Racial Disparities in Allergic Outcomes Persist to Age 10 Years in Black and White Children.
CONCLUSION: Racial differences persisted in this cohort through age 10 years. Future studies should include potentially important, but rarely studied factors such as segregation and structural racism as these factors could explain the observed racial differences. PMID: 31945477 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionIgE polysensitization, to perennial and seasonal allergens, and levels of total IgE seem to be the main determinants of atopic multimorbidity in subjects with rhinitis. This indicates that disease-modifying treatment that targets IgE sensitization may be of value when decreasing the risk of developing atopic multimorbidity.
Conclusions Exposures to oxidant air pollutants (O3 and NO2) but not PM2.5 were associated with an increased risk of incident asthma and eczema in children. This suggests that improving air quality may contribute to the prevention of asthma and other allergic disease in childhood and adolescence.
ConclusionEczema phenotypes were differentially associated with risks of respiratory and allergic conditions in school-aged children. Children with early transient and persistent eczema might benefit from more intense follow-up for early identification and treatment of asthma and allergies.
No data is available about this population in relation to the prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis, eczema and sensitization.
We have reported global decrease in tobacco smoking (WHO), is associated decreased pediatric asthma (ISAAC), but with increased allergic eczema in children. As murine models have suggested that tobacco components, namely acrolein, may upregulate allergy suppressive Foxp3 T regulatory activity, we investigated smoking with biomarkers of allergic responses in our inner city, minority allergy/asthma patient population.
Periplaneta americana, also known as the American cockroach, plays a critical role in causing the allergic diseases including asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema. Previous studies have only identified a limited number of allergens in the American cockroach. We aim at constructing high-quality genome and transcriptome of the American cockroach to facilitate the discovery of novel allergen groups as well as members of known groups.
Exposure to triclosan, an antimicrobial chemical, may adversely affect immune function in children and increase the risk of developing asthma and eczema. We hypothesized that early-life triclosan exposure is associated with an increased risk of allergy, wheeze, and eczema in children.
ConclusionOur study does not support a causal effect of allergic disease on the risk of breast or prostate cancer. Future studies may be conducted to focus on understanding the causal role of allergic disease in cancer prognosis or drug responses (e.g., immunotherapy).
a P Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between potential exposure to different pollen concentrations at the 11th fetal week and subsequent clinical atopic diseases. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Parents of 1- to 4-year-old children (N = 3035) returned a questionnaire regarding physician-diagnosed atopic diseases. The children were born between 2001 and 2005 in the province of South Karelia, Finland. Results of allergy tests were collected from patient records in the area. RESULTS: The prevalence of atopic diseases with sensitisation was higher in children whose 11th fetal week occurred...
Conclusions: The results of this study, as the most comprehensive meta-analysis of keratoconus prevalence and risk factors, showed that keratoconus had a low prevalence in the world and eye rubbing, family history of keratoconus, allergy, asthma, and eczema were the most important risk factors for keratoconus according to the available evidence.