Ecological Fallacy and Aggregated Data: A Case Study of Fried Chicken Restaurants, Obesity and Lyme Disease
AbstractInterdisciplinary approaches are merited when attempting to understand the complex and idiosyncratic processes driving the spillover of pathogens from wildlife and vector species to human populations. Public health data are often available for zoonotic pathogens but can lead to erroneous conclusions if the data have been spatially or temporally aggregated. As an illustration, we use human Lyme disease incidence data as a case study to examine correlations between mammalian biodiversity, fried chicken restaurants and obesity rates on human disease incidence. We demonstrate that Lyme disease incidence is negatively correlated with mammalian biodiversity, the abundance of fried chicken restaurants and obesity rates. We argue, however, that these correlations are spurious, representing both an ‘ecologic fallacy’ and Simpson’s paradox, and are generated by the use of aggregated data. We argue that correlations based on aggregated data across large spatial scales must be rigorously examined before being invoked as proof of disease ecology theory or as a rationale for public health pol icy.
After significant APA advocacy, the House Veterans ’ Affairs Committee removed a proposal to implement a pilot program allowing clinical psychologists to prescribe and manage medications for veterans who seek care in the Veterans Health Administration.After learning about the proposal, APA issued an advocacy alert that resulted in over 1,000 members sending more than 3,000 letters to their elected officials on Capitol Hill, opposing the proposal and urging lawmakers to ensure veterans receive the highest quality mental health care possible. Similarly, APA leadership, as well as government relations and policy staff m...
This report describes that the prevalences of prepregnancy obesity and gestational diabetes were higher among pregnant women hospitalized for COVID-19-related illness than among those admitted for pregnancy-related treatment or procedures and found to have COVID-19.
Ribeiro, AS, Schoenfeld, BJ, dos Santos, L, Nunes, JP, Tomeleri, CM, Cunha, PM, Sardinha, LB, and Cyrino, ES. Resistance training improves a cellular health parameter in obese older women: a randomized controlled trial. J Strength Cond Res 34(10): 2996–3002, 2020—Phase angle (PhA) is a viable indicator of cellular health, with higher values reflecting better cellularity, cell membrane integrity, and cell function. Adaptive responses to resistance training (RT) on PhA may be important in obese older people. The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of 8 weeks of RT on PhA in obese olde...
Conditions: Liver Fibrosis; Liver Steatosis; Weight Loss Intervention: Procedure: laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic single anastomosis gastric bypass (LSAGB) Sponsor: Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center Completed
Conditions: Obesity; Heart Diseases; Cancer Interventions: Other: Environmental message; Other: Health message; Other: Neutral Message Sponsors: University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Wellcome Trust Not yet recruiting
Conditions: PTSD; Overweight; Obesity Interventions: Behavioral: MOVE!+UP; Behavioral: MOVE! Sponsor: VA Office of Research and Development Not yet recruiting
AbstractThe link between epilepsy and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and/or metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been poorly investigated. Therefore, we tested whether a high-fat diet (HFD), inducing insulin-resistant diabetes and obesity in mice, would increase susceptibility to develop generalized seizures induced by pentylentetrazole (PTZ) kindling. Furthermore, molecular mechanisms linked to glucose brain transport and the effects of the T2DM antidiabetic drug metformin were also studied along with neuropsychiatric comorbidities. To this aim, two sets of experiments were performed in CD1 mice, in which we firstly evaluated the HFD ef...
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2020Source: PhytomedicineAuthor(s): Jung-Eun Lee, So Min Lee, Jeeyoun Jung
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2020Source: Anaesthesia &Intensive Care MedicineAuthor(s): Chandrakanth Koganti, Rhys Clayton
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2020Source: Anaesthesia &Intensive Care MedicineAuthor(s): Rhys Clayton, Mahmoud Alkholany