The onjisaponin B metabolite tenuifolin ameliorates dopaminergic neurodegeneration in a mouse model of Parkinson’s disease

Onjisaponin B (OB) is the main active ingredient of the traditional Chinese medicinal herb polygala, which is effective against neurodegenerative disorders. However, the target of OB is currently unknown. Neuroinflammation and oxidative stress are both risk factors for the pathogenesis and progression of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Here, we used a 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced subacute mouse model of PD to explore the efficacy and neuroprotective mechanism of OB in PD. Immunohistochemistry was used to mark dopaminergic (DA) neurons and microglia in the substantia nigra pars compact. Administration of OB (20 and 40 mg/kg) prevented the degeneration of DA neurons and improved motor impairment in the rotarod test. Furthermore, OB attenuated microglia over-activation and reduced the secretion of inflammatory factors including tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), as determined by ELISA. Meanwhile, the activities of superoxide dismutase and malondialdehyde were used to measure the level of oxidative stress in brain homogenates and suppression of excessive lipid epoxidation and increased antioxidant enzyme activity were found in OB-treated PD mice. Finally, OB inhibits the expression of the p65 subunit of NF-κB in the nucleus and attenuated expression of the RhoA and ROCK2 proteins in PD mice. Consequently, our results show that OB ameliorates DA neurodegeneration in a MPTP-induced mouse model ...
Source: NeuroReport - Category: Neurology Tags: Degeneration and Repair Source Type: research

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Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
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