New insights in the molecular pathways linking obesity, type 2 diabetes and cancer.
New insights in the molecular pathways linking obesity, type 2 diabetes and cancer. Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2019;60(4):1115-1125 Authors: Popa A, Georgescu M, Popa SG, Nica AE, Georgescu EF Abstract Steadily, cancer is becoming the first cause of mortality, with over 9 million deaths estimated in 2018. Increasing evidence supports a direct association between obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cancer, with a higher risk of cancer mortality especially for some of the most common malignancies, such as breast, colon, and rectal cancers. So far, several mechanisms underlying the cancer-diabetes relationship have been investigated revealing dysregulations of the insulin-insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system as the most important paradigm. Other molecular mechanisms that seem to play a role in the association cancer-T2DM consist of alteration of the signaling pathways activated by inflammatory cytokines, adipocytokines or adhesion molecules. The overall aim of this review is to provide an overview of the molecular mechanisms linking obesity, T2DM and cancer, as related to the receptors and signaling pathways involved in these associations. PMID: 32239086 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Structural prevention measures in addition to behavioral measures enable a reduction of the cancer risk caused by UV radiation. The aim must be to establish these measures nationwide for the entire population. PMID: 32494842 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study sought to determine the incidence rates of all gynecologic, including peritoneal, malignancies in the U.S. Active Duty population compared to the general US population as reported in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program database. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gynecologic cancers diagnosed in U.S. Active Duty women aged 20-59 between 2004 and 2013 were retrospectively ascertained. Cancer cases were identified in both the Automated Central Tumor Registry and the Military Health System Data Repository. All cases in Automated Central Tumor Registry plus cases recorded in Military Health System Data R...
Publication date: Available online 5 June 2020Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): Maryam Kasraeian, Kamran Hessami, Homeira Vafaei, Nasrin Asadi, Leila Foroughinia, Shohreh Roozmeh, Khadije Bazrfashan
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2020Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): María Jesús Rubio, María José Lecumberri, Silvia Varela, Jesús Alarcón, María Eugenia Ortega, Lydia Gaba, Jaime Espinós, Julia Calzas, Pilar Barretina, Isabel Ruiz, Gloria Marquina, Ana Santaballa
CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide new insights into the biology driving metastasis in PTCs and highlight how lncRNAs cooperate with coding transcripts to sustain these processes. PMID: 32495722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Fusion genes were the most common genetic cause of pediatric PTCs. Fusion gene positive PTCs showed more aggressive behavior than fusion gene negative PTCs. Several novel rearrangements were identified. Fusion genes seem to be a molecular marker number one in pediatric PTC patients. PMID: 32495721 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
LUNG CANCER symptoms include difficulty breathing, headaches, and persistent chest pain. But you could also be at risk of an advanced tumour if you develop a subtle sign on your eyes. Could you be at risk of lung cancer?
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2020Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Yasser El Ghamrini, Tamer M.S. Salama, Mohamed I. Hassan, Haytham Mohamed Nasser
CONCLUSIONS In this Caribbean population, uncontrolled asthma was independently associated with obesity, late-onset disease, and comorbidities of sleep apnea and depression. Poor asthma-related quality of life was independently associated with Indo-Caribbean ethnicity. PMID: 32493146 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
In conclusion, for the first time, the association between the +294T/C (rs2016520) polymorphism and colorectal cancer has been studied in Mexican patients. Our results reveal that variations in PPARD may play a significant role in genetic susceptibility to colorectal cancer. PMID: 28128413 [PubMed - in process]