Monitoring enamel caries on resin-treated occlusal surfaces using quantitative light-induced fluorescence: an in vitro study

AbstractThe aim of this study is to evaluate the ability of quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) to monitor enamel caries lesions of different severity stages located on the occlusal surfaces of permanent teeth before and after treatment with resin infiltrant. Sixty extracted permanent teeth had one occlusal site selected and were categorized according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) criteria. The teeth were divided into three groups (n = 20): ICDAS 1, ICDAS 2, and ICDAS 3. The teeth were assessed by a trained examiner using QLF in two phases: (A) before and (B) after treatment with resin infiltrant. The caries lesions were evaluated using the following QLF parameters: area (mm2); ΔF, fluorescence loss (%); and ΔQ, fluorescence loss integrated over the lesion area (%*mm2). The resin infiltrant (Icon ™) was applied on the occlusal surface following the manufacturer’s recommendations. The teeth were then sectioned and prepared for polarized light microscopy analysis. The penetration of resin infiltrant was measured with ImageJ. The groups showed a statistically significant difference in all Q LF parameters before and after caries infiltration, with the reduction of fluorescence values posttreatment (p 
Source: Lasers in Medical Science - Category: Laser Surgery Source Type: research

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