Congenital Heart Disease in the Pediatric Population in Eastern India: A Descriptive Study.

Congenital Heart Disease in the Pediatric Population in Eastern India: A Descriptive Study. Indian Pediatr. 2020 Feb 15;57(2):174-175 Authors: Chatterjee S, Dutta S, Ghosh S, Das S, Bhattachary N Abstract This cross-sectional study assessed distribution and pattern of echocardiography confirmed congenital heart disease, among 593 pediatric patients in outpatient departments of a tertiary care hospital in eastern India. Commonest defects were ventricular septal defect (43, 40.7%), atrial septal defect (241, 31.7%), and tetralogy of Fallot (125, 21%). PMID: 32060246 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Indian Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

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Discussion Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are malformations of the heart and great vessels. It occurs in about 5-8/1000 live births. Cyanotic congenital heart disease is often noted perinatally because of cyanosis, respiratory distress and/or poor feeding or other distress type problems. A review can be found here. Acyanotic congenital heart disease (ACHD) can present at birth but often is seen in older children or adults unless the lesions are severe, especially obstructive lesions. Severe lesions may also cause cyanosis and distress type problems in patients also. Shunting lesions cause problems by diverting blood flo...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Left-to-right shunts represent a significant portion of congenital heart disease. Such lesions are common in isolation, but are frequently seen in conjunction with other, often more complex, congenital heart disease. This review covers basic anatomy, physiology, physical examination findings, diagnosis and management for atrial septal defects, ventricular septal defects, and patent ductus arteriosa.
Source: Pediatric Clinics of North America - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These results are paramount to characterize the Portuguese scenario and improve Healthcare planning. It is important to improve reporting in the Portuguese National Registry of Congenital Birth Defects. PMID: 32669188 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research
We report a pediatric patient clinically diagnosed with HOS (missing thumbs bilaterally, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, and first-degree heart block), who also developed B precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. During induction of chemotherapy with steroids, she developed profound bradycardia without clinical symptoms. The bradycardia resolved without intervention, but this case highlights the challenges of managing chemotherapy side effects in a patient with congenital heart disease. A literature review pertinent to the associated findings in the case is also presented.
Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: In a unit were complex pediatric congenital heart surgery started twenty years ago, an increasing adult CHD workload was documented. Referral came predominantly from cities around the unit, most patients had low complexity defects and were in functional class I, a significant loss of follow-up was documented, and the death of patients was mainly due to the heart defect.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract For treatment of complex congenital heart disease, computer simulation using a three-dimensional heart model may help to improve outcomes by enabling detailed preoperative evaluations. However, no highly integrated model that accurately reproduces a patient's pathophysiology, which is required for this simulation has been reported. We modelled a case of complex congenital heart disease, double outlet right ventricle with ventricular septal defect and atrial septal defect. From preoperative computed tomography images, finite element meshes of the heart and torso were created, and cell model of cardiac elec...
Source: Annals of Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Tags: Ann Biomed Eng Source Type: research
ri S, Manohar K, Marwah A, Mishra S, Mohanty SR, Murthy KS, Suresh PV, Radhakrishnan S, Rajashekar P, Ramakrishnan S, Rao N, Rao SG, Reddy CH, Sharma R, Shivaprakasha K, Subramanyan R, Kumar RS, Talwar S, Tomar M, Verma S, Raju V, Working group on Management of Congenital Heart Disease in India Abstract JUSTIFICATION: A number of guidelines are available for management of congenital heart diseases from infancy to adult life. However, these guidelines are for patients living in high income countries. Separate guidelines, applicable to Indian children, are required when recommending an intervention for congenital he...
Source: Indian Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research
Children born with congenital heart disease (CHD) are now surviving at extraordinarily high rates; for most, their life expectancy may be comparable to that of the general population. However, despite the great advances in medical and surgical care, many people with CHD experience long-lasting neurodevelopmental difficulties. These include problems with attention and executive function skills, learning challenges, and in some cases, lower-than-normal IQs. Study links congenital heart disease and autism A recent study published in the journal Pediatrics provides compelling evidence that there may also be an association betw...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Children's Health Heart Health Parenting Screening Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsNo other reports about cardiac rhythm anomalies in individuals affected by FASD are actually available from the literature.We would like to make an alert for clinician, given the possibility of finding anomalies of heart conduction and rhythm in children affected by FASD even without structural congenital heart disease.
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Abstract CITED2 is a cardiac transcription factor that plays a critical role in cardiac development. Gene mutations in CITED2 lead to a series of cardiac malformations and congenital heart defects (CHD). Congenital heart disease generally refers to defects in the heart's structure or function and often seen in many forms such as ventricular septal defects (VSDs), atrial septal defects (ASDs), and tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). However, the mechanisms involved in these mutations are poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the mutations of the CITED2 gene in pediatric patients with congenital hea...
Source: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Appl Biochem Biotechnol Source Type: research
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