A imported case of Plasmodium malariae
PV Bhargavan, KV Patil, HP Imandi, N MampillyJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(2):129-130 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: PV Bhargavan KV Patil HP Imandi N Mampilly Source Type: research

Upper airway angioedema after topical hyaluronic acid in a patient treated with bisoprolol
A Schattner, A Haj-YahyaJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(2):128-128 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: A Schattner A Haj-Yahya Source Type: research

Dengue doughnut: A diagnostic magnetic resonance imaging finding in dengue encephalitis
N Shah, AV Nair, S Ahamed, KS ManojJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(2):127-127 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: N Shah AV Nair S Ahamed KS Manoj Source Type: research

Acute myocardial infarction in yellow oleander poisoning
We report a 37-year-old man with yellow oleander poisoning who had normal sinus rhythm at presentation but within few hours developed acute ST-segment myocardial infarction. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: D Anandhi K N J Prakash Raju MH Basha VR Pandit Source Type: research

Multi-organ IgG4-related disease: Demystifying the diagnostic enigma
We present a case of a 25-year-old female who presented with bilateral orbital masses, lymphadenopathy, paraspinal and renal masses, which clinicoradiologically simulated lymphoma. The lymph node biopsy revealed interfollicular sheets of plasma cells creating confusion with Castleman's disease and marginal zone lymphoma. The orbital biopsy revealed ductular destruction, periductular plasma cells, and fibrosis, mimicking Sjogren's syndrome and Castleman's disease. However, the correlation of the clinical features with histopathological findings, IgG4 immunopositivity, and serum studies helped in clinching the di...
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: S Bhardwaj S Goyal AK Yadav A Goyal Source Type: research

Rare tracheal tumor: Solitary plasmacytoma
We report a case of solitary tracheal plasmacytoma causing symptoms of airway obstruction in a 59-year-old man. Flow/volume loop indicated the fixed central airway obstruction. Computerized tomography and bronchoscopy demonstrated a sessile tumor on posterior tracheal wall obstructing 80% of the lumen. Partial tracheal resection with T-T anastomosis was performed. Pathologic analysis of resected mass revealed EMP. Additional investigations excluded multiple myeloma. There are no signs of disease recurrence after 7-year follow-up. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: R Stevic M Ercegovac J Stoj & #353;i & #263; N & #268;oli & #263; Source Type: research

Primary adrenal teratoma: An unusual tumor & #8211; Challenges in diagnosis and surgical management
We report a rare case of a 25-year-old lady who presented with right hypochondriac pain associated with weakness for 3 months. Her hormonal evaluation was normal. Computed tomography scan revealed an adrenal mass for which a right open transperitoneal adrenalectomy was performed, and the lesion was diagnosed as mature teratoma on histopathological examination. Teratoma is an unusual neoplasm which arises from one or all the three germ layers. Extragonadal teratomas are rare in adults as compared to children and are mostly retroperitoneal in location, constituting only 4% of all primary teratomas. Primary adrenal terato...
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: P Ramakant C Rana KR Singh A Mishra Source Type: research

3q26 chromosomal anomalies in acute myeloid leukemia: First descriptions from India
A Gupta, L KumarJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(2):109-111 Cytogenetic anomalies involving the 3q26 chromosomal region are rare in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). There is no such description of these anomalies from the Indian sub-continent. A total of 174 AML patients were admitted to our hospital for therapy between January 2001 and January 2008. Cytogenetic studies could be done in 115 patients; which revealed three cases with 3q26 anomalies. All were males. In the first two cases, the anomaly was detected in all the metaphases. The common features seen were the presence of only mild thrombocytopenia (relatively...
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: A Gupta L Kumar Source Type: research

Indian childhood cirrhosis & #8211; down but not out: Report of a rare case with a practical clinicopathological diagnostic approach
We present the case of a 13-month-old girl presenting acutely with jaundice, fever, and persistently increasing bilirubin. Investigations revealed direct hyperbilirubinemia, elevated transaminases, anemia, a blood with few schistocytes, positive direct coombs test, and deranged prothrombin time. Viral, autoimmune, and metabolic workup was unremarkable. Ultrasonography showed chronic liver disease, portal hypertension, and ascites. Due to numerous confounding factors and a low index of suspicion, the diagnosis of Indian childhood cirrhosis remained elusive and was clinched only on liver biopsy, albeit more than three weeks ...
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: K Gaur P Sakhuja RN Mandal S Kapoor Source Type: research

A review of skeletal dysplasia research in India
A Uttarilli, H Shah, A Shukla, KM GirishaJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(2):98-103 We aimed to review the contributions by Indian researchers to the subspecialty of skeletal dysplasias (SDs). Literature search using specific keywords in PubMed was performed to retrieve all the published literature on SDs as on July 6, 2017. All published literature on SDs wherein at least one author was from an Indian institute was included. Publications were grouped into different categories based on the major emphasis of the research paper. Five hundred and forty publications in English language were retrieved and categorized i...
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: A Uttarilli H Shah A Shukla KM Girisha Source Type: research

Anxiety symptoms in regular school students in Mumbai City, India
Conclusions: There is an urgent need to screen school students in our city for anxiety disorders. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: S Karande NJ Gogtay N Bala H Sant A Thakkar R Sholapurwala Source Type: research

Evaluating the association of bone morphogenetic protein 4-V152A and SIX homeobox 6-H141N polymorphisms with congenital cataract and microphthalmia in Western Indian population
Conclusions: The BMP4- 152AA genotype might play role in the causation of congenital cataract, whereas BMP4-SIX6 V-N haplotype might play a protective role toward the development of congenital cataract and microphthalmia. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: NG Vidya AR Vasavada S Rajkumar Source Type: research

Observational study comparing pharmacoinvasive strategy with primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients presenting with ST elevation myocardial infarction to a tertiary care centre in India
Conclusion: This observational study showed that pharmacoinvasive strategy was as good as primary PCI in STEMI, in our setting, where primary PCI may be delayed or not possible at all due to financial and logistic constraints. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: AG Alex A Lahiri Devika T Geevar OK George Source Type: research

Acute myeloid leukemia with 3q26 abnormality: An editorial perspective
K GhoshJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(2):77-79 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: K Ghosh Source Type: research

Anxiety disorders in children and adolescents: Need for early detection
MS Bhatia, A GoyalJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(2):75-76 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: MS Bhatia A Goyal Source Type: research

Pharmaco-invasive strategy: An attractive alternative for management of ST-elevation myocardial infarction when timely primary percutaneous coronary intervention is not feasible
V SharmaJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(2):73-74 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: V Sharma Source Type: research

Physical therapy diagnosis: How is it different ?
MP Jiandani, BS MhatreJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(2):69-72 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: MP Jiandani BS Mhatre Source Type: research

Reply to Letter to Editor regarding the article, " Powdered gloves: Time to bid adieu "
R Baid, R AgarwalJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(1):68-68 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: R Baid R Agarwal Source Type: research

Powdered gloves: Time to bid adieu
S SrinivasanJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(1):67-68 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: S Srinivasan Source Type: research

Cinema-like sensory phenomena in a migraine patient on topiramate
R Tandon, SK VermaJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(1):66-67 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: R Tandon SK Verma Source Type: research

Ocular surface leproma
J Ram, N Kakkar, G Gupta, PC GuptaJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(1):64-65 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: J Ram N Kakkar G Gupta PC Gupta Source Type: research

Childhood cerebral X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy with atypical neuroimaging abnormalities and a novel mutation
This study reports a 5-year 10-month old boy presenting with generalized skin hyperpigmentation since 3 years of age. Over the past 9 months, he had developed right-sided hemiparesis and speech and behavioral abnormalities, which had progressed over 5 months to bilateral hemiparesis. Retrospective analyses of serial brain magnetic resonance images revealed an unusual pattern of lesions involving the internal capsules, corticospinal tracts in the midbrain and brainstem, and cerebellar white matter. The clinical diagnosis of childhood cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy was confirmed by elevated basal levels of adrenocorticotropin...
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: M Muranjan S Karande S Sankhe S Eichler Source Type: research

A rare case of bullhorn-injury associated traumatic hernia of anterior abdominal wall managed by laparoscopic sutured tissue-only repair
We report here one such patient who was managed by laparoscopic transperitoneal anatomical repair of the defect using polypropylene suture. The patient recovered well without any complication and is being followed up. Such small defects can be managed laparoscopically and tissue-only repair using a nonabsorbable suture is a feasible option. Our case is the first reported case of bullhorn-injury associated traumatic hernia managed laparoscopically and first reported case of TAWH in an adult which was managed by laparoscopic sutured tissue-only repair. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: KD Singh V Singh P Gupta R Mani Source Type: research

Novel use of levodopa in human immunodeficiency virus encephalopathy-mediated parkinsonism in an adult
We report a case of a 36-year-old man with a medical history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection who presented with hypomimia, hypophonia, bradykinesia, rigidity, and freezing of gait. His clinical presentation and magnetic resonance imaging were consistent with HIV encephalopathy with involvement of the bilateral basal ganglia and diffuse leukoencephalopathy. We initiated a trial of carbidopa-levodopa. The dose was escalated to 1050 mg levodopa daily. Amantadine was also started. The patient was closely monitored for behavioral, neurological, or systemic side effects. He tolerated therapy well without adverse ...
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: MF Devine C Herrin W Warnack D Dubey Source Type: research

Hypereosinophilia: A rare presentation of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
We report a 37-year-old man who presented with fever and respiratory symptoms and was found to have hypereosinophilia in peripheral blood. His bone marrow and lymph node biopsies were diagnostic of ALL. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: G Narayanan LV Soman R Kumar Source Type: research

Ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome in a case of duodenal neuroendocrine tumor presenting with liver metastasis
J Khare, S Daga, S Nalla, P DebJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(1):47-49 Ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) syndrome is an uncommon disorder and comprises about 15% of all patients with Cushing's syndrome (CS). Duodenal carcinoids are rare, indolent tumors usually associated with a benign progression. We hereby report a rare case of CS resulting from ectopic ACTH secretion from a duodenal neuroendocrine tumor (NET) presenting with liver metastasis. A 37-year-old female presented with abdominal discomfort and dyspepsia of 1-month duration. Ultrasound abdomen suggested a well-defined hypoechoic lesio...
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: J Khare S Daga S Nalla P Deb Source Type: research

Photokeratitis induced by ultraviolet radiation in travelers: A major health problem
M Izadi, N Jonaidi-Jafari, M Pourazizi, MH Alemzadeh-Ansari, MJ HoseinpourfardJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(1):40-46 Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation is one of the several environmental hazards that may cause inflammatory reactions in ocular tissues, especially the cornea. One of the important factors that affect how much ultraviolet radiation (UVR) humans are exposed to is travel. Hence, traveling is considered to include a more acute UVR effect, and ophthalmologists frequently evaluate and manage the ocular manifestations of UV irradiation, including UV-induced keratitis. The purpose of this paper is to provide a...
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: M Izadi N Jonaidi-Jafari M Pourazizi MH Alemzadeh-Ansari MJ Hoseinpourfard Source Type: research

Smoking and risk of colonic diverticulosis: A meta-analysis
Conclusions: A significantly increased risk of colonic diverticulosis among current smokers is demonstrated in this study. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: K Wijarnpreecha B Boonpheng C Thongprayoon V Jaruvongvanich P Ungprasert Source Type: research

Multicentric study on prevalence and risk factors for hypertension and diabetes in tribal communities in Western and Northern Maharashtra
Conclusion: The prevalence of NCDs is still very low in STs, probably due to near absence of the risk factors such as obesity, sedentary lifestyle, and hyperlipidemia. STs are highly endogamous, and the study areas are separated by large distances ruling out intermingling of tribes. Yet, there is no consistent inter-tribal prevalence pattern for NCDs. Although the sample size is small, the results support the view that environmental factors are likely to be more important than host genetics in the causation of NCDs. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: MG Deo PV Pawar SR Kanetkar SV Kakade Source Type: research

Epidemiology of mental disability using Indian Disability Evaluation Assessment Scale among general population in an urban area of Puducherry, India
Conclusion: Mental disability is more common in this area. Males, lesser education level, skilled or unskilled occupation, nuclear family, and conflicts were associated with mental disability after adjusting other variables. Multicentric cross-sectional analytical studies will explore the mental disability burden and its associated factors at regional or country level. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: SG Kumar KC Premarajan S Kattimani SS Kar Source Type: research

Effect of Vitamin D therapy on urinary albumin excretion, renal functions, and plasma renin among patients with diabetic nephropathy: A randomized, double-blind clinical trial
Conclusions: Vitamin D 50000 IU given IM monthly for 6 months reduces urine albumin, serum creatinine, and renin levels in patients with DN. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: PLGC Liyanage S Lekamwasam TP Weerarathna C Liyanage Source Type: research

Strengthen mental health services for universal health coverage in India
C LahariyaJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(1):7-9 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: C Lahariya Source Type: research

Vitamin D in diabetic nephropathy
RA Prabhu, K SarafJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(1):5-6 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: RA Prabhu K Saraf Source Type: research

Success in Publishing: Selecting an Appropriate Journal and Braving the Peer-review Process
MS Tullu, S KarandeJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2018 64(1):1-4 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - January 30, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: MS Tullu S Karande Source Type: research

Reply to letter to editor regarding the article, & #8220;Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase-based classification of diabetes pharmacotherapy & #8221;
D Dutta, S Kalra, M SharmaJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2017 63(4):276-276 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: D Dutta S Kalra M Sharma Source Type: research

Adenosine monophosphate- activated protein kinase- based classification of diabetes pharmacotherapy
A Hajra, D Bandyopadhyay, SK HajraJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2017 63(4):275-275 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: A Hajra D Bandyopadhyay SK Hajra Source Type: research

Malignant orbital teratoma in a neonate: A clinicopathological case report
MD Al-MendalawiJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2017 63(4):274-274 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: MD Al-Mendalawi Source Type: research

Unusual presentation of chondroblastoma mimicking Trevor & #39;s disease
AV Nair, S AnirudhJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2017 63(4):273-273 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: AV Nair S Anirudh Source Type: research

Precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: An unusual cause of bilateral nephromegaly in an infant
D Ramadoss, S Karande, M Muranjan, P WagleJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2017 63(4):271-272 (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: D Ramadoss S Karande M Muranjan P Wagle Source Type: research

Hypopituitarism presenting as congestive heart failure
We present an unusual case of SS in a young lady who continued to have normal menstruation after the index event, had two spontaneous pregnancies, and was diagnosed only 11 years later when she presented to us with acute heart failure. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: S Giri P Bansal S Malik R Bansal Source Type: research

When potion becomes poison! A case report of flecainide toxicity
We report a 48-day-old female infant, who developed cardiac conduction abnormalities and seizures secondary to supratherapeutic doses of oral flecainide. Flecainide was started in this infant for treatment of supraventricular tachycardia. The drug was withdrawn with successful normalization of the QRS complex and no further recurrence of seizures. The Naranjo probability score for adverse drug reaction was 8, making the causality “probable.” The case restates an important message that physicians should be aware of the side effects of the drugs that they prescribe, especially of those drugs which have a narrow t...
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: S Bajaj MS Tullu ZAH Khan M Agrawal Source Type: research

Isolated left-sided pulmonary artery agenesis with left lung hypoplasia: A report of two cases
We present two adult patients with isolated left sided unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis with ipsilateral lung hypoplasia. The diagnosis was confirmed by CT chest and perfusion scan. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: V Govindaraj J Joseph B Nagamalli Kumar R Soman Source Type: research

Association of anti-CLIC2 and anti-HMGB1 autoantibodies with higher disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus patients
Conclusion: Our findings support the potential of using anti-CLIC2 autoantibodies as a novel biomarker for SLE patients. Both anti-CLIC2 and anti-HMGB1 autoantibody levels demonstrated potential in monitoring SLE disease activity. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: CS Syahidatulamali WG Wan Syamimee Y Nor Azwany KK Wong CH Che Maraina Source Type: research

Statistical medicine: An emerging medical specialty
A IndrayanJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2017 63(4):252-256 A large number of statistical tools are now used for medical decision in the core activities of diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. These tools provide undeniable help in improving medical outcomes. Prominent among them are uncertainty measurement by probability, medical indicators and indexes, reference ranges, and scoring systems. In addition are tools such as odds ratio, sensitivity, specificity and predictivities, area under the ROC curve, likelihood ratios, and cost-benefit analysis that are commonly applied in medical research but have implications for da...
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: A Indrayan Source Type: research

Ketogenic diet in endocrine disorders: Current perspectives
L Gupta, D Khandelwal, S Kalra, P Gupta, D Dutta, S AggarwalJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2017 63(4):242-251 Ketogenic diet (KD) is a high-fat, adequate-protein, and low-carbohydrate diet that leads to nutritional ketosis, long known for antiepileptic effects and has been used therapeutically to treat refractory epilepsy. This review attempts to summarize the evidence and clinical application of KD in diabetes, obesity, and other endocrine disorders. KD is usually animal protein based. An empiric vegetarian Indian variant of KD has been provided keeping in mind the Indian food habits. KD has beneficial effects on cardi...
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: L Gupta D Khandelwal S Kalra P Gupta D Dutta S Aggarwal Source Type: research

The Allan Burns mummies: A history and future prospect of an anatomical collection
J Lee, G ŠtrkaljJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2017 63(4):237-241 Acquiring adequate resources for anatomy education has represented a challenge throughout the discipline's long history. A significant number of collections housed in anatomy departments contain human tissue of unknown provenance with some obtained in morally dubious ways. This paper outlines the history and future prospects of one such anatomical assemblage – the Burns Anatomical Collection, currently housed at the University of Maryland (UM). The collection originally contained more than 1000 anatomically prepared mummified human remains....
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: J Lee G & #352;trkalj Source Type: research

Is rule of halves still an occurrence in South India: Findings from community-based survey in a selected urban area of Puducherry
Conclusion: In the selected urban area of Puducherry around one-third of the adult populations are having hypertension, including the 54% of undiagnosed hypertension. Adults from the vulnerable subgroups such as lower level of literacy, below poverty line, and unskilled work are found to have higher proportions of undiagnosed hypertension. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: SS Kar S Kalaiselvi R Archana GK Saya KC Premarajan Source Type: research

Insomnia and risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusions: Our study demonstrated an increased risk of NAFLD among participants who had insomnia or EDS. Whether this association is causal needs further investigations. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: K Wijarnpreecha C Thongprayoon P Panjawatanan P Ungprasert Source Type: research

A study on the effect of prolonged mobile phone use on pure tone audiometry thresholds of medical students of Sikkim
Conclusion: The study conducted shows changes in the hearing threshold of the exposed ear when compared with the nonexposed ear. There are however lot of unanswered questions which provide an interesting avenue for further research. Till concrete evidence is available the only feasible way to control its exposure is to limit the duration of usage of mobile phones. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: S Das S Chakraborty B Mahanta Source Type: research

The impact of topical Saint John & #39;s Wort (Hypericum perforatum) treatment on tissue tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels in plaque-type psoriasis: A pilot study
Conclusions: H. perforatum ointment can help decrease PASI scores and TNFα levels in psoriatic tissue. Its efficacy is probably related to its effect on lowering cytokines including TNFα. (Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine)
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: P Mansouri S Mirafzal P Najafizadeh Z Safaei-Naraghi MH Salehi-Surmaghi F Hashemian Source Type: research