Current Physical Therapy Practice in the Intensive Care Unit in Saudi Arabia: A Multicentre Cross-Sectional Survey.

Conclusion: PTs reported significant variation in the choice of treatment for different clinical cases inside ICU. The main barriers in the ICU setting were low confidence and inadequate training. PMID: 33457013 [PubMed]
Source: Critical Care Research and Practice - Category: Intensive Care Tags: Crit Care Res Pract Source Type: research

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(Penn State) A large, international study of COVID-19 patients confirmed that cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, congestive heart failure, chronic kidney disease, stroke and cancer can increase a patient's risk of dying from the virus.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Authors: Zhang P, Zou JZ, Chen J, Tan X, Xiang FF, Shen B, Hu JC, Wang JL, Wang YQ, Yu JB, Nie YX, Chen XH, Yu JW, Zhang Z, Lv WL, Xie YQ, Cao XS, Ding XQ Abstract BACKGROUND: Trimethylamine-N-Oxide (TMAO) is a proatherogenic and prothrombotic metabolite. Our study examined the association of plasma TMAO level with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: Patients who were at least 18 years-old and received HD for at least 6 months were enrolled within 6 months. Patients with coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, arrhythmia, or stroke within...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Recurrent stroke and intracranial hemorrhage were determined to be more prevalent at 5 years after TIA or minor stroke in Japanese patients than in non-Japanese patients. Strategies to mitigate the long-term risks of stroke, aside from adherence to current guidelines, should take Japanese-patient-specific residual risks into account. PMID: 32938836 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation and peripheral arterial disease are two conditions associated with high risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications and mortality.1 –5 There is evidence that coexistence of both these clinical conditions can result to an additive risk of adverse events.6 Indeed, atherosclerotic vascular disease has been linked with stroke, thromboembolism and death in subjects with atrial fibrillation and has been therefore included as one of the components of risk scores, such as the CHA2DS2-VASc score (Congestive Heart failure, Hypertension Age> 75 years, DM, Stroke, Vascular disease) in order to...
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We found there is probably little to no difference in total mortality and cardiovascular mortality between people with hypertension and cardiovascular disease treated to a lower compared to a standard blood pressure target. There may also be little to no difference in serious adverse events or total cardiovascular events. This suggests that no net health benefit is derived from a lower systolic blood pressure target. We found very limited evidence on withdrawals due to adverse effects, which led to high uncertainty. At present, evidence is insufficient to justify lower blood pressure targets (135/85 mmHg or le...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Patients who present with lower extremity ischemia are frequently anemic, and the optimal transfusion threshold for this cohort has remained controversial. We sought to evaluate the effect of blood transfusion on major adverse cardiac events (MACE), including myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, stroke, congestive heart failure, and 30-day mortality for these patients.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
To determine the utility of the HAS-BLED (Hypertension, Abnormal renal/liver function, Stroke, Bleeding history or predisposition, Labile international normalized ratio, Elderly, Drugs/alcohol concomitantly) and CHA2DS2-VASc (Congestive heart failure, Hypertension, Age, Diabetes, previous Stroke/transient ischemic attack –VAScular disease) scores among patients on anticoagulation (AC) therapy for atrial fibrillation (AF) who have evidence of cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA).
Source: Mayo Clinic Proceedings - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
Discussion Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are malformations of the heart and great vessels. It occurs in about 5-8/1000 live births. Cyanotic congenital heart disease is often noted perinatally because of cyanosis, respiratory distress and/or poor feeding or other distress type problems. A review can be found here. Acyanotic congenital heart disease (ACHD) can present at birth but often is seen in older children or adults unless the lesions are severe, especially obstructive lesions. Severe lesions may also cause cyanosis and distress type problems in patients also. Shunting lesions cause problems by diverting blood flo...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Authors: Kim GS, Ko YG, Suh Y, Won H, Hong SJ, Ahn CM, Kim JS, Kim BK, Choi D, Hong MK, Jang Y Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness of angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) compared with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has not been established. We investigated the effects of ARBs on clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in AMI patients. METHODS: Patients receiving ACEIs or ARBs after AMI treated with PCI between January 2005 and December 2014 were selected from the Korean National Health Insurance S...
Source: Korean Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Korean Circ J Source Type: research
ConclusionsBlack and Hispanic patients had lower odds of IHT, largely explained by a higher likelihood of being hospitalized at urban teaching hospitals. Racial/ethnic disparities in transfer were demonstrated at community hospitals, in certain geographic regions and among patients with specific diseases.
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
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