Ultrasonographic assessment of right heart intracardiac mass in patients with hepatitis B virus infection

Objective: The characteristics of right heart intracardiac mass in hepatitis B virus infection patients are not well known. Our aim is to describe their ultrasonographic features and nature of such masses. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed imaging reports of hepatitis B virus infection patients from January 2014 to December 2018. Patients with a confirmed finding of right heart intracardiac mass were included, whose pathology reports and contrast-enhanced images were analyzed. Various masses were compared to a general control group from a published study. Results: Thirty-eight cases were finally included. Different types of masses presented with a variety of echocardiographic manifestations. Thirty-six cases had masses located in the right atrium, including five thrombus and 31 metastatic carcinoma. The later included one metastatic non-Hodgkin lymphoma and 30 metastatic hepatic carcinoma cases (27 of which had inferior vena cava tumor thrombus). Two cases presented with masses in the right ventricle that included one multiple myxoma and one tricuspid valve leaflet vegetation. Compared with the general population, no primary malignant tumor was found in our study (65% vs. 100%, P = 0.001), and hepatic metastasis was the most common type of malignant tumors (P
Source: European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Hepatology Source Type: research

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