Long-term effects of coffee and caffeine intake on the risk of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes: Findings from a population with low coffee consumption
Publication date: Available online 12 September 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Parvin Mirmiran, Mattias Carlström, Zahra Bahadoran, Fereidoun AziziAbstractBackground and aimHere, we examined the potential effect of coffee consumption and total caffeine intake on the occurrence of pre-diabetes and T2D, in a population with low coffee consumption.MethodsAdults men and women, aged 20-70 years, were followed for a median of 5.8 y. Dietary intakes of coffee and caffeine were estimated using a 168-food items validate semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire, at baseline. Cox pr...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - September 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: October 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 10Author(s): (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - September 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Adipose tissue polyunsaturated fatty acids and metabolic syndrome among adult parents and their children
ConclusionsAmong Mesoamerican adults, MetS prevalence is inversely associated with adipose tissue ALA and GLA, and positively associated with EPA, DGLA, and the D6D index. Among children, metabolic risk score is positively associated with DPA, DGLA, and the D6D index. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - September 6, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Preclinical Signs Of Liver And Cardiac Damage In Youth With Metabolically Healthy Obese Phenotype
Publication date: Available online 4 September 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): P. Di Bonito, E. Miraglia del Giudice, C. Chiesa, M.R. Licenziati, M. Manco, F. Franco, G. Tornese, M.G. Baroni, A. Morandi, C. Maffeis, L. Pacifico, G. Valerio, CARITALY Study, Childhood Obesity Study Group of the Italian Society of Pediatric Endocrinology and DiabetologyAbstractBackground and AimsWe aimed to evaluate whether the metabolically healthy obese (MHO) phenotype was associated with hepatic steatosis (HS) or left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in young people with overweight (OW), obesity (OB) an...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - September 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Is lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol associated with lower androgen and erectile dysfunction in men?
ConclusionLower LDL-C levels were significantly associated with lower free T and lower FAI in a general population of men. Moreover, both low and high levels of LDL-C might be risk factors for ED. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - September 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Comparison of a Mediterranean to a low-fat diet intervention in adults with type 1 diabetes and metabolic syndrome: A 6–month randomized trial
ConclusionsThis study suggests that a 6-month non-restrictive dietary intervention in patients with T1D and MS could contribute to weight management, without significant differences between interventions for anthropometric and metabolic parameters. Further studies should investigate the long-term benefits of these diets.Clinical Trial RegistryNCT02821585 (https://clinicaltrials.gov/) (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Inflammation and ventricular-vascular coupling in hypertensive patients with metabolic syndrome
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): L. Zanoli, A. Di Pino, V. Terranova, S. Di Marca, M. Pisano, R. Di Quattro, V. Ferrara, R. Scicali, A.M. Rabuazzo, P. Fatuzzo, P. Castellino, S. Piro, F. Purrello, L. MalatinoAbstractBackground and AimsMetabolic syndrome (MetS) is currently considered to raise the risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular events. It has been suggested that part of this risk excess may be due to a cluster of additional factors associated with MetS. We aimed to investigate the role of inflammation on the ventricular-vascular...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 24, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

(−)-epicatechin inhibits development of dilated cardiomyopathy in δ sarcoglycan null mouse
ConclusionAll the results indicate that (−)-epicatechin has the potential to prevent the development of dilated cardiomyopathy of genetic origin and encourages the use of this flavonol as a pharmacological therapy for dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure diseases. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 23, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Light wine consumption is associated with a lower odd for cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): T. Jespersen, N. Kruse, T. Mehta, M. Kuwabara, L. Noureddine, D. JalalAbstractAimsTo examine the association between wine consumption and the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD).Data synthesisWe performed a cross-sectional logistic regression analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in participants 21 years of age or older from 2003 to 2006 in a large representative study of the U.S. population. Wine consumption was categorized as none (0 g...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 23, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Weight loss but not gains in cardiorespiratory fitness after exercise-training predicts improved health risk factors in metabolic syndrome
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez, Juan Fernando Ortega, Felix Morales-Palomo, Miguel Ramirez-JimenezAbstractBackground and AimsTo examine the relationship between changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF; estimated by VO2max) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) after an exercise training intervention to confirm/contradict the high association found in cross-sectional observational studies.Methods and ResultsMetS individuals (54±8 yrs old; BMI of 32±5) were randomly allocated (6:1 ratio) to a group that exerci...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 23, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Prevalence of the cardiovascular health status in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionThe prevalence of ideal status was low for some metrics, such as dietary pattern, and the overall CVH status was still unsatisfactory. We should continue to measure the CVH status and carry out lifestyle interventions to improve the CVH status in the whole population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: September 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 9Author(s): (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The ‘scent’ and ‘flavour’ of hypertension
Publication date: September 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 9Author(s): F.P. Cappuccio (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Platelet number is negatively and independently associated with carotid intima-media thickness in apparetly healthy overweight/obese subjects
Publication date: Available online 8 August 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Giovanni De Pergola, Roberta Zupo, Annagrazia Cecere, Nicola Bartolomeo, Vincenzo Triggiani, Silvia Paradiso, Luisa Lampignano, Franco Silvestris, Marco Matteo CicconeAbstractBackgroundA significant change of platelet number may be a risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.Objective: to investigate the association between platelet number and early signs of atherosclerosis, evaluated by carotid intima-media thickness (c-IMT), in a apparently healthy population mainly represented by obese subject...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 8, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Viewpoint: The ‘scent’ and ‘flavour’ of hypertension
Publication date: Available online 6 August 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): F.P. Cappuccio (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Brain imaging correlates of mild cognitive impairment and early dementia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): O. Groeneveld, Y. Reijmer, R. Heinen, H. Kuijf, P. Koekkoek, J. Janssen, G. Rutten, L. Kappelle, G. Biessels, COG-ID study groupAbstractBackground and AimsThe risk of mild cognitive impairment and dementia is increased in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We aimed to identify the neuroanatomical correlates of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early dementia in patients with T2DM, using advanced multimodal MRI.Methods and ResultsTwenty-five patients (≥70 years) with T2DM and MCI (n=22) or early dementia (n...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The relationship between oily fish intake and arterial stiffness in older adults living in rural coastal Ecuador
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): O.H. Del Brutto, R.,M. Mera, E. Peñaherrera, R. Peñaherrera, A.F. Costa (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Endogenous Secretory RAGE Increases with Improvements in Body Composition and is Associated with Markers of Adipocyte Health
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Edwin R. Miranda, Kelly N.Z. Fuller, Ryan K. Perkins, Cynthia M. Kroeger, John F. Trepanowski, Krista A. Varady, Jacob M. HausAbstractBackground and AimsThe receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is implicated in obesogenesis. Conversely, soluble RAGE (sRAGE) competitively inhibit RAGE. Our aim was to determine the effects of weight-loss via alternate day fasting (ADF) on sRAGE isoforms and evaluate potential relationships with body composition.Methods and Results42 obese participants were random...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Elevated high density lipoprotein cholesterol and low grade systemic inflammation is associated with increased gut permeability in normoglycemic men
ConclusionThe significant association between increased gut permeability and elevated serum HDL-cholesterol is consistent with the role of HDL as an acute phase reactant, and in this situation, potentially dysfunctional lipoprotein. This finding may have negative implications for the putative role of HDL as a cardio-protective lipoprotein. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - August 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Remembering Gerald M. Reaven, MD, Endocrinologist, Emeritus Professor of Medicine, Stanford University
Publication date: Available online 30 July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Ivana Zavaroni, Elisabetta Dall'Aglio (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Body mass index and mortality in people with and without diabetes: a UK Biobank study
ConclusionThe impact of obesity on the risk of mortality was dependent on the presence of diabetes: for the same level of obesity, mortality risk was higher in people without diabetes compared to those with diabetes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Diabetes mellitus, blood glucose and the risk of heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies
Publication date: Available online 25 July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Dagfinn Aune, Sabrina Schlesinger, Manuela Neuenschwander, TingTing Feng, Imre Janszky, Teresa Norat, Elio RiboliAbstractBackgroundThe strength of the association between diabetes and risk of heart failure has differed between previous studies and the available studies have not been summarized in a meta-analysis. We therefore quantified the association between diabetes and blood glucose and heart failure in a systematic review and meta-analysis.Methods and resultsPubMed and Embase databases were searched up to...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A J-shaped relation of BMI and stroke: systematic review and dose–response meta-analysis of 4.43 million participants
Publication date: Available online 21 July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): X. Liu, D. Zhang, Y. Liu, X. Sun, Y. Hou, B. Wang, Y. Ren, Y. Zhao, C. Han, C. Cheng, F. Liu, Y. Shi, X. Chen, L. Liu, G. Chen, S. Hong, M. Zhang, D. HuAbstractBackground and aimMany studies have shown increased risk of stroke with greater adiposity as measured by body mass index (BMI), but questions remain about the shape of the dose–response relation. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies to clarify the strength and shape of the dose–response relation between B...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association between diet and measures of arterial stiffness in type 1 diabetes – focus on dietary patterns and macronutrient substitutions
ConclusionThe macronutrient distribution of the diet is likely to affect the resilience of the arteries. Our observations suggest that reducing energy intake from carbohydrates and alcohol may be beneficial. These observations, especially those dealing with dietary patterns, need to be confirmed in a longitudinal study. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of synbiotic pomegranate juice on glycemic, sex hormone profile and anthropometric indices in PCOS: A randomized, triple blind, controlled trial
ConclusionSPJ in the form of a new beverage can improve insulin resistance, insulin, testosterone level, BMI, weight and waist circumference in PCOS. This trial was registered in Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials, with number: 25272. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Fish consumption is associated with a decreased risk of death among adults with diabetes: 18-year follow-up of a national cohort
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): A. Deng, S. Pattanaik, A. Bhattacharya, J. Yin, L. Ross, C. Liu, J. ZhangAbstractBackgroundThere is a paucity of studies examining the beneficial effects of fish consumption on cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) among adults with diabetes, who experience a substantially high risk of CVDs.Methods and resultsWe analyzed the data of 1136 adults with diabetes mellitus aged 18 years and older who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–1994, and were followed up through December ...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Treatment with crocin improves cardiac dysfunction by normalizing autophagy and inhibiting apoptosis in STZ-induced diabetic cardiomyopathy
ConclusionThe results suggest that crocin improves the deteriorated cardiac function in diabetic animals by enhancing the heat shock response, inhibiting apoptosis and normalizing autophagy in cardiac myocytes. Thus, treatment with crocin may represent a novel approach for treating diabetic cardiomyopathy. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Congruent validity and inter-day reliability of two breath by breath metabolic carts to measure resting metabolic rate in young adults
Publication date: Available online 30 March 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): J.M.A. Alcantara, G. Sanchez-Delgado, B. Martinez-Tellez, E. Merchan-Ramirez, I. Labayen, J.R. RuizAbstractBackground & aimsAchieving high inter-day reliability is a key factor to analyze the magnitude of change in RMR, for instance after an intervention. The aims of this study were: i) to determine the congruent validity of RMR and respiratory quotient (RQ) with two breath by breath commercially available metabolic carts [CCM Express (CCM) and Ultima CardiO2 (MGU)]; and ii) to analyze the inter-day relia...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Transient postnatal over nutrition induces long-term alterations in cardiac NLRP3-inflammasome pathway
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that the miR-193b could be involved in cardiac phenotypic changes observed in adulthood induced by PNOF likely through the regulation of ETS-1 and NLRP3 expression, and through this of insulin signaling. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Fermented dairy products, diet quality, and cardio–metabolic profile of a Mediterranean cohort at high cardiovascular risk
ConclusionsCompared to nonconsumers, participants consuming fermented dairy products reported a better diet quality and, particularly, cheese consumers presented a lower prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia and low HDL-cholesterol plasma levels, which are MetS components. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of preadipocytes derived from mice fed with high fat diet on the angiogenic potential of endothelial cells
ConclusionHypoxic and growth factors produced by preadipocytes derived from mice fed with HFD have higher capacity than preadipocytes derived from mice fed with standard diet to stimulate the angiogenic potential of endothelial cells, contributing to vascular disorders in obesity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Regular brief interruptions to sitting after a high-energy evening meal attenuate glycemic excursions in overweight/obese adults
Publication date: Available online 26 May 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): R.E. Climie, M.S. Grace, R.L. Larsen, P.C. Dempsey, J. Oberoi, N.D. Cohen, N. Owen, B.A. Kingwell, D.W. DunstanAbstractBackground and aimsModern Western lifestyles are characterized by consumption of approximately 45% of total daily energy intake at the evening meal, followed by prolonged sitting while watching television (TV), which may deleteriously impact glycemic control. After a high-energy evening meal (dinner), we examined whether regular, brief activity bouts during TV commercial breaks could acutely lo...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Longitudinal association between ideal cardiovascular health status and muscular fitness in adolescents: The LabMed Physical Activity Study
ConclusionThe ideal cardiovascular health status during adolescence was associated with high muscular fitness levels over a two-year period. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Elevated lipoprotein (a) levels are associated with the presence and severity of coronary artery disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Hui-Wen Zhang, Xi Zhao, Yuan-Lin Guo, Ying Gao, Cheng-Gang Zhu, Na-Qiong Wu, Jian-Jun LiAbstractBackground and AimsThe role of lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] in coronary artery diseases (CAD) with special clinical background such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has not been fully determined. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relation of Lp(a) to type 2 diabetic patients with or without CAD.Methods and ResultsA total of consecutive 2040 patients with T2DM who received selective coronary angiography...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Direct bilirubin is associated with low-density lipoprotein subfractions and particle size in overweight and centrally obese women
ConclusionsDirect bilirubin is more strongly correlated with the sdLDL subfraction compared with total and indirect bilirubin, and is independently associated with mean LDL particle size in overweight and centrally obese women. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Excess mortality for people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in 2012 – Estimates based on claims data from 70 million Germans
ConclusionIn Germany, men and women in 2012 with T2D aged 65–90 years experienced a three-to four-fold higher mortality compared to people without T2D, which might indicate that the excess mortality could be higher than in countries with comparable health care systems. Female sex and younger age were associated with higher excess mortality. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Fish consumption is associated with a decreased risk of death among adults with diabetes: 18- year follow-up of a national cohort
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): A. Deng, S. Pattanaik, A. Bhattacharya, J. Yin, L. Ross, C. Liu, J. ZhangAbstractBackgroundThere is a paucity of studies examining the beneficial effects of fish consumption on cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among adults with diabetes, who experience a substantially high risk of CVD.MethodologyWe analyzed the data of 1,136 adults aged 18 and older with diabetes mellitus who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994, and were followed up through December 31, 2010. We used Cox...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A longitudinal study of altered taste and smell perception and change in blood pressure
ConclusionOur results suggest an association between chemosensory function and blood pressure. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Body mass index, waist circumference, body fat mass, and risk of developing hypertension in normal-weight children and adolescents
ConclusionHigh BMI, but not WC and PBF, was associated with high risk of hypertension in normal-weight Chinese children. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Fruit, vegetable consumption and blood pressure in healthy adolescents: A longitudinal analysis from the LabMed study
ConclusionIn apparently healthy adolescents, fruit intake may already start to have an effect in blood pressure. Girls who consumed more fruit exhibited lower levels of diastolic blood pressure. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Impact of respiratory function on the progression from metabolically healthy non-overweight to metabolically abnormal phenotype
Publication date: Available online 7 June 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Takuro Okamura, Masahide Hamaguchi, Akihiro Obora, Takao Kojima, Michiaki FukuiAbstractAimsRecent studies identified that metabolically abnormal non-obese phenotype is a risk of cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about risk factors for progression from metabolically healthy non-overweight (MHNO) to metabolically abnormal phenotype. We investigated the impact of respiratory function on the progression from MHNO to metabolically abnormal phenotype.MethodsIn this retrospective c...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Food intake and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels in adolescents
Publication date: Available online 9 June 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): M. Cabral, J. Araújo, C. Lopes, E. RamosAbstractBackground and AimsDiet comprises factors with anti and pro-inflammatory potential that can contribute to modulate obesity-induced inflammation. We aimed to assess the association between food intake and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels in adolescents.Methods and ResultsA cross-sectional analysis of 991 adolescents aged 13 years old was conducted as part of the EPITeen cohort, Porto, Portugal. Food intake was assessed by a food frequency q...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Oral antioxidant therapy for prevention and treatment of preeclampsia: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
ConclusionsAntioxidant therapy had no effects in the prevention of preeclampsia but did show beneficial effects in intrauterine growth restriction, when used in the treatment of this condition. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Ideal cardiovascular health and its association with sedentary behaviour and fitness in psychiatric patients. The PsychiActive project
ConclusionsPatients with severe mental illness generally have low prevalence of ideal CVH metrics, especially diet and body mass index. Additionally, our findings suggest the need or considering cardiorespiratory fitness, regardless of sedentary behaviour, to promote ideal CVH in this population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association between bone metabolism regulators and arterial stiffness in type 2 diabetes patients
ConclusionOnly elevated plasma levels of OPN are associated with increased arterial stiffness in patients with type 2 diabetes as measured by the ankle-brachial index and arterial stiffness summary score. These findings indicate that OPN may be involved in the pathophysiology of arterial stiffness and call for further clinical investigation. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Validation of a short questionnaire to record Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet: an Italian experience
ConclusionThis new self-administered 15-item questionnaire could be a useful tool to assess adherence to the Mediterranean diet in the Italian population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Physical performance measures in screening for reduced lean body mass in adult females with obesity
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Marwan El Ghoch, Andrea P. Rossi, Simona Calugi, Sofia Rubele, Fabio Soave, Mauro Zamboni, Elisa Chignola, Gloria Mazzali, Paola Vittoria Bazzani, Riccardo Dalle GraveAbstractBackground & AimsLittle is known about the reduction of lean body mass (LBM) in obesity, or how to identify it in standard clinical settings. We therefore aimed to assess the prevalence of low LBM in adult females with obesity, and to identify the reliability of simple tools for its screening in this population.MethodsDual-energy X-ra...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Low-carbohydrate diet and the risk of metabolic syndrome in Korean adults
ConclusionThese findings indicate that, in Korea, a low-carbohydrate diet did not increase the risk of metabolic syndrome among adults who typically consume a high-carbohydrate low-fat diet. However, it may moderately decrease the risk of reduced HDL-cholesterol levels. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Diet Quality and Its Association with Type 2 Diabetes and Major Cardiometabolic Risk Factors among Adults in China
ConclusionsChinese diets that scored high on both the CDGI and the tAHEI showed similarly negative associations with high LDL-C risk, whereas only CDGI score was negatively related to diabetes risk in men. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Serum uric acid potentially links metabolic health to measures of fuel use in lean and obese individuals
Publication date: Available online 20 June 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): C. Mele, M.A. Tagliaferri, G. Saraceno, S. Mai, R. Vietti, M. Zavattaro, G. Aimaretti, M. Scacchi, P. MarzulloAbstractBackground and AimsUric acid (UA) is a byproduct of the high-energy purine metabolism and is conventionally regarded as a marker of cardio-metabolic impairment. Its potential relationship with energy homeostasis is unknown to date.Methods and ResultsIn a cross-sectional study on 121 otherwise healthy obese and 99 sex- and-age-matched lean subjects, UA levels were analyzed in relation to metabol...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research