Epidemiology of scabies in relation to socio-economic and selected climatic factors in north-east Poland.

Epidemiology of scabies in relation to socio-economic and selected climatic factors in north-east Poland. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2020 Sep 11;27(3):374-378 Authors: Korycinska J, Dzika E, Kloch M Abstract INTRODUCTION: Scabies is a contagious parasitic disease, a skin infestation caused by Scaroptes scabieri, tiny mites that burrow under the skin. Outbreaks of scabies can be difficult to control and require the implementation of appropriate control programme. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to analyze the epidemiology of scabies in north-east Poland, considering socio-economic and selected climatic factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis was based on data reports (n=26,362) obtained from the Polish National Health Fund (NFZ) for the period 2007-2014. Monthly climate data were collected from the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management/National Research Institute (IMGW-PIB) in Warsaw, including data on temperature and relative humidity. Additionally, the influence of socio-economic factors on the prevalence of scabies was analyzed. Data on population size, medical staff, and unemployment rate were obtained from the Central Statistical Office (GUS) in Warsaw, and analyzed using SPSS Statistics 24.0 programme. RESULTS: The age group of 10-19 years showed the highest infestation rates. Seasonality of scabies was demonstrated. The highest numbers of cases were reported during the autumn and winter months. There was a significant...
Source: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine : AAEM - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Ann Agric Environ Med Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Muller I, Brinker A Abstract Scabies outbreaks are relatively common worldwide, particularly in communal living settings such as military barracks. The infestation is caused by the parasite Sarcoptes Scabiei and is easily treated once properly diagnosed. Classic symptoms include pruritus around the waist, wrists, and ankles.1 On physical examination, linear burrows visualized in finger web spaces is a typical finding.1 It is not uncommon, however, for scabies to present with a variety of other dermatologic manifestations, which can lead to a delayed or missed diagnosis. This case highlights a delayed diagn...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Scabies is a highly contagious, globally prevalent, parasitic skin infestation caused by Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis, also known as the itch mite. There have been outbreaks not only in the developing world, but also in the developed world among refugees and asylum seekers. Once infested with scabies mites, symptomatic patients, as well as asymptomatic carriers, quickly spread the disease through direct skin-to-skin contact. Typically, symptoms of scabies are characterized by an erythematous, papular, pruritic rash associated with burrows. Treatment of scabies involves using topical or systemic scabicides and treating se...
Source: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
To the Editor: Scabies is one of the most prevalent infectious dermatologic diseases worldwide.1 Overcrowding, high population movement, and suboptimal health care are major risk factors for outbreaks, particularly in disadvantaged populations and institutional settings. In the tropics, scabies often causes secondary bacterial infections and potentially life-threatening sequelae including sepsis, glomerulonephritis, rheumatic fever, and heart disease. Direct skin-to-skin contact is the main transmission pathway; however, as mites survive short term outside their host, contaminated fomites can also spread the disease,2 espe...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Letter Source Type: research
This study aimed to present the annual and seasonal trend of prevalence of scabies in the national population. Scabies cases were extracted from National Health Insurance Service database and its epidemiologic characteristics were assessed. To analyze the seasonality of scabies occurrence, temperature and humidity were included in the model as weather factors, and the per capita gross national income index was adjusted. The annual prevalence by age group was 0.56-0.69 per 1,000 persons until the age of 40 years and peaked at 3.0-4.1 per 1,000 persons in the age group over 80 years. The number of women diagnosed with scabie...
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Outbreak of scabies occurred in East Badewacho District. Age less than 15 years, family size greater than five members, sleeping with others, and home being affected by flooding are the risk factors. Providing risk factors related health education on prevention and controls especially, at community level and schools, is recommended. PMID: 30046302 [PubMed]
Source: Dermatology Research and Practice - Category: Dermatology Tags: Dermatol Res Pract Source Type: research
Ignoring the "Itch": The Global Health Problem of Scabies. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Oct 02;: Authors: Stamm LV, Strowd LC Abstract Infestation with Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis is a common human parasitic affliction endemic in tropical developing countries. Scabies is transmitted by close person-person contact, and outbreaks have been reported in reception centers for asylum seekers. Scabies presents clinically as extremely pruritic excoriated papules and linear burrows in the skin. This infestation predisposes to bacterial skin infections that can result in serious complications affecting ...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
The deleterious effects of scabies, an infestation of the skin by the human itch mite Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis, were well known in the Middle-Ages (1). Here we report descriptions of Medieval “itch” by Francesco Petrarca (1304-1374), called the "Father of Humanism", and Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-1375), two eminent Italian poets who influenced further famous artists as Shakespeare and Chaucer. Both of them suffered from scabies and emphasised the main features of the parasitic infestation, namely the endless itch and the skin dryness.
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Medical Humanities Perspectives Source Type: research
Scabies remains the most prevalent, endemic, and neglected ectoparasitic infestation globally and can cause institutional outbreaks. The sensitivity of routine microscopy for demonstration of Sarcoptes scabiei mites or eggs in skin scrapings is only about 50%. Except for three studies using conventional or two-tube nested PCR on a small number of cases, no systematic study has been performed to improve the laboratory diagnosis of this important infection. We developed a conventional and a real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay based on the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) gene of S. scabiei. The cox1 ge...
Source: Journal of Clinical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Parasitology Source Type: research
Abstract Most Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) have developing economies and face a critical shortage of veterinarians with limited financial resources allocated to their animal disease surveillance programmes. Thus, animal health authorities have to set priorities for better focusing their scarce resources. The main objective of this study was to identify animal diseases perceived to be of importance by decision makers within selected PICTs, at the regional and national levels, to ensure better targeting of animal health resources. A second objective was to investigate whether the targeted surveil...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
More News: Environmental Health | Epidemiology | Outbreaks | Parasitic Diseases | Parasitology | Poland Health | Scabies | Skin | Statistics | Study | Unemployment