Association between diet and measures of arterial stiffness in type 1 diabetes – focus on dietary patterns and macronutrient substitutions
ConclusionThe macronutrient distribution of the diet is likely to affect the resilience of the arteries. Our observations suggest that reducing energy intake from carbohydrates and alcohol may be beneficial. These observations, especially those dealing with dietary patterns, need to be confirmed in a longitudinal study. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of synbiotic pomegranate juice on glycemic, sex hormone profile and anthropometric indices in PCOS: A randomized, triple blind, controlled trial
ConclusionSPJ in the form of a new beverage can improve insulin resistance, insulin, testosterone level, BMI, weight and waist circumference in PCOS. This trial was registered in Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials, with number: 25272. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Fish consumption is associated with a decreased risk of death among adults with diabetes: 18-year follow-up of a national cohort
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): A. Deng, S. Pattanaik, A. Bhattacharya, J. Yin, L. Ross, C. Liu, J. ZhangAbstractBackgroundThere is a paucity of studies examining the beneficial effects of fish consumption on cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) among adults with diabetes, who experience a substantially high risk of CVDs.Methods and resultsWe analyzed the data of 1136 adults with diabetes mellitus aged 18 years and older who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–1994, and were followed up through December ...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Treatment with crocin improves cardiac dysfunction by normalizing autophagy and inhibiting apoptosis in STZ-induced diabetic cardiomyopathy
ConclusionThe results suggest that crocin improves the deteriorated cardiac function in diabetic animals by enhancing the heat shock response, inhibiting apoptosis and normalizing autophagy in cardiac myocytes. Thus, treatment with crocin may represent a novel approach for treating diabetic cardiomyopathy. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Congruent validity and inter-day reliability of two breath by breath metabolic carts to measure resting metabolic rate in young adults
Publication date: Available online 30 March 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): J.M.A. Alcantara, G. Sanchez-Delgado, B. Martinez-Tellez, E. Merchan-Ramirez, I. Labayen, J.R. RuizAbstractBackground & aimsAchieving high inter-day reliability is a key factor to analyze the magnitude of change in RMR, for instance after an intervention. The aims of this study were: i) to determine the congruent validity of RMR and respiratory quotient (RQ) with two breath by breath commercially available metabolic carts [CCM Express (CCM) and Ultima CardiO2 (MGU)]; and ii) to analyze the inter-day relia...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Transient postnatal over nutrition induces long-term alterations in cardiac NLRP3-inflammasome pathway
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that the miR-193b could be involved in cardiac phenotypic changes observed in adulthood induced by PNOF likely through the regulation of ETS-1 and NLRP3 expression, and through this of insulin signaling. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Fermented dairy products, diet quality, and cardio–metabolic profile of a Mediterranean cohort at high cardiovascular risk
ConclusionsCompared to nonconsumers, participants consuming fermented dairy products reported a better diet quality and, particularly, cheese consumers presented a lower prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia and low HDL-cholesterol plasma levels, which are MetS components. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of preadipocytes derived from mice fed with high fat diet on the angiogenic potential of endothelial cells
ConclusionHypoxic and growth factors produced by preadipocytes derived from mice fed with HFD have higher capacity than preadipocytes derived from mice fed with standard diet to stimulate the angiogenic potential of endothelial cells, contributing to vascular disorders in obesity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Regular brief interruptions to sitting after a high-energy evening meal attenuate glycemic excursions in overweight/obese adults
Publication date: Available online 26 May 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): R.E. Climie, M.S. Grace, R.L. Larsen, P.C. Dempsey, J. Oberoi, N.D. Cohen, N. Owen, B.A. Kingwell, D.W. DunstanAbstractBackground and aimsModern Western lifestyles are characterized by consumption of approximately 45% of total daily energy intake at the evening meal, followed by prolonged sitting while watching television (TV), which may deleteriously impact glycemic control. After a high-energy evening meal (dinner), we examined whether regular, brief activity bouts during TV commercial breaks could acutely lo...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Longitudinal association between ideal cardiovascular health status and muscular fitness in adolescents: The LabMed Physical Activity Study
ConclusionThe ideal cardiovascular health status during adolescence was associated with high muscular fitness levels over a two-year period. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Elevated lipoprotein (a) levels are associated with the presence and severity of coronary artery disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Hui-Wen Zhang, Xi Zhao, Yuan-Lin Guo, Ying Gao, Cheng-Gang Zhu, Na-Qiong Wu, Jian-Jun LiAbstractBackground and AimsThe role of lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] in coronary artery diseases (CAD) with special clinical background such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has not been fully determined. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relation of Lp(a) to type 2 diabetic patients with or without CAD.Methods and ResultsA total of consecutive 2040 patients with T2DM who received selective coronary angiography...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Direct bilirubin is associated with low-density lipoprotein subfractions and particle size in overweight and centrally obese women
ConclusionsDirect bilirubin is more strongly correlated with the sdLDL subfraction compared with total and indirect bilirubin, and is independently associated with mean LDL particle size in overweight and centrally obese women. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Excess mortality for people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in 2012 – Estimates based on claims data from 70 million Germans
ConclusionIn Germany, men and women in 2012 with T2D aged 65–90 years experienced a three-to four-fold higher mortality compared to people without T2D, which might indicate that the excess mortality could be higher than in countries with comparable health care systems. Female sex and younger age were associated with higher excess mortality. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Fish consumption is associated with a decreased risk of death among adults with diabetes: 18- year follow-up of a national cohort
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): A. Deng, S. Pattanaik, A. Bhattacharya, J. Yin, L. Ross, C. Liu, J. ZhangAbstractBackgroundThere is a paucity of studies examining the beneficial effects of fish consumption on cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among adults with diabetes, who experience a substantially high risk of CVD.MethodologyWe analyzed the data of 1,136 adults aged 18 and older with diabetes mellitus who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994, and were followed up through December 31, 2010. We used Cox...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A longitudinal study of altered taste and smell perception and change in blood pressure
ConclusionOur results suggest an association between chemosensory function and blood pressure. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Body mass index, waist circumference, body fat mass, and risk of developing hypertension in normal-weight children and adolescents
ConclusionHigh BMI, but not WC and PBF, was associated with high risk of hypertension in normal-weight Chinese children. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Fruit, vegetable consumption and blood pressure in healthy adolescents: A longitudinal analysis from the LabMed study
ConclusionIn apparently healthy adolescents, fruit intake may already start to have an effect in blood pressure. Girls who consumed more fruit exhibited lower levels of diastolic blood pressure. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Impact of respiratory function on the progression from metabolically healthy non-overweight to metabolically abnormal phenotype
Publication date: Available online 7 June 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Takuro Okamura, Masahide Hamaguchi, Akihiro Obora, Takao Kojima, Michiaki FukuiAbstractAimsRecent studies identified that metabolically abnormal non-obese phenotype is a risk of cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about risk factors for progression from metabolically healthy non-overweight (MHNO) to metabolically abnormal phenotype. We investigated the impact of respiratory function on the progression from MHNO to metabolically abnormal phenotype.MethodsIn this retrospective c...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Food intake and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels in adolescents
Publication date: Available online 9 June 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): M. Cabral, J. Araújo, C. Lopes, E. RamosAbstractBackground and AimsDiet comprises factors with anti and pro-inflammatory potential that can contribute to modulate obesity-induced inflammation. We aimed to assess the association between food intake and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels in adolescents.Methods and ResultsA cross-sectional analysis of 991 adolescents aged 13 years old was conducted as part of the EPITeen cohort, Porto, Portugal. Food intake was assessed by a food frequency q...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Oral antioxidant therapy for prevention and treatment of preeclampsia: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
ConclusionsAntioxidant therapy had no effects in the prevention of preeclampsia but did show beneficial effects in intrauterine growth restriction, when used in the treatment of this condition. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Ideal cardiovascular health and its association with sedentary behaviour and fitness in psychiatric patients. The PsychiActive project
ConclusionsPatients with severe mental illness generally have low prevalence of ideal CVH metrics, especially diet and body mass index. Additionally, our findings suggest the need or considering cardiorespiratory fitness, regardless of sedentary behaviour, to promote ideal CVH in this population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association between bone metabolism regulators and arterial stiffness in type 2 diabetes patients
ConclusionOnly elevated plasma levels of OPN are associated with increased arterial stiffness in patients with type 2 diabetes as measured by the ankle-brachial index and arterial stiffness summary score. These findings indicate that OPN may be involved in the pathophysiology of arterial stiffness and call for further clinical investigation. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Validation of a short questionnaire to record Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet: an Italian experience
ConclusionThis new self-administered 15-item questionnaire could be a useful tool to assess adherence to the Mediterranean diet in the Italian population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Physical performance measures in screening for reduced lean body mass in adult females with obesity
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Marwan El Ghoch, Andrea P. Rossi, Simona Calugi, Sofia Rubele, Fabio Soave, Mauro Zamboni, Elisa Chignola, Gloria Mazzali, Paola Vittoria Bazzani, Riccardo Dalle GraveAbstractBackground & AimsLittle is known about the reduction of lean body mass (LBM) in obesity, or how to identify it in standard clinical settings. We therefore aimed to assess the prevalence of low LBM in adult females with obesity, and to identify the reliability of simple tools for its screening in this population.MethodsDual-energy X-ra...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Low-carbohydrate diet and the risk of metabolic syndrome in Korean adults
ConclusionThese findings indicate that, in Korea, a low-carbohydrate diet did not increase the risk of metabolic syndrome among adults who typically consume a high-carbohydrate low-fat diet. However, it may moderately decrease the risk of reduced HDL-cholesterol levels. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Diet Quality and Its Association with Type 2 Diabetes and Major Cardiometabolic Risk Factors among Adults in China
ConclusionsChinese diets that scored high on both the CDGI and the tAHEI showed similarly negative associations with high LDL-C risk, whereas only CDGI score was negatively related to diabetes risk in men. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Serum uric acid potentially links metabolic health to measures of fuel use in lean and obese individuals
Publication date: Available online 20 June 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): C. Mele, M.A. Tagliaferri, G. Saraceno, S. Mai, R. Vietti, M. Zavattaro, G. Aimaretti, M. Scacchi, P. MarzulloAbstractBackground and AimsUric acid (UA) is a byproduct of the high-energy purine metabolism and is conventionally regarded as a marker of cardio-metabolic impairment. Its potential relationship with energy homeostasis is unknown to date.Methods and ResultsIn a cross-sectional study on 121 otherwise healthy obese and 99 sex- and-age-matched lean subjects, UA levels were analyzed in relation to metabol...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Incidence of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia in metabolically healthy obese and non-obese
ConclusionA considerable fraction of MHO individuals lose their status over time, and in metabolically healthy adults, obesity confers a higher risk of developing cardiovascular risk factors. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Sex differences in subclinical cardiac disease in overweight and obesity (the FATCOR study)
Publication date: Available online 21 June 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): H. Halland, M.T. Lønnebakken, N. Pristaj, S. Saeed, H. Midtbø, E. Einarsen, E. GerdtsAbstractBackground and AimsSubclinical cardiac disease, like abnormal left ventricular (LV) geometry or left atrial (LA) dilatation, is common in obesity. Less is known about sex differences in the prevalence and type of subclinical cardiac disease in obesity.Methods and ResultsClinical and echocardiographic data from 581 women and men without established cardiovascular disease and body mass index (BMI)>27.0 k...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Thiamine Deficiency and Cardiovascular Disorders
Publication date: Available online 22 June 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Ehab S. Eshak, Ahmed E. ArafaAbstractThiamine, also known as vitamin B1, functions as a co-factor in the metabolism of carbohydrates and amino acids. Thiamine deficiency has been suggested to be associated with many cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and risk factors; type one and type two diabetes (T1D and T2D), obesity, chronic vasculature inflammation, dyslipidemia, heart failure (HF), myocardial infarction (MI), and depression. This review explores the evidence of thiamine deficiency among subjects with CVDs o...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Prevalence and Cardiometabolic Risks of Normal Weight Obesity in Chinese Population: A Nationwide Study
ConclusionNWO is in a relatively high prevalence in Chinese population, and the prevalence of NWO is higher in Chinese men compared to Chinese women. Cardiometabolic risks significantly increase in an NWO population, and such risks persist after excluding the effect of abdominal obesity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Association between Subclinical inflammation and Abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism in Normal weight individuals in Korea
Publication date: Available online 25 June 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Min-Hee Kim, Ha-Na Kim, Whan-Seok ChoiAbstractBackgrounds and AimsWe aimed to reveal the association between subclinical inflammation and metabolic risk factors and to determine the difference in these associations between normal and obese Korean individuals.Methods and ResultsData collected from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2015, conducted from January to December 2015 was examined. Overall, 4,620 subjects were examined and divided into two groups: 2,987 and 1,633 subj...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Adipose tissue palmitoleic acid is inversely associated with nonfatal acute myocardial infarction in Costa Rican adults
We examined whether adipose tissue palmitoleic acid was associated with nonfatal acute myocardial infarction in a representative population of Costa Rican adults.Methods and resultsOdds ratios of nonfatal acute myocardial infarction by quintiles of adipose tissue palmitoleic acid were calculated using conditional logistic regression in a case–control study of 1828 cases and 1828 controls matched by age, sex, and area of residence. We observed an inverse relationship between nonfatal acute myocardial infarction and adipose tissue palmitoleic acid (OR for highest quintile compared to lowest quintile of palmitoleic acid...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The suppression of ox-LDL-induced inflammatory cytokine release and apoptosis of HCAECs by long non-coding RNA-MALAT1 via regulating microRNA-155/SOCS1 pathway
ConclusionIn summary, this study revealed the mechanisms by which MALAT1 worked as a putative atherosclerosis suppressor via miR-155 and SOCS1. Therefore, modulation of MALAT1/miR-155/SOCS1 axis might alleviate the inflammation persisted in atherosclerosis. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

High irisin levels in overweight/obese children and its positive correlation with metabolic profile, blood pressure, and endothelial progenitor cells
This study aimed to investigate the association between irisin level and anthropometric data, metabolic parameters, blood pressure, and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) level among children with overweight/obesity.Methods and resultsThis study included 24 children with overweight/obesity (9 girls and 15 boys) and 63 children with normal weight (25 girls and 38 boys). The anthropometric data, blood pressure, blood biochemistry, EPCs and irisin levels were evaluated. Children with overweight/obesity had significantly higher circulating irisin and EPCs levels than those with normal weight (P 
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Prognostic usefulness of arm circumference and nutritional screening tools in older patients with cardiovascular disease
This study aimed to compare the prognostic predictive capabilities of AC and nutritional screening tools in older patients with CVD.Methods and resultsThe study population consisted of 949 admitted patients ≥60 years old with CVD. Patients underwent AC measurement and nutritional screening before hospital discharge. We used the controlling nutritional status index (CONUT), the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI), and the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) as nutritional screening tools. The end point of the study was all-cause mortality. The mean age of the study population was 72.3 ± 7.2 years, and...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Associations of multiple unhealthy lifestyle behaviors with overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity among Brazilian adolescents: A country-wide survey
ConclusionsOur findings suggest a synergistic relationship between ULB and general and abdominal obesity. Preventive efforts targeting combined ULB should be sought to reduce the prevalence of general and abdominal obesity in Brazilian youth. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Reply to Dr. Rezaei and Dr. Gholami
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): P. Strazzullo, L. D'Elia, M. Bonaccio, L. Iacoviello, SINU Working Group on Nutrition and Stroke (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Letter to the editor about “Diet and primary prevention of stroke: Systematic review and dietary recommendations by the ad hoc Working Group of the Italian Society of Human Nutrition”
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): S. Rezaei, A. Gholami (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

In memoriam Alberto Zanchetti (Parma July 27, 1926 – Milan March 24, 2018)
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

In memoriam Lars A. Carlson
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Obesity, weight change, and mortality in older adults with metabolic abnormalities
ConclusionsOverweight was associated with less mortality risk, and obesity was not associated with mortality risk in older adults with metabolic abnormalities. Mortality risk increased with the increase in weight loss or weight gain, regardless of body weight levels at the baseline. These findings suggest that maintaining a stable weight may be the best choice in older adults with metabolic abnormalities. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The association of neck circumference with risk of metabolic syndrome and its components in adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionSubjects with higher NC were at approximately two-fold higher risk for hypertriglyceridemia compared to those with lower NC. We found positive associations between NC, WC, BMI, hypertension, FBS, TC, LDL-C, SBP, DBP, and low HDL-C concentrations. However, heterogeneity was considerably high. Therefore, the findings should be taken with caution. Future studies using longitudinal designs are needed to further understand the association between NC and features of MetS. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Flavanols are potential anti-obesity agents, a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): M. Akhlaghi, S. Ghobadi, M. Mohammad Hosseini, Z. Gholami, F. MohammadianAbstractBackgroundThe anti-obesity potential of flavonoids has been shown by animal and human studies. In this meta-analysis, we systematically reviewed controlled clinical trials and quantified the effects of flavonoids and flavonoid subclasses on obesity-related anthropometric measures.Methods and resultsPubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, and ProQuest databases were searched to identify trials examining the effect of flavonoids on ...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Soy isoflavones improve cardiovascular disease risk markers in women during the early menopause
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): T. Sathyapalan, M. Aye, A.S. Rigby, N.J. Thatcher, S.R. Dargham, E.S. Kilpatrick, S.L. AtkinAbstractBackgroundHormone replacement therapy may be beneficial for cardiovascular disease risk (CVR) in post-menopausal women. Soy isoflavones may act as selective estrogen receptor modulators. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether soy isoflavones had an effect on CVR markers.MethodsThe expected 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality were calculated as a secondary endpoint from a double blind rand...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of intermittent versus continuous energy restriction on weight loss, maintenance and cardiometabolic risk: A randomized 1-year trial
ConclusionsBoth intermittent and continuous energy restriction resulted in similar weight loss, maintenance and improvements in cardiovascular risk factors after one year. However, feelings of hunger may be more pronounced during intermittent energy restriction.Trial registrationwww.clinicaltrials.govNCT02480504. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness of sensor-augmented pump therapy in two different patient populations with type 1 diabetes in Italy
ConclusionIn Italy, the use of SAP with automated insulin suspension is associated with projected improvements in outcomes as compared to CSII. These benefits translate into an ICER usually considered as good value for money, particularly in patients at elevated risk of hypoglycemia. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Fasting and post-glucose load measures of insulin resistance and risk of incident atrial fibrillation: The Cardiovascular Health Study
ConclusionsWe found no evidence of an association between either fasting or post-glucose load IR measures and incident AF. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Glucose lowering strategies and cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes – teachings from the TOSCA.IT study
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): O. Vaccaro, M. Masulli, G. RiccardiAbstractTOSCA.IT is an institutional, non-industry-supported, head-to-head study comparing long term cardiovascular effects, efficacy and safety of two antidiabetes drugs (pioglitazone vs sulphonylureas) used in combination with metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The study results show that in the absence of clinically evident cardiovascular disease both treatment strategies represent suitable alternatives; however, in consideration of the greater durability...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research