Neural basis of shame and guilt experience in women with borderline personality disorder.

Neural basis of shame and guilt experience in women with borderline personality disorder. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2020 May 07;: Authors: Göttlich M, Westermair AL, Beyer F, Bußmann ML, Schweiger U, Krämer UM Abstract Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by instability of affect, emotion dysregulation, and interpersonal dysfunction. Especially shame and guilt, so-called self-conscious emotions, are of central clinical relevance to BPD. However, only few experimental studies have focused on shame or guilt in BPD and none investigated their neurobiological underpinnings. In the present functional magnetic resonance imaging study, we took a scenario-based approach to experimentally induce feelings of shame, guilt, and disgust with neutral scenarios as control condition. We included 19 women with BPD (age 26.4 ± 5.8 years; DSM-IV diagnosed; medicated) and 22 healthy female control subjects (age 26.4 ± 4.6 years; matched for age and verbal IQ). Compared to controls, women with BPD reported more intense feelings when being confronted with affective scenarios, especially higher levels of shame, guilt, and fear. We found increased amygdala reactivity in BPD compared to controls for shame and guilt, but not for disgust scenarios (p = 0.05 FWE corrected at the cluster level; p 
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

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Young children who have irregular sleep routines and frequently wake up at night may be more likely to have psychotic symptoms in early adolescence, according to areport inJAMA Psychiatry. The report also noted that children who go to bed late and sleep for shorter periods at night may be at higher risk of developing borderline personality disorder (BPD) symptoms during early adolescence.“Adequate sleep in childhood is essential for optimal cognitive and emotional functioning,” wrote Isabel Morales-Muñoz, Ph.D., of the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom, and colleagues. “[E]arly behavioral sl...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ALSPAC Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children borderline personality disorder depression Isabel Morales-Mu ├▒oz JAMA Psychiatry psychosis sleep Source Type: research
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Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Psychiatry Source Type: forums
Happy 4th of July! Here in America, not only does July usher in the birthday celebrations of these United States, but since 2008 July has also been the Bebe Moore Campbell National Minority Mental Health Awareness Month, or Minority Mental Health Month, or even BIPOC Mental Health Month (Mental Health America has decided to phase out the word “minority” and instead refer to Blacks, Indigenous People, and People of Color). Regardless of how the name evolves, its original namesake — Bebe Moore Campbell — was a teacher, author, journalist, and mental health advocate who worked hard to bring awareness...
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ConclusionsContextual strategies, especially self-compassion, seem more efficacious than waiting and cognitive restructuring in improving short-term ER in patients with BN in an experimental setting.
Source: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: Findings highlight the complex mental health needs of incarcerated populations, where SUD, ADHD, and other psychiatric disorders are prevalent and interrelated.Eur Addict Res
Source: European Addiction Research - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
This cohort study of UK parents and children examines the association of early childhood sleep problems with psychosis and borderline personality disorder in adolescence.
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Patients in both conditions showed similar large improvements over the course of 36 months, despite large differences in treatment intensity. MBT-DH and MBT-IOP were associated with different trajectories of change. Cost-effectiveness considerations and predictors of differential treatment outcome may further inform optimal treatment selection. PMID: 32602830 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 June 2020Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Linda Orth, Jana Zweerings, Camellia N. Ibrahim, Irene Neuner, Pegah Sarkheil
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BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is caused by a variety of biological and environmental factors. Accumulating evidence suggests that childhood maltreatment is a risk environmental factor in the development of BPD, but research on the genet...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Building on existing literature, the authors draw the landscape of psychiatric emergencies, and focus on borderline personality disorder, frequently encountered, and strongly linked to death by suicide. A review of knowledge in terms of diagnosis, prognosi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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