Comparison of antithrombotic strategies in patients with cryptogenic stroke and patent foramen ovale: an updated meta-analysis

ConclusionsOAC was more effective than APT in reducing the risk of stroke recurrence in patients with PFO and CS, without a significant increase in the risk of major bleedings. Our findings support the need for further randomized data focused on the comparison of antithrombotic strategies in this setting.
Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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AbstractPatent foramen ovale (PFO) is a potential conduit for paradoxical embolization to the systemic atrial circulation of a thrombus originating in the venous system. In a selected group of subjects, the prevalence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) was assessed. Subjects were identified if they underwent magnetic resonance venography (MRV) pelvis and lower extremity doppler (LE-VDU) for assessment of DVT with PFO. The primary outcome measure was to report the number of patients with paradoxical embolization as their suspected etiology of stroke due to the presence of DVT, which then will be considered as determined stroke. ...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Conclusions: This is the first reported case of intraoperative paradoxical embolism in the setting of RCC with cavoatrial extension and PFO. The presence of PFO may be a risk factor for severe cerebrovascular complications in the surgical management of RCC with venous involvement.
Source: The Neurologist - Category: Neurology Tags: Case Report/Case Series Source Type: research
ACUTE embolic cerebral stroke is a major health setback for any individual, with increased mortality and morbidity. Embolus arising from cardiac chambers constitutes about 20% of ischemic strokes. Atrial fibrillation is the root cause of more than 50% of cardiogenic emboli, whereas congenital heart diseases, such as atrial septal defect, patent foramen ovale, prosthetic heart valves, rheumatic heart valvular disease, dilated cardiomyopathy, and endocarditis are predisposing factors for cardiogenic emboli.
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Case Conference Source Type: research
ACUTE embolic cerebral stroke is a major health setback for any individual, with increased mortality and morbidity. Embolus arising from cardiac chambers constitutes about 20% of ischemic strokes. Atrial fibrillation is the root cause of more than 50% of cardiogenic emboli, whereas congenital heart diseases, such as atrial septal defect, patent foramen ovale, prosthetic heart valves, rheumatic heart valvular disease, dilated cardiomyopathy, and endocarditis are predisposing factors for cardiogenic emboli.
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Case Conference Source Type: research
This Viewpoint considers ischemic stroke risk for patients with a patent foramen ovale.
Source: JAMA Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Closure of patent foramen ovale in children appears to be safe and effective, as we noted a low rate of immediate complications, no delayed complications and no stroke recurrence in this indication. PMID: 32680737 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the recurrence of ischemic stroke and possible use of patent foramen ovale closure in patients aged 60 years or older.
Source: JAMA Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been associated with cryptogenic stroke. There is conflicting data and it remains uncertain whether PFO is the direct cause, a risk factor or an incidental finding. Potential stroke mechanisms include paradoxical embolism from a venous clot which traverses the PFO, in situ clot formation within the PFO, and atrial arrhythmias due to electrical signaling disruption. Main risk factors linked with PFO-attributable strokes are young age, PFO size, right-to-left shunt degree, PFO morphology, presence of atrial septal aneurysm, intrinsic coagulation-anticoagulation systems imbalance, and co-existen...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract Cryptogenic stroke comprises about one-quarter of ischemic strokes with high recurrence rate; however, studies specifically investigating the features and treatment of this stroke subtype are rare. The concept of 'embolic stroke of undetermined source' (ESUS) may facilitate the development of a standardized approach to diagnose cryptogenic stroke and improve clinical trials. Since recent large randomized control trials failed to demonstrate a reduction in stroke recurrence with anticoagulants, anti-platelet agents remain the first-line treatment for ESUS patients. Nevertheless, patients with high risk of ...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research
Abstract Cardiogenic stroke (CS), characteristic causes of which include atrial fibrillation (AF) and right-to-left shunting due to a patent foramen ovale (PFO), has a well-known tendency to be associated with a more extensive ischemic area. This may result in severe neurological damage, and require strict life-long antithrombotic therapy. However, the fact that some patients have problems complying with the requirement for extended oral antithrombotic treatment has motivated the development of alternative approaches for stroke prevention. Heart structures such as the left atrial appendage (LAA) and PFO are potent...
Source: Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: J Cardiol Source Type: research
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