley HC, Policastro CN, McGuffee K.
Throughout the years, there have been sustained and increasing calls for criminology to become more inclusive in its research and measurements with the purpose of improving our knowledge of crime and victimization. The current study examined articles publi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 20, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Violence, pregnant with peace: criminological reading of Lars von Trier - Zaksait ė S.
In this article, the works of cinema director Lars von Trier are invoked as an instrument to explain various criminological theories. Mostly, the approach of cultural criminology is applied as well as other perspectives: dramaturgical-existential approach,... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 10, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

"They aim for me" versus "under the radar:" understanding women's experiences in the Oregon criminal legal system through an intersectional lens - Boppre B, Boyer C.
This article draws on intersectional criminology to explore how privilege and marginalization shape women's experiences in the criminal legal system. Utilizing a phenomenological feminist approach, the findings from this study were derived from semi-struct... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Psycho-legal and sociodemographic characterization in assistance services with a victimological approach: profile of care for victims of crime (UNIVICT) - D íaz LAE, Castillo RFP.
Disciplines such as victimology and criminology have helped the justice system take into ac-count the psychological, social and economic needs of crime victims. One of the principles that contribute to the above is the comprehensive reparation of the damag... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 3, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Change in juvenile offending versatility predicted by individual, familial, and environmental risks - Wallner S, Thomas H, Stemmler M.
Developmental and life-course criminology elucidate the developmental course and change of antisociality over time, considering that longitudinal trajectories differ. Specific relations between risks and different antisociality outcomes are emphasized. We ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Mapping women's and men's pathways into Thailand's prisons for homicide and sex offences: utilising a feminist pathways approach - Jeffries S, Russell T, Thipphayamongkoludom Y, Rao P, Chuenurah C, Phyu SZL, Zeren IR.
In feminist criminology, there is a growing body of research exploring pathways to prison, but few studies have specifically sought to map women's journeys into the criminal justice system for crimes of physical violence and sex offending. Gender comparati... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 22, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

On the selection of variables in criminology: adjusting for the descendants of unobserved confounders - Silver IA, Lonergan H, Nedelec JL.
OBJECTIVES The inclusion of variables that: (1) are descendants of unobserved confounders and (2) do not theoretically or empirically cause variation in the constructs of interest in a multivariable regression model can potentially adjust for the bias gen... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Development and application of individual and national opportunity to the experience of intimate partner violence among married women in the Global South - Hayes BE.
OBJECTIVES: Building on the ecological model, multicontextual opportunity theory, and southern criminology, the study developed individual- and country-level indicators of opportunity to understand the experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) among ma... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 25, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Modeling the influence of places on crime risk through a non-linear effects model: a comparison with risk terrain modeling - Briz-Red ón, Mateu J, Montes F.
Analyzing how the proximity to certain features or particular places in a city increases or decreases crime risk across space is a fundamental issue in quantitative criminology from both explanatory and predictive perspectives. Regarding the latter, the de... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 11, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Black males, impulsivity, and externalizing behaviors: a Black criminology analysis - Unnever JD, Chouhy C.
In this paper, we explored whether the relationship between externalizing behaviors and impulsivity may have racialized dimensions. To do so, we uniquely constructed an unbalanced panel dataset from the PHDCN-LCS, which allowed us to examine the within-ind... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 21, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

For or against?: criminal justice and criminology faculty attitudes toward trigger warnings - Cares AC, Madero Hernandez A, Growette Bostaph L, Fisher BS.
Since 2014, a debate has raged over trigger warnings in college courses. Proponents see trigger warnings (oral or written advance notification of course content with the potential to trigger adverse health responses, and therefore, inhibit academic perform... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 21, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news

The open-access availability of criminological research to practitioners and policy makers - Ashby MPJ.
Criminology produces policy-relevant research and criminologists often seek to influence practice, but most criminological research is confined to expensive subscription journals. This disadvantages researchers in the global south, policy makers and practi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 21, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news