Mobile stroke units: taking stroke care to the patient

Purpose of review Since the development of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS), functional outcome has improved when treatment occurs within 4.5 h of stroke onset and treatment benefits are greater with earlier treatment. Endovascular revascularization also is better the sooner it is delivered. Recent findings The Get with the Guidelines Stroke registry found that less than one-third of treatment-eligible AIS patients receive intravenous tPA within 60 min of hospital arrival. Initiatives have tried to improve public education and awareness of stroke symptoms to decrease time to presentation. The mobile stroke unit (MSU) facilitates earlier computed tomography scans, delivery of tPA, proper triage and on-scene goal-directed care. MSUs reduce time from stroke alarm to treatment by 25–40 min and increase the rate of intravenous tPA use without an increase in hemorrhage risk. In addition, three-month favorable outcome is increased. Summary MSUs likely will evolve further and be used for other acute neurologic disorders, help triage patients for endovascular therapy, and be incorporated into systems of care in remote areas. Further studies are awaited to fully understand the overall medical and health-economic benefit of MSUs.
Source: Current Opinion in Critical Care - Category: Nursing Tags: ACUTE NEUROLOGICAL PROBLEMS: Edited by Peter Le Roux Source Type: research

Related Links:

CONCLUSION: Our study showed a high prevalence of stroke in Titirou and suggested urgent action for prevention. PMID: 32303341 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue Neurologique - Category: Neurology Tags: Rev Neurol (Paris) Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Telemedicine has provided Victorian regional hospitals access to expert care for emergency department patients with suspected acute stroke. Eligible patients with ischaemic stroke are now receiving stroke thrombolysis more quickly and safely. PMID: 32255520 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis retrospective study suggests that SHPD may play a protective role in HT appearance and evolution, which requires verification by a randomized clinical trial.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractMost of the acute ischemic events, such as acute coronary syndromes and stroke, are attributed to vulnerable plaques. These lesions have common histological and pathophysiological features, including inflammatory cell infiltration, neo-angiogenesis, remodelling, haemorrhage predisposition, thin fibrous cap, large lipid core, and micro-calcifications. Early detection of the presence of a plaque prone to rupture could be life-saving for the patient; however, vulnerable plaques usually cause non-haemodynamically significant stenosis, and anatomical imaging techniques often underestimate, or may not even detect, these ...
Source: Annals of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: There is no justification for the use of reperfusion procedures in acute ischaemic stroke in the anterior circulation in patients with initially unfavourable multimodal computed tomography scores. PMID: 31908703 [PubMed]
Source: Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionSymptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) following systemic thrombolysis for ischemic stroke is often devastating, and open surgical evacuation is considered dangerous due to the increased risk of perioperative bleeding, and stereotactic placement of a catheter is too time-consuming. We therefore evaluated the feasibility of a free-hand bedside catheter technique for emergency hematoma evacuation.MethodsPatients who had a supratentorial sICH after thrombolysis, a hematoma volume  >  30 ml, and an ensuing reduction in vigilance were consecutively treated with acute minimally inva...
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: DDAVP was associated with a decreased likelihood of intracranial hemorrhage expansion during the first 24 hours. DDAVP administration did not significantly affect serum sodium and thrombotic events during the study period.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Neurologic Critical Care Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe most frequent causes of cSAH in our series were cerebral amyloid angiopathy, ischaemic stroke, and vasculitis. This type of haemorrhage has a worse prognosis than other non-aneurysmal cSAH. There are numerous possible causes, and prognosis depends on the aetiology. In elderly patients, intracranial haemorrhage is frequently associated with cognitive impairment.ResumenIntroducciónLas hemorragias subaracnoideas corticales (HSAc) tienen numerosas etiologías. No hay estudios prospectivos que indiquen su evolución a largo plazo. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir las característi...
Source: Neurologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Epilepsy &BehaviorAuthor(s): Giada Pauletto, Francesco Bax, Gian Luigi Gigli, Simone Lorenzut, Lorenzo Verriello, Elisa Corazza, Mariarosaria ValenteAbstractAim of the studyThe aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with previous stroke (either ischemic or hemorrhagic), who developed status epilepticus (SE) mimicking a stroke relapse.Materials and methodsWe performed a retrospective cohort study of patients brought to hospital by the emergency service between December 2016 and January 2018 with a stroke code as possible candida...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with previous stroke (either ischemic or hemorrhagic), who developed status epilepticus (SE) mimicking a stroke relapse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients brought to hospital by the emergency service between December 2016 and January 2018 with a stroke code as possible candidates for intravenous thrombolysis and who had already have a previous stroke. Among them, patients admitted for negative symptoms and finally discharged with a diagnosis of SE mimicking stroke...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
More News: Brain | CT Scan | Education | Hemorrhagic Stroke | Hospitals | Ischemic Stroke | Neurology | Nursing | PET Scan | Stroke | Study | Universities & Medical Training