Localized vaccination surveillance could help prevent measles outbreaks

(University of Michigan) Access to more localized data on childhood vaccination coverage, such as at the school or neighborhood levels, could help better predict and prevent measles outbreaks in the United States, according to a new University of Michigan study.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

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Historical background of measles in Israel. After the introduction of universal measles vaccination for infants in Israel in 1967, the incidence rate of the disease in Israel dropped dramatically. Relatively moderate-sized outbreaks occurred in cycles of two- to five-year intervals, and by the early 1990s the mean annual incidence rate had decreased more than 90% compared to the pre-vaccination era. (The history of measles incidence and immunization strategies in Israel have been reported elsewhere [1].) Since the mid-1990s, MCV has been given in two doses at 12 months and six years, as part of Israel's routine immunization program.
Source: Journal of Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
One Monday in late February 2020, Lauren Gardner was working frantically. The website she’d been managing around the clock for the last month—which tracked cases of an emerging respiratory disease called COVID-19, and presented the spread in maps and charts—was, all of a sudden, getting inundated with visitors and kept crashing. As Gardner, an associate professor of engineering at Johns Hopkins University (JHU), struggled to get the site online again, an official in the Trump Administration falsely claimed on Twitter that JHU had deliberately censored the information. “Seems like bad timing to sto...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 healthscienceclimate Source Type: news
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Source: Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: The OCC strategy, therefore, presents improved operational and epidemiological outcomes relative to current practice and the other options considered.PMID:34481696 | DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.08.053
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Sep 3;70(35):1183-1190. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm7035a1.ABSTRACTThe Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that adolescents aged 11-12 years routinely receive tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap); meningococcal conjugate (MenACWY); and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines. Catch-up vaccination is recommended for hepatitis B (HepB); hepatitis A (HepA); measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR); and varicella (VAR) vaccines for adolescents whose childhood vaccinations are not current. Adolescents are also recommended to receive a booster dose of MenACWY vaccine at age...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
Vaccine. 2021 Aug 26:S0264-410X(21)00999-3. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.08.001. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn Italy, the inclusion of measles vaccine in children immunization schedule and the promotion of national mass vaccination campaigns increased measles vaccination coverage. However, measles outbreaks continue to occur increasingly involving adolescents and adults. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence to measles antibody in a sample of Italian population between 1993 and 2018. Human serum samples from subjects aged 3-40 years were collected between 1993 and 2018 and tested for measles IgG antibodies...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
Vaccine. 2021 Aug 12:S0264-410X(21)00983-X. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.07.078. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTA large measles outbreak in New York City, which included cases among vaccinated persons and adults presumed to be immune, provided the opportunity to better understand vaccine failure and the potential impact on measles transmission. Immunoglobulin G (IgG) avidity can distinguish primary (low avidity IgG, indicating no evidence of prior immunity) versus secondary vaccine failure (high avidity IgG, indicating prior immune response and waning antibody). Measles IgG avidity was measured on samples from 62 persons: av...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractVaccine hesitancy is defined as a delay in acceptance, or refusal, of vaccines, despite availability. It is a complex and context specific phenomenon and identified as a global health priority. The “Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines” (PACV) questionnaire is a validated tool for identifying vaccine hesitancy. Our aim was to use the PACV to assess vaccine hesitancy and its relationship with reported non-vaccination in an Irish population, for the first time. Our participants were par ents or caregivers of children attending general pediatric clinics in a tertiary pediatric hospital in Dublin, Irel...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
This article offers a longitudinal case study of five decades of measles news coverage by theLos Angeles Times and theSan Francisco Chronicle, which represented two of the largest news markets in California when the measles vaccine was released, in 1963, and during the 2015 outbreak. Measles reporting during this period displays patterns pointing to an active role for journalists in shaping public understanding of health and medical matters, especially as they recede from public memory, through the employment of available and circulating political and cultural frames. Moreover, journalistic frames in this period of reporti...
Source: Journal of Medical Humanities - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research
Getting the kids ready to go back to school each fall is stressful enough in a normal year, never mind in the midst of a pandemic. Between the more transmissible Delta coronavirus variant, rising cases across the country and new masking guidance from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there’s a lot for parents to navigate as they plan for schools to reopen this August and September. On the whole, experts seem to agree it’s time to get kids back into their classrooms. Remote learning set many children—especially students of color—back academically, cut them off from essential ...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news
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