Relationship of asthma control test scores with pulmonary function tests, quality of life and adiposity in asthmatic children.
This study aimed at assessing asthma control test (ACT score), quality of life (QOL), and pulmonary functions in asthmatic children, and to see the correlations between ACT score, QOL, and pulmonary functions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the departments of pediatrics and physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University Medical City (KSUMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A total of 109 (53 asthmatics and 56 controls) children (aged 6 to 13 years) of both genders were studied. All subjects underwent clinical evaluation, 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36) for QOL, Spirometry, and cognitive assessment through mini mental state examination (MMSE). RESULTS: QOL showed significantly lower scores in asthmatic compared to non-asthmatic children. The higher social functioning [SF] (p=0.0012) and less role limitation due to physical health [RLPH] (non-asthmatic patients had had higher physical functioning [PF] (p=0.0001), less energy/fatigue [EF] (p=0.0008=0.0068). On the opposite side, no significant difference was found regarding role limitations due to emotional problems [RLEP] (p=0.0644) and Emotional well-being [EW] (p=0.0758) between the two groups. A significant positive correlation was seen between QOL items and ACT score in PF (r=.535, p
Conclusions: There was increased burden of respiratory problems and lower lung volumes and flows among traffic policemen.
CONCLUSION: Racial differences persisted in this cohort through age 10 years. Future studies should include potentially important, but rarely studied factors such as segregation and structural racism as these factors could explain the observed racial differences. PMID: 31945477 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionHigh-intensity exercise training generates similar benefits in patients with COPD regardless of whether presenting asthma overlap or not.
Conclusions: Respiratory symptoms are associated with subsequent respiratory hospitalisations and death in individuals with preserved pulmonary function without known airway disease.
Conclusion: By providing intuitive explanations, LIME builds trust for clinical application of a ML-based PFT interpretation algorithm.
2007 ATS/ERS statement in pulmonary function testing in preschool children recommends that any curve with the back-extrapolated volume (VBE) greater than 80ml or 12.5% of forced vital capacity (FVC) should be re-inspected. Our goal was to redefine this criterion in a greater number of children than in those that were originally defined. We performed spirometry in 1008 children (healthy and asthmatic) between 3.1 and 5.9 years of age according ATS standards, with an average success rate of 84.3%. See table 1 for main results. 13% of children obtained a VBE greater than 80ml and re-inspection of their curves showed 47% were ...
Severe asthma (SA) affects 5% of asthmatics. Asthma control test (ACT) and GINA control questionnaire (GINAq) are useful clinical scores (CS) to evaluate asthma control. Information about the relationship among CS, FeNO and pulmonary function tests in asthma control assessment, is scarce.Objectives: to assess the performance of FeNO, impulse oscilometry (IO) and spirometry vs. CS on asthma control assessment, in SA children.Methods: 12 months, multicentric, prospective, cross-sectional study. All SA patients (according GINA guidelines) were included (n=81). In reference to CS, uncontrolled asthma was defined by ACT ≤19....
We examined 86 ACOS patients without cardiovascular disease and thyroid dysfunction. Spirometry, echocardiography, 24-h electrocardiography monitoring, daily pulse oximetry (min% SpO2), blood pressure monitoring and determination of C-reactive protein (CRP) by latex immunoassay were performed. Health status was assessed using the CAT questionnaire.We found AF paroxysms in 42 ACOS patients. ACOS and AF group had more intensive systemic inflammation(CRP levels was 2.5 times higher than in group without rhythm disturbance), lower forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1) (by 36.5%, p
Introduction: Obese phenotype of asthma is thought to be mechanistically different from normal weight asthma.Aims and Objectives: We studied the peripheral blood eosinophil count (PBEC) in patients with asthma and tested the relationship to exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) and lung function test parameters.Methods: 44 patients with asthma without previous history of treatment with inhaled or systemic steroids were selected from a respiratory subspecialty clinic in Tabriz, Iran. After history and physical examination all patients had PBEC and eNO (using NObreath provided by Bedfont, UK) measured and spirometry (using Jaeger spiro...
Conclusion: As expected, spirometry consistently allows to quantify a loss of pulmonary capacity in respiratory diseases. Sputum rheology offers a complementary marker of the patient condition with strong variations observed, at least for CF and COPD, which suggests its potential to monitor more finely the patient’s evolution.