Cancer Patients at Risk for Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw. A Case and Control Study Analyzing Predictors of MRONJ Onset

J Clin Med. 2021 Oct 17;10(20):4762. doi: 10.3390/jcm10204762.ABSTRACTThe goal of this investigation was to identify potential risk factors to predict the onset of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). Through the identification of the multiple variables positively associated to MRONJ, we aim to write a paradigm for integrated MRONJ risk assessment built on the combined analysis of systemic and local risk factors. The characteristics of a cohort of cancer patients treated with zoledronic acid and/or denosumab were investigated; beyond the set of proven risk factors a new potential one, the intake of new molecules for cancer therapy, was addressed. Registered data were included in univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis in order to individuate significant independent predictors of MRONJ; a propensity score-matching method was performed adjusting by age and sex. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed a significant effect of the parameters number of doses of zoledronic acid and/or denosumab (OR = 1.03; 95% CI = 1.01-1.05; p = 0.008) and chemotherapy (OR = 0.35; 95% CI = 0.17-0.71; p = 0.008). The multiple logistic regression model showed that breast, multiple myeloma, and prostate cancer involved a significantly higher risk compared to lung cancer; a significant effect of the combined variables number of doses of zoledronic acid and/or denosumab (OR = 1.03; 95% CI = 1.01-1.06); p-value = 0.03) and exposure to novel molecule treatment (OR =...
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research

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September 8, 2021 (RARITAN, N.J.) – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today that more than ten data presentations from its lung cancer, bladder cancer and prostate cancer portfolio and pipeline will be featured during the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Annual Congress 2021 virtual meeting, September 16–21. Further details about these data and the science Janssen is advancing will be made available throughout ESMO via the Janssen Oncology Virtual Newsroom.“With a diverse oncology portfolio and pipeline spanning bladder cancer, lung cancer and prostate canc...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
June 1, 2021 (RARITAN, N.J.) – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today that more than 30 company-sponsored studies, including six oral presentations, will be featured during the 2021 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting, June 4-8. Janssen presentations will include new data and updates for both approved and investigational therapeutics that are being studied for the treatment of various solid tumors and blood cancers. Immediately following ASCO, additional data will be featured during the European Hematology Association (EHA) Virtual Congress, June 9-17. A c...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
Conclusions and Relevance: As the findings show, the cumulative incidence of ONJ after 3 years was 2.8% in patients receiving zoledronic acid for MBD. Cancer type, oral health, and frequency of dosing were associated with the risk of ONJ. These data provide information to guide stratification of risk for developing ONJ in patients with MBD receiving zoledronic acid. PMID: 33331905 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ann Oncol - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: JAMA Oncol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Short-term and long-term improvements in functional outcomes and QoL were observed after surgical treatment of spinal metastases. Surgery is a good option for patients with an estimated life expectancy of more than 3 months. PMID: 31594268 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Technology and Health Care - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Technol Health Care Source Type: research
Abstract Starting from their role exerted on osteoblast and osteoclast differentiation and activity pathways, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been recently identified as regulators of different processes in bone homeostasis. For this purpose, in a recent review, we highlighted, as deregulated miRNAs could be involved in different bone diseases such as osteoporosis. In addition, recent studies supported the concept that osteoporosis-induced bone alterations might offer a receptive site for cancer cells to form bone metastases, However, to date, no data on specific-shared miRNAs between osteoporosis and bone metastases have...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Life Sci Source Type: research
In this study, we reviewed major human studies on the health risks of radiation exposure and showed that sex-related factors may potentially influence the long-term response to radiation exposure. Available data suggest that long-term radiosensitivity in women is higher than that in men who receive a comparable dose of radiation. The report on the biological effects of ionizing radiation (BEIR VII) published in 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences, United States emphasized that women may be at significantly greater risk of suffering and dying from radiation-induced cancer than men exposed to the same dose of radiation....
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion MTDH is pro-oncogenic factor playing multifaceted and diverse roles in cancer progression. Its association and central role in regulating signaling pathways such a MAPK, wnt/β-catenin, PI3K/AkT, NF-κβ pathways in various cancers shows that it plays a vital role in metastasis. MTDH contribution to chemo and radiotherapy resistance provides a new direction for the development of anticancer therapeutics. Multiple mechanisms converge to promote expression of MTDH in cancers. Further studies are therefore warranted to determine whether the elevated MTDH expression has prognostic value for development...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion and Future Perspectives This review illustrates our current knowledge of USP7, including its source and characterization, structure, binding partners and substrates in various biological processes. Besides, how USP7 regulates various aspects of a cell under both normal and pathological states are elaborated in detail. As the processes of ubiquitination and deubiquitination are extremely dynamic and context-specific, a series of studies have linked USP7 to different cancers. The biology, particularly the immune oncology mechanisms, reveal that USP7 inhibitors would be useful drugs, thus it is vital to develop hi...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions Several model systems are now available to characterize the MSC-tumour interplay in the TME. These offer early promise in establishing robust preclinical platforms for the identification of crucial molecular pathways and for the assessment of clinical efficacy of novel drugs to inhibit cancer development and progression. However, selection of the right model for a given study should be shaped on the purpose, and should also consider fixed biological, biochemical, and biophysical parameters according to the specific tumour type. Finally, in order to get reliable and useful results to be translated to the clinic...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Eleonora A. Braga1*†, Marina V. Fridman2†, Vitaly I. Loginov1,3, Alexey A. Dmitriev4 and Sergey G. Morozov1 1Institute of General Pathology and Pathophysiology, Moscow, Russia 2Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia 3Research Center of Medical Genetics, Moscow, Russia 4Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the third most common urological cancer, and it has the highest mortality rate. The increasing drug resistance of metastatic ccRCC has resulted in the search f...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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