When our beliefs are threatened by facts, we turn to unfalsifiable justifications
On being told physics could underminereligious claims, believers said faithwas more about living a moral lifeIt's great to have facts on your side. The fundamentalist is delighted by the archaeological find that tallies with scripture, just as the atheist seizes on the evidence that contradicts it. But when the evidence goes against us, we're less likely to change a belief than to criticise the validity or provenance of the evidence. Now, research suggests that the mere prospect of a factual threat leads us to downplay how much our belief depends on such evidence at all. We become attracted to other, less falsifiable reasons for believing.Justin Friesen and his colleagues conducted a series of studies each with a hundred or more participants. The first presented participants with a summary statement from a conference on science and God. When it suggested that science could one day settle the question of God's existence, religious participants wavered in their religious conviction, rating it significantly lower than those told that science was not armed to answer such questions. The very possibility that the religious belief was falsifiable made it vulnerable.A subsequent study presented the discovery of the Higgs Boson as either a threat to or unlikely to affect matters of religion. Asked what reasons underpinned their belief, religious participants gave more importance to unfalsifiable statements such as "living a moral life would be impossible without God" wh...
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &ResearchAuthor(s): D. Saragaglia, B. Rubens-Duval, R. PailhéAbstractExtra- and intra-articular proximal tibia malunion is not uncommon. Functional impact is variable but may lead to almost total impotence. The present study aimed to provide a review on malunion, answering 5 questions: (1) How should malunion be classified, and with what pathogenicity? Malunion results from reduction defect and/or secondary displacement in tibial plateau fracture (A2, A3, B, C on the AO classification), but also from previous epiphysio...
Publication date: Available online 12 June 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Joan Benach, Marinilda Rivera Díaz, Nylca J. Muñoz, Eliana Martínez-Herrera, Juan Manuel PericàsAbstractGarcía Márquez's novel, “Chronicle of a Death Foretold”, narrates the multiple strands of a story leading up to a murder in a small Caribbean village. The novel shows both the incredulity of those who do not believe it possible that this tragic death could occur, and the impotence of those who see it coming but can do nothing to prevent it. Something akin to this double incap...
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[Monitor] Many residents of Lira and Alebtong districts have rejected government's national Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) programme meant for malaria control, claiming it makes men impotent.