Hyperendemic Chlamydia trachomatis sexually transmitted infections among females represent a high burden of asymptomatic disease and health disparity among Pacific Islanders in Fiji

ConclusionsA disproportionately high burden ofC.trachomatis is present among young asymptomatic women in Fiji of iTaukei ethnicity despite the low number of lifetime partners. Syndromic management and lack of barrier contraceptives contribute to hyperendemic levels. Strategic STI education and screening of at-risk adolescents, young women, and their partner(s) with appropriate treatment are urgently needed to control the epidemic.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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Abstract In deterministic models of epidemics, there is a host abundance threshold above which the introduction of a few infected individuals leads to a severe epidemic. Studies of weather-driven animal pathogens often assume that abundance thresholds will be overwhelmed by weather-driven stochasticity, but tests of this assumption are lacking. We collected observational and experimental data for a fungal pathogen, Entomophaga maimaiga, that infects the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar. We used an advanced statistical-computing algorithm to fit mechanistic models to our data, such that different models made different ...
Source: The American Naturalist - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Am Nat Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2020Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Lívian Otávio Lecca, Marcelo Teixeira Paiva, Camila Stefanie Fonseca de Oliveira, Maria Helena Franco Morais, Maria Isabel de Azevedo, Camila de Valgas e Bastos, Kelly Moura Keller, Roselene Ecco, Márcia Regina Silva Alves, Graziella Coelho Tavares Pais, Lauranne Alves Salvato, Gustavo de Morais Donancio Xaulim, David Soeiro Barbosa, Silvana Tecles Brandão, Danielle Ferreira de Magalhães Soares
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2020Source: Molecular and Cellular ProbesAuthor(s): Lan-Lan Zheng, Jian-Tao Cui, Hao-Ying Han, Hua-Lin Hou, Le-Yi Wang, Fang Liu, Hong-Ying Chen
Source: Molecular and Cellular Probes - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 February 2020Source: Journal de Mycologie MédicaleAuthor(s): C.S. Shinobu-Mesquita, E. Martins, J.B. Júnior, P. de Souza Bonfim-Mendonça, M.S.S. Felipe, É.S. Kioshima, T.I.E. Svidzinski
Source: Journal of Medical Mycology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Okay, I'm not an epidemiologist or a virologist. But I do know something about those subjects, I'm a public health professor, and I am an expert in clinical communication and risk communication. So I'm going to offer some observations that I hope will help people keep this public health scare in proper perspective and maybe be of practical use.There are two important parameters we need to understand the risk caused by any communicable disease. I'm going to broadly say transmissibility, and the probability that exposure will lead to serious disease.We often see transmissibility represented as a single number, called R0 or &...
Source: Stayin' Alive - Category: American Health Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2020Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global HealthAuthor(s): Mehran Varnasiri, Shokrolah Salmanzadeh, Ali Zarei Mahmoudabadi, Marzieh Halvaeezadeh, Simin Taghipour, Shahla Molavi, Seyed Mohammad Alavi, Khojasteh Hoseiny Nezhad, Parastoo Moradi Choghakabodi
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Authors: Xie L, Zou L, Chen J, Liu Y Abstract Obesity, caused by an increased number and volume of adipocytes, is a global epidemic that seriously threatens human health. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) can differentiate into adipocytes. All-trans retinoic acid (atRA, the active form of vitamin A) inhibits the adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs through its receptor RARG. The expression level of FRA1 (FOS like 1, AP-1 transcription factor subunit) in atRA-treated BMSCs increased, suggesting that atRA-mediated inhibition of BMSCs adipogenesis involves FRA1. BMSCs were transfected with adenovirus overexpre...
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
This article reviews the components of vaping, prevalence, adverse reactions, regulation, treatment, and prevention strategies related to vaping in youth and young adults.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants - Category: Primary Care Tags: CME: Public Health Source Type: research
This study was therefore aimed to assess the in vitro bioactivities associated with the LP EO. The EO was separated by hydrodistillation from the aerial parts of LP plants and analyzed for its antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticholinesterase, and antilipase activities. GC-MS was used for phytochemical analysis. The chemical analysis of the EO composition revealed 25 constituents, of which carvacrol (65.27%) was the most abundant. EO exhibited strong antioxidant (IC50 0.16-0.18 μL/mL), antiacetylcholinesterase (IC50 0.9 μL/mL), antibutyrylcholinesterase (IC50 6.82 μL/mL), and antilipase (IC50 1.0...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
The United States told Americans on Tuesday to begin preparing for coronavirus to spread within the country as outbreaks in Iran, South Korea and Italy escalated and fears that the epidemic would hurt global growth rattled markets.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
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