Toward implementation of the International Classification of Functioning Generic-30 (Rehabilitation) Set into clinical and research settings in Croatia
No abstract available (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

The suspected SARS-Cov-2 infection in a Charcot-Marie-Tooth patient undergoing postsurgical rehabilitation: the value of telerehabilitation for evaluation and continuing treatment
We report, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of a probable COVID-19 infection in a 28-year-old man with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. The diagnosis was established through a remote interaction with the patient after early discharge from outpatient therapy due to upcoming traveling restrictions. The COVID-19 disease appeared mild, without major respiratory problems, and no obvious neuromuscular deterioration was reported or observed. Telerehabilitation provided an opportunity to continue with hand rehabilitation after tendon transfer surgery, perform an ad-hoc online evaluation, and advise the patient how to preve...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Effects of serious games in strength and functionality of patients with ulnar nerve lesion: two single-case reports
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of serious games on hand muscle strength and functionality in a series of cases with ulnar nerve damage. Two patients were included in this 16-week intervention study using biofeedback. Electromyography electrodes and dynamometers were used in treatment. Functionality was assessed by Rosen and Lundborg score, Disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire and International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Grip and pinch strength were assessed by dynamometers. Results revealed an increase in sensory domain of Rosen and Lund...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Suitability of food in a rehabilitation hospital for patients with neurologic dysphagia
Texture-modified food is a common strategy in dysphagia management for increasing safety of swallowing. It is essential for the patient to receive the prescribed diet based on clinical and instrumental examination of swallowing in order to be able to benefit from rehabilitation and avoid complications. Variations in terminology and definitions regarding texture-modified food and liquids demonstrate the need for international standardized terminology. We aimed to assess suitability of texture-modified diets used at a rehabilitation hospital in terms of the International Dysphagia Diet Standardization Initiative guidelines. ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Research Reports Source Type: research

Reproducibility of the DrGoniometer app for field-based assessment of the break-point angle in Nordic Hamstring exercise
Smartphone-based measurement could represent a portable and cheap solution to assess the Nordic Hamstring break-point angle (BPA). We investigated the following: (1) the reproducibility of the DrGoniometer app, (2) its agreement with a computerized video analysis software used as a reference method, and (3) the effects of raters’ experience. Fifty recordings were processed by four independent raters. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), SEM, and minimum detectable change (MDC) were calculated. Bland–Altman plots verified the limits of agreement (LoA) with the reference method. The effect of raters’ c...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Research Reports Source Type: research

Establishing K-levels and prescribing transtibial prostheses using six-minute walk test and one-leg standing test on prosthesis: a retrospective audit
Rehabilitation programs after amputation often include fitting a prosthesis, but prescriptions vary under similar circumstances. The US Medicare Functional Classification Level (K-level) is a scale for describing functional abilities of persons after lower-limb amputation (from 0 = no ability or potential to ambulate, to 4 = prosthetic demands of a child/active adult/athlete). Different outcome measures are used to assess K-level, including six-minute walk test (6MWT). We attempted to predict the assigned K-level of unilateral transtibial prosthesis users from their results of 6MWT and one-leg s...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Rasch analysis of the Incontinence Impact Questionnaire short version (IIQ-7) in women with urinary incontinence
In this study, we aimed to examine in depth – through Rasch analysis – some key metric properties of the IIQ-7. We analyzed data from 100 women with urinary incontinence. Results confirmed the correct functioning of the four response categories of the questionnaire and indicated an adequate level of internal structural validity. Given the good fit of the items to the Rasch model, it was possible to obtain a nomogram to transform the total raw scores of the IIQ-7 into linear measure estimates. Our findings obtained through Rasch analysis confirm the substantial unidimensionality and good psychometric properties ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effectiveness of ICF-based multidisciplinary rehabilitation approach with serial assessment and discussion using the ICF rehabilitation set in a convalescent rehabilitation ward
This study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)-based multidisciplinary rehabilitation approach with serial assessment and discussion with the ICF rehabilitation set. This prospective cohort study included consecutive patients admitted to the convalescent rehabilitation ward during the period between 1 August 2017 and 30 September 2018. Serial assessment and discussion with the ICF rehabilitation set every 2 weeks in each patient commenced from 1 April 2018. We analyzed the difference in the Extension Index of the ICF rehabilitation set bet...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Use of real-time visual feedback during overground walking training on gait symmetry and velocity in patients with post-stroke hemiparesis: randomized controlled, single-blind study
This study aimed to determine the efficacy of using real-time visual feedback during overground walking training to improve walking function in patients with post-stroke hemiparesis. Twenty-four patients with post-stroke hemiparesis who were able to walk independently under less impact of synergy pattern on the affected lower limbs (Brunnstrom stage IV or V) were randomly assigned to either the experimental group or the control group. All subjects performed overground walking for 30 min, three times a week for 6 weeks, with real-time visual feedback (weight load to the affected lower limb) provided during tra...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effects of combining manual lymphatic drainage and Kinesiotaping on pain, edema, and range of motion in patients with total knee replacement: a randomized clinical trial
In conclusion, the treatment with a combination Kinesiotaping and Lymphatic drainage provided better results on pain and edema observed as early as the first days after the intervention, thus may be considered a valid support for standard rehabilitation and pharmacological intervention. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation combined with intensive physical therapy for gait disturbance after hemorrhagic stroke: an open-label case series
In this pilot study, we aimed to determine the safety and feasibility of a 15-day protocol consisting of in-hospital repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (rPMS) combined with intensive physical therapy for the recovery of the gait disturbance in chronic stroke patients with lower limb hemiparesis. Seven hemorrhagic stroke patients with lower limb hemiparesis and gait disturbance (age: 50–78; time from onset of stroke: 7–107 months) were enrolled. rPMS was applied to the muscles of the paretic lower limb with a parabolic coil. A train of stimuli at a frequency of 20 Hz was applied for 3&thins...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effects of prism adaptation on auditory spatial attention in patients with left unilateral spatial neglect: a non-randomized pilot trial
A short period of adaptation to a prismatic shift of the visual field to the right briefly but significantly improves left unilateral spatial neglect. Additionally, prism adaptation affects multiple modalities, including processes of vision, auditory spatial attention, and sound localization. This non-randomized, single-center, controlled trial aimed to examine the immediate effects of prism adaptation on the sound-localization abilities of patients with left unilateral spatial neglect using a simple source localization test. Subjects were divided by self-allocation into a prism-adaptation group (n = 11) and a control grou...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Physical therapy, intra-articular dextrose prolotherapy, botulinum neurotoxin, and hyaluronic acid for knee osteoarthritis: randomized clinical trial
This study aimed to compare the efficacy of four treatments in the management of knee osteoarthritis. We carried out a randomized clinical trial with four study arms in an outpatient Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at a University Hospital. In total, 120 patients with knee osteoarthritis ≥50 years of age were randomly allocated to four groups. The primary outcome was knee pain in visual analog scale and the secondary outcome was the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score. The exercise was prescribed daily for all participants throughout the study. For physical therapy (group 1), participants rec...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Prerehabilitation alanine aminotransferase blood levels and one-year mortality rates in older adults following hip fracture
In conclusion, low ALT blood levels prior to rehabilitation are associated with one-year mortality in older adults following hip fracture. They may be used when only age and gender are known. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The utilization of an overground robotic exoskeleton for gait training during inpatient rehabilitation—single-center retrospective findings
We describe clinical characteristics associated with robotic exoskeleton gait training and examine outcomes of people with spinal cord injury and stroke who completed usual rehabilitation care with or without robotic exoskeleton gait training. Retrospective review of medical records over a 36 months period. Inpatients with spinal cord injury or stroke and ≥1 robotic exoskeleton gait training session were included. After obtaining a complete list of robotic exoskeleton gait training participants, medical records were reviewed for comparable matches as determined by gait functional independence measure score (Source: Inte...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Objective evaluation of Nintendo Wii Fit Plus balance program training on postural stability in Multiple Sclerosis patients: a pilot study
The use of the Nintendo Wii system has become a common tool for balance rehabilitation in patients with multiple sclerosis, but few studies verified the effectiveness of such an approach using quantitative measures of postural control. We aimed to evaluate the impact of rehabilitation treatment using the Nintendo Wii Fit Plus balance program on objective stabilometric parameters in multiple sclerosis patients. We enrolled 36 multiple sclerosis patients, with mild-moderate disability, referring to the multiple sclerosis Centre of the University of Catania from September 2013 to June 2014. Twenty participants underwent 20 in...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Is cognition considered in post-stroke upper limb robot-assisted therapy trials? A brief systematic review
The aim of this systematic review was, first, to determine whether or not individuals with cognitive deficits after stroke were enrolled in trials that investigated upper limb robot-assisted therapy effectiveness, and, second, whether these trials measured cognitive outcomes. We retrieved 6 relevant systematic reviews covering, altogether, 66 articles and 2214 participants. Among these 66 clinical trials, only 10 (15%) enrolled stroke participants with impaired cognition, whereas 50 (76%) excluded those with impaired cognition. The remaining six trials (9%) were classified as unclear as they either excluded individuals una...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Physical and rehabilitation medicine targets relational organs
No abstract available (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the virtual reality on cognitive function of children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy: a single-blind randomized controlled trial - Erratum
No abstract available (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Information and communication technology used by people with lower limb loss in Slovenia
World demography is changing as the population ages and there are more people with disabilities having problems to stay independently at home. Innovative technologies could help extend the independence of older people living at home. As part of a collaborative project, we investigated ownership and use of information and communication technologies (ICT) among older people with lower limb loss (LLL) using questionnaires and retrospective analysis. Our aim was to analyse factors associated with ICT use among people with LLL. We identified age as the main factor that limits ownership and use of ICT among older people with LLL...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Research Reports Source Type: research

Psychometric assessment of the Slovene translation of the Measure of Processes of Care for Service Providers
The Measure of Processes of Care for professionals (MPOC-SP) is valid and reliable a self-administered questionnaire for paediatric service providers engaged in care for chronically ill children. Our aim was to evaluate internal consistency reliability, one-year stability and some aspects of validity of its Slovene translation. Sixty-seven service providers from seven professional groups of several hospitals and health centres participated in the study. MPOC-SP mean scores for all four subscales were high; their ranking order was the same as in other MPOC-SP studies. All subscales exhibited sufficient internal consistency ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Research Reports Source Type: research

The dose of robot-assisted gait therapy may influence functional recovery in a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program: an exploratory retrospective study
Robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) has been introduced in clinical practice to increase training intensity in patients with neurological disorders. In this observational study, we investigated the effect of the number of RAGT sessions on functional recovery in a heterogeneous cohort of patients. We included patients with a diagnosis of gait impairment due to a neurological disease. A set of demographic, clinical, functional and training parameters was collected for each participant. Each patient received RAGT with an exoskeleton (Lokomat; Hocoma, Volketswil, Switzerland) as part of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation progr...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Investigation of the effect of task-orientated rehabilitation program on motor skills of children with childhood cancer: a randomized-controlled trial
Problems have been reported in the execution and development of motor skills and its treatment as a cause of cancer in children. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the task-orientated rehabilitation program (ToRP) on motor skills of children with childhood cancer. Following the consort guideline, 93 children (49 males and 44 females) with pediatric cancer were randomized to either study (n = 52; 12.35 ± 3.43 years) or control (n = 41; 11.89 ± 3.56 years) groups. The study group received ToRP, and the control group receiv...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effects of trunk stabilization training robot on postural control and gait in patients with chronic stroke: a randomized controlled trial
Our study aimed to confirm the therapeutic effects of using a trunk stabilization training robot (3DBT-33) in patients with chronic stroke. A total of 38 patients with chronic stroke were randomly assigned to either an experimental or a control group. The robot group (n = 19) received 30 min of trunk stability robot training in addition to conventional physical therapy, while the control group (n = 19) received a similar conventional physical therapy as the robot group. All participants were assessed using the following: the Functional Ambulation Categories (FAC), timed up and go (TUG) te...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Job crafting as a work adjustment strategy for workers returning after long-term sickness absence due to common mental disorders
The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the way workers with common mental disorders use job crafting to adjust their work to their levels of functioning after returning from long-term sick leave. Thirty-eight workers who had returned within the last 24 months from sickness absence due to common mental disorders were interviewed using semistructured interviews. Questions were asked about how they job crafted to match their changed needs for work functioning post return. To interpret the results, we coded the data according to the Wrzesniewski and Dutton typology of job crafting and conducted thematic an...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Short-term cane use in subacute stroke patients affects the nonparetic upper extremity nerves
Overuse of the nonparetic upper extremity can lead to entrapment neuropathies in chronic stroke patients. However, little is known about the effects of cane use in subacute stage of stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term effects of cane use on the upper extremity nerves in subacute stroke patients recovering from a bedridden state. Thirty subacute hemiparetic stroke patients who were initially bedridden participated when they were able to walk with a cane. Symptoms and signs related to the median or ulnar nerves were checked, and nerve conduction studies were performed. The largest cross-sectional ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Feasibility of staff-led 3-Step Workout for Life to reduce late-life activities of daily living disability: a community-based translational study
This study supported the feasibility of the staff-led 3-Step Workout for Life program to promote independence for residents at risk of late-life disability in a senior living community. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Community-dwelling individuals with stroke, who have inspiratory muscle weakness, report greater dyspnea and worse quality of life
The objective of the present study was to investigate if different levels of inspiratory muscle strength would be associated with dyspnea, walking capacity, and quality of life after stroke. For this exploratory study, the dependent outcome was strength of the inspiratory muscles, measured by maximal inspiratory pressure. Individuals with maximal inspiratory pressure ≥80 cmH2O were classified as non-weak, those with maximal inspiratory pressure between 45 and 80 cmH2O were classified as weak, and those with maximal inspiratory pressure ≤45 cmH2O were classified as very weak. Related outcomes included dyspnea, measure...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Spanish version of the mini-BESTest: a translation, transcultural adaptation and validation study in patients with Parkinson’s disease
Balance is affected in numerous neurologic disorders, like stroke, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease contributing to falls, and diminishing quality of life and functionality. The mini-BESTest is one of the most recommended scales to detect balance disorders in people with Parkinson’s disease, which has solid psychometric properties. Unfortunately, this scale has not been validated in Chile and there are no other validated scales that can determine balance disorders in patients with Parkinson’s disease to date. The study objective was to validate the mini-BESTest scale in Chilean Parkinson’s...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Reliability of muscle thickness measurements in ultrasonography
This study aims to clarify some of the issues associated with the reliable measurement of muscle thickness on ultrasonographic images of the musculoskeletal system, namely the repeatability of measurements in different time frames, the effect of body side selection, and the effect of scan orientation. Ultrasound scans were performed on muscles associated with essential daily activities: geniohyoid, masseter, anterior arm muscles, rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, tibialis anterior, and gastrocnemius. Measurements of the muscle thickness were performed and repeated after 1, 6, and 24 h, on both dominant and nondomi...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies in older adults with chronic pain after lumbar surgery
This study investigated whether adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies mediate the association between chronic pain and health-related quality of life among older adults experiencing chronic pain after lumbar surgery. Participants were 103 older adults with either or both of chronic lower back pain and leg pain after lumbar surgery (median age = 75 years, men = 44, women = 59). Intensity of chronic lower back and leg pain (11-point numerical rating scale), physical activities (Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly) as an adaptive coping strategy, maladaptive coping strategies (e.g. guarding, resting; Chronic Pain Cop...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Psychometric properties and domains of postural control tests for individuals with knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review
Individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA) commonly demonstrate impaired postural control. We aimed to systematically review psychometric properties of tests that assess postural control in people with knee OA and secondly, to determine domains of postural control measured by these tests. PubMed, CINAHL, Embase and Web of Science databases were searched to January 2019. Two independent review authors screened references according to eligibility criteria. The Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instruments were used to evaluate study methodological quality. Postural control tests identified from...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Systematic reviews - incentives, pressures, and possible limitations
No abstract available (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

The effect of rolling walker use on interpretation of Timed Up and Go test scores: a preliminary study
This study examines the impact of the use of a rolling walker within individuals on Timed Up and Go scores and assessment of fall risk. The Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up and Go, and linear gait speed were used to measure balance and fall risk on 13 older adults as part of their usual reassessment in preparation for discharge. Timed Up and Go and gait speed scores were compared assistive device conditions. The Berg Balance Scale was used as a benchmark fall risk assessment. Linear gait speed was similar in both conditions. Timed Up and Go times were slower for all patients using a rolling walker versus a cane or no assistive...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Research Reports Source Type: research

Look at the cognitive deficits in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1: an exploratory research on the effects of virtual reality
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 is a neuromuscular disease, characterized by a progressive loss of strength, muscle stiffness, and difficulty in relaxation. Myotonic dystrophy type 1 patients can present several neuropsychological deficits, as well as anxiety and mood disorders. Aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and the effect of virtual reality in the cognitive and behavioral recovery of myotonic dystrophy type 1 patients. Eleven patients (8 female and 3 male) underwent a specific cognitive rehabilitation program including a conventional neuropsychological treatment followed by a virtual reality neurorehabilitati...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Research Reports Source Type: research

The most important activities of daily functioning: the opinion of persons with lower limb amputation and healthcare professionals differ considerably
The aim of this study is to determine the 15 most important daily activities according to persons with lower limb amputation (LLA) and healthcare professionals. Persons with LLA (n = 125) and healthcare professionals (n = 44) filled in a questionnaire. Participants had to select 10 items out of a list of 40 items on the domains activity and/or participation. Selection criterion was what they considered to be most important to perform independently and order the selected 10 items from most to least important. Mean rank scores of the 15 highest scored items according to participants with LLA were compared with the mean rank ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effects of visual feedback training and visual targets on muscle activation, balancing, and walking ability in adults after hemiplegic stroke: a preliminary, randomized, controlled study
The aim of this randomized, controlled study was to investigate the effect of visual feedback through visual targets on muscle activity, balance, and gait in stroke patients. Patients were recruited from the inpatient unit of a rehabilitation hospital. Twenty-one patients who had experienced hemiplegic stroke were randomly assigned to two groups: an experimental group (visual feedback training with visual targets on gradual weight shifting), and a control group (visual feedback training on gradual weight shifting). All patients performed 30 minutes of comprehensive rehabilitation therapy followed by an additional 20 minute...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Gait characteristics of post-stroke hemiparetic patients with different walking speeds
This study aimed to clarify the spatiotemporal gait characteristics of hemiparetic patients by comparing them with height-, speed-, and age-matched controls while walking at various speeds. The data on spatiotemporal gait parameters of stroke patients and that of matched controls were extracted from a hospital gait analysis database. In total, 130 pairs of data were selected for analysis. Patients and controls were compared for spatiotemporal gait parameters and the raw value (RSI) and absolute value (ASI) of symmetry index and coefficient of variation (CV) of these parameters. Stroke patients presented with prolonged nonp...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on physical symptoms in advanced cancer patients receiving palliative care
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is primarily used for pain, but might be useful for various other physical symptoms, including nausea, fatigue, dyspnea, and constipation. However, few studies have used TENS for treating the physical symptoms of patients with advanced cancer. In this crossover trial, we assess the effects of TENS on pain and other physical symptoms in 20 in-patients with advanced cancer receiving palliative care. For 5-day phases between wash out periods of 5 days, patients received TENS or non-TENS. TENS was delivered at four points: the center of the back for mainly nausea and dyspnea, ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Post-stroke dysphagia rehabilitation in the old and oldest old: outcome and relevance for discharge home
We assessed the outcome of dysphagia rehabilitation in all the 139 patients with post-stroke dysphagia admitted to our Neurorehabilitation Unit during 2 years (2017 and 2018), divided into two groups: old (aged 65–84 years) and oldest-old (aged 85 or above). We studied which factors predicted dysphagia improvement in the two groups. The potential association of improvement with type of discharge was also evaluated. On admission, ‘old’ patients had more frequently aphasia (P = 0.02) and less frequently dysarthria (P = 0.03); ‘oldest old’ had more severe pressure ulcers (P = 0.008), higher level...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

International classification of diseases/disorders diagnosis and International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health activity/participation limitation among psychiatric patients: a cross-sectional and exploratory study
To explore the relationships between international classification of diseases/disorders (ICD)-10 diagnoses and International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) disability dimensions – activity and participation restriction among mental health service users. Three hundred sixty patients from different health services diagnosed with diverse mental disorders (ICD-10) participated in the study. Functioning restrictions were evaluated by use of the Mini-ICF-APP. Selected sociodemographic and clinical variables were also analysed. The Mini-ICF-APP scores correlated positively with the clinical impre...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Does the postural stability of patients with Parkinson’s disease affect the physical activity?
Postural instability is one of the cardinal features in Idiopathic Parkinson’s disease. It is a significant factor of disability in Parkinson’s disease. We aimed to examine the physical activity levels in patients with Parkinson’s disease comparing with healthy subjects and their association with the postural stability. Fifty-six Parkinson’s disease patients and 58 healthy subjects were involved. The disease-specific disability of patients was determined by using Modified Hoehn and Yahr Scale and Movement Disorder Society Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale. The physical activity levels o...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effect of intensive rehabilitation on improvement of activity of daily living after intracerebral hemorrhage: a retrospective observational study
Between 2008 and 2012, the intensity of rehabilitation therapy for the recovery phase of stroke was gradually increased at our hospital in line with the policy of Japan’s National Insurance System. Training hours increased from 0.8 to 2.5 hours/day without introducing any new techniques, programs, or equipment. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the increased intensity of rehabilitation on the improvement of activity of daily living of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. We retrospectively compared patient outcomes for the periods 2013–2017 (N = 162) and 2003–2007 (N = 116) ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Goal-oriented attentional self-regulation training in individuals with acquired brain injury in a subacute phase: a pilot feasibility study
The primary aim of this prospective pilot study was to assess feasibility of implementing goal-oriented attentional self-regulation (GOALS) training in Slovenia with patients with multiple cognitive deficits after acquired brain injury in acute phase of recovery. Seven patients with acquired brain injury (i.e. stroke, traumatic brain injury, and subarachnoid hemorrhage) with a mean postinjury time of 4.3 months (SD = 1.25) and mean age of 34.5 years (SD = 18.6) were recruited for the study. The group program consisted of 10 sessions twice a week and included cognitive strategy training, social skills training, and psychoed...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The influence of sleep quality and circadian preferences on upper extremity rehabilitation in stroke patients after constraint-induced movement therapy
Our aim was to explore the influence of sleep and circadian preference on upper extremity (UE) rehabilitation in stroke patients after constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) in a cross-sectional retrospective observational study. Forty-three patients were selected to complete questionnaires on circadian preference, sleep quality, excessive daytime sleepiness, and risk of obstructive sleep apnea. They had undergone a 10-day standard CIMT program without medical complications and with normal to minimal cognitive dysfunction. All pre- and postrehabilitation scores (patient perception of the quantity and quality of use of ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the virtual reality on cognitive function of children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy: a single-blind randomized controlled trial
This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of virtual reality-based rehabilitation program for children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy on cognitive functions. Ninety children (47 boys, 43 girls) with hemiplegic cerebral palsy were randomized to either study (n = 45; 11.18 ± 3.37 years) or control (n = 45; 11.06 ± 3.24 years) groups. The study group received virtual reality intervention in addition to Traditional Occupational Therapy intervention, and the control group received Traditional Occupational Therapy for 20 sessions. Both groups were evaluated by blinded assessors with Dynamic Occupational Therapy...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Applicability of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-based participation measures in stroke survivors in Africa: a systematic review
We examined the content of these tools and provided valuable information that can be used to guide researchers in Africa in their selection of the most appropriate tool for the measurement of participation after stroke. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Moving forward the field of combination treatments: shared responsibility of researchers, reviewers, and readers
No abstract available (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

The effectiveness of a novel cable-driven gait trainer (Robowalk) combined with conventional physiotherapy compared to conventional physiotherapy alone following stroke: a randomised controlled trial
There is increasing interest in gait training devices to improve walking ability in people following stroke. This randomised controlled trial aimed to compare the effectiveness of the Robowalk, a novel cable-driven gait trainer combined with conventional physiotherapy to conventional physiotherapy alone in improving walking speed, endurance, balance, functional outcomes, and quality of life in people following stroke. Rehabilitation inpatients within 3 months following stroke (n = 40) were randomised to standard care with conventional physiotherapy (‘control,’ n = 20) and cable-driven gait trainer combined with...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Pain in persons with mild-moderate Parkinson’s disease: a cross-sectional study of pain severity and associated factors
The aims of this study were to determine pain severity in persons with mild-moderate Parkinson’s disease compared with healthy age- and sex-matched controls, and identify related factors, that is, demographic, disease severity, and functioning, of pain severity in the Parkinson’s disease group. A cross-sectional study design was adopted to assess pain severity in 100 persons with Parkinson’s disease and 47 healthy controls. Bodily pain was assessed using item 21 of the Short Form 36, whereas pain severity was determined using the entire Short Form 36 Bodily Pain subscale (score ranging from 0 to 100). Sel...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research