Trends in US adults with overweight and obesity reporting being notified by doctors about body weight status, 1999 - 2016
ConclusionsThere was an improvement in informing patients of overweight/obesity status. However, less than a quarter of young adults with overweight were notified in recent surveys, compromising the opportunities of preventing overweight from becoming obesity in early adulthood.Graphical abstract
Exercise and physical activity levels influence myokine release from skeletal muscle and contribute to circulating concentrations. Indeed, many myokines, including interleukin (IL)-6, IL-15, secreted protein acidic rich in cysteine (SPARC), and fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 21 are higher in the circulation after an exercise bout. Since these peptides modulate muscle metabolism and can also be targeted toward other tissues to induce adaptations to energy demand, they are of great interest regarding metabolic diseases. Therefore, we set out to compare, in six women with obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) and five healthy women (BMI...
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) can convert fatty acids and glucose into heat, exhibiting the potential to combat obesity and diabetes. The mass and activity of BAT gradually diminishes with aging. As a newly found regulator of gene expression, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) exhibit a wide range of functions in life processes. However, whether long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) involves in BAT dysfunction with aging is still unclear. Here, using RNA-sequencing technology, we identified 3237 messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and 1312 lncRNAs as differentially expressed in BAT of 10-months-old mice compared with 6- to 8-week-old. The protein-prot...
AbstractAimObesity is a public health problem, and all high-, low- and middle-income countries face it worldwide. The purpose of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of obesity and its relation to the Human Development Index in Asian countries in 2016.Subjects and methodsThis is an ecological study. The data required were the HDI and the prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥ 30) in adults> 18 years of age, obtained from the World Bank (https://data.worldbank.org/). Two-way correlation and analysis of variance were used at a significance level 18 years living in the American and the lowest was fo...
ConclusionsPatients with CMS were more likely to present with increased comorbidities. Patients with CMS undergoing CABG were at risk for worse short ‐term secondary postoperative outcomes and reduced long‐term survival. The data supports the need for further investigation for risk reduction surrounding operative revascularization.
Conditions: Cardiovascular Diseases; Sarcopenic Obesity Interventions: Other: High-Protein Mediterranean Diet; Other: Resistance Exercise; Other: Standard Dietary Advice; Other: Standard Cardiac Rehabilitation Exercise Sponsors: Liverpool John Moores University; University of Chester Not yet recruiting
Conditions: Psoriasis; Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease; Obesity; Dyslipidemia; Cardiometabolic Diseases Interventions: Dietary Supplement: Niagen; Other: Placebo Sponsor: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Recruiting
Researchers assessed the sitting habits of older, post-menopausal women and found that those who spent more time seated, and were either overweight or obese, had a higher risk of heart disease and diabetes.