Antitumor Potency of an Anti-CD19 Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-Cell Therapy, Lisocabtagene Maraleucel in Combination With Ibrutinib or Acalabrutinib

This study assessed the in vitro and in vivo functionality of CAR T cells transduced to express the anti-CD19 CAR of liso-cel in combination with ibrutinib or acalabrutinib. In prolonged stimulation assays, the presence of ibrutinib or acalabrutinib improved the CAR T-cell effector function. RNA-Seq analysis and surface marker profiling of these CAR T cells treated with ibrutinib but not acalabrutinib revealed gene expression changes consistent with skewing toward a memory-like, type 1 T-helper, Bruton tyrosine kinase phenotype. Ibrutinib or acalabrutinib improved CD19+ tumor clearance and prolonged survival of tumor-bearing mice when used in combination with CAR T cells. A combination of the defined cell product therapy candidate, liso-cel, with ibrutinib or acalabrutinib is an attractive approach that may potentiate the promising clinical responses already achieved in CD19+ B-cell malignancies with each of these single agents.
Source: Journal of Immunotherapy - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Basic Studies Source Type: research

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Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell therapy is a new and powerful class of cancer immunotherapy [1,2]. Clinical trials of CAR-T cell therapy targeting the B cell marker CD19 have shown promising results for the treatment of hematologic malignancies, including acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) [3-7], chronic lymphocytic leukemia [8,9], and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) [10,11]. CAR-T cell therapy targeting B cell maturation antigen (BCMA) has also been demonstrated to be effective for treating multiple myeloma (MM) [12-15].
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell therapy is a new and powerful class of cancer immunotherapy [1,2]. Clinical trials of CAR-T cell therapy targeting the B-cell marker CD19 have shown promising results for the treatment of hematologic malignancies, including acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) [3 –7], chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) [8,9], and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) [10,11]. CAR-T cell therapy targeting B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) has also been demonstrated to be effective for treating multiple myeloma (MM) [12–15].
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
This study examined the expression pattern of FCRL1 in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients using real-time PCR and flow cytometry. The results revealed higher levels of FCRL1 expression in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, hairy cell leukemia, and Burkitt lymphoma patients compared with control groups. There was a significant reduction in the levels of FCRL1 expression in chronic lymphocytic leukemia and mantle cell lymphoma patients compared with healthy individuals. These findings suggest FCRL1 as an excellent marker for the prognosis or immunotherapy of B-cell malignancies.
Source: Leukemia Research Reports - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Conclusions: CAR T cell therapies have demonstrated the clinical benefits of harnessing our body's own defenses to combat tumor cells. Similar research is being conducted on lesser known modifications and gene-modified immune cells, which we highlight in this review. Introduction Chimeric antigen receptors and engineered T cell receptors (based on previously identified high affinity T cell receptors) function by redirecting T cells to a predefined tumor-specific (or tumor-associated) target. Most of these modifications use retroviral or lentiviral vectors to integrate the construct, and most of the receptors ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We report adverse events that occurred or persisted beyond 90 days after the last CAR-T cell infusion, excluding events related to disease progression.Median age at CAR-T cell infusion was 60 years (range, 34-73). There were 42 (71%) pts with NHL and 17 (29%) with CLL. The median number of prior lines of treatment was 4 (range, 1-8). 23 (39%) pts had received prior autologous (auto) hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), and 9 (15%) pts had received prior allogeneic (allo) HCT. 35 (59%) pts received one CAR-T cell infusion, 22 (37%) pts received 2 infusions, and 2 (3%) pts received 3 infusions. 3 (5%) pts received a max...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 626. Aggressive Lymphoma (Diffuse Large B-Cell and Other Aggressive B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas)-Results from Prospective Clinical Trials: Immunotherapy Source Type: research
Immune checkpoint blockade has demonstrated potential to reactivate anti-tumor immunity and regress tumors. However, response rates in B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients have been lower compared to Hodgkin lymphoma, with no activity reported in a recent trial of anti-PD-1 immunotherapy in relapsed CLL. This suggests that certain lymphoma subtypes may harbor non-immunogenic tumor microenvironments (TME).Our preliminary studies revealed that avadomide (CC-122), a cereblon modulator, can enhance T cell immune synapse signaling with autologous CLL cells, resulting in a concomitant increase in PD-1/PD-L1 expression at repaire...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 641. CLL: Biology and Pathophysiology, excluding Therapy: Overcoming Immunodeficiency in CLL Source Type: research
Background: CLL is the most common leukemia diagnosis in adults and its treatment has undergone significant change from chemotherapy, to immunotherapy and now targeted kinase inhibitors, leading to improved overall survival (OS). With improving survivorship, SPMs can occur but an in-depth analysis of risks and trends of SPMs in CLL survivors is lacking. We performed a population-based analysis to evaluate this.Methods: Patients in the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database diagnosed with CLL between 1973-2015 were included. Due to variation in management techniques over time, the cohort was divided in f...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 904. Outcomes Research-Malignant Conditions: Poster III Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONThe results of this non-Interventional study of heavily pretreated CLL and iNHL population treated by IDELA monotherapy or in combination with rituximab indicate that IDELA is an effective treatment in routine clinical practice with an acceptable safety profile. ORR at 6 months was 83% in CLL full analysis set and 79% in del(17p)/TP53m sub-group and 55% in FL sub group. These results mirror those of clinical trials. No unexpected IDELA safety information was identified in this study and the pattern of AEs corresponds to that reported in previous clinical studies and might be improved by specific management of AES...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 904. Outcomes Research-Malignant Conditions Source Type: research
Scientists at the NCI's  Surgery Branch have developed anti-CD70 chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) to treat cancers. CD70 is an antigen that is expressed on a variety of human cancers such as renal cell carcinoma, glioblastoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. The anti-CD70 CARs are hybrid proteins consisting of a receptor portion that recognizes CD70 antigen, and intracellular T cell signaling domains selected to optimally activate the CAR expressing T cells.  Genetically engineered T cells that express this CARs will bind to CD70 on the cancer cells and will be activated to induce an im...
Source: NIH OTT Licensing Opportunities - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
Lymphodepletion chemotherapy with CD19-targeted chimeric antigen receptor–modified T (CAR-T)-cell immunotherapy is a novel treatment for refractory or relapsed B-cell malignancies. Infectious complications of this approach have not been systematically studied. We evaluated infections occurring between days 0 to 90 in 133 patients treated with CD19 CAR-T cells in a phase 1/2 study. We used Poisson and Cox regression to evaluate pre- and posttreatment risk factors for infection, respectively. The cohort included patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL; n = 47), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (n = 24), and non-Hod...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Immunobiology and Immunotherapy, Free Research Articles, Clinical Trials and Observations Source Type: research
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