Cognitive behavior therapy-based intervention for a subacute stroke patient with severe fear of falling: a case report
We present the case of a 42-year-old man with subacute stroke who developed remarkable fear of falling and eventually recovered with an approach based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). The CBT-based approach was implemented after the patient developed significant fear of falling with exacerbated obsessive-compulsive symptoms appeared immediately after a fall. The patient’s anxiety decreased over time, and his ability to perform these tasks and activities of daily living improved accordingly. After 6 weeks of intervention, his anxiety toward gait and stairs almost disappeared; additionally, he achieved modified i...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Cost and cost-effectiveness of early inpatient rehabilitation after stroke varies with initial disability: the Czech Republic perspective
The purpose of this prospective study was to determine whether the cost and cost-effectiveness of early rehabilitation after stroke are associated with the degree of initial disability. The data for cost calculations were collected by the bottom-up (micro-costing) method alongside the standard inpatient care. The total sample included 87 patients who were transferred from acute care to early rehabilitation unit of three participating stroke centers at the median time poststroke of 11 days (range 4–69 days). The study was pragmatic so that all hospitals followed their standard therapeutic procedures. For...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Sleep quality in individuals with short—duration chronic spinal cord injury
The aim of the study is to estimate the association between spinal cord injuries related medical factors and subjective sleep disturbance in individuals with short-duration chronic spinal cord injury. Seventy-nine individuals with traumatic spinal cord injuries were included in our study and evaluated using the Beck Depression Index for severity of depressive symptoms, Short-Form Health Survey for quality of life, Douleur Neuropathique 4 score for neuropathic pain severity, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index for subjective sleep disturbances in a tertiary rehabilitation center. Associated subjective sleep disturbance f...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Exploratory analysis of randomized clinical trials in physiotherapy aimed at improving walking speed after stroke
The purpose of the present study was to examine the main characteristics of clinical trials in physiotherapy aimed at improving walking speed after stroke, as well as the correlation between trials’ methodological quality and journals’ Impact Factor. Searches were conducted on Physiotherapy Evidence Database for all randomized controlled trials aiming at improving walking speed after stroke. Data extracted from the studies were: continent, language, methodological quality, year of publication, number of normalized citations, open access, sample size, measurements of walking speed, interventions, comparators, an...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effect of a training program of overground walking on BTS gait parameters in elderly women during single and dual cognitive tasks
We tested the hypothesis that a regular training program might reduce gait disturbances during dual cognitive-motor tasks in elderly women. This open-label experimental study comprised 53 postmenopausal women aged over 65, who were assigned to a 10-week training program (360 min/week). A BTS SMART system examination during free walking and during dual tasks [i.e., walking while performing either a simple (SCT) or a complex (CCT) cognitive task] was performed prior to the training program and again after it had finished. After the 10-week walking training program, a significant decrease was found in the duration of s...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The moderating effects of pain catastrophizing on the relationship between illness perceptions and self-reported signs of central sensitization in patients with persistent pain
Two factors related to the continuation of persistent pain are pain catastrophizing and illness perceptions. Pain neuroscience education is known to positively influence both in patients with persistent pain. As the integration of pain neuroscience education in monodisciplinary physiotherapy treatments is effective, integration in transdisciplinary cognitive-behavioral treatments seems recommendable. When doing so, the moderating effect of pain catastrophizing and perceptions on treatment results have to be examined, as these provide valuable information under which conditions treatment works. A bottom-up retrospective obs...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

A short-term oral corticosteroid for refractory lumbar spinal stenosis: a double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial
Although epidural corticosteroids have been evaluated for the lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) as an alternative treatment, oral corticosteroids have not been considered as a possible option for the patients with constant pain who have resistant against routine treatments. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the efficacy of the short-term, low-dose oral prednisolone for refractory LSS. In this double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial, 100 participants with the refractory LSS were selected from the out-patient clinics; however, 7 of them excluded before randomization. The patients were randomly allocat...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

A comparison of three balance-assessment scales for patients after stroke with various levels of balance disorder
It is often difficult for the clinician to choose the most appropriate balance-assessment measure. We wanted to facilitate this decision based on the stroke patient’s functional abilities. The aim of our study was to compare three established scales [Berg Balance Scale (BBS), mini-BESTest (MBT) and Functional Gait Assessment (FGA)] in terms of responsiveness, floor and ceiling effects at different levels of ambulation as defined by the Functional Ambulation Classification (FAC). The 18-month prospective study included 88 patients after cerebral stroke, who were able to walk independently or with assistance of one per...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Diagnostic dependence of muscle strength measurements and the risk of falls in the elderly
Low muscle strength appears to increase balance disorders and the tendency to fall. Diagnostic terms indicate that sarcopenia and risks of falling are related. The aim of this study is to verify which diagnostic tools used for the assessment of muscle strength in sarcopenia can be used for fall risk assessment in older women. The study included 56 females [71.77 ± 7.43(SD)]. The results of handgrip strength (HGS) and knee extensors torque [knee extension strength (KES)] were compared to the results of stabilographic parameters from Biodex Balance System platform in static and dynamic environment. The one-way ANOVA a...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Maze test score time adjustments when using nondominant hand in fitness-to-drive assessments
This study investigated if a person’s OT-DHMT score time requires adjustment when completed with a nondominant hand. The OT-DHMT was administered with a convenience sample of 148 community-dwelling participants, aged 21–81 years (M = 48.6, SD = 19.38) using both their dominant and nondominant hands, in a random order. OT-DHMT score times were significantly faster when using dominant (M = 15.73) compared with nondominant (M = 17.64) hand, d = 1.91 [confidence interval (CI) 1.13, 2.69], t = 4.84, P  (Source: Internat...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Clinical features and physical performance in multiple sclerosis patients with and without cognitive impairment: a cross-sectional study
The factors associated with cognitive functions in patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) are not yet clear. The aims of this study were (1) to compare clinical features and physical performance in healthy controls, and PwMS with and without cognitive impairment, and (2) to determine the relationship between cognitive domains and demographics characteristics, clinical features and physical performance in PwMS. A total of 112 PwMS and 25 healthy controls participated in this study. Cognitive functions were evaluated by Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Tests (BRB-N). Based on cognitive performances by BRB-N, P...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Clinical risk factors for post-stroke urinary incontinence during rehabilitation
Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common problem after stroke. Risk factors for UI seem to be multifactorial. There is still controversy in which risk factors contribute to UI. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for UI in stroke patients during rehabilitation. Study investigated 150 participants after the first stroke consecutively admitted to a post-acute inpatient rehabilitation program. They were divided into continence and incontinence group according to continence status on rehabilitation admission. Data about sociodemographic factors, functional status, comorbidities, current medications, type and loc...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Transcranial direct current stimulation for improving ambulation after stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Achieving a sufficient level of functional ambulation remains to be a challenge to most stroke survivors. Different modes of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) have been applied for improving various aspects of walking and mobility following stroke. However, systematic reviews before 2017 provided only general effects of tDCS on limited walking outcomes. Therefore, the aims of this study were to update the evidence of tDCS for improving walking and mobility after stroke with emphasis on individual outcomes and to delineate the effects of different modes of tDCS in subgroup analysis. The systematic search of Pub...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Capacitive and resistive electric transfer therapy in rehabilitation: a systematic review
Capacitive and resistive electric transfer (CRET) therapy is a physical treatment modality commonly used to treat musculoskeletal pain. It normally uses a longwave radiofrequency of ~0.5 MHz. The system consists of a neutral plate and two different electrodes that can transfer energy in two modalities: capacitive and resistive. The aim of this systematic review was to identify and summarize the available data in the literature on this physical modality. From a search of articles published before December 2019 in MEDLINE and Scopus indexed journals, we retrieved 276 articles, 13 of which met the inclusion criteria for this ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

From the Editor
No abstract available (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Toward implementation of the International Classification of Functioning Generic-30 (Rehabilitation) Set into clinical and research settings in Croatia
No abstract available (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

The suspected SARS-Cov-2 infection in a Charcot-Marie-Tooth patient undergoing postsurgical rehabilitation: the value of telerehabilitation for evaluation and continuing treatment
We report, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of a probable COVID-19 infection in a 28-year-old man with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. The diagnosis was established through a remote interaction with the patient after early discharge from outpatient therapy due to upcoming traveling restrictions. The COVID-19 disease appeared mild, without major respiratory problems, and no obvious neuromuscular deterioration was reported or observed. Telerehabilitation provided an opportunity to continue with hand rehabilitation after tendon transfer surgery, perform an ad-hoc online evaluation, and advise the patient how to preve...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Effects of serious games in strength and functionality of patients with ulnar nerve lesion: two single-case reports
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of serious games on hand muscle strength and functionality in a series of cases with ulnar nerve damage. Two patients were included in this 16-week intervention study using biofeedback. Electromyography electrodes and dynamometers were used in treatment. Functionality was assessed by Rosen and Lundborg score, Disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire and International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Grip and pinch strength were assessed by dynamometers. Results revealed an increase in sensory domain of Rosen and Lund...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Suitability of food in a rehabilitation hospital for patients with neurologic dysphagia
Texture-modified food is a common strategy in dysphagia management for increasing safety of swallowing. It is essential for the patient to receive the prescribed diet based on clinical and instrumental examination of swallowing in order to be able to benefit from rehabilitation and avoid complications. Variations in terminology and definitions regarding texture-modified food and liquids demonstrate the need for international standardized terminology. We aimed to assess suitability of texture-modified diets used at a rehabilitation hospital in terms of the International Dysphagia Diet Standardization Initiative guidelines. ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Research Reports Source Type: research

Reproducibility of the DrGoniometer app for field-based assessment of the break-point angle in Nordic Hamstring exercise
Smartphone-based measurement could represent a portable and cheap solution to assess the Nordic Hamstring break-point angle (BPA). We investigated the following: (1) the reproducibility of the DrGoniometer app, (2) its agreement with a computerized video analysis software used as a reference method, and (3) the effects of raters’ experience. Fifty recordings were processed by four independent raters. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), SEM, and minimum detectable change (MDC) were calculated. Bland–Altman plots verified the limits of agreement (LoA) with the reference method. The effect of raters’ c...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Research Reports Source Type: research

Establishing K-levels and prescribing transtibial prostheses using six-minute walk test and one-leg standing test on prosthesis: a retrospective audit
Rehabilitation programs after amputation often include fitting a prosthesis, but prescriptions vary under similar circumstances. The US Medicare Functional Classification Level (K-level) is a scale for describing functional abilities of persons after lower-limb amputation (from 0 = no ability or potential to ambulate, to 4 = prosthetic demands of a child/active adult/athlete). Different outcome measures are used to assess K-level, including six-minute walk test (6MWT). We attempted to predict the assigned K-level of unilateral transtibial prosthesis users from their results of 6MWT and one-leg s...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Rasch analysis of the Incontinence Impact Questionnaire short version (IIQ-7) in women with urinary incontinence
In this study, we aimed to examine in depth – through Rasch analysis – some key metric properties of the IIQ-7. We analyzed data from 100 women with urinary incontinence. Results confirmed the correct functioning of the four response categories of the questionnaire and indicated an adequate level of internal structural validity. Given the good fit of the items to the Rasch model, it was possible to obtain a nomogram to transform the total raw scores of the IIQ-7 into linear measure estimates. Our findings obtained through Rasch analysis confirm the substantial unidimensionality and good psychometric properties ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effectiveness of ICF-based multidisciplinary rehabilitation approach with serial assessment and discussion using the ICF rehabilitation set in a convalescent rehabilitation ward
This study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)-based multidisciplinary rehabilitation approach with serial assessment and discussion with the ICF rehabilitation set. This prospective cohort study included consecutive patients admitted to the convalescent rehabilitation ward during the period between 1 August 2017 and 30 September 2018. Serial assessment and discussion with the ICF rehabilitation set every 2 weeks in each patient commenced from 1 April 2018. We analyzed the difference in the Extension Index of the ICF rehabilitation set bet...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Use of real-time visual feedback during overground walking training on gait symmetry and velocity in patients with post-stroke hemiparesis: randomized controlled, single-blind study
This study aimed to determine the efficacy of using real-time visual feedback during overground walking training to improve walking function in patients with post-stroke hemiparesis. Twenty-four patients with post-stroke hemiparesis who were able to walk independently under less impact of synergy pattern on the affected lower limbs (Brunnstrom stage IV or V) were randomly assigned to either the experimental group or the control group. All subjects performed overground walking for 30 min, three times a week for 6 weeks, with real-time visual feedback (weight load to the affected lower limb) provided during tra...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effects of combining manual lymphatic drainage and Kinesiotaping on pain, edema, and range of motion in patients with total knee replacement: a randomized clinical trial
In conclusion, the treatment with a combination Kinesiotaping and Lymphatic drainage provided better results on pain and edema observed as early as the first days after the intervention, thus may be considered a valid support for standard rehabilitation and pharmacological intervention. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation combined with intensive physical therapy for gait disturbance after hemorrhagic stroke: an open-label case series
In this pilot study, we aimed to determine the safety and feasibility of a 15-day protocol consisting of in-hospital repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (rPMS) combined with intensive physical therapy for the recovery of the gait disturbance in chronic stroke patients with lower limb hemiparesis. Seven hemorrhagic stroke patients with lower limb hemiparesis and gait disturbance (age: 50–78; time from onset of stroke: 7–107 months) were enrolled. rPMS was applied to the muscles of the paretic lower limb with a parabolic coil. A train of stimuli at a frequency of 20 Hz was applied for 3&thins...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effects of prism adaptation on auditory spatial attention in patients with left unilateral spatial neglect: a non-randomized pilot trial
A short period of adaptation to a prismatic shift of the visual field to the right briefly but significantly improves left unilateral spatial neglect. Additionally, prism adaptation affects multiple modalities, including processes of vision, auditory spatial attention, and sound localization. This non-randomized, single-center, controlled trial aimed to examine the immediate effects of prism adaptation on the sound-localization abilities of patients with left unilateral spatial neglect using a simple source localization test. Subjects were divided by self-allocation into a prism-adaptation group (n = 11) and a control grou...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Physical therapy, intra-articular dextrose prolotherapy, botulinum neurotoxin, and hyaluronic acid for knee osteoarthritis: randomized clinical trial
This study aimed to compare the efficacy of four treatments in the management of knee osteoarthritis. We carried out a randomized clinical trial with four study arms in an outpatient Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at a University Hospital. In total, 120 patients with knee osteoarthritis ≥50 years of age were randomly allocated to four groups. The primary outcome was knee pain in visual analog scale and the secondary outcome was the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score. The exercise was prescribed daily for all participants throughout the study. For physical therapy (group 1), participants rec...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Prerehabilitation alanine aminotransferase blood levels and one-year mortality rates in older adults following hip fracture
In conclusion, low ALT blood levels prior to rehabilitation are associated with one-year mortality in older adults following hip fracture. They may be used when only age and gender are known. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The utilization of an overground robotic exoskeleton for gait training during inpatient rehabilitation—single-center retrospective findings
We describe clinical characteristics associated with robotic exoskeleton gait training and examine outcomes of people with spinal cord injury and stroke who completed usual rehabilitation care with or without robotic exoskeleton gait training. Retrospective review of medical records over a 36 months period. Inpatients with spinal cord injury or stroke and ≥1 robotic exoskeleton gait training session were included. After obtaining a complete list of robotic exoskeleton gait training participants, medical records were reviewed for comparable matches as determined by gait functional independence measure score (Source: Inte...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Objective evaluation of Nintendo Wii Fit Plus balance program training on postural stability in Multiple Sclerosis patients: a pilot study
The use of the Nintendo Wii system has become a common tool for balance rehabilitation in patients with multiple sclerosis, but few studies verified the effectiveness of such an approach using quantitative measures of postural control. We aimed to evaluate the impact of rehabilitation treatment using the Nintendo Wii Fit Plus balance program on objective stabilometric parameters in multiple sclerosis patients. We enrolled 36 multiple sclerosis patients, with mild-moderate disability, referring to the multiple sclerosis Centre of the University of Catania from September 2013 to June 2014. Twenty participants underwent 20 in...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Is cognition considered in post-stroke upper limb robot-assisted therapy trials? A brief systematic review
The aim of this systematic review was, first, to determine whether or not individuals with cognitive deficits after stroke were enrolled in trials that investigated upper limb robot-assisted therapy effectiveness, and, second, whether these trials measured cognitive outcomes. We retrieved 6 relevant systematic reviews covering, altogether, 66 articles and 2214 participants. Among these 66 clinical trials, only 10 (15%) enrolled stroke participants with impaired cognition, whereas 50 (76%) excluded those with impaired cognition. The remaining six trials (9%) were classified as unclear as they either excluded individuals una...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Physical and rehabilitation medicine targets relational organs
No abstract available (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the virtual reality on cognitive function of children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy: a single-blind randomized controlled trial - Erratum
No abstract available (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Information and communication technology used by people with lower limb loss in Slovenia
World demography is changing as the population ages and there are more people with disabilities having problems to stay independently at home. Innovative technologies could help extend the independence of older people living at home. As part of a collaborative project, we investigated ownership and use of information and communication technologies (ICT) among older people with lower limb loss (LLL) using questionnaires and retrospective analysis. Our aim was to analyse factors associated with ICT use among people with LLL. We identified age as the main factor that limits ownership and use of ICT among older people with LLL...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Research Reports Source Type: research

Psychometric assessment of the Slovene translation of the Measure of Processes of Care for Service Providers
The Measure of Processes of Care for professionals (MPOC-SP) is valid and reliable a self-administered questionnaire for paediatric service providers engaged in care for chronically ill children. Our aim was to evaluate internal consistency reliability, one-year stability and some aspects of validity of its Slovene translation. Sixty-seven service providers from seven professional groups of several hospitals and health centres participated in the study. MPOC-SP mean scores for all four subscales were high; their ranking order was the same as in other MPOC-SP studies. All subscales exhibited sufficient internal consistency ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Research Reports Source Type: research

The dose of robot-assisted gait therapy may influence functional recovery in a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program: an exploratory retrospective study
Robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) has been introduced in clinical practice to increase training intensity in patients with neurological disorders. In this observational study, we investigated the effect of the number of RAGT sessions on functional recovery in a heterogeneous cohort of patients. We included patients with a diagnosis of gait impairment due to a neurological disease. A set of demographic, clinical, functional and training parameters was collected for each participant. Each patient received RAGT with an exoskeleton (Lokomat; Hocoma, Volketswil, Switzerland) as part of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation progr...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Investigation of the effect of task-orientated rehabilitation program on motor skills of children with childhood cancer: a randomized-controlled trial
Problems have been reported in the execution and development of motor skills and its treatment as a cause of cancer in children. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the task-orientated rehabilitation program (ToRP) on motor skills of children with childhood cancer. Following the consort guideline, 93 children (49 males and 44 females) with pediatric cancer were randomized to either study (n = 52; 12.35 ± 3.43 years) or control (n = 41; 11.89 ± 3.56 years) groups. The study group received ToRP, and the control group receiv...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effects of trunk stabilization training robot on postural control and gait in patients with chronic stroke: a randomized controlled trial
Our study aimed to confirm the therapeutic effects of using a trunk stabilization training robot (3DBT-33) in patients with chronic stroke. A total of 38 patients with chronic stroke were randomly assigned to either an experimental or a control group. The robot group (n = 19) received 30 min of trunk stability robot training in addition to conventional physical therapy, while the control group (n = 19) received a similar conventional physical therapy as the robot group. All participants were assessed using the following: the Functional Ambulation Categories (FAC), timed up and go (TUG) te...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Job crafting as a work adjustment strategy for workers returning after long-term sickness absence due to common mental disorders
The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the way workers with common mental disorders use job crafting to adjust their work to their levels of functioning after returning from long-term sick leave. Thirty-eight workers who had returned within the last 24 months from sickness absence due to common mental disorders were interviewed using semistructured interviews. Questions were asked about how they job crafted to match their changed needs for work functioning post return. To interpret the results, we coded the data according to the Wrzesniewski and Dutton typology of job crafting and conducted thematic an...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Short-term cane use in subacute stroke patients affects the nonparetic upper extremity nerves
Overuse of the nonparetic upper extremity can lead to entrapment neuropathies in chronic stroke patients. However, little is known about the effects of cane use in subacute stage of stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term effects of cane use on the upper extremity nerves in subacute stroke patients recovering from a bedridden state. Thirty subacute hemiparetic stroke patients who were initially bedridden participated when they were able to walk with a cane. Symptoms and signs related to the median or ulnar nerves were checked, and nerve conduction studies were performed. The largest cross-sectional ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Feasibility of staff-led 3-Step Workout for Life to reduce late-life activities of daily living disability: a community-based translational study
This study supported the feasibility of the staff-led 3-Step Workout for Life program to promote independence for residents at risk of late-life disability in a senior living community. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Community-dwelling individuals with stroke, who have inspiratory muscle weakness, report greater dyspnea and worse quality of life
The objective of the present study was to investigate if different levels of inspiratory muscle strength would be associated with dyspnea, walking capacity, and quality of life after stroke. For this exploratory study, the dependent outcome was strength of the inspiratory muscles, measured by maximal inspiratory pressure. Individuals with maximal inspiratory pressure ≥80 cmH2O were classified as non-weak, those with maximal inspiratory pressure between 45 and 80 cmH2O were classified as weak, and those with maximal inspiratory pressure ≤45 cmH2O were classified as very weak. Related outcomes included dyspnea, measure...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Spanish version of the mini-BESTest: a translation, transcultural adaptation and validation study in patients with Parkinson’s disease
Balance is affected in numerous neurologic disorders, like stroke, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease contributing to falls, and diminishing quality of life and functionality. The mini-BESTest is one of the most recommended scales to detect balance disorders in people with Parkinson’s disease, which has solid psychometric properties. Unfortunately, this scale has not been validated in Chile and there are no other validated scales that can determine balance disorders in patients with Parkinson’s disease to date. The study objective was to validate the mini-BESTest scale in Chilean Parkinson’s...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Reliability of muscle thickness measurements in ultrasonography
This study aims to clarify some of the issues associated with the reliable measurement of muscle thickness on ultrasonographic images of the musculoskeletal system, namely the repeatability of measurements in different time frames, the effect of body side selection, and the effect of scan orientation. Ultrasound scans were performed on muscles associated with essential daily activities: geniohyoid, masseter, anterior arm muscles, rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, tibialis anterior, and gastrocnemius. Measurements of the muscle thickness were performed and repeated after 1, 6, and 24 h, on both dominant and nondomi...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies in older adults with chronic pain after lumbar surgery
This study investigated whether adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies mediate the association between chronic pain and health-related quality of life among older adults experiencing chronic pain after lumbar surgery. Participants were 103 older adults with either or both of chronic lower back pain and leg pain after lumbar surgery (median age = 75 years, men = 44, women = 59). Intensity of chronic lower back and leg pain (11-point numerical rating scale), physical activities (Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly) as an adaptive coping strategy, maladaptive coping strategies (e.g. guarding, resting; Chronic Pain Cop...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Psychometric properties and domains of postural control tests for individuals with knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review
Individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA) commonly demonstrate impaired postural control. We aimed to systematically review psychometric properties of tests that assess postural control in people with knee OA and secondly, to determine domains of postural control measured by these tests. PubMed, CINAHL, Embase and Web of Science databases were searched to January 2019. Two independent review authors screened references according to eligibility criteria. The Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instruments were used to evaluate study methodological quality. Postural control tests identified from...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Systematic reviews - incentives, pressures, and possible limitations
No abstract available (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

The effect of rolling walker use on interpretation of Timed Up and Go test scores: a preliminary study
This study examines the impact of the use of a rolling walker within individuals on Timed Up and Go scores and assessment of fall risk. The Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up and Go, and linear gait speed were used to measure balance and fall risk on 13 older adults as part of their usual reassessment in preparation for discharge. Timed Up and Go and gait speed scores were compared assistive device conditions. The Berg Balance Scale was used as a benchmark fall risk assessment. Linear gait speed was similar in both conditions. Timed Up and Go times were slower for all patients using a rolling walker versus a cane or no assistive...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Research Reports Source Type: research

Look at the cognitive deficits in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1: an exploratory research on the effects of virtual reality
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 is a neuromuscular disease, characterized by a progressive loss of strength, muscle stiffness, and difficulty in relaxation. Myotonic dystrophy type 1 patients can present several neuropsychological deficits, as well as anxiety and mood disorders. Aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and the effect of virtual reality in the cognitive and behavioral recovery of myotonic dystrophy type 1 patients. Eleven patients (8 female and 3 male) underwent a specific cognitive rehabilitation program including a conventional neuropsychological treatment followed by a virtual reality neurorehabilitati...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Research Reports Source Type: research