Maternal anthropometric determinants as risk markers of suicidality and severity of illness in women with postnatal depression

Conclusions: The study concludes that anthropometric determinants can be used effectively as risk markers for suicidality and severity of illness in women with postnatal depression. The most significant risk factor was found to be waist-to-hip ratio in both the models.
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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Each year in the United States, approximately half a million reproductive-aged women are afflicted with major depression. Pregnant and postpartum women can be reluctant to openly disclose their suffering related to depression and other stigmatizing illnesses (eg, mood and anxiety disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder, and substance use disorders) and subsequently remain symptomatic with no relief. Maternal mortality related to these conditions is significant, with maternal suicide and overdose-related death peaking between 7 and 12 months postpartum. Geographic challenges in accessing perinatal mental health experts can...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics - Category: OBGYN Authors: Source Type: research
HIV infection during pregnancy, may present risk of developing depression during pregnancy and postpartum. This psychiatric mood disorder, and many others such as anxiety and HIV-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been reported prevalent among pregnant and non-pregnant women living with HIV (WLWH). Multiple studies have found associations between social determinants of health and depressive symptoms in this population. However, despite deleterious effects on mother and child which may include suicidal ideations and infant death, only very few studies have examined this phenomenon for peripartum women, parti...
Source: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
IntroductionThe aim of the present study was to elucidate the foreseeable risk factors for suicidal ideation among Japanese perinatal women.MethodsThis cohort study was conducted in Nagoya, Japan, from July 2012 to March 2018. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) questionnaire was conducted at four time points: early pregnancy, late pregnancy, 5 days postpartum, and 1 month postpartum. A total of 430 women completed the questionnaires. A logistic regression analysis was performed using the presence of suicidal ideation on the EPDS as an objective variable. The explanatory variables were age, presence of physical...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
The role of motherhood is complex and profound. Psychology and development experts agree — the role of the mother is critical to child development, for better or worse. This role is also packed full of societal expectations and emotional milestones for an individual to navigate.  From the moment the pregnancy test confirms impending birth, an individual begins to conjure expectations they have of their own for this experience as well as what significant others, family members, friends, and society will hold for this new mother. While becoming a mother can be one of the most joyful and fulfilling passages of a wo...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Depression Women's Issues Coping on Mother's Day Maternal Depression postpartum depression Source Type: blogs
Authors: Shigemi D, Ishimaru M, Matsui H, Fushimi K, Yasunaga H Abstract OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of pregnant and postpartum women in Japan with psychoneurological disorders who attempt suicide. METHOD: A nationwide retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database, a national database on acute-care inpatients in Japan. All pregnant and postpartum women who had psychoneurological disorders (ICD-10 codes: O993, F530, F531) and were admitted to participating hospitals from January 2016 to March 2018 were identified. Among eligibl...
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study describes the prevalence of depression among rural pregnant women, participating in a maternal and child health program, in Ghana, and examines associated risk factors for depression. Pregnant women who were registered for group-based maternal and child health community programs were recruited for study participation from 32 communities in two rural districts in Northern Ghana (n = 374). Baseline surveys were conducted and depression was assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Bivariate and multivariable analyses used a modified Poisson and generalized estimating equations (GEE) mo...
Source: Global Social Welfare - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Perinatal depression affects 10% to 20% of women in the United States during pregnancy, the postpartum period, or both, but it can be difficult to recognize. Identifying and treating this problem can reduce the alarming number of suicides among depressed p...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news
Authors: Abstract Approximately 17,730 new spinal cord injuries (SCIs) occur per year in the United States. Effective rehabilitation and modern reproductive technology may increase the number of these patients considering pregnancy. Obstetrician-gynecologists and other obstetric care professionals who care for such patients should be familiar with problems related to SCIs that may occur throughout pregnancy and during the postpartum period. Autonomic dysreflexia (sometimes called autonomic hyperreflexia) is the most serious medical complication that occurs in women with SCIs and is found in 85% of patients with l...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract Approximately 17,730 new spinal cord injuries (SCIs) occur per year in the United States. Effective rehabilitation and modern reproductive technology may increase the number of these patients considering pregnancy. Obstetrician-gynecologists and other obstetric care professionals who care for such patients should be familiar with problems related to SCIs that may occur throughout pregnancy and during the postpartum period. Autonomic dysreflexia (sometimes called autonomic hyperreflexia) is the most serious medical complication that occurs in women with SCIs and is found in 85% of patients with l...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the role of personality dimensions on the occurrence of suicide ideation during the perinatal period.Methods: A longitudinal prospective study was performed in pregnant women who were monitored at university-based obstetrical care units in our county. Recruited women were reassessed between 6 and 8 weeks into their postnatal period. Trait and state anxiety, five-factor based dimensions of personality, and depressive symptoms were assessed using established psychometric measures. Appropriate statistical analyses were conducted, depending on the distribution of variables.Results: Signif...
Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
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