First of its kind study reveals far-reaching benefits of recovery for families of dependent drinkers
This study is important in illustrating not only the impact of dependency on many areas of family life but also the restorative effects of recovery for the user, their families and communities. The research shows the importance of policies that promote recovery for substance users, and clearly indicates the benefits of including the family in the journey of recovery and reintegration.” Vivienne Evans, Chief Executive of Adfam, said: “This report is an invaluable addition to a growing body of knowledge about the impact of substance misuse on families. It supports and adds weight to Adfam’s 30-year mission to provi...
Source: Alcohol Research UK - February 26, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Julie Symes Tags: News addiction recovery Source Type: news

Understanding recovery from a family perspective: A survey of life in recovery for families
Conclusion Family members of people in addiction and recovery have important things to say, and yet their voices are rarely heard. While there is a well-established research evidence base showing the impact of addiction on the lives of drinkers (and other substance users) themselves, this is the first piece of work that illustrates the impact – across multiple domains – on family members around dependent drinkers. The effect of living with a family member who is dependent on alcohol or other substances is substantial and long-lasting: over 70% of participating family members reporting lifetime emotional or ment...
Source: Alcohol Research UK - February 26, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: admin Tags: Alcohol Insights Source Type: news

Community and the crime decline: the causal effect of local nonprofits on violent crime - Sharkey P, Torrats-Espinosa G, Takyar D.
Largely overlooked in the theoretical and empirical literature on the crime decline is a long tradition of research in criminology and urban sociology that considers how violence is regulated through informal sources of social control arising from resident... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Hotspots vs. harmspots: shifting the focus from counts to harm in the criminology of place - Weinborn C, Ariel B, Sherman LW, O' Dwyer E.
The prevailing pattern in much of the social sciences, including geography and criminology, relies on count data. "Hotspots" -- geospatial areas with disproportionally more crime than the rest of the city -- are usually identified by the number of events i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

The criminology of homicidal ideation: associations with criminal careers and psychopathology among federal correctional clients - DeLisi M, Tahja K, Drury AJ, Caropreso D, Elbert M, Heinrichs T.
Homicidal ideation is a clinical construct that is almost entirely absent from the criminological literature. The current study examines the criminology of homicidal ideation using archival data from a population of federal supervised release felons from t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Utilizing alternate models for analyzing count outcomes - Rydberg J, Carkin DM.
Although ordinary least squares (OLS) regression was once a common tool for modeling discrete count outcomes in criminology and criminal justice, the past several decades have seen an increasing reliance on regression techniques specifically designed for s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Perceived group threat, perceived injustice, and self-reported right-wing violence: an integrative approach to the explanation right-wing violence - Pauwels LJR, Heylen B.
The present study aims at explaining individual differences in self-reported political violence. We integrate key concepts from the field of criminology that are conceptually related to social identity theory (Flemish identity, feelings of group superiorit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Practitioner views on the impacts, challenges, and barriers in supporting older survivors of sexual violence - Bows H.
Despite half a century of research on both sexual violence and elder abuse, the intersection between the two remains largely unexplored. Using theoretical lenses of feminist criminology and critical feminist gerontology, this article explores the intersect... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Routine activities and criminal victimization: the significance of gendered spaces - Savard DM, Kelley TM, Merolla DM.
Gender is arguably the most prominent correlate of criminal victimization. Few studies, however, examine gender-specific dynamics that might help advance criminology's understanding of the persistent gender gap in criminal victimization. We attempt to help... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Correlates of repeat victimization and sex differences in South Korean youth - Lee B, Jo Y.
This study is to explore the applicability of five criminologica... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Researchers call for true picture of domestic violent crime
(Lancaster University) Plans for Home Office Counting Rules to count coercive and controlling behaviour as 'non-injurious violent crime' capped at one crime per victim -- even though statistics show one in 20 victims can experience more than 10 domestic violence crimes a year -- will mask the true extent of the problem.The warning comes in a new paper, 'Untangling the concept of coercive control: theorising domestic violent crime', just published in the journal, Criminology and Criminal Justice. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - January 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Spiritual criminology: the case of jewish criminology - Ronel N, Ben Yair Y.
Throughout the ages and in most cultures, spiritual and religious thinking have dealt extensively with offending (person against person and person against the Divine), the response to offending, and rehabilitation of offenders. Although modern criminology ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Psychocultural mechanisms of the propensity toward criminal homicide: a multidimensional view of the Culture of Honor - Souza MGTC, Souza BC, Roazzi A, da Silva ES.
INTRODUCTION: Theory of the Culture of Honor is one of the few models in criminology specifically geared toward homicide. It proposes that, in certain societies, men must never show weakness and are required to react violently to any perceived threats to t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

The criminology of wrongful conviction - Leo RA.
This article reflects on the author's 2005 article, "Rethinking the Study of Miscarriages of Justice," which sought to describe what scholars empirically knew at that time about the phenomenon, causes, and consequences of wrongful convictions in America. T... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Can we predict long-term community crime problems? The estimation of ecological continuity to model risk heterogeneity - Taylor RB, Ratcliffe JH, Perenzin A.
OBJECTIVES:In small-scale, intra-urban communities, do fundamental demographic correlates of crime, proven important in community criminology, link to next year's crime levels, even after controlling for this year's crime levels? If they do, it would imply... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news