Advances in the Development of Biomarkers for Poststroke Epilepsy

Biomed Res Int. 2021 Apr 17;2021:5567046. doi: 10.1155/2021/5567046. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTStroke is the main cause of acquired epilepsy in elderly people. Poststroke epilepsy (PSE) not only affects functional recovery after stroke but also brings considerable social consequences. While some factors such as cortical involvement, hemorrhagic transformation, and stroke severity are associated with increased seizure risk, so far that remains controversial. In recent years, there are an increasing number of studies on potential biomarkers of PSE as tools for diagnosing and predicting epileptic seizures. Biomarkers such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), glutamate, and S100 calcium-binding protein B (S100B) in blood are associated with the occurrence of PSE. This review is aimed at summarizing the progress on potential biomarkers of PSE.PMID:33959658 | PMC:PMC8075663 | DOI:10.1155/2021/5567046
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Data from the literature suggest an association between statin use and a reduced risk of ASPSS after ischemic stroke and a reduced risk of PSE after ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Although the certainty of the evidence is low, these findings appear promising and worthy of further investigation. PMID: 32916580 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
ConclusionsPoststroke epilepsy occurs in almost 6% of patients within 3  years after stroke onset. Hemorrhagic stroke and subcortical lesion appear to be significantly associated with likelihood of developing epilepsy. Thus, prophylactic administration of antiepileptic drugs could be useful for stroke patients with these two risk factors.
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Meregildo ED Abstract Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a global health problem. In more developed countries, NCC is mainly a disease affecting immigrants. In developing countries, NCC is the most common parasitic disease of the nervous system and the main cause of acquired epilepsy. NCC is also an unrecognized cause of strokes and could account for 4%-12% of strokes. Here, I report a case of a 58-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department (ED) with severe headache, vomiting, and sudden loss of consciousness. Multiple NCC and Fisher grade 4 aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) were demonstrated...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Future epidemiological studies and case records should elucidate the real incidence of these neurological complications, their pathogenic mechanisms and their therapeutic options. PMID: 32329044 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista de Neurologia - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Rev Neurol Source Type: research
ConclusionsElectrographic seizures and periodic and rhythmic patterns in patients with AIS are associated with worse outcomes in a dose-dependent manner. Future studies are needed to assess whether treatment of this EEG activity can improve outcomes.
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Moyamoya disease is a cerebrovascular disease of unknown origin causing progressive stenosis of the intracranial arteries in the circle of Willis.1,2 Stenoocclusive lesions and the subsequent hemodynamic compromise result in the formation of dilated, fragile collateral vessels at the base of the brain, which are termed moyamoya vessels. The presentation of patients with these lesions varies from asymptomatic to symptoms of headache, epilepsy, and ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Patients with moyamoya disease sometimes have concomitant extracranial arterial stenosis3; of all the extracranial arteries reported, the most com...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Discussion The term, cerebral palsy, or CP has gone through many iterations with the first description in 1861 by W.J. Little who described it as “The condition of spastic rigidity of the limbs of newborn children.” The most recent definition is from Rosenbaun et al. in 2007 which states it is “a group of permanent disorders of the development of movement and posture, causing activity limitation, that are attributed to non-progressive disturbances that occurred in the developing fetal or infant brain. The motor disorders of cerebral palsy are often accompanied by disturbances of sensation, perception, cog...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 11 February 2020Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Takahiko Imai, Tomoki Sugiyama, Sena Iwata, Shinsuke Nakamura, Masamitsu Shimazawa, Hideaki HaraAbstractIntracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is a devastating disease that induces hematoma formation with poor neuronal outcome. Levetiracetam (LEV) has been approval for epilepsy seizures. In a previous study, LEV exerted protective effects on cerebral ischemia models; however, the detail effects and the influence of LEV on ICH are still unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether oral administration of LEV (50 or 150 mg/kg) has protective...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
In this study, we examine risk factors and consequences of intravenous rt-PA for treatment of acute ischemic stroke. In a retrospective cohort study we evaluate risk factors for seizure and epilepsy after stroke thrombolysis, as well as the impact of seizures and epilepsy in outcome of stroke patients. In our cohort, mean age of patients was 67.2 years old (SD = 13.1) and 79 of them (51.6%) were male and. Initial NIHSS mean score were 10.95 (SD = 6.25). Three months NIHSS mean score was 2.09 (SD = 3.55). Eighty seven (56.9%) patients were mRS of 0–1 after thrombolysis. Hemorrhagic transformation was observed in 22 (1...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): John-Paul Nicolo, Terence J. O'Brien, Patrick KwanAbstractStroke is one of the most important causes of acquired epilepsy in the adult population. While factors such as cortical involvement and haemorrhage have been associated with increased seizure risk, the mechanisms underlying the development of epilepsy after stroke remain unclear. One hypothesised mechanism is an excitotoxic effect of abnormal glutamate release following a stroke. Cerebral extracellular glutamate levels are known to rise in the setting of acute stroke, and numero...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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