Study identifies states with highest rates of melanoma due to ultraviolet radiation

(American Cancer Society) A new study finds a wide state-by-state variation in rates of melanoma caused by ultraviolet (UV) exposure with highest rates in several states on the East and West Coast including Hawaii, but also a few landlocked states, including Utah, Vermont, and Minnesota.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS IFN-alpha1b has an immunostimulatory activity similar to IFN-alpha2b and possesses milder adverse effects on immune checkpoints and stronger inhibitory effects on melanoma cell growth than IFN-alpha2b. Therefore, IFN-alpha1b is a promising drug for the treatment of melanoma. PMID: 32210221 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Carmona-Sáez Rodríguez-Manzaneque Extracellular matrix remodeling within the tumor microenvironment has been recognized as a relevant dynamic framework during tumor growth. However, research on proteases that trigger this remodeling keeps revealing a wide range of actions including both pro- and anti-tumorigenic. The extracellular protease ADAMTS1 exemplifies this dual role. In this work, we first confirmed a positive correlation of ADAMTS1 with endothelial-like phenotype of human melanoma cells together with the finding of associated signatures, including key genes such as endothelial CDH5. Using a C...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, Hyp photophysical... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) are essential components of the immune system that stimulate immune cells to provide protection and defense against cancer. Thousands of HLA alleles have been reported in the literature, but only a specific set of HLA alleles are present in an individual. The capability of the immune system to recognize cancer-associated mutations depends on the presence of a particular set of alleles, which elicit an immune response to fight against cancer. Therefore, the occurrence of specific HLA alleles affects the survival outcome of cancer patients. In the current study, prediction models were developed,...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
AbstractThis review appraises the current literature on carcinogenic risks in anti-neutrophilic cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA) associated vasculitis (AAV). Patients with AAV are often at increased risk of developing non-melanoma skin carcinomas (NMSCs), haematological malignancies, bladder, breast, lung, prostate, and colorectal carcinomas. Reported cancer incidence in these patients ranged from 10 to 26%. Cancer risks at the time of diagnosis of AAV and disease outcomes along the trajectory of AAV that may lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD); dialysis and transplantation are summarized. Inherent carcinogenic risks as pa...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
ConclusionsHere, we discuss the role of ErbB4 in normal physiology and in breast, lung, colorectal, gastric, pancreatic, prostate, bladder, and brain cancers, as well as in hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, and melanoma. Understanding the role of ErbB4 in cancer is not only important for the treatment of tumors, but also for the treatment of other disorders in which ErbB4 plays a major role, e.g. cardiovascular disease.
Source: Cellular Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We presented 2 cases, a case with melanoma and an asymptomatic case, who had asymmetric lesion at left submandibular space, demonstrated to represent left submandibular gland accompanied by right submandibular gland aplasia. We aimed to highlight the imaging features for correct identification of these mass-like lesions as normal contralateral salivary gland accompanied by unilateral submandibular gland aplasia.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Hematology Oncology - Category: Hematology Tags: Radiology Corner Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur findings highlight novel insights as to how sulforaphane and iberin differentially regulate the epigenetic response in ways compatible with their anticancer action in malignant melanoma.
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Circulating tumour cells (CTCs) from liquid biopsies provide an exceptional opportunity to obtain real-time tumour information and are under current investigation in several cancers, including cutaneous melano...
Source: BMC Research Notes - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Research note Source Type: research
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