Incident HIV among pregnant and breast-feeding women in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Conclusion: Substantial HIV incidence among pregnant and breast-feeding women in SSA, even in the current era of combination HIV prevention and treatment, underscores the need for prevention tailored to high-risk pregnant and breast-feeding women.
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Epidemiology and Social Source Type: research

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In conclusion, our findings show the importance of mNGS use to help characterize the outbreak more completely and in the management of the affected patients. PMID: 32422120 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Braz J Infect Dis - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Braz J Infect Dis Source Type: research
Survival and HIV-Free Survival Among Children Aged ≤3 Years - Eight Sub-Saharan African Countries, 2015-2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 May 15;69(19):582-586 Authors: Jonnalagadda S, Yuengling K, Abrams E, Stupp P, Voetsch A, Patel M, Minisi Z, Eliya M, Hamunime N, Rwebembera A, Kirungi W, Mulenga L, Mushavi A, Ryan C, Ts'oeu M, Kim E, Dziuban EJ, Hageman K, Galbraith J, Mweebo K, Mwila A, Gonese E, Patel H, Modi S, Saito S Abstract Although mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is preventable through antiretroviral treatment (ART) during pregnancy and post...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
Providing antiretroviral treatment to women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection before, during, and after pregnancy is critical for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV and improving child survival.
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - Category: American Health Tags: HIV/AIDS MMWR Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report Pregnancy Source Type: news
AbstractPoor HIV care retention impedes optimal treatment outcomes in persons living with HIV. Women trying to become pregnant may be motivated by periconception horizontal and vertical transmission concerns and thus more likely to attend HIV care visits than women not trying to conceive. We estimated the effect of fertility intentions on HIV care attendance over 12  months among non-pregnant, HIV-positive women aged 18–35 years who were on or initiating antiretroviral therapy in Johannesburg, South Africa. The percentage of women attending an HIV care visit decreased from 93.4% in the first quarter to 82.8...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: CHEU in rural Zimbabwe had total child development and vocabulary scores that were approximately 0.15 standard deviations lower than CHU at two years of age. More detailed and specific studies are now needed to unravel the reasons for developmental delay in CHEU and the likelihood that these delays persist in the longer term. PMID: 32386127 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
(New York University) Randomized Control Trial under an NIH grant demonstrates the efficacy of a clinic-based triadic healthcare intervention called 'Families Talking Together' to protect adolescents from sexual health risks such as unwanted pregnancy and HIV/AIDS.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Authors: Abstract Pregnant women should be advised of the significant perinatal risks associated with tobacco use, including orofacial clefts, fetal growth restriction, placenta previa, abruptio placentae, preterm prelabor rupture of membranes, low birth weight, increased perinatal mortality, ectopic pregnancy, and decreased maternal thyroid function. Children born to women who smoke during pregnancy are at an increased risk of respiratory infections, asthma, infantile colic, bone fractures, and childhood obesity. Pregnancy influences many women to stop smoking, and approximately 54% of women who smoke before pre...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract Pregnant women should be advised of the significant perinatal risks associated with tobacco use, including orofacial clefts, fetal growth restriction, placenta previa, abruptio placentae, preterm prelabor rupture of membranes, low birth weight, increased perinatal mortality, ectopic pregnancy, and decreased maternal thyroid function. Children born to women who smoke during pregnancy are at an increased risk of respiratory infections, asthma, infantile colic, bone fractures, and childhood obesity. Pregnancy influences many women to stop smoking, and approximately 54% of women who smoke before pre...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
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Source: AIDS Care - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
We describe the first implementation of point-of-care (POC) mVL and EID testing around delivery at four high volume tertiary obstetric units (TOUs) in Gauteng, South Africa. METHODS: Prospective study of pregnant women living with HIV (WLHIV) and their infants. During the period 1 June 2018 to 31 March 2019, routine staff collected blood specimens from women and their infants around delivery. Specimen collection occurred throughout the week while dedicated POC operators, conducted testing during working hours on weekdays. Descriptive statistics and multivariable Poisson regression with robust error variance were used t...
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
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