Executive functioning and emotion recognition in youth with Oppositional Defiant Disorder and/or Conduct Disorder.

Conclusions: Our findings challenge the view that neuropsychological impairments in youth with ODD/CD are driven by comorbid ADHD and suggest possible distinct neurocognitive mechanisms in CD versus ODD. PMID: 32212964 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: World J Biol Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Source: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment Source Type: research
This study aims to examine the co-occurrence rate of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and adrenal gland disorders, as well as whether pharmacotherapy may affect ADHD patients’ risk of developing adrenal gland disorder. One group of patients newly diagnosed with ADHD (n = 75,247) and one group of age- and gender-matching controls (n = 75,247) were chosen from Taiwan′s National Health Insurance database during the period of January 1999 to December 2011. Both patients and controls were monitored through December 31, 2011, in order to identify the occurrence of adrenal gland disorders (ICD-9...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of resveratrol (that have been shown to have antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic effects) as an adjunct to methylphenidate in pharmacologic treatment of ADHD. This 8-week, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial randomized 66 participants to receive either 500  mg/day resveratrol or matched placebo in addition to methylphenidate. ADHD symptoms were evaluated in the patients using the Parent and Teacher versions of ADHD-Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) at three measurement points with time intervals of 4 weeks. Furthermore, the tolerability of the ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2020Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 103Author(s): Lars Orbach, Moritz Herzog, Annemarie Fritz
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common problems in adolescents. Risky behaviors in patients with ADHD are due to impaired impulse control resulting from problems with inhibition of proponent responses, controll...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
Condition:   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Intervention:   Drug: Centanafadine Sponsor:   Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development&Commercialization, Inc. Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
(University of Southampton) A team of researchers from the University of Southampton, the University of Bath and King's College London, including Dennis Golm from the University of Southampton, have provided compelling evidence of the impact of adversity in childhood on neuropsychological functioning in adulthood. They also showed that neuropsychological difficulties may explain why early adversity is linked to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in later life.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose of ReviewCannabis exposure during critical windows of development may have intergenerational physiological consequences disrupting epigenetic programming and marks. This review examines the literature relating to pre-gestational and prenatal cannabinoid exposure and its effect on genes and molecular pathways related to the development of psychiatric disease.Recent FindingsDevelopmental cannabis exposure alters epigenetic processes with functional gene consequences. These include potentially heritable alterations in genes and molecular pathways critical for brain development and associated with autism spectr...
Source: Current Environmental Health Reports - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Abstract Despite the pervasive nature of various forms of impairment associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the precise nature of their associations with ADHD and related sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT), particularly at the heterogeneous item level, remains ambiguous. Using innovative network analysis techniques, we sought to identify and examine the concurrent validity of ADHD and SCT bridge items (i.e., those demonstrating the most robust relations with various forms of impairment) with respect to Overall, Home-School, and Community-Leisure impairment domains. Parents of a nationally rep...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research
Condition:   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Intervention:   Drug: Centanafadine Sponsor:   Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development&Commercialization, Inc. Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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