New diagnostic criteria for insomnia and the association between insomnia, anxiety and depression.

In this study, we examine the impact of the changes in the diagnostic criteria for insomnia on the association between insomnia, anxiety and depression. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The study is based on a questionnaire survey with 68 questions that can be found on the website of the Norwegian Competence Centre for Sleep Disorders. The survey began in 2012, and our data were retrieved in 2016. The survey included validated questionnaires for insomnia, anxiety and depression: the Bergen Insomnia Scale and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). RESULTS: A total of 48 932 participants met the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for insomnia. Of these, 42 873 (87.6 %) also met the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for insomnia, while the remaining 6059 (12.4 %) did not satisfy the new criteria. Of those who met the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for insomnia, 46 704 also responded to the questions on anxiety and depression. The prevalence of possible anxiety (HADS-A ≥ 8) among those who met the new criteria was 25 708 (62.9 %), while the prevalence of possible depression (HADS-D ≥ 8) was 15 591 (38.1 %). Among the participants who did not satisfy the new criteria, the prevalence was significantly lower: possible anxiety 2791 (48.1 %) and possible depression 1763 (30.4 %) (both p
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

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Conclusion: The combination of JW-SZRD with lorazepam can significantly improve sleep quality with fewer AEs. It is an effective treatment and superior to lorazepam alone for chronic insomnia. PMID: 32089719 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Abstract Shift nurses are prone to sleep problems and impaired nighttime alertness, with risk for reduced health status plus decreased performance, handling errors, and workplace accidents. Attention to and improvements in the situation of shift nurses are urgent. Shimian granules (SMG), an improved formula of Jieyuanshen with liver qingre and yangxin tranquilizing effects, for more than a decade has been used in China as a herbal treatment of sleep disorders in clinical practice. However, clinical data on SMG have rarely been reported. This double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled, pilot clinical trial (Chi...
Source: Chronobiology International - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Chronobiol Int Source Type: research
z-Ruiz Martorell-Poveda Sleep disorders are often not regarded as an important health problem, despite their impact on heath. Insomnia is the most frequent sleep disorder in mental health. The aim is to quantify the prevalence of insomnia in a population with schizophrenic disorder and assess its influence on quality of life. This is a descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional study conducted in a sample of 267 schizophrenic patients over 18 years of age using consecutive non-probabilistic sampling. The variables of interest were collected by means of the "Cuestionario Oviedo de Sueño," "...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder characterized by episodes of both depressed and elevated mood. It typically begins in the late teens to early 20s. During depressive episodes, people experience low mood, loss of self-confidence, hopelessness, and impaired sleep and appetite. Manic episodes are marked by an increase in energy, euphoric or irritable and rapidly changing mood, higher self-confidence, and decreased need for sleep. People may experience a mood episode every few years, or as frequently as several times a year. Bipolar disorder can be treated with medications and psychotherapy. Certain chronotherapies — ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Depression Behavioral Health Complementary and alternative medicine Mental Health Source Type: blogs
Abstract Clinical factors associated with daytime sleepiness and insomnia in persons with epilepsy (PWE) were examined in this cross-sectional study of 126 participants (men, 50.8%). Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS; score of ≥11 on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)) was noted in 17.5% of participants (mean score, 6.1 ± 4.2), and moderate-to-severe insomnia (Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) scores of ≥15) was noted in 20.6% (mean score, 7.8 ± 6.4). Linear regression analyses revealed that ESS scores were independently associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA; snoring, tiredness, obse...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: 2x5 sessions of bilateral rTMS treatment is an effective, safety applicable intervention in patients with TRD. Our results suggest that significant improvement of depressive, anxious and attention symptoms can be observed already after 10th session. Our findings highlighted that different symptoms evolve in women and men due to the acute effect of the rTMS treatment. Further follow-up study is required to evaluate the long-term effect of rTMS concerning the maintenance of symptom reduction and potential change of anhedonia and insomnia. PMID: 32015195 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychopharmacol Hung Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There is an overlap, co-morbidity and interaction between anxiety, depression, sleep disorders and (non)motor symptoms, which warrants a multi-disciplinary approach to PD. Sleep disorders and cognitive dysfunctions may provide starting points for treatment and preventions of anxiety in PD. PMID: 31994713 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Tijdschr Psychiatr Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our psychotropic decisional tool illustrates a novel algorithmic approach for operationalizing the management of depression and anxiety. Similar approaches can improve the skills of a variety of PCPs in the management of psychiatric disorders. Further studies in the military operational setting are needed to assess the effects of similar educational interventions on access to behavioral health care, suicidal behaviors, and unit medical readiness. PMID: 31990025 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
ConclusionThis is the first study to prospectively demonstrates that CBT-I is feasible in people with MS and produces promising improvements in insomnia severity, sleep quality, sleep self-efficacy and comorbid symptoms of fatigue, depression, and anxiety. Future studies are needed to determine mechanisms for these improvements and expand the scope of individuals with MS who may benefit from CBT-I. Furthermore, considering the moderate to large improvements experienced by the brief education group and the limited number of CBT-I providers, a stepped-care approach warrants consideration. Trial Registry: ClinicalTrials.gov, ...
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Digital cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a safe and effective approach for reducing insomnia symptoms in pregnant women, reports astudy published today inJAMA Psychiatry.“Although sleep disturbance during pregnancy may be viewed as normative and innocuous, research indicates that it is associated with an increased risk of adverse maternal outcomes, including depression and preterm birth,” wrote Jennifer Felder, Ph.D., of the University of California, San Francis co, and colleagues. “A digital CBT-I [CBT for insomnia] program may be of particular interest for pregnant women, who report a preference fo...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: anxiety CBT cbt-i cognitive behavioral therapy depression insomnia insomnia severity index JAMA Psychiatry online intervention pregnancy preterm birth Source Type: research
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