Disentangling the associations between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and child sexual abuse: a systematic review - Langevin R, Marshall C, Wallace A, Gagn é ME, Kingsland E, Temcheff C.

BACKGROUND: An association between child sexual abuse (CSA) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been documented. However, the temporal relationship between these problems and the roles of trauma-related symptoms or other forms of maltre...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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Parents of children with ADHD typically report higher levels of parenting stress than parents of typically developing children. Children with ADHD display developmentally inappropriate levels of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention. Some children wi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Translational Psychiatry, Published online: 18 September 2021; doi:10.1038/s41398-021-01604-3Machine-learning-based diagnosis of drug-naive adult patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder using mismatch negativity
Source: Translational Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Condition:   ADHD Intervention:   Behavioral: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Treatment Decision Aid Sponsors:   Massachusetts General Hospital;   Center for Survey Research, University of Massachusetts, Boston Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Gambling Disorder (GD) has been recently re-classified in the DSM-5 under the “substance-related and addictive disorders,” in light of its genetic, endophenotypic, and phenotypic resemblances to substance dependence. Diminished control is a core defining concept of psychoactive substance dependence or addiction and has given rise to the concept of “behavioral” addictions, which are syndromes analogous to substance addiction, but with a behavioral focus other than ingestion of a psychoactive substance. The main symptom clusters are represented by loss of control, craving/withdrawal, and neglect of ot...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
We examined the extent to which attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a neurodevelopmental disorder, is linked with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and any dementia, neurodegenerative diseases, across generations… Results: Among relatives of 2,132,929 index persons, 3042 parents, 171,732 grandparents, and 1369 uncles/aunts had a diagnosis of AD. Parents of individuals with ADHD had an increased risk of AD (hazard ratio 1.55, 95% confidence interval 1.26–1.89). The associations attenuated but remained elevated in grandparents and uncles/aunts. The association for early-onset AD was stronger than late-...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Attention & ADD/ADHD Brain/ Mental Health Alzheimers-disease attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder cognitive cognitive decline cognitive-abilities dementia neurodegenerative-diseases Neurodevelopmental Source Type: blogs
This study examined sex differences in the EEG of adults diagnosed with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) according to DSM-5 criteria. Sixteen females and 16 males with AD/HD, and age- and sex-matched control groups, had an eyes-closed resting EEG recorded from 19 electrode sites. EEGs were Fast Fourier transformed and estimates for total power, absolute and relative power in the delta, theta, alpha, beta and gamma bands, and the theta/beta ratio, were analysed across nine cortical regions. Males with AD/HD, compared with male controls, had globally reduced absolute beta, globally elevated relative theta, an...
Source: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Background: Prior research has found that attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) – particularly hyperactivity symptoms – is associated with various somatic complaints. The present study further tests the relationship between hyperactivity symptoms and somatic complaints in Chinese male adolescents and explores the underlying moderating and mediating mechanisms.Methods: Our sample included 1,586 males (age = 12–16) recruited as part of an epidemiological study of child and adolescent mental disorders from April to July, 2014. Hyperactivity symptoms and somatic complaints were assessed with Achenba...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: Even though deficits in response inhibition are related to both ADHD and AUD, neural activation and recruited networks during response inhibition differ regarding both neuronal subprocesses and examined groups. While a replication of this study is needed in a larger sample, the results suggest that tasks have to be carefully selected when examining neural activation patterns of response inhibition either in research on various psychiatric disorders or transdiagnostic questions.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 9745: Poor Mental Health in Caregivers of Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Its Relationships with Caregivers’ Difficulties in Managing the Children’s Behaviors and Worsened Psychological Symptoms during the COVID-19 Pandemic International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph18189745 Authors: Hui-Wen Tseng Ching-Shu Tsai Yu-Min Chen Ray C. Hsiao Fan-Hao Chou Cheng-Fang Yen The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has thrown out a challenge to caregivers of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity di...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
The effects of methylphenidate (MPH), atomoxetine (ATMX), and/or physical exercise (EX) on orienting behavior and social interaction were examined in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), a commonly used animal model of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). During the orienting procedure, rats received repeated presentations of a nonreinforced visual stimulus. As observed previously, orienting behavior (rearing up on the hind legs) habituated across trials in normo-active control rats (Wistars) but not in SHRs, suggesting that SHRs have difficulty ignoring irrelevant behavioral stimuli. Treatment with MPH (0.1...
Source: Behavioral Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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