Goal-oriented attentional self-regulation training in individuals with acquired brain injury in a subacute phase: a pilot feasibility study

The primary aim of this prospective pilot study was to assess feasibility of implementing goal-oriented attentional self-regulation (GOALS) training in Slovenia with patients with multiple cognitive deficits after acquired brain injury in acute phase of recovery. Seven patients with acquired brain injury (i.e. stroke, traumatic brain injury, and subarachnoid hemorrhage) with a mean postinjury time of 4.3 months (SD = 1.25) and mean age of 34.5 years (SD = 18.6) were recruited for the study. The group program consisted of 10 sessions twice a week and included cognitive strategy training, social skills training, and psychoeducation. Structured interviews and neuropsychological tests were used before and after the training to determine the influence of the interventions on daily life tasks and attentional networks performance involving cognitive and behavioral domains. GOALS influenced self-reports of positive effect on the individual goals set by the patients. Training had a positive influence on executive control and memory. The results from the present study suggest that it is feasible to implement GOALS manualized executive function training in Slovenia, with the patients in a somewhat more acute stage than in previous studies, and that GOALS training may be a promising nonpharmacological treatment for cognitive and behavioral difficulties after acquired brain injury. Further research is needed to extend these findings in a larger sample.
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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Objective: Japan has the largest elderly population in the world. As data on the clinical outcomes in elderly patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH), including those older than 80 years, are lacking, we analyzed the characteristics of 54,805 aSAH patients and recorded their treatments and clinical outcomes using a Japanese nationwide inpatient database. Methods: Using the Japanese Diagnostic Procedure Combination database, we identified aSAH patients aged 18 years or older who were hospitalized between July 1, 2010 and March 31, 2016.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Background: Hyponatremia is a common complication after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Previous studies have reported an association between hyponatremia and vasospasm, however whether hyponatremia directly contributes to the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm (CVS), or is a by-product is still unclear. The aim of this study was to explore an association between hyponatremia and CVS after aSAH, and evaluating the temporality of these 2 events. Methods: A retrospective study of consecutive patients with aSAH admitted to the Baylor St.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractAs a result of increased awareness of wide-spread methodological bias and obvious translational roadblocks in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) research, various checklists and guidelines were developed over the past decades. This systematic review assesses the overall methodological quality of preclinical SAH research. An electronic search for preclinical studies on SAH revealed 3415 potential articles. Of these, 765 original research papers conducted in vivo in mice, rats, rabbits, cats, dogs, pigs, goats, and non-human primates with a focus on brain damage related to delayed cerebral vasospasm and early brain injury...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The effects of case volume and CSC capabilities on in-hospital mortality and short-term functional outcomes in SAH patients differed between patients undergoing clipping and those undergoing coiling. In the modern endovascular era, better outcomes of clipping may be achieved in facilities with high CSC capabilities. PMID: 32168489 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Source Type: research
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) not only has a high early mortality, but also leads to serious long-term neurological dysfunction. Looking for biomarkers that can predict the prognosis of patients will contribute to the decision-making of early treatment. Current clinical scores, such as Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, Hunt and Hess scale, and Fisher grade, can determine the clinical neurological status of patients. However, because of sedation or disturbance of consciousness, the neurological status of patient is sometimes difficult to assess.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Objective: The pathophysiology of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) has not been fully evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dynamics of lactate and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in carotid cisternal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and to discuss their effectiveness as markers of early brain injury (EBI) and DCI following aSAH. Patients and Methods: Among 91 consecutive aSAH patients treated between January 2012 and March 2019 at National Hospital Organization Beppu Medical Center, 19 patients (20.9%) were eligible for this retrospective study.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
This study assessed the effect of IaN on rScO2 and systemic hemodynamic indices during IaN therapy for cerebral vasospasm after aSAH. Methods: This prospective cohort study was conducted in 20 patients over sixteen month period after ethics committee approval and informed consent. Patients with angiographic evidence of vasospasm received IaN 3mg over 30 minutes in the spastic vessels. Data regarding rScO2 heart rate (HR), mean blood pressure (MBP) cardiac index (CI), stroke volume index (SVI), stroke volume variation (SVV), and total peripheral resistance index (TPRI) were collected during IaN treatment. The primary out...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Short Reports Source Type: research
AbstractInconsistency in outcome parameters for delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) makes it difficult to compare results between mouse studies, in the same way inconsistency in outcome parameters in human studies has for long obstructed adequate comparison. The absence of an established definition may in part be responsible for the failed translational results. The present article proposes a standardized definition for DCI in experimental mouse models, which can be used as outcome measure in future animal studies. We used a consensus-building approach to propose a definition for “experimental secondary ischemia” (...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of stroke in this cohort was 3.1%. Ischemic strokes had a bimodal presentation, occurring either early after SLE diagnosis or after a several-year delay. Half of the hemorrhagic strokes occurred>10 years after the diagnosis of SLE. Clinical outcome was usually good with a relatively low recurrence rate. PMID: 32151182 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Lupus - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Lupus Source Type: research
Abstract Vasopressin is a peptide hormone produced in the hypothalamus and released from the posterior pituitary. Secretion of vasopressin is followed by activation of its receptors V1a, V1b, and V2 throughout the body. Each receptor type is responsible for a specific function of vasopressin. For example, V1a receptor activation triggers vasoconstriction, V1b receptor is responsible for modulation of mood and behavior, and V2 receptor induces water reabsorption in the kidney. Vasopressin is known to regulate blood pressure, blood osmolality, and blood volume. The effects of V1a and V2 receptors can be amplified wh...
Source: Vitamins and Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Vitam Horm Source Type: research
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