Palliative Care for Chronic Lung Disease: It Really Does Take a Village (TH318)

Chronic lung disease is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States and third leading cause of death worldwide. Patients often live for years with reduced quality of life and significant distress related to symptoms, stigma, reduced functional capabilities, social isolation, and complicated self-management protocols. Evaluating the potential benefits of advanced life support and bronchoscopic or surgical interventions can be daunting, even for actively involved patients. The World Health Organization's GOLD Guidelines recommend pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), a 6- to 8-week course of exercise training, education, and support, for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Healthcare providers now have information to advise clients with health conditions on the effectiveness of Tai Chi for overall health promotion.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONTai Chi is a form of safe, enjoyable, light-to-moderate aerobic physical activity for adults that is inexpensive to implement in diverse community settings.Adults with health conditions require physical activity for prevention of secondary impairments and over-all health promotion.This scoping review of meta-analyses elucidates "high" and "moderate" quality evidence of the effectiveness of Tai Chi in improving importan...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
RARITAN, NJ, February 10, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today the submission of a supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) seeking approval of DARZALEX® (daratumumab) in combination with Kyprolis® (carfilzomib) and dexamethasone (DKd) for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. The sBLA is supported by results from the Phase 3 CANDOR study, which compared treatment with DKd to carfilzomib and dexamethasone (Kd) in patients with multiple myeloma who relapsed after one to three prior lines of therapy. “Wh...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
Abstract Physicians often overlook exercise as a treatment or prophylactic measure for many common diseases and ailments. It can be used to treat comorbidities including obesity, cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes mellitus, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, cancer, and low back pain. Education on the general physical activity guidelines as well as easy exercise prescription methods can improve the ability of physicians to prescribe exercise as a therapeutic option. In addition, identifying barriers to compliance with exercise and ways to overcome these barriers is also necessary in...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Med Clin North Am Source Type: research
This study highlighted sex differences in areas that could account for the underuse of the procedure in both sexes, with women affected to a greater extent. Understanding these factors will help address the unmet needs of both sexes after TJA by encouraging future studies and provider education to ensure that all patients are able to access the necessary procedures for pain relief and functional improvement. PMID: 32015251 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
By ALYA AHMAD, MD Call it what you want, white privilege and health disparity appear to be two sides of the same coin. We used to consider ethnic or genetic variants as risk factors, prognostic to health conditions. However, the social determinants of health (SDOH) have increasingly become more relevant as causes of disease prevalence and complexity in health care. As a pediatric hospitalist in the San Joaquin Valley region, I encounter these social determinants daily. They were particularly evident as I treated a 12-year old Hispanic boy who was admitted with a ruptured appendix and developed a complicated abscess,...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health disparities Medical Practice Patients Alya Ahmad California health disparity health equity San Joaquin Valley SDoH Social Determinants of Health Source Type: blogs
This study evaluates the relationship of PA to outcomes after open ventral hernia repair (OVHR).MethodsA prospective institutional database was queried for patients undergoing OVHR. Demographics, operative characteristics, and outcomes were evaluated by the reported PA and the administration of beta-lactam prophylaxis (BLP).ResultsAllergy histories were reviewed in 1178 patients. PA was reported in 21.6% of patients, with 55.5% reporting rash or hives, 15.0% airway compromise or anaphylaxis, and 29.5% no specific reaction. BLP was administered to 76.3% of patients, including 22.1% of PA patients and 89.9% of patients witho...
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
In conclusion, this study suggests that epigenetic age acceleration is significantly associated with lung function in women older than 50 years. We hypothesised that this could be due to menopause. However, we have observed that menopause has minimal effect and therefore there is possibility of other unknown physiological factors at older age in females mediating the epigenetic age acceleration effect on lung function. While, it is still unknown what exactly epigenetic aging from DNA methylation measures, this study suggests it can be utilised as one of the important factors to assess women's lung health in old age. DNA me...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Despite significant advances in treatment, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains a chronic and progressive disease that frequently leads to premature mortality. COPD is associated with a constellation of significant symptoms including dyspnea, cough, wheezing, pain, fatigue, anxiety, depression and insomnia, and is associated with increased morbidity. Palliative care is appropriate to support these patients. However, historically palliative care has focused on supporting patients with malignant disease, rather than progressive chronic diseases such as COPD.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
End-stage chronic obstructive disease (COPD) has a high level of symptom burden, requirement for long-term oxygen therapy and frequent exacerbations that require hospitalization. Research to date is limited regarding the delivery and impact of palliative care services in patients with end-stage COPD.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Comorbid chronic cough in individuals with COPD is associated with a more severe disease in terms of more respiratory symptoms and healthcare utilizations, lower lung function, and increased inflammation in blood. PMID: 31987882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
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