Cancers, Vol. 12, Pages 2901: Dexamethasone Inhibits TRAIL-Induced Apoptosis through c-FLIP(L) Upregulation and DR5 Downregulation by GSK3 β Activation in Cancer Cells

This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of DEX on the tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-induced apoptosis in cancer cells. We found that upregulation of c-FLIP(L) and downregulation of death receptor 5 (DR5; receptor for TRAIL ligand) contribute to the anti-apoptotic effect of DEX on TRAIL-induced apoptosis. DEX increased c-FLIP(L) expression at the transcriptional levels through the GSK-3β signaling pathway. The pharmacological inhibitor and catalytic mutant of GSK-3β suppressed DEX-induced upregulation of c-FLIP(L) expression. Furthermore, GSK-3β specific inhibitor markedly abolished DEX-mediated reduction of TRAIL-induced apoptosis in human renal cancer cells (Caki-1 and A498), human lung cancer cells (A549), and human breast cancer cells (MDA-MB361). In addition, DEX decreased protein stability of DR5 via GSK-3β-mediated upregulation of Cbl, an E3 ligase of DR5. Knockdown of Cbl by siRNA markedly inhibited DEX-induced DR5 downregulation. Taken together, these results suggest that DEX inhibits TRAIL-mediated apoptosis via GSK-3β-mediated DR5 downregulation and c-FLIP(L) upregulation in cancer cells.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
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Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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Source: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Neurosurg Clin N Am Source Type: research
Metastases are the most common intracranial tumors in adults. Lung cancer, melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, and breast cancer are the most common primary tumors that metastasize to the brain. Improved detection of small metastases by MRI, and improved systemic therapy for primary tumors, resulted in increased incidence of brain metastasis. Advances in neuroanesthesia and neurosurgery have significantly improved the safety of surgical resection of brain metastases. Surgical approach and active management have become applicable for many patients. Subsequently, brain metastases diagnosis no longer equals palliative treatment. ...
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