Study examines opioid involvement in US drug overdoses

(Wiley) A recent analysis published in Addiction reveals how fatal overdoses involving stimulants (cocaine and other psychostimulants, primarily methamphetamine) have been increasing over the past few years.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Conclusion: It seems that naloxone is not a completely safe medication even in opioid-naïve patients, and administrating adjusted doses of naloxone even in opioid-naïve methadone intoxicated patients may be logical. PMID: 32259115 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Acad Emerg Med Source Type: research
Authors: Schatz AA, Oliver TK, Swarm RA, Paice JA, Darbari DS, Dowell D, Meghani SH, Winckworth-Prejsnar K, Bruera E, Plovnick RM, Richardson L, Vapiwala N, Wollins D, Hudis CA, Carlson RW Abstract Opioids are a critical component of pain relief strategies for the management of patients with cancer and sickle cell disease. The escalation of opioid addiction and overdose in the United States has led to increased scrutiny of opioid prescribing practices. Multiple reports have revealed that regulatory and coverage policies, intended to curb inappropriate opioid use, have created significant barriers for many patients....
Source: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Natl Compr Canc Netw Source Type: research
Context: The opioid crisis poses a significant burden at a national level, and certain states have seen particularly high rates of misuse, addiction, and overdose. In 2017, Rhode Island reported opioid-related deaths nearly twice the national average. Objective: To test message efficacy and evaluate the effectiveness of campaign messaging to shift attitudes/beliefs related to opioid misuse in Rhode Island. Design: In phase 1, near-final versions of 6 advertisements were shown to a sample of the target audience via an online survey portal to assess responses to the messages (N = 1210). Phase 2 of the study employed ...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Practice Full Report Source Type: research
COVID-19: Courtesy of NIAID The precarious intersection of the COVID-19 national health emergency and the concurrent epidemic of drug overdose deaths is outlined in the Annals of Internal Medicine this week by Dr. Nora D. Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part...
Source: NIDA News - Category: Addiction Tags: Addiction Science, Health and Medical Professionals, Methamphetamine, NIDAMED News, Opioids, Researchers, Tobacco Source Type: news
The overprescribing of opioid pain relievers (OPR) has led to a significant increase in opioid addiction and overdose. A cornerstone of combating the opioid epidemic is the development of peri-operative evidence based guidelines to standardize OPR prescribing practices and of opioid sparing Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols. ERAS has been found to reduce the volume of OPR prescribed while improving outcomes and overall patient satisfaction in adult gynecologic and multiple pediatric surgical specialties.
Source: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This report provides the first-ever description of trends and characteristics of overdose mortality and opioid-involved deaths among US Veterans of military service for the period 2010 to 2016. With the exception of female Veterans and Veterans in Western States, it has been found that trends in Veteran overdose mortality paralleled rising rates of drug overdose observed in the United States more broadly. Published 2020. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA. (Am J Addict 2020;00:00-00). PMID: 32223045 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal on Addictions - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research
This report uses data from the 2015-2018 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUHs) to estimate methamphetamine use rates in the United States and to identify characteristics associated with past-year methamphetamine use. Rates (per 1,000 adults aged ≥18 years) for past-year methamphetamine use were estimated overall, by demographic group, and by state. Frequency of past-year use and prevalence of other substance use and mental illness among adults reporting past-year use were assessed. Multivariable logistic regression examined characteristics associated with past-year use. During 2015-2018, the estimated rate of...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
With the rise of the opioid epidemic, stories of addiction and its casualties feature prominently in the media with unprecedented frequency. According to the CDC, in 2016, more than 60,000 individuals died of drug overdose. Though we would like to imagine that this modern-day plague has left youths untouched, research suggests otherwise. According to the authors of Brief Interventions for Adolescent Alcohol and Substance Use, “when considering substance use etiology and interventions, one obvious reason to focus on adolescence is because that’s where the drugs are” (p 17).
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Book forum Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Perioperative exposure to opioids is associated with adverse outcomes. We aim to determine the associations between surgery and subsequent opioid overdose, an acute event, and a new diagnosis of opioid use disorder (OUD), a chronic relapsing disease, in parallel. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study of US veterans used surgery as exposure and the two outcomes were (1) occurrence of overdose and (2) new diagnosis of OUD in the first postoperative year. Surgical group was matched to the reference controls based on the propensity score of having surgery, and matched logist...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Addictive Diseases - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
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