Evaluation of prostate cancer based on MALDI-TOF MS fingerprinting of nanoparticle-treated serum proteins/peptides.

Evaluation of prostate cancer based on MALDI-TOF MS fingerprinting of nanoparticle-treated serum proteins/peptides. Talanta. 2020 Dec 01;220:121331 Authors: Sun J, Yu G, Yang Y, Qiao L, Xu B, Ding C, Liu Y, Yu S Abstract The serum MALDI-TOF MS spectrum includes signals for serum proteins and peptides between 1000 and 12,000 Da in size, presenting a fingerprint-like pattern. However, whole serum MALDI-TOF MS signals are complex and prejudiced for data analysis. Pre-treatment with specific nanomaterials can simplify the mass spectrum while retaining the characteristics of the fingerprint pattern. In the present study, we used hydrophilic interaction chromatography nanoparticles (HICNPs) to enrich proteins and peptides in serum from a large number prostate cancer samples and controls. After pre-treatment with HICNPs, the serum MALDI-TOF MS signals for samples were simpler, with more analysable fingerprint-like patterns. Principal component analysis and partial least squares discriminant analysis of the samples demonstrated a significant difference in the MALDI-TOF signals between prostate cancer and controls, with an analytical accuracy of 77%, approaching that of methods based on prostate-specific antigen. Due to the low cost and high flux, MALDI-TOF MS fingerprinting can be used in large-scale evaluation of various cancers, including prostate cancer. PMID: 32928383 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Talanta Source Type: research

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Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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