Comment on the Letter to the Editor by Mohammad Alwardat and Mohammad Etoom on ‘Effects of walking trainings on walking function among stroke survivors: a systematic review’
No abstract available (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Comments on: ‘Effects of walking trainings on walking function among stroke survivors a systematic review’
No abstract available (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

The importance of specific rehabilitation for an obese patient with idiopathic intracranial hypertension: a case report
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is associated with obesity, and weight loss is important to reduce intracranial pressure and improve visual function. A 38-year-old woman with IIH followed an extreme diet, which resulted in 30% weight loss (BMI moved from 34.9 to 24.6). Weight loss resulted in a significant reduction of papilloedema, normalization of intracranial pressure and improvement in headache pattern, but also induced a state of initial malnutrition, relevant depression and disability. She was discharged with the indication to start a controlled diet and improve physical activity: clinical situation get ba...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Precise isometric hand grip learning of hemiparetic stroke patients
Rehabilitation of hand movements after stroke aims at skills that can be well retained and transferred to novel conditions. These functions may be altered by training schedules such as constant and variable practice. A total of 36 participants with hemiparesis completed one of these schedules counterbalanced. Precise isometric hand grip force production was practiced for 4 days with a target force of 25% maximum voluntary contraction. The constant group practiced only the target force, whereas the variable group practiced the same amount including ±5 and 10% maximum voluntary contraction. Target force presentation a...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief research report Source Type: research

Comparison between three types of prosthetic feet: a randomized double-blind single-subject multiple-rater trial
There are many prosthetic feet (Pfeet) on the market, and those in the same category do not necessarily have the same properties. We assessed three different Pfeet in terms of gait patterns on various terrains, balance and walking speed in a randomized double-blind controlled single-subject multiple-rater clinical trial. The patient was a 43-year old man who was an active prosthesis user and was amputated at transtibial level because of injury 17 years ago. One Solid Ankle Cushion Heel and two Dynamic Elastic Response (DER) Pfeet were tried six times in random order. The patient walked on flat, uneven, sloped terrain and s...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

The role of robotic gait training coupled with virtual reality in boosting the rehabilitative outcomes in patients with multiple sclerosis
Motor impairment is the most common symptom in multiple sclerosis (MS). Thus, a variety of new rehabilitative strategies, including robotic gait training, have been implemented, showing their effectiveness. The aim of our study was to investigate whether an intensive robotic gait training, preceding a traditional rehabilitative treatment, could be useful in improving and potentiating motor performance in MS patients. Forty-five patients, who fulfilled the inclusion criteria, were enrolled in this study and randomized into either the control group (CG) or the experimental group (EG). A complete clinical evaluation, includin...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Use of pain medication before and after inpatient musculoskeletal rehabilitation: longitudinal analysis of a nationwide cohort
The objective of this study was to identify subgroups among the participants in inpatient multidisciplinary musculoskeletal rehabilitation based on the differences in the shapes of trajectories of pain medication consumption during the 9 years around the time of intervention. A register-based study among 4578 public sector employees was conducted. Group-based trajectory analysis was done on the purchase of prescribed pain medications during the 9 years around the time of rehabilitation. The participants were on an average 50.7 (SD=6.6) years of age, and 2955 (86%) were women. Average yearly purchase of pain medications inc...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Smartphone technology: a reliable and valid measure of knee movement in knee replacement
Knee range of motion (ROM) following a knee arthroplasty is an important clinical outcome that directly relates to the patient’s physical function. Smartphone technology has led to the creation of applications that can measure ROM. The aim was to determine the concurrent reliability and validity of the photo-based application ‘Dr Goniometer’ (DrG) compared with a universal goniometer performed by a clinician. A smartphone camera was used to take photographs of the knee in full flexion and full extension, and the images were sent by participants to a study phone. Participants then rated the ease of partici...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Effect of inpatient rehabilitation on activities of daily living in pediatric cancer patients in Japan
In conclusion, we found that rehabilitative intervention improved physical activity, especially locomotion. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a single session of dual-transcranial direct current stimulation in combination with upper limb robotic-assisted rehabilitation in chronic stroke patients: a randomized, double-blind, cross-over study
The impact of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is controversial in the neurorehabilitation literature. It has been suggested that tDCS should be combined with other therapy to improve their efficacy. To assess the effectiveness of a single session of upper limb robotic-assisted therapy (RAT) combined with real or sham-tDCS in chronic stroke patients. Twenty-one hemiparetic chronic stroke patients were included in a randomized, controlled, cross-over double-blind study. Each patient underwent two sessions 7 days apart in a randomized order: (a) 20 min of real dual-tDCS associated with RAT (REAL+RAT) and...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Reliability of translation of the RAND 36-item health survey in a post-rehabilitation population
In conclusion, the Dutch translation of the RAND 36-item health survey is reliable for research and group comparisons in a general post-rehabilitation population. However, the RAND 36-item health survey is not sufficiently reliable for individual comparisons within this population. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Executive functioning and daily living of individuals with chronic stroke: measurement and implications
The objectives of this study were (a) to characterize the EF and independence in daily living of community-dwelling individuals with chronic stroke by using pen-and-paper and performance-based EF assessments, (b) to explore correlations between scores detected by different EF assessments and (c) to assess the correlations between EF and independence in basic activities of daily living (BADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). This cross-sectional study included 50 (30 men and 20 women) community-dwelling individuals [mean (SD) age 59.8 (9.3)] with chronic stroke. Participants were overall independent in ba...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

A pilot mixed-methods evaluation of MS INFoRm: a self-directed fatigue management resource for individuals with multiple sclerosis
This study provides evidence that further rigorous evaluation of MS INFoRm, a self-directed resource for managing fatigue, is worth pursuing. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Are graft-versus-host-disease patients missing out on the vital occupational therapy services? a systematic review
The aim of this review is to show the importance of occupational therapy/hand therapy for chronic graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) patients and to outline the current state of the literature. GVHD of the hand can cause functional loss, reduced activities of daily life, poor social interaction, and loss of income because of limitations in work. Hand therapy, which is a specialty practised by both occupational therapists and physical therapists, has been proven to be an effective approach for hand-related musculoskeletal disorders; however, the literature search suggests that it is an underutilized specialty around the world...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review articles Source Type: research

Measuring work functioning in individuals with musculoskeletal disorders with reference to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health: a systematic literature review
The assessment of work functioning is important to define needs in the context of vocational rehabilitation. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) serves as a framework to describe functioning and health. In reference to the ICF, work functioning can be described as consisting of work activities and work participation. A range of instruments are used in rehabilitation practice to assess work functioning. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify questionnaires measuring work functioning with reference to the ICF and to describe these instruments, their linkage to the ICF,...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review articles Source Type: research

A ‘musculoskeletal look’ to sarcopenia: Where do/should the physical and rehabilitation medicine physicians (physiatrists) stand?
No abstract available (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Use of clinical measures to document the effect of passive cycling on knee extensor spasticity and the ability to perform activities of daily living in spinal cord injury: a case report
The effects, on spasticity-related clinical measure results [initial knee flexion velocity during the pendulum test (F1-VEL); Spinal Cord Injury Spasticity Evaluation Tool (SCI-SET) scores], of a 5-week passive cycling program were assessed in a 67-year-old man with chronic, complete, thoracic-level SCI. Three weekly evaluations were performed before and after training, at the start, middle, and end of the training (ET), and 24 h following ET. The F1-VEL increased significantly from baseline, from ET to the 2-week follow-up evaluation. A trend was found for an improvement from baseline in SCI-SET scores, from middle...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 16, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Correlation between the pain numeric rating scale and the 12-item WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 in patients with musculoskeletal pain
Objective The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between pain severity measured on a numeric rating scale and restrictions of functioning measured with the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0). Patients and methods This was a cross-sectional study of 1207 patients with musculoskeletal pain conditions. Correlation was assessed using Spearman’s and Pearson tests. Results Although all the Spearman’s rank correlations between WHODAS 2.0 items and pain severity were statistically significant, they were mostly weak, with only a few moderate associations for ‘S2 household responsi...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 16, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief research reports Source Type: research

Examination of the reliability of Gait Assessment and Intervention Tool in patients with a stroke
In conclusion, the current study demonstrated that GAIT has good inter-rater reliability and good internal consistency. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 16, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief research reports Source Type: research

Measuring quality of life in individuals with Parkinson’s disease attending a self-help club: cross-sectional study in Hungary
The prevalence of Parkinson’s disease (PD) increases with aging. The aim of our cross-sectional study was to measure the quality of life of PD patients attending a self-help ‘PD club’ and to evaluate the potential positive effect of club life on quality of life. Data collection was carried out using questionnaires (PDQ-39, Hungarian version). Altogether, 101 individuals with clinically diagnosed PD were included, and finally 98 persons’ data were analyzed. Among the eight dimensions, the highest score was found in ‘bodily discomfort’ and the lowest in ‘social support’. The ov...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 16, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief research reports Source Type: research

Effects of rehabilitation aftercare on work participation in patients with musculoskeletal disorders: a propensity score-matched analysis
Meta-analyses of rehabilitation studies in chronic back pain patients in Germany showed a lack of sustainability of rehabilitation programs. The German Pension Insurance therefore developed an intensified aftercare program to support rehabilitation outcomes. The aim of this study was to compare disability pension rates, income from regular employment, and duration of welfare benefits in patients with and without rehabilitation aftercare. We used administrative data on finished rehabilitation services. Patients were included if they were aged 18–60 years, had musculoskeletal disorders, and attended an outpatient or an...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 16, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Comparison of mobility and user satisfaction between a microprocessor knee and a standard prosthetic knee: a summary of seven single-subject trials
In conclusion, MPKs may provide better outcomes and user satisfaction, particularly in those with lower mobility function. BBS and 6MWT were found to be the most sensitive measures to capture changes in mobility while using MPK for several weeks. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 16, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Effects of integrating rhythmic arm swing into robot-assisted walking in patients with subacute stroke: a randomized controlled pilot study
This study aimed to identify the effects of rhythmic arm swing during robot-assisted walking training on balance, gait, motor function, and activities of daily living among patients with subacute stroke. Twenty patients with subacute stroke were recruited, and thereafter randomly allocated to either the experimental group that performed the robot-assisted walking training with rhythmic arm swing, or the control group that performed the training in arm fixation. In total, 30 training sessions were carried out. The outcome measures included the 10-m walk test, Berg balance scale, timed up-and-go test, fall index that was mea...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 16, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlations between suicide attempt, depression, substance use, and functionality among patients with limb amputations
Most patients undergoing limb amputations suffer significant emotional changes. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of suicide attempts and depression in a sample of Mexican patients with limb amputations and, second, to determine whether the patients’ functionality correlates with the presence of depression. We studied 40 patients who had undergone a limb amputation. The suicide attempt was evaluated using the Suicide Intent Scale. The depression was assessed using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, whereas the functionality of the patients was measured using the Functional Independence Measure. ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 16, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Are rehabilitation outcomes after severe anoxic brain injury different from severe traumatic brain injury? A matched case–control study
Many reports have investigated rehabilitation outcomes after a traumatic brain injury (TBI); however, comparably less is known about whether they differ from outcomes of an anoxic brain injury (ABI). Thus, we aimed to compare the rehabilitation outcomes of patients with ABI with control patients who have TBI. Forty participants with ABI and 40 participants with TBI were included in this retrospective study. Participants with ABI were matched with participants with TBI who had similar clinical characteristics such as age, initial Functional Independence Measurement (FIM) score, and duration of coma. FIM and Functional Ambul...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 16, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Alanine aminotransferase blood levels and rehabilitation outcome in older adults following hip fracture surgery
Low alanine aminotransferase (ALT) blood levels are associated with frailty and poor outcome in older adults. Therefore, we studied the association between ALT blood levels before rehabilitation and rehabilitation outcome in older adults following hip fracture surgery. A total of 490 older adults (age>60 years, mean age: 82.9±6.7 years, 82.0% women) admitted to rehabilitation following hip fracture surgery were included. The rehabilitation outcome was assessed by Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores. ALT blood levels were documented between 1 and 6 months before rehabilitation. Patients with ALT blood lev...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 16, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Effects of modified constraint-induced movement therapy in the recovery of upper extremity function affected by a stroke: a single-blind randomized parallel trial-comparing group versus individual intervention
An extensive corpus of literature supports the positive impact of constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) on neuroplasticity and the recovery of function. However, its clinical applicability is limited by the time of intervention and individual modality. We propose to assess the efficacy of modified CIMT protocols through a group therapy intervention. To determine the effectiveness of a group therapy, compared with individual modified CIMT, in increasing the use and functionality of movement of a paretic upper limb. The study was a single-blind, randomized parallel trial. Thirty-six patients who had had a stroke more th...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 16, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

The Italian version of the Outpatient Physical Therapy Improvement in Movement Assessment Log: cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric properties
This study was an observational multicenter study. The Italian version of the OPTIMAL confidence scale (OPTIMAL-I) was developed following forward–backward translation and pretesting with a small group of patients. Reliability was measured by internal consistency (Cronbach α), and a factor analysis was carried out to explore the internal structure. Convergent validity was measured by comparing the OPTIMAL-I with the Italian version of the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC-I). The process for obtaining the OPTIMAL-I required 3 months and it was administered to 290 outpatients in two different rehabilit...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 16, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Developing operational items for the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Rehabilitation Set: the experience from China
The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Rehabilitation Set is proposed as a tool to measure functioning among a clinical population in Chinese rehabilitation services. It needs to be applied in a transparent and reliable way and considered from a measurement perspective. The aim of this study was to develop items operationalizing the ICF Rehabilitation Set to enhance the standardized and unified assessment in varied clinical settings. A list of proposed operational items was generated by (i) linking the items of four standard assessment instruments; (ii) literature review; and (iii) sel...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 16, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Best practice guidelines for the measurement of physical activity levels in stroke survivors: a secondary analysis of an observational study
The aim of this study was to investigate the phenomenon of activity (increased activity in response to monitor wear) and determine the minimum wear time of accelerometers when objectively measuring habitual physical activity levels of community dwelling stroke survivors. Exploratory, secondary analyses of cross-sectional data were carried out. Physical activity variables [sitting, standing and stepping time, step count, light physical activity and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)] were measured with two activity monitors for 7 days. Repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to assess reactivity. Minimum ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 16, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Effects of walking trainings on walking function among stroke survivors: a systematic review
Physical function is often compromised as a result of stroke event. Although interventions propose different strategies that seek to improve stroke survivors’ physical function, a need remains to evaluate walking training studies aimed at improving such physical function. The aim of this review was to assess the available literature that highlights the impact of walking training on enhancing walking for stroke survivors. We performed a systematic literature review of online databases – Google Scholar, PubMed, CINHAL, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and EBSCO – with the following inclusion criteria: manuscript p...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 16, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Spinal cord injury following a mild trauma in homocystinuria-related bone frailty: neurorehabilitation and education on bone health management
Homocystinuria (HCU) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by the deficiency of cystathionine β-synthetase, presenting with variable clinical features including micronutrient deficiency-related osteoporosis. Early-onset osteoporosis results in increased bone fragility, which is associated with low-impact fractures. To date, no traumatic myelopathy has ever been described in patients with HCU. This case report describes a 30-year-old male patient with HCU who was not aware that he was at high risk of sustaining debilitating bone fractures. After a mild trauma, he reported a T12 compression fracture with s...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - December 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Botulinum toxin use in rehabilitation clinics: a survey to highlight differences and similarities
Spasticity is a complex condition and its management is multifaceted, involving physical therapies as well as interventions with botulinum toxin. There is currently no standard for best practice and also wide variation in spasticity service set-ups and the background of clinicians involved in treatment. This could potentially cause large differences in practice. The aim of this survey was to attempt to identify some of the common elements of service delivery as well as highlight any significant variations in service models. It was hoped that the results would assist healthcare professionals working with toxins to gauge or ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - December 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief research reports Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the conductive educational approach added to conventional physiotherapy in the improvement of gait parameters of poststroke patients: randomized-controlled pilot study
Our objective was to assess the benefits of the conductive education (CE) approach added to conventional physiotherapy in gait functions of poststroke, hemiparetic patients. A randomized-controlled trial was designed in a rehabilitation clinic. Late and chronic poststroke patients with gait disturbances (n=17, median age: 55 years, range: 41–72 years) were enrolled in the study. All patients received conventional physiotherapy. However, patients of only one group took part in therapy on the basis of the CE approach. The gait parameters, semiobjective outcome measures, functional independence measure, and Internationa...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - December 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief research reports Source Type: research

Electrical stimulation therapy for dysphagia: a follow-up survey of USA dysphagia practitioners
The aim of this study was to compare current application, practice patterns, clinical outcomes, and professional attitudes of dysphagia practitioners regarding electrical stimulation (e-stim) therapy with similar data obtained in 2005. A web-based survey was posted on the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Special Interest Group 13 webpage for 1 month. A total of 271 survey responses were analyzed and descriptively compared with the archived responses from the 2005 survey. Results suggested that e-stim application increased by 47% among dysphagia practitioners over the last 10 years. The frequency of weekly e-sti...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - December 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Robot ZORA in rehabilitation and special education for children with severe physical disabilities: a pilot study
The aim of this study was to explore the potential of ZORA robot-based interventions in rehabilitation and special education for children with severe physical disabilities. A two-centre explorative pilot study was carried out over a 2.5-month period involving children with severe physical disabilities with a developmental age ranging from 2 to 8 years. Children participated in six sessions with the ZORA robot in individual or in group sessions. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to collect data on aspects of feasibility, usability, barriers and facilitators for the child as well as for the therapist and to obta...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - December 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

One-day low-intensity combined arm–leg (Cruiser) ergometer exercise intervention: cardiorespiratory strain and gross mechanical efficiency in one-legged and two-legged exercise
This study aims to research whether there is a difference in cardiorespiratory variables and gross mechanical efficiency (GE) in healthy individuals during low-intensity one-legged and two-legged exercise on the combined arm–leg (Cruiser) ergometer and whether motor learning occurs. The outcome of this study will support the use of the Cruiser ergometer in future as a testing and training instrument in the rehabilitation of patients with a lower limb amputation. Twenty-eight healthy men participated in this randomized-controlled trial. One group (n=14) used one leg and both arms during the exercise and the other grou...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - December 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Localized muscle vibration reverses quadriceps muscle hypotrophy and improves physical function: a clinical and electrophysiological study
In conclusion, the present study supports the effectiveness of local vibration in muscle function and clinical improvement of patients with knee OA. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - December 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Antivertiginous drug therapy does not hinder the efficacy of individualized vibrotactile neurofeedback training for vestibular rehabilitation – a randomized trial
Vestibular rehabilitation using individualized vibrotactile neurofeedback training (IVNT) can lead to significant improvement in the postural stability of patients with vestibular symptoms of different origins. However, some of these patients have complex, severe dizziness, meaning that a pharmacological pretreatment or parallel (to vestibular rehabilitation) treatment can help them perform the rehabilitation exercises. Hence, the present study investigated the influence of a pharmacological treatment on the efficacy of vibrotactile neurofeedback training in patients with chronic, noncompensated vestibulopathies. All parti...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - December 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Three-dimensional head-mounted gaming task procedure maximizes effects of vestibular rehabilitation in unilateral vestibular hypofunction: a randomized controlled pilot trial
Considering the emerging advantages related to virtual reality implementation in clinical rehabilitation, the aim of the present study was to discover possible (i) improvements achievable in unilateral vestibular hypofunction patients using a self-assessed head-mounted device (HMD)-based gaming procedure when combined with a classical vestibular rehabilitation protocol (HMD group) as compared with a group undergoing only vestibular rehabilitation and (ii) HMD procedure-related side effects. Therefore, 24 vestibular rehabilitation and 23-matched HMD unilateral vestibular hypofunction individuals simultaneously underwent a 4...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - December 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Gait analysis on force treadmill in children: comparison with results from ground-based force platforms
In conclusion, GAFT seems to be a promising alternative to conventional GA in children. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - December 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Effects of physical exercise in older adults with reduced physical capacity: meta-analysis of resistance exercise and multimodal exercise
Older adults with reduced physical capacity are at greater risk of progression to care dependency. Progressive resistance strength exercise and multimodal exercise have been studied to restore reduced physical capacity. To summarize the best evidence of the two exercise regimes, this meta-analysis study appraised randomized-controlled trials from published systematic reviews. Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Review and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials were searched for relevant systematic reviews. Two reviewers independently screened the relevant systematic reviews to identify...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - December 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review articles Source Type: research

Research on prevalence of secondary conditions in individuals with disabilities: an overview
Individuals with disabilities may be at increased risk of a number of secondary conditions. Secondary conditions influence health status and quality of life. Many of these conditions are preventable and their consequences can be managed. Knowledge of the prevalence, course, and association with age of secondary conditions is needed for better prevention and management. The aim of present study was to review the available literature on the prevalence of secondary conditions in individuals with disability. We performed searches of electronic databases for studies published between 1980 and 2017 that provided information on t...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - December 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review articles Source Type: research

The value of musculoskeletal ultrasound in geriatric care and rehabilitation
The WHO reports that one of the major chronic conditions affecting the elderly worldwide is musculoskeletal disorders that are associated with long-term pain and disability. Considering the healthcare needs of the elderly (i.e. comprehensive, accessible, efficient) and the advantages of ultrasound (US) use (patient-friendly, convenient, cost-effective, and does not require exposure to radiation or magnetic fields), there seems to be a ‘gap’ in the actual clinical practice. In this paper, we aimed to highlight the potential value of US imaging in the management of the elderly with a wide spectrum of musculoskele...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - December 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review articles Source Type: research

Spinal cord injury following a mild trauma in homocystinuria-related bone frailty: neurorehabilitation and education on bone health management
Homocystinuria (HCU) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by the deficiency of cystathionine β-synthetase, presenting with variable clinical features including micronutrient deficiency-related osteoporosis. Early-onset osteoporosis results in increased bone fragility, which is associated with low-impact fractures. To date, no traumatic myelopathy has ever been described in patients with HCU. This case report describes a 30-year-old male patient with HCU who was not aware that he was at high risk of sustaining debilitating bone fractures. After a mild trauma, he reported a T12 compression fracture with s...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Botulinum toxin use in rehabilitation clinics: a survey to highlight differences and similarities
Spasticity is a complex condition and its management is multifaceted, involving physical therapies as well as interventions with botulinum toxin. There is currently no standard for best practice and also wide variation in spasticity service set-ups and the background of clinicians involved in treatment. This could potentially cause large differences in practice. The aim of this survey was to attempt to identify some of the common elements of service delivery as well as highlight any significant variations in service models. It was hoped that the results would assist healthcare professionals working with toxins to gauge or ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief research reports Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the conductive educational approach added to conventional physiotherapy in the improvement of gait parameters of poststroke patients: randomized-controlled pilot study
Our objective was to assess the benefits of the conductive education (CE) approach added to conventional physiotherapy in gait functions of poststroke, hemiparetic patients. A randomized-controlled trial was designed in a rehabilitation clinic. Late and chronic poststroke patients with gait disturbances (n=17, median age: 55 years, range: 41–72 years) were enrolled in the study. All patients received conventional physiotherapy. However, patients of only one group took part in therapy on the basis of the CE approach. The gait parameters, semiobjective outcome measures, functional independence measure, and Internationa...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief research reports Source Type: research

Electrical stimulation therapy for dysphagia: a follow-up survey of USA dysphagia practitioners
The aim of this study was to compare current application, practice patterns, clinical outcomes, and professional attitudes of dysphagia practitioners regarding electrical stimulation (e-stim) therapy with similar data obtained in 2005. A web-based survey was posted on the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Special Interest Group 13 webpage for 1 month. A total of 271 survey responses were analyzed and descriptively compared with the archived responses from the 2005 survey. Results suggested that e-stim application increased by 47% among dysphagia practitioners over the last 10 years. The frequency of weekly e-sti...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Robot ZORA in rehabilitation and special education for children with severe physical disabilities: a pilot study
The aim of this study was to explore the potential of ZORA robot-based interventions in rehabilitation and special education for children with severe physical disabilities. A two-centre explorative pilot study was carried out over a 2.5-month period involving children with severe physical disabilities with a developmental age ranging from 2 to 8 years. Children participated in six sessions with the ZORA robot in individual or in group sessions. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to collect data on aspects of feasibility, usability, barriers and facilitators for the child as well as for the therapist and to obta...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

One-day low-intensity combined arm–leg (Cruiser) ergometer exercise intervention: cardiorespiratory strain and gross mechanical efficiency in one-legged and two-legged exercise
This study aims to research whether there is a difference in cardiorespiratory variables and gross mechanical efficiency (GE) in healthy individuals during low-intensity one-legged and two-legged exercise on the combined arm–leg (Cruiser) ergometer and whether motor learning occurs. The outcome of this study will support the use of the Cruiser ergometer in future as a testing and training instrument in the rehabilitation of patients with a lower limb amputation. Twenty-eight healthy men participated in this randomized-controlled trial. One group (n=14) used one leg and both arms during the exercise and the other grou...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research