Ambient pollen concentrations and asthma hospitalisation in children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Conclusion: Globally, grass and birch pollen are important triggers of childhood asthma hospitalisation, but the association could not be ascertained for other pollen taxa. Pollen is a major environmental trigger of asthma exacerbations and more focus on early interventions to reduce this burden needs to be considered. PMID: 32419541 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 12 July 2020Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Naoya Yasokawa, Kouji Kurose, Masaaki Abe, Hitomi Tanaka, Isao Irei, Shigeki Kato, Toru Oga
CONCLUSION: Cannabis, cocaine or heroin use must be considered in cases of acute respiratory symptoms or asthma exacerbation in young persons and practitioners must help illicit substance users to stop their consumption. PMID: 32653338 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: The classification of COPD produced by mMRC, CAT, and CCQ was not identical. Smoking status, underweight, ACO, post-bronchodilator FEV1% predicted #x3c;50%, exacerbation history, and mMRC were associated with lower health-related quality of life assessed by the total CCQ score, while different subdomains of CCQ had different determinant factors.Respiration
Publication date: Available online 12 July 2020Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Abdullah Al-Shamrani, Adel S. Al-Harbi, Alhaider SA, Saleh AlHarbi, Nasser S. Al-Harbi, Alnashmi Alanazi, Turki S. Al Ahmadi
ConclusionsAsthma is characterized by increased circulating H3cit likely related to the enhanced lung ETs formation. Inhibition of ETs might be a therapeutic option in selected asthma phenotypes, such as neutrophilic asthma.
Conclusions: Asthma severity, specific IgE level, and MEF values showed a good correlation with HRCT findings. The restrictive pattern is common on spirometry in patients of ABPA. In addition to central bronchiectasis, peripheral bronchial and small airway involvement was an important finding in ABPA. Expiratory HRCT may reveal air trapping in patients having no abnormality on inspiratory CT.
This article aims to alert the medical community and public health authorities to accumulating evidence on health benefits from sun exposure, which suggests that insufficient sun exposure is a significant public health problem. Studies in the past decade indicate that insufficient sun exposure may be responsible for 340,000 deaths in the United States and 480,000 deaths in Europe per year, and an increased incidence of breast cancer, colorectal cancer, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, autism, asthma, type 1 diabetes and myopia. Vitamin D has long b...
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2020Source: Research in Veterinary ScienceAuthor(s): Emily A. Sundman, Munashe Chigerwe, Laszlo M. Hunyadi
November 2019 saw Cambridge, UK play host to the second Breath Biopsy Conference, a community-focused event aimed at sharing and supporting advancements in the collection and analysis of volatile organic compounds in exhaled breath. The event expanded upon the previous year ’s format, spanning two days and concluding with an expert panel discussion. Presentations covered detection, monitoring and precision medicine studies examining diseases including asthma, cirrhosis, cancer and tuberculosis. The meeting attracted representatives from diverse backgrounds, such as metabolomics, artificial intelligence, clinica...