Prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection and its risk factors in Japanese hemodialysis patients

ConclusionsThe prevalence of LTBI is high in Japanese HD patients, especially from the age of 60  years. Older age was a significant risk factor for LTBI, with prediction difficult using other clinical data. Extended HD may mask IGRA results. Therefore, aggressive screening for LTBI is advised in all HD patients regardless of hospital region or type, especially in patients over 60 years of ag e or newly commencing HD.
Source: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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This study aimed to describe hearing function in a group of children with chronic renal dysfunction receiving treatment in an academic hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa. One hundred children between the ages 5 and 18  years (mean age 11.68) were included in the study. A cross-sectional, descriptive, quantitative research design was employed. All participants underwent a case history interview and an audiological examination which included otoscopy, immittance testing, pure tone audiometry including extended hig h frequency testing up to 16 kHz as well as diagnostic distortion product otoacoustic emission tes...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Sep 1:S1684-1182(21)00185-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.08.011. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Studies have reported an increased tuberculosis (TB) incidence among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This nationwide nested Case-control study investigated the risk of active TB due to nosocomial exposure and its correlation with the delay in TB treatment in hemodialysis patients.METHODS: Adult (aged ≥20 years) patients with incident ESRD over 2000-2010 were identified from Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database; 2331 patients with incident activ...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: the low prevalence of latent tuberculosis identified and the factors associated with it reinforce the need for screening for latent tuberculosis infection for diabetics combined with an analysis of previous risk factors and comorbidities.PMID:34287541 | DOI:10.1590/1518-8345.3839.3442
Source: Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe prevalence of LTBI is high in Japanese HD patients, especially from the age of 60  years. Older age was a significant risk factor for LTBI, with prediction difficult using other clinical data. Extended HD may mask IGRA results. Therefore, aggressive screening for LTBI is advised in all HD patients regardless of hospital region or type, especially in patients over 60 years of ag e or newly commencing HD.
Source: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Risk factors for LTBI in dialysis patients were identified to prioritize LTBI screening and initiate early treatment. The completion rate in dialysis patients were approximately 2 of 3 patients with mild adverse drug reaction, leading to discontinuation of the treatment.PMID:34074499 | DOI:10.1016/j.jfma.2020.10.008
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2021 Apr 23;63:e33. doi: 10.1590/S1678-9946202163033. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTHIV-infected patients are at high risk for developing critical diseases, including opportunistic infections (OI), with consequent admission in intensive care units (ICU). Renal disfunctions are risk factors for death in HIV/AIDS patients, and survival rates in patients undergoing hemodialysis are smaller than the ones observed in the general population. In this context, this study aimed to investigate death-related factors in HIV/AIDS patients in an intensive care setting. This is a retrospective cross-sectional stud...
Source: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de Sao Paulo - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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