Risk Factors for Early Intracerebral Hemorrhage after Intravenous Thrombolysis with Alteplase.

CONCLUSIONS: Prior stroke and atrial fibrillation are independent risk factors for early ICHs (within 12 h) after intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase. PMID: 32115471 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research

Related Links:

AbstractThe optimal management of oral anticoagulation (OAC) in the acute phase of non valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF)-related acute ischemic stroke (AIS) remains controversial, especially in very old patients. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the practical management of OAC in this context. We conducted an observational retrospective study on patients 85-years old and older admitted to two Italian hospitals for NVAF-related AIS. For each patient, clinical and brain computed tomography data were recorded. Type of OAC (vitamin K antagonists, VKAs or Direct Oral Anticoagulants, DOACs), dosage and starting ...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors for subsequent DC after EVT. This retrospective cohort study comprised 138 patients who received EVT between April 2015 and June 2019 at our center. The need for subsequent DC was defined as cerebral edema or/and hemorrhagic transformation caused by large ischemic infarction, with a ≥ 5-mm midline shift and clinical deterioration after EVT. The relationship between risk factors and DC after EVT was assessed via univariate and multivariable logistic regression. Thirty (21.7%) patients required DC. These patients tended to have atrial fibrillation (P = 0.0...
Source: Neurosurgical Review - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Authors: Yang Y, Sun W, Li D, Li XY, Wang XT, Li SC, Zhao HJ, Zhang JB Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an independent risk factor for intracranial hemorrhage in patients receiving recombinant-tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) thrombolytic therapy. Research showed that patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) could benefit from multimode computed-tomography- (CT-) guided intravenous thrombolysis over 4.5 hours. The medical data of patients with AIS in our center were retrospectively reviewed, and the data of the multimode CT-guided thrombolytic therapy or nonthrombolytic therapy within different time w...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
Conclusions: Up to date, no data about PCIS and IVT are available from RTCs. Based on limited results from retrospective clinical studies and case series, IVT is safer for use in PCIS than in ACIS. Patients with brainstem ischemia, vertebral artery occlusion, and absence of basilar or posterior cerebral artery occlusion could be considered for treatment with IVT even in borderline cases. Time to IVT in PCIS seems to be a less crucial factor than in ACIS. IVT for PCIS may be beneficial even after 4.5 h from symptom onset. Introduction History of Intravenous Thrombolysis—The Most Relevant Studies Intravenous t...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Emilio Rodríguez-Castro1,2, Manuel Rodríguez-Yáñez1,2, Susana Arias1,2, María Santamaría1,2, Iria López-Dequidt1,2, Ignacio López-Loureiro1, Manuel Rodríguez-Pérez1, Pablo Hervella1, Tomás Sobrino1, Francisco Campos1, José Castillo1* and Ramón Iglesias-Rey1* 1Clinical Neurosciences Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), Santiago de Compostela, Spain2Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Santiago...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Johannes Schurig1,2*, Karl Georg Haeusler1,2,3, Ulrike Grittner4,5, Christian H. Nolte1,2, Jochen B. Fiebach1,2, Heinrich J. Audebert1,2, Matthias Endres1,2,5,6 and Andrea Rocco1,2 1Center for Stroke Research Berlin, Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 2Department of Neurology, Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 3Department of Neurology, Universitätsklinikum Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 4Insitute of Biometry and Clinical Epidemiology, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 5Berlin Institute of Heal...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractWe evaluated the predictive value of several clinical, radiological and laboratory parameters on the risk of predict intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We conducted a case-control study on a consecutive hospital based series of patients with AF and ICH. A random sample of subjects with AF without ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke was selected from the same hospital in the same period to perform as the control group, with a ratio of two controls per case. All patients underwent the same evaluation protocol. Patients without neuroimaging exams were excluded. During the study period ...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
AbstractRationale:To date, the only treatment approved for acute ischemic strokes is thrombolysis. Whether intravenous thrombolysis may be safe in patients taking direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) is currently a matter of debate.Patient concerns:A 74-year-old woman, who was on rivaroxaban 20 mg/d for nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, was admitted to our stroke unit with left-sided hemiparesis and aphasia. The onset of neurologic deficits had occurred 5 hours after the last rivaroxaban dose.Diagnosis:An acute ischemic stroke was diagnosed.Interventions:The patient was administered thrombolytic treatment with intravenous r...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur case report adds to the evidence that idarucizumab administration is safe in the setting of patients with atrial fibrillation treated with dabigatran who develop acute ischemic stroke requiring thrombolysis.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractDirect oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are superior to warfarin in reduction of the intracranial bleeding risk. The aim of the present study was to assess whether early DOAC introduction (1 –3 days after onset) in stroke patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (nVAF) may be safe and effective, compared with DOAC introduction after 4–7 days. We conducted a prospective analysis based on data collected from 147 consecutive nVAF patients who started DOAC within 7 days after stro ke onset. In all patients, we performed pre-DOAC CT scan 24–36 h after onset and follow-up CT scan at 7 days after D...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
More News: Activase | Atrial Fibrillation | Cardiology | CT Scan | Hemorrhagic Stroke | Ischemic Stroke | Laboratory Medicine | Stroke | Thrombosis