Development of New Neurotrophic Compounds Based on Talaumidin.

[Development of New Neurotrophic Compounds Based on Talaumidin]. Yakugaku Zasshi. 2020;140(2):129-137 Authors: Harada K Abstract (-)-2S,3S,4S,5S-Talaumidin (1) exhibits potent neurotrophic activities such as neurite-outgrowth promotion and neuroprotection in primary cultured rat cortical neurons and in nerve growth factor (NGF)-differentiated PC12 cells. To examine the stereochemistry-activity relationship of 1, systematic syntheses of seven stereoisomers of 1 were accomplished via Evans aldol reaction, diastereoselective hydroboration, and Mitsunobu reaction. All stereoisomers showed moderate-to-potent neurite-outgrowth promotion in NGF-differentiated PC12 cells. In particular, (-)-2S,3R,4S,5R-1e having all-cis-substituted configuration exhibited the most significant neurite-outgrowth promotion. Subsequently, we developed a short-step synthetic route for talaumidin derivatives so as to explore new neurotrophic compounds that could be obtained on a large scale. First, we synthesized derivative 2a, which is a racemic compound of (-)-1e, and compared its neurotrophic activity with (-)-1e. It was found that the neurotrophic activity of racemic 2a was similar to that of (-)-1e. Using the same synthetic route, several talaumidin derivatives were synthesized to optimize the oxy-functionality on aromatic rings. Thereby, bis(methylenedioxybenzene) derivative 2b was found to exhibit the highest neurotrophic activity. In addition, examination of the structure-acti...
Source: Yakugaku Zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Yakugaku Zasshi Source Type: research

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