The impact of COVID-19 on research within the homeless services sector

This report describes how the authors adapted the research methodologies to continue work throughout the pandemic, despite various restrictions. The original studies had very high participation rates because of several methodological approaches that minimized barriers, especially in-person data collection. During the pandemic, distancing requirements precluded replication of these same methods. Research strategies that enabled staff participation during working hours, with designated time allotted for participation, was key for ensuring high participation rates, as access to technology, availability of free time and other factors frequently make online survey research a hardship for these staff. Restrictive interpretation and regional variations of COVID-19 guidelines by some research ethics boards were also a challenge to rapid and responsive data collection. Few studies describe the experiences of frontline workers in the homelessness sector, and quantitative reports of their experiences are particularly scant. Consequently, little is known about specific methodologies that facilitate large-scale data collection in the homelessness services sector. The present research advances the field by providing lessons learned about best practice approaches in pre and post COVID-19 front line worker contexts. A strength of this research is the well-controlled design. The authors collected data within several of the organizations that had previously participated. This fortunate b...
Source: Housing, Care and Support - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research

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The COVID-19 pandemic has placed exceptional demand on Intensive Care Units, necessitating the critical care transfer of patients on a regional and national scale. Performing these transfers required specialis...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Original research Source Type: research
Am J Nurs. 2022 Jan 12. doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000819772.45006.5d. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe COVID-19 pandemic has created unique challenges for health care workers, who have demonstrated dedication, collaboration, and innovation in response. In this article, the authors describe an important nursing innovation they employed at Montefiore Medical Center in the Bronx, New York, during the spring 2020 COVID-19 surge: the relocation of smart iv infusion pumps outside of patient rooms. The goals of this innovation were to improve delivery of care, conserve personal protective equipment, limit the spread of the virus, and...
Source: The American Journal of Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
This study aims to compile and meta-analyze the relationship between fear of COVID-19 and depression, anxiety, and stress among the general population. The studies published between March 2020 and June 2021 were scanned from various databases (Google Scholar, PubMed, Web of Science [ISI], and SCOPUS). As a result of the literature search, 746 studies were reached, 88 studies were found suitable, and 21 met the inclusion criteria. Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (CMA Version 3.0) and metafor package in R were used for analyses. A strong relationship was observed between the fear of COVID-19 and anxiety (r = .55, p
Source: European Psychologist - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Coronary artery disease remains the leading cause of death around the world, even during the COVID-19 pandemic, and it is therefore essential that we continue our quest to improve the prevention, diagnosis, management and outcome of coronary artery disease. Fifty years ago, in 1971, the first CT scan was performed on a machine invented by Sir Godfrey Hounsfield who, even in those early days, realised the potential of CT to assess the heart and coronary arteries.1 Technological advances mean that it is now possible to obtain extensive information on the presence, severity and characteristics of atherosclerotic plaque from c...
Source: Heart - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Editorials Source Type: research
Trop Biomed. 2021 Dec 1;38(4):540-551. doi: 10.47665/tb.38.4.097.ABSTRACTDespite the huge loss of lives and massive disruption of the world economy by the COVID -19 pandemic caused by SARS -CoV-2, scientists are yet to come out with an effective therapeutic against this viral disease . Several vaccines have obtained 'emergency approval ', but difficulties are being faced in the even distribution of vaccines amongst high- and low- income countries . On top of it, comorbidities associated with COVID -19 like diabetes, hypertension and malaria can seriously impede the treatment of the main disease, thus increasing the fatalit...
Source: Tropical Biomedicine - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: CT may be useful as a screening tool for COVID-19 based on imaging features. But the differential diagnosis between COVID-19 and other pulmonary infection and/or non-infectious disease is very difficult due to its overlapping imaging features.The confirmed diagnosis of the COVID-19 infection should be based on the etiologic eventually. The cancer patients at a low-incidence area would continue treatment by screening carefully before admission.PMID:35004708 | PMC:PMC8739482 | DOI:10.3389/fmed.2021.654754
Source: Cancer Control - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionMaintenance of the number of clinical visits was likely due to telemedicine adoption. Although the number of MR dramatically dropped during the “first wave”, an early recovery was observed. Treatment prescriptions suffered a slight quantitative decrease during 2020, whereas substantial qualitative changes were found in specific treatments.
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
The COVID-19 pandemic led to widespread use of personal protection equipment (PPE), including filtering face piece (FFP) masks, throughout the world. PPE. Previous studies indicate that PPE impairs neurocognit...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Original research Source Type: research
ConclusionOur descriptive analysis confirms that CT scan cannot be considered a valid tool to screen clinically occult COVID-19, when the asymptomatic patients need hospitalization for other conditions. Application of personnel protections and distancing among patients remains the best strategies to limit the possibility of intrahospital cross-infections.
Source: Emergency Radiology - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, our electron microscopy analysis showed that COVID-19-related lung disease is characterized by a substantial architectural distortion, with the interactions between alveolar and vascular changes. Intra-alveolar hyaline membranes are associated with macro- and micro-thrombotic angiopathy, ending with capillary proliferation. The new blood vessel formation originates from the septa and extends into the surrounding parenchyma. Our findings confirm previous reports on the specificity of the multiple and complex morphological pattern typical, and apparently specific, of COVID-19-related lung disease....
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Source Type: research
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