Psychotherapy in obstetrics: implementing low intensity psychological interventions

Orv Hetil. 2021 Oct 31;162(44):1776-1782. doi: 10.1556/650.2021.32237.ABSTRACTÖsszefoglaló. A szülés utáni időszakban megjelenő aggodalmak természetesnek tekinthetők, az anyák jelentős részénél azonban klinikai szintű szorongásos megbetegedés alakulhat ki. A postpartum időszakban a szorongásos tünetek gyakori előfordulása ronthatja az anya életminőségét, pszichés állapotát, s ezáltal kedvezőtlen hatást gyakorol az anya-gyermek kapcsolatra, a gyermek mentális fejlődésére, a párkapcsolatra, valamint a családi rendszer egyensúlyára. Kutatási eredmények igazolják, hogy a szorongásos zavar a későbbiekben megjelenő anyai depresszió előrejelzője lehet. A nemzetközi irányelvek (NICE) a peri- és postnatalis időszakban jelentkező szorongásos zavarok kezdeti kezelésében az alacsony intenzitású pszichoterápiás módszereket javasolják. Tanulmányunk elsődleges célja, hogy egy esetismertetésen keresztül, kérdőívekkel követve az állapot változását, bemutassuk a szülészet-nőgyógyászat területén alkalmazható, kis intenzitású...
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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Environ Res. 2022 Jan 8:112701. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2022.112701. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Although prenatal chemical exposures influence neurobehavior, joint exposures are not well explored as risk factors for internalizing disorders through adolescence.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations of prenatal organochlorine and metal exposures, considered individually and as a mixture, with mid-childhood and adolescent internalizing symptoms.METHODS: Participants were 468 children from a prospective cohort recruited at birth (1993-1998) in New Bedford, Massachusetts. Organochlorines (hexachlorobenzene, p,p'-dichl...
Source: Environmental Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: research
Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2022 Jan;73:103223. doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2021.103223. Epub 2022 Jan 1.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: COVID19 pandemic has caused a variety of psychological problems including panic disorder, anxiety and depression. It is also associated with adverse psychological outcomes in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to compare the severity of postpartum depression in pregnant women with and without COVID-19 during the coronavirus epidemic.METHODS: This case-control study was performed on 102 pregnant women referred to the hospitals of (XXX). Using questionnaire, consisting of demographic and maternal data (age, nu...
Source: Annals of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesAdverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can detrimentally impact perinatal mental health, birth outcomes, and parenting behaviors. Proximal psychosocial stressors also increase risks to perinatal health and wellbeing. Additional research on effective perinatal mental health programs is needed, especially for individuals and families with historical and concurrent adversity, and those with moderate to severe symptoms.MethodsThe Mother-Baby  Day Hospital at Hennepin County Medical Center provides trauma-informed, multi-generation treatment for perinatal women. Data were collected from patients betwee...
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The incidence of insomnia among pregnant women is high, and insomnia is negatively correlated with health-related quality of life. Appropriate measures and practical therapeutic programmes should be provided to prevent the adverse effects of insomnia in pregnant women with advanced maternal age, lower education, lower economic status, unemployment, lack of insurance coverage, unsatisfied with their relationships with their mothers-in-law, and suffering from anxiety symptoms, especially in the third trimester.PMID:34989304 | DOI:10.1080/02646838.2021.2020228
Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: The present study suggests the importance of pregnancy-related stress, COVID-19 pandemic stress, and of coping strategies in counteracting or contributing to psychiatric symptomatology during the current pandemic.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Background: COVID-19 pandemic had resulted in nationwide lockdown as a disease control measure. Potential harm to self and baby due to COVID-19 infection as well as uncertainties about delivery are among contributors to maternal anxiety. We aimed to assess the prevalence of psychological distress among pregnant women during the Malaysian Movement Control Order (MCO).Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between May and June 2020 in a teaching hospital in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. A self-administered electronic questionnaire was distributed which included the following; (1) Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DA...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms in fathers and investigate the predictors for comorbidity during the first- and second-year following birth. METHODS: In a longitudinal Canadian study, couples were ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news
Contributors : Nicole Green ; Jayanthi Maniam ; Jessica Riese ; Margaret Morris ; Irina VoineaguSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Rattus norvegicusEarly life stress (ELS) is associated with adverse mental health outcomes including anxiety, depression and addiction-like behaviours. While ELS is known to affect the developing brain by leading to increased stress responsiveness and increased glucocorticoid levels, the molecular mechanisms underlying the detrimental effects of ELS remain incompletely characterised. Rodent models have been instrumental in beginning to uncover the molecul...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Rattus norvegicus Source Type: research
Contributors : Nicole Green ; Jayanthi Maniam ; Jessica Riese ; Margaret Morris ; Irina VoineguSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Rattus norvegicusEarly life stress (ELS) is associated with adverse mental health outcomes including anxiety, depression and addiction-like behaviours. While ELS is known to affect the developing brain by leading to increased stress responsiveness and increased glucocorticoid levels, the molecular mechanisms underlying the detrimental effects of ELS remain incompletely characterised. Rodent models have been instrumental in beginning to uncover the molecular and cellular underp...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Rattus norvegicus Source Type: research
More than 1 in 5 fathers have symptoms of depression and anxiety at some point during the first year after their children are born, astudy inDepression and Anxiety has found.“The high rate of comorbidity between depression and anxiety among fathers demonstrates the importance of screening and early intervention for both depression and anxiety in men during the postpartum period,” wrote Cindy-Lee Dennis, Ph.D., of the University of Toronto and colleagues.In the study, which ran from 2015 through 2019, couples separately completed a baseline questionnaire via telephone after the birth of their child and then comp...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: anxiety Cindy-Lee Dennis comorbid depression and anxiety fathers University of Toronto Source Type: research
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