Demographics, Comorbidities, and Outcomes in Hospitalized Covid-19 Patients in Rural Southwest Georgia.

This study aimed to describe the demographics, and outcomes of hospitalized Covid-19 patients in rural Southwest Georgia.Methods: Using electronic medical records, we analyzed data from all hospitalized Covid-19 patients who either diedor survived to discharge between March 2, 2020 and May 6, 2020.Results: Of the 522 patients, 92 died in hospital (17.6%). Median age was 63 years, 58% were females, and 87% African-Americans. Hypertension (79.7%), obesity (66.5%), and diabetes mellitus (42.3%) were the most common comorbidities. Males had higher overall mortality compared to females (23% v 13.8%). Immunosuppression [odds ratio (OR) 3.6; (confidence interval {CI): 1.52-8.47, p = 0.003)], hypertension (OR 3.36; CI:1.3-8.6, p = 0.01), age ≥65 years (OR 3.1; CI:1.7-5.6, p 
Source: Annals of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Ann Med Source Type: research

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Conclusions: For the studied children, the use of traditional BMI references may result in the overestimation of underweight and underestimation of overweight and obesity. Studies should be carried out with periodic updates, respecting the characteristics of each location in order to use BMI reference values to classify the nutritional status of children and adolescents.RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar novos valores de refer ência do índice de massa corporal (IMC) para a classificação do estado nutricional de crianças de seis a 10 anos da cidade de Montes Claros (MG) Brasil. Métodos: Foi...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Lufthansa said it's also making a rapid Covid-19 test available at Frankfurt Airport, calling it an important first step "to restart international travel." Here's how the German airline is doing it.
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news
This article reviews the history of syphilis, including the unethical studies undertaken in the past; current epidemiology; treatme nt guidelines; and strategies to reduce new infections.
Source: Nursing Clinics of North America - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is a newly discovered highly pathogenic virus that was declared pandemic in March 2020 by the World Health Organization. The virus affects the respiratory system, produces an inflammatory storm that causes lung damage and respiratory dysfunction. It infects humans of all ages. The Covid-19 takes a more severe course in individuals with chronic metabolic diseases such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. This category of persons exhibits weak immune activity and decreased levels of endogenous antioxidants. Melatonin is a...
Source: European Journal of Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharmacol Source Type: research
FW, Shimabukuro T, Midgley CM, Tate JE, CDC COVID-19 Response Clinical Team Abstract The first reported U.S. case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was detected in January 2020 (1). As of June 15, 2020, approximately 2 million cases and 115,000 COVID-19-associated deaths have been reported in the United States.* Reports of U.S. patients hospitalized with SARS-CoV-2 infection (the virus that causes COVID-19) describe high proportions of older, male, and black persons (2-4). Similarly, when comparing hospitalized patients with catchment area populations or nonhospitalized COVID-19 patients, high proportions ha...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is highly prevalent, with a male to female predominance of two to one, and is more common in middle-aged and elderly subjects [1]. Affected patients often present with comorbidities such as obesity, cardiovascular disease (systemic hypertension, heart failure, atrial fibrillation) and diabetes mellitus type II [2]. The strong overlap between the profile for SDB patients and the identified risk factors for adverse outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection, which include age, male sex and cardiometabolic comorbidity [3], suggest that SDB patients may benefit from effective the...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Articles: Research letters Source Type: research
;nez-Alvarado MDR Abstract Diabetes mellitus is a complex, multifactorial, chronic disease characterized by impaired metabolism of glucose, fats and proteins. Patients who suffer from it frequently have hyperglycemia and coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death. The comorbidities associated with diabetes are overweight and obesity, systemic arterial hypertension, atherogenic dyslipidemia and in some patients peripheral vascular disease, kidney damage, neuropathy and retinopathy. Chronic lack of control of the disease is associated with increased susceptibility to infections, which generally have few s...
Source: Archivos de Cardiologia de Mexico - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arch Cardiol Mex Source Type: research
This article discusses the potential mechanisms by which SARS-CoV-2 modulates the RAS and energy metabolism in individuals with obesity and diabetes mellitus. The article aims to highlight the appropriate strategies for combating the COVID-19 pandemic in the clinical setting and emphasize on the areas that require further investigation in relation to COVID-19 infections in patients with obesity and diabetes mellitus, from the viewpoint of endocrinology and metabolism. PMID: 32469255 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
The global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has highlighted inherent susceptibility to specific age –group and cardiovascular co-morbidities. While individuals of any age can be infected, and viral load is important, those who are 70 years or older have a notably increased risk. In addition, patients with obesity, heart failure, coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus and hypertension are a lso at increased risk and more likely to deteriorate to serious or critical condition when infected.
Source: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Short communication Source Type: research
This report presents age-stratified COVID-19-associated hospitalization rates for patients admitted during March 1-28, 2020, and clinical data on patients admitted during March 1-30, 2020, the first month of U.S. surveillance. Among 1,482 patients hospitalized with COVID-19, 74.5% were aged ≥50 years, and 54.4% were male. The hospitalization rate among patients identified through COVID-NET during this 4-week period was 4.6 per 100,000 population. Rates were highest (13.8) among adults aged ≥65 years. Among 178 (12%) adult patients with data on underlying conditions as of March 30, 2020, 89.3% had one or more underlyi...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
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