The effectiveness of a novel cable-driven gait trainer (Robowalk) combined with conventional physiotherapy compared to conventional physiotherapy alone following stroke: a randomised controlled trial
There is increasing interest in gait training devices to improve walking ability in people following stroke. This randomised controlled trial aimed to compare the effectiveness of the Robowalk, a novel cable-driven gait trainer combined with conventional physiotherapy to conventional physiotherapy alone in improving walking speed, endurance, balance, functional outcomes, and quality of life in people following stroke. Rehabilitation inpatients within 3 months following stroke (n = 40) were randomised to standard care with conventional physiotherapy (‘control,’ n = 20) and cable-driven gait trainer combined with...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Pain in persons with mild-moderate Parkinson’s disease: a cross-sectional study of pain severity and associated factors
The aims of this study were to determine pain severity in persons with mild-moderate Parkinson’s disease compared with healthy age- and sex-matched controls, and identify related factors, that is, demographic, disease severity, and functioning, of pain severity in the Parkinson’s disease group. A cross-sectional study design was adopted to assess pain severity in 100 persons with Parkinson’s disease and 47 healthy controls. Bodily pain was assessed using item 21 of the Short Form 36, whereas pain severity was determined using the entire Short Form 36 Bodily Pain subscale (score ranging from 0 to 100). Sel...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Feasibility of six-point Goal Attainment Scale among subacute and chronic stroke patients
Feasibility of six-point Goal Attainment Scale among stroke patients were examined. Thirty-five subacute and chronic stroke patients with upper limb function problems were included (December 2015–March 2017). Sixty-minute conventional therapy and 30-minute occupational therapy was provided on every consecutive weekday, for 4 weeks. Beside Functional Independence Measure, Action Reach Arm test, Fugl-Meyer upper extremity assessment motor function subtest and six-point Goal Attainment Scale were collected. The content of the previous tests was linked with International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Heal...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The effects of electromyography-triggered neuromuscular electrical stimulation plus tilt sensor functional electrical stimulation training on gait performance in patients with subacute stroke: a randomized controlled pilot trial
This study investigated whether combined electrical stimulation training affects gait performance in patients with stroke. Thirty-six patients were randomly assigned to a control (n = 13), electromyography-triggered neuromuscular electrical stimulation training (single electrical stimulation group, n = 12), or a combined electromyography-triggered neuromuscular electrical stimulation and tilt sensor functional electrical stimulation training (combined electrical stimulation group, n = 11) group. Both experimental groups undertook 60-minute interventions for two weeks. All patients’ gait performances were evaluated ac...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Feasibility of de Morton Mobility Index for adult patients of all ages at low and basic functioning level: a study using the Slovenian translation
We investigated metric properties of the Slovenian translation of de Morton Mobility Index in patients with musculoskeletal impairments during rehabilitation. The study included 30 inpatients, aged 22–84 years, with musculoskeletal impairments with or without impairment of peripheral nerves. They were assessed repeatedly with de Morton Mobility Index, Functional Ambulation Classification, Ten-metre Walk Test, Six-minute Walk Test, Berg Balance Scale and the motor subscale of the Functional Independence Measure. Convergent validity of de Morton Mobility Index was confirmed by good to very good correlations with the ot...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Using telerehabilitation to improve cognitive function in post-stroke survivors: is this the time for the continuity of care?
Post-stroke cognitive disorders can affect different domains, depending on typology of stroke and lesion localization, onset time, age and diagnostic tools used. In recent years, telerehabilitation using virtual reality has been used to reduce the healthcare costs encouraging continuity of care. The aim of our study is to evaluate the efficacy of a virtual reality rehabilitation system in improving cognitive function in stroke survivors. Forty patients affected by stroke were enrolled in this study and randomized into either the control or the experimental groups in order of recruitment. The study lasted 6 months, and incl...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effects of adjuvant mental practice using inverse video of the unaffected upper limb in subacute stroke: a pilot randomized controlled study
This study’s objective was to investigate the adjuvant effects of mental practice using an inverse video of the unaffected limb in subacute stroke patients with severe motor impairment on motor improvement, functional outcomes, and activities of daily living. Participants (n = 20) with severe hemiplegia after a unilateral first-ever stroke within 6 months were divided into two groups. The intervention group performed additional mental practice using an inverse video of the unaffected limb for 20 minutes before every session of their rehabilitation program. The primary outcomes were the Fug...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The effect of motor imagery and mirror therapy on upper extremity function according to the level of cognition in stroke patients
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of motor imagery (MI) and mirror therapy (MT) on upper extremity function according to the level of cognition in stroke patients. Twenty-four participants who were diagnosed with stroke were divided into a mild cognitive group (n = 12) and a severe cognitive group (n = 12). Then, the two groups were again divided into MI group (n = 6) and MT group (n = 6). The participants were evaluated for function of upper extremity using the Box and Block Test (BBT), the Jebsen–Taylor Hand Function Test (JTHFT), and Manual Function Test (MFT). There were significant differences ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

An instrument to measure perceptions of people with disabilities regarding the application of international vocational rehabilitation standards
This study aimed to create a valid and reliable instrument to measure people with disabilities’ perceptions regarding the extent of application of international standards issued by the Council of Europe, International Labour Organization, and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health in vocational rehabilitation centers in the Basque country, Spain. The instrument items were selected from international recommendations and conventions issued by the International Labour Organization, Council of Europe, International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, and a vocational reha...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Gender-related differences in psychometric properties of WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0
In this study, significant DIF between genders was found in seven of twelve items of 12-item WHODAS 2.0. amongst 1988 patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. All the detected DIFs were uniform. Regardless gender-related DIF shown in seven out of 12 items, we recommend using and studying 12-item WHODAS 2.0 in different populations. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Early body weight-supported overground walking training in patients with stroke in subacute phase compared to conventional physiotherapy: a randomized controlled pilot study
Among the new rehabilitation strategies aimed at improving independent walking after stroke, the body weight-support training allows an early and controlled ambulatory training. To date, most available studies are based on treadmill body weight-support (BWS) training and involve patients with chronic stroke sequelae. In contrast, the effects of a BWS training performed on the ground in patients with subacute hemiparesis (stroke within 4 weeks), with significant gait deficiencies, is unknown. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a rehabilitative program that combines conventional approach with an ea...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effect of arm cycling and task-oriented exercises on fatigue and upper limb performance in multiple sclerosis: a randomized crossover study
In conclusion, sessions of arm cycling and tailored task-oriented exercises have shown to be a viable resource for treating manual dexterity and fatigue in PwMS. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Reliability and validity of on-road driving tests in vulnerable adults: a systematic review
The on-road driving test is considered a ‘gold standard’ evaluation; however, its validity and reliability have not been sufficiently reviewed. This systematic review aimed to map out and synthesize literature regarding on-road driving tests using the Consensus-based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments checklist. Cochrane Library, PubMed, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases were searched from initiation through February 2018. All articles addressing reliability or validity of on-road driving tests involving adult rehabilitation patients were included. The search output identified 513 ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - November 7, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Functional improvement after severe brain injury with disorder of consciousness paralleling treatment for comorbid obstructive sleep apnoea: a case report
Survivors of brain injury who have disorders of consciousness often have chronic functional deficits and disability. Obstructive sleep apnoea, a sleep-related breathing disorder, is a medical comorbid condition common among persons with brain injury and is injurious to health. Research on obstructive sleep apnoea treatment among brain-injured patients–particularly persons with disorders of consciousness–is sparse. This case study describes a patient with severe brain injury admitted for neurorehabilitation in a minimally conscious state. Obstructive sleep apnoea was identified and treated. Treatment compliance ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Simple and choice reaction times of healthy adults and patients after stroke during simulated driving
We examined whether driving-related reaction times differ between 26 healthy adults (university students) and 26 patients after stroke, and how distractors and leg-dominance affect reaction time and correctness of reactions of healthy adults. Reaction times were measured with the Fiat Mediatester driving simulator using 18-lamps reaction test (simple reaction time measurement) and choice reaction test (scored as reaction time and number of correct reactions). There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in simple reaction time. As expected, choice reaction times of the healthy adults were shorter on...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Research Report Source Type: research

The effect of low-intensity aerobic training on cognitive functions of severely deconditioned subacute and chronic stroke patients: a randomized, controlled pilot study
Our objective was to investigate the impact of low-intensity aerobic training on cognitive functions in severely deconditioned subacute and chronic stroke patients. For this purpose, a randomized, controlled pilot study was designed involving subacute and chronic stroke patients. Thirty-seven eligible patients participated in the 4-week-long randomized, controlled pilot study. Patients were randomized into study group and control group and both groups participated in conventional physiotherapy included occupational therapy. Only the study group’s patients participated in a low-intensity aerobic training by cycle ergo...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Body weight supported treadmill vs. overground gait training for acute stroke gait rehabilitation
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of body weight supported treadmill training for acute post-stroke rehabilitation, relative to conventional therapy. Forty individuals were randomized to receive either body weight supported treadmill training or conventional therapy as part of standard care at an acute rehabilitation facility. As part of normal care patients were evaluated using the Functional Independence Measure; gait units and length of stay were also recorded. Within 48 hours of discharge, participants were evaluated using a Qualisys motion capture system to measure spatiotemporal gait par...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Prosthetic Mobility Questionnaire, a tool for assessing mobility in people with lower-limb amputation: validation of PMQ 2.0 in Slovenia
In conclusion, the new 10-item PMQ 2.0 shows good reliability and validity, and an excellent overall metric quality for measuring perceived mobility capabilities in people with lower-limb amputation. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Prediction of functional outcome and discharge destination in patients with traumatic brain injury after post-acute rehabilitation
As the survival rate of traumatic brain injury increases, the burden of care for patients with traumatic brain injury is emerging as a socioeconomic issue and the discharge destination is one of the important outcome measures in the post-acute rehabilitation unit. To investigate the predictors of functional outcome and discharge destination in patients with traumatic brain injury after post-acute rehabilitation. A retrospective review was performed on 86 patients who were admitted to the rehabilitation unit between January 2010 and June 2017. Multiple regression analysis was used as a statistical method to identify the fac...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Factors associated with functional recovery in Japanese patients with convalescent stroke stratified by age: a multicenter observational study
In conclusions, the findings showed that there were different trends among the factors related to poststroke functional recovery among the three age groups. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Development of an extensive assessment list for knee osteoarthritis based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: a Delphi study
The objective of this study was to develop an extensive assessment list for individuals with knee osteoarthritis based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) osteoarthritis comprehensive Core Set. Ten experienced physical therapists including five lecturers and five clinicians were purposively nominated to form an expert panel. Consensus among the experts was obtained through a four-iteration Delphi technique. A list of ICF categories and their third- and fourth-level categories were selected and matched with outcome measures associated with knee osteoarthritis. The expert panel agr...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Predictors of community reintegration and quality of life after hip fracture among community-dwelling older adults
We examined the contribution of independent variables measuring BADL, cognition, emotional status, pain and social support to the explained variance of two main outcomes: the Reintegration to Normal Living Index (RNLI), measuring self-reported ability to participate in activities and return to life roles; and the Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12), assessing mental and physical aspects of HRQoL. Stepwise regression analyses revealed that: social support and pain while walking significantly explained 42.1% of variance in the RNLI; social support significantly explained 31.1% of the variance in the SF-12...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Algorithm for selection of balance assessment tools in post-stroke patients
The aim of the study was to design an algorithm of selecting the balance assessment tool in patients after stroke, which could be used in a subacute rehabilitation setting. A retrospective study was carried out to analyse results of standardized balance measurements in three groups of stroke patients classified by Functional Ambulation Category (FAC) (FAC 1 or 2, non-functional ambulation; FAC 3 or 4, ambulatory dependent; FAC 5 or 6, ambulatory independent). Balance functions were evaluated in 62 out of 70 patients (88.6%) at admission and discharge with at least with one standardized assessment tool. In 21 patients (30%)...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Predictors of functional and motor outcomes following upper limb robot-assisted therapy after stroke
Robot-assisted therapy is an effective treatment for stroke patients and has recently gained popularity. Clinicians and researchers are trying to identify predictors to stratify patients for ensuring better stroke rehabilitation outcomes. However, previous studies have reported controversial results regarding the predictors of upper limb recovery after robot-assisted therapy. Our objective was to determine whether the demographic and clinical characteristics of stroke patients influence the motor and functional outcomes after robot-assisted therapy. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 48 hemiplegic patients who perfor...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Backward walking observational training improves gait ability in patients with chronic stroke: randomised controlled pilot study
Backward walking has a positive effect on gait ability. Action observational training is an effective treatment method for stroke neurological disorders. This randomised comparator-controlled pilot study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of backward walking observational training on the gait ability of chronic stroke patients. Fourteen chronic stroke participants were randomly allocated to the experimental group (backward walking observation; n = 7) and control group (landscape observation; n = 7). Both groups performed conventional therapy 5 days/week; then the backward walking observation and landscape observation + back...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Trajectories of functional performance and muscle strength recovery differ after total knee and total hip replacement: a performance-based, longitudinal study
Total joint replacement is indicated to alleviate pain and disability associated with hip and knee osteoarthritis. Arthroplasty outcomes are typically reported together, or anecdotal comparisons are made between total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) recovery. Limited data quantifies differences in recovery trajectories, especially with respect to performance-based outcomes. Seventy-nine people undergoing total knee or THA were followed over 6 months. Functional performance was measured using the stair climb test, timed-up-and-go test, and 6-min walk test. Surgical limb isometric strength was also m...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Home visits by occupational therapists in acute hospital care: a systematic review
The aim of this review was to determine the utility of home visits by occupational therapists before and after a patient is discharged from an acute care hospital. All relevant published studies were identified by searching the CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Occupational Therapy Systematic Evaluation of Evidence, and WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform databases. Randomized controlled trials were included regardless of sex, age, disease, and duration of acute hospitalization. The intervention was predischarge and postdischarge home visits made by an occupational therapist. The primary outcome was the ability to ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

The effect of Tai Chi and Qigong on health-related quality of life in Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of systematic reviews
In conclusion, our systematic review and meta-analysis showed no significant effect of Tai Chi and Qigong statistically on health-related quality of life in patients with Parkinson’s disease, but the small effect size in our study favoured the potential benefit of Tai Chi and Qigong on health-related quality of life in Parkinson’s disease. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Some thoughts on bibliometrics, usage metrics and altmetrics concerning the International Journal of Rehabilitation Research
No abstract available (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 8, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Floor and ceiling effects of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 among patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain
In this study, a significant floor effect was found for all WHODAS 2.0 items among patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain associated with mild or no disability. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Research Reports Source Type: research

Joint and soft-tissue injections in rehabilitation inpatients taking direct oral anticoagulants
The risk for complications associated with joint and soft-tissue injections in patients taking direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) is not fully understood. In this retrospective evaluation of 445 inpatients in a rehabilitation hospital who received corticosteroid injections, complications were compared in patients on DOACs with those who were not. After a review of all injections, no adverse events of significant bleeding (intra-articular or extra-articular) were observed. These findings suggest no substantial increase in adverse events associated with the use of DOACs when performing joint and soft-tissue injection procedu...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Research Reports Source Type: research

The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-based factors related to physical activity level in adults with muscle diseases
The aim of this study was to investigate the physical activity (PA) level of adults with muscle diseases and the association of factors affecting PA behaviour. Forty-five adults with muscle diseases and 44 healthy participants were included. The PA was assessed by a SenseWear Armband and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. The muscle strength, pain, fatigue severity, activity limitations, functional mobility level and quality of life were also assessed. Compared with the healthy group, adults with muscle diseases had significantly lower step counts and duration of moderate and vigorous PA (P (Source: Interna...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Role of motor and cognitive tasks in gait of individuals with mild cognitive impairment
Older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) experience difficulties with memory and task execution. Walking while performing a secondary task could affect gait of individuals with MCI and increase fall risk. The aim of the study was to investigate gait in individuals with MCI performing motor and cognitive secondary tasks. Eight individuals with MCI and eight age-matched healthy older adults walked over the GAITRite walkway under three different conditions: with no secondary task, while carrying a glass of water in their dominant hand (motor task), and while reciting alphabet [cognitive task (CT)]. Gait velocity, cad...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Pain and outcome prediction in muscle strength rehabilitation after knee injury in recreational athletes
Effects of rehabilitation on knee function, activity and health-related quality of life after soft-tissue knee injury have been widely studied in clinical trials, but there is still a lack of data on the relation between knee muscle strength and athlete’s perceived performance to identify sports-risk modifiers. We performed a prospective observational clinical study of knee muscle strength and self-reported health during rehabilitation after unilateral knee soft-tissue injury in recreational sports. Forty-three patients performed isokinetic dynamometry and filled in the Short form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Oxford...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Associations for tasks requiring single stimulus and working memory with different aspects of gait and posture: an exploratory study
This study aimed to delineate specific aspects of cognition that are related to gait and postural control parameters. Participants (N = 11, age = 76.55 ± 7.58 years) performed a series of cognitive tasks categorized as either lower-level (serial subtract 3 and continuous performance task) or higher-level (serial subtract 7 and rapid visual input processing task) tasks. Following the completion of the cognitive tasks, participants performed balance and gait activities. This procedure was performed on two separate days with a minimum 48-h rest period between days. A biv...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Pharyngeal width and aspiration after stroke
It is important to assess aspiration in stroke patients. The aim of this study was to develop a new additional tool to predict aspiration based on the pharyngeal width at rest in stroke patients with aspiration symptoms. The pharyngeal width was measured at the middle level of the second and third cervical vertebral bodies using a lateral neck roentgenogram in stroke patients and healthy controls. We named the average of the two pharyngeal widths as the JOSCYL width and calculated the ‘JOSCYL width × 100 / neck circumference’ as the JOSCYL scale. The correlation between the ind...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Cognitive rehabilitation is advantageous in terms of fatigue and independence in pediatric cancer treatment: a randomized-controlled study
This study aimed to investigate the effect of task-oriented inpatient cognitive rehabilitation on fatigue perception and independence in daily activities. Forty (22 males, 18 females) children with pediatric cancer were randomized to either study [n = 22; 10.81 (1.33) years] or control [n = 18; 10.16 (1.24) years] groups. The study group received a cognitive rehabilitation intervention in addition to a routine therapy program, and the control group received a routine therapy program for 15 sessions. Cognitive status, fatigue, and daily life activity outcomes were assessed by blinded assessors in before and after interventi...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Relation between the amount of daily activity and gait quality in transfemoral amputees
In conclusion, the results show that kinematic gait variability is associated with the extent of activity and therefore presents an important parameter for assessing amputees’ gait quality and daily activity. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation combined with traditional dysphagia therapy on poststroke dysphagia: a pilot double-blinded randomized-controlled trial
This study aimed to investigate the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) combined with the traditional dysphagia therapy on the swallowing function in patients with poststroke dysphagia. In this pilot double-blind randomized clinical trial, 18 patients with poststroke dysphagia were allocated randomly to three groups: (i) traditional dysphagia therapy, (ii) rTMS, and (iii) combined intervention. Patients received traditional dysphagia therapy for 18 treatment sessions three times per week. The inhibitory rTMS was applied to the intact cerebral hemisphere at 1 Hz with a train of 1200 for 5 consecut...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Speed and temporal adaptations during nonmotorized treadmill walking in Parkinson disease and nondisabled individuals
Few studies have explored the potential of gait analysis and training in nonmotorized treadmill (NMT) in Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients. We investigated (a) the walking strategy adopted by patients with PD on NMT and (b) how balance may influence spatiotemporal gait parameters. We enrolled 12 patients with PD of modified Hoehn and Yahr stage 2–3 and 13 nondisabled individuals as controls. All participants were evaluated using Tinetti’s performance oriented mobility assessment scale, freezing of gait questionnaire, modified falls efficacy scale, and the timed up and go test. They were asked to ambulate ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Slow versus traditional strength training in obese female participants: preliminary results
The aim of this study was to provide comparative data on a slow versus a traditional supervised resistance training in an obese female population. Forty obese female patients admitted to our rehabilitation hospital were assigned randomly to a slow training group (ST group; mean age: 47.44 years, mean BMI: 38.53 kg/m2) and a traditional training group (TT group; mean age: 54.34 years, mean BMI: 39.37 kg/m2). The ST protocol included five repetitions for five consecutive bouts on the leg press and extension machine. The duration of each repetition (concentric+eccentric phases) was 6 s for leg press and 5...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Three-dimensional path of the body centre of mass during walking in children: an index of neural maturation
This study aimed to describe the three-dimensional path of the centre of mass in children while walking in order to disentangle the effect of age from that of absolute forward speed and body size and to define preliminary pediatric normative values. The three-dimensional path of the centre of mass during walking was compared across healthy children 5–6− years (n = 6), 7–8 years (n = 6), 9–10 years (n = 5), and 11–13 years of age (n = 5) and healthy adults (23–48 years, n = 6). Partici...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effects of capacitive and resistive electric transfer therapy in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial
Capacitive and resistive electric transfer (CRET), an endogenous diathermy treatment, has been demonstrated to reduce pain and improve quality of life in numerous orthopedic degenerative and inflammatory problems but not in knee osteoarthritis (KOA). The aim of this prospective randomized controlled trial was to evaluate whether a 2-week program of CRET can reduce pain, stiffness and functional limitations in KOA compared with a sham treatment. Patients with KOA were randomly assigned to a study group (n = 31) or a control one (n = 22). The study group underwent six intermittent CRET applications, whereas the controls unde...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Conclusiveness of Cochrane Reviews in physiotherapy: a systematic search and analytical review
Numerous Cochrane Reviews (CRs) in the field of physiotherapy have been published, but their conclusiveness has not been investigated. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview and describe the conclusiveness of evidence from CRs regarding physiotherapy. We conducted a systematic search using the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews in the Cochrane Library from 2008 through 2017 in the field of physiotherapy, the Physical Rehabilitation Evidence Database, and the CRs list on the Cochrane Rehabilitation website. Reviewers extracted the following data: year of publication, editorial group, number of articles me...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Phonemic fluency improved after inhibitory transcranial magnetic stimulation in a case of chronic aphasia
Twenty-six months after a left hemispheric ischemic stroke an aphasic patient showed a significant improvement in verbal fluency following ten daily sessions of inhibitory 1 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation over the right cortex homologous to the Broca’s area. No improvement was observed for other linguistic functions or for executive ones. Results confirm the segregation of neural circuitries subtending phonemic and semantic fluency and suggest a selective usefulness of the repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case reports Source Type: research

Multistage neurorehabilitation of an adolescent with severe anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis: a case report
We report on a 15-year-old girl with severe anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis who had initial poor prognostic factors. We delineate the unique challenges faced in the rehabilitation of our patient including sleep disruption and food aversion. After 20 months of hospitalization and intensive rehabilitation, there was a significant improvement in functional abilities and self-care skills. However, she had residual neurocognitive deficits, visual perceptual, and motor coordination difficulties that continued to improve after discharge, attesting to the need for long-term rehabilitation. The case showed the need ...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Case reports Source Type: research

Relationship between body image and physical functioning following rehabilitation for lower-limb amputation
The aim of the present study was to evaluate change in body image and the association between body image at discharge and mobility 4 months after rehabilitation. A prospective cohort comprising adults older than or equal to 50 years of age undergoing rehabilitation for first major lower-limb amputation at an inpatient prosthetic rehabilitation program were assessed at discharge and 4 months after rehabilitation. Paired t-tests compared total Amputee Body Image Scale (ABIS), gait velocity, and L-test scores between discharge (T1) and 4 months (T2). Multivariable linear regression assessed relationship between ABIS scores an...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief research reports Source Type: research

Stroke survivor activity during subacute inpatient rehabilitation: how active are patients?
Being active following stroke is recommended, but inactivity is common. The current study aimed to observe stroke survivors physical, social and cognitive activities in a large regional inpatient rehabilitation centre. Patients were observed over 8 separate days at 10-min intervals between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m. Patients were engaged in any form of activity 59.9% of the time and in therapy 4.6% of the time. Patients were inactive and alone 34.3% of the time. Activity levels were weakly associated with patients’ functional abilities (Spearman’s ρ≤0.39). Independent walkers spent a higher proporti...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief research reports Source Type: research

The effect of task-oriented electromyography-triggered electrical stimulation of the paretic wrist extensors on upper limb motor function early after stroke: a pilot randomized controlled trial
The combined effect of task-oriented motor training and electromyography (EMG)-triggered electrical stimulation (ES) has been examined in chronic stroke, but there are no published reports in patients with early stroke. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the short-term and long-term effects of task-oriented EMG-triggered ES on upper limb motor function in acute/subacute stroke. Twenty-seven patients with stroke within the first 3 months after stroke onset were randomly allocated to an experimental group and a control group. Twenty-three patients (12 patients in the experimental group and 11 patients in t...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Postural control skills, proprioception, and risk of fall in long-term survivor patients treated with knee rotationplasty
In conclusion, knee rotationplasty patients had very good postural control when standing on both limbs, whereas single stance on the operated limb was compromised, with particular involvement of the proprioceptive component. This may determine a higher risk of falling than their normal-age counterparts and rehabilitation intervention for prevention is indicated. (Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research)
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - February 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original articles Source Type: research