Predicting Physician Consultations for Low Back Pain Using Claims Data and Population-Based Cohort Data-An Interpretable Machine Learning Approach

Conclusions: Regarding prediction accuracy, BSS has been considered competitive with established machine-learning approaches. Nonetheless, considerable misclassification is inherent and further refinements are required to improve predictions.PMID:34831773 | DOI:10.3390/ijerph182212013
Source: Pain Physician - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research

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WEDNESDAY, Jan. 12, 2022 -- Therapeutic aquatic exercise leads to greater pain alleviation in patients with chronic low back pain compared with physical therapy, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in JAMA Network Open. Meng-Si Peng, from...
Source: - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Introduction Chronic lower back pain (CLBP) is a frequent cause of medical consultations worldwide, and it results in decreased quality of life and disability. Current treatments for CLBP are often not effective, and alternatives are urgently needed. Three promising possibilities have emerged: (1) open-label placebo treatment reduces chronic pain, (2) placebo treatment is as efficacious as opioid treatment with a high correlation between patient expectation and treatment outcome, and (3) observing positive effects in another patient can improve functional capacity. We hypothesise that treatment expectations can be positive...
Source: BMJ Open - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Open access, Patient-centred medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Association of a standardized NMT application to BTS was seen to significantly improve function and reduce pain with longer time efficacy.PMID:34988932 | DOI:10.1007/s40520-021-02029-0
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Source Type: research
Agri. 2022 Jan;34(1):16-22. doi: 10.14744/agri.2021.24861.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: Evaluation of low back pain (LBP) requires a condition specific disability questionnaire along with pain and satisfaction measure such as self-assessment pain scales. Dallas Pain Questionnaire (DPQ) is a 16-item visual analog scale, developed for evaluating patient's cognitions about the percentage that chronic pain affects four aspects of the subject's lives. It's easy to understand; can be answered in 3-5 min and can be scored in
Source: Agri Dergisi - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
This study is a prospective, single-center, assessor-blind, three-arm, parallel randomized controlled trial to be conducted at National Orthopedic Hospital, Kano State, Nigeria. Ninety individuals with NCLBP will be randomized in a 1:1:1: ratio to receive LSE, LSE with RUSI biofeedback, or minimal intervention. All participants will receive treatment twice weekly for 8  weeks. The primary outcome will be the lumbar multifidus muscle cross-sectional area. The secondary outcomes will include pain (Numerical Pain Rating Scale), functional disability (Roland–Morris Disability Questionnaire), and quality ...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSION: A group-based pain management programme was no more effective than standard care for patients with persistent LBP and psychological risk factors.PMID:34967224 | DOI:10.1177/02692155211056202
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Multimodal intervention including exercise rehabilitation combined with usual medical care is an efficacious therapeutic option to reduce disabilities in older adults with chronic MSKDs. A significant but not clinically important effect was observed for pain. The most beneficial component of the multimodal interventions in terms of education, exercises, or medication remains to be determined.
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Systematic Reviews Source Type: research
J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2021 Dec 10. doi: 10.3233/BMR-200292. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Because regular visits to distant hospitals may be a burden to patients, both in terms of time and cost, some patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain may discontinue multidisciplinary pain treatment, unable to maintain motivation to attend.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the pre-program characteristics of patients who dropped out and patients who continued treatment, thereby clarifying the characteristics of patients at risk of dropping out.METHODS: A multidisciplinary pain management treatment program was im...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Clinical models of chronic low back pain (cLBP) highlight the role of excessive attention to pain and kinesiophobia on the origin of disability. At the motor control level, various mechanisms are involved in the impairments observed in patients with cLBP. We aimed to assess the role of maladaptative attentional behaviors by using a complex systems approach and a visual display as a distraction during walking. Sixteen patients with cLBP with no previous surgery or significant leg pain and 16 healthy matched controls were included. Patients walked on a treadmill at preferred walking speed with and without distraction. Stride...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusions: Work-related psychological factors among nursing aides in LTCFs have an important association with MSDs. For nursing aides, coworker support should be improved, and their psychological demands at work should be reduced.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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